Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 29 September 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 43% funded. (OCHA, 29 Sep 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
MOZOGO, CAMEROON — Boko Haram’s renewed campaign of suicide bombings in Far North Cameroon has bred suspicion that remains even as attacks have died down. Local communities are currently blocking 400 former Boko Haram hostages from returning home.
Hundreds of former Boko Haram hostages and fighters are lining up to be served food at Mozogo, on Cameroon’s northern border with Nigeria. They look tired and hungry.
In Niger, the Diffa Region bordering Nigeria is home to more than 300,000 refugees who have been driven from their homes by massacres, abduction and rape by Boko Haram militants. Women and children are 70 per cent of displaced persons, and have experienced widespread sexual violence. Women refugees and survivors also lack means to an income. UN Women and UNHCR are working in partnership with local organizations to ensure that the humanitarian response addresses these specific needs and risks of survivors.
Northeastern Nigeria's Borno State has been suffering from an outbreak of cholera since August 16, 2017
The most affected area is on the outskirts of the state capital, Maiduguri, in the Muna Garage camp, which home to some 32,000 internally displaced people (IDPs). The town of Maiduguri, and the communes of Dikwa, Mafa and Monguno, are also affected by the outbreak. More than 4,800 suspected cases and 61 deaths (as of Oct. 12, 2017) have been recorded in the country since the outbreak began.
AN ALARMING SITUATION IN THE CAMPS
The crisis in Nigeria’s north-east is one of the most severe in the world today, with 8.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in 2017 in the worst-affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe, out of whom 6.9 million are targeted for assistance. Now in its ninth year, the crisis shows no sign of abating.
The humanitarian crisis in north-east Nigeria remains severe due to ongoing conflict and violence against civilians, as well as continued internal displacement and the unpredictable return of refugees from neighbouring countries. Various disease outbreaks continue to affect displaced people and host communities and food insecurity and malnutrition levels remain life-threatening in many areas.
- As of 15 October, the cumulative number of suspected and confirmed cholera cases is 4,936 and 61 deaths, with a Case Fatality Rate 1.2%. Out of the 144 samples taken, 119 (83%) were RDT positive and 107 (74%) were culture positive.
- The first preliminary analysis of impact of the age-target emergency Seasonal Malaria Chemo prevention (SMC) in Borno state so far carried out between week 28 and 38 of 2017 confirmed malaria in U5s decrease by 6.7% in the intervention LGAs, while a seasonal increase of 92.2% in the non-intervention LGAs.
N’Djamena, 20 octobre 2017 (UNHCR) - Le nouveau Représentant du Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) au Tchad, Monsieur Mbili Ambaoumba, a rencontré la Ministre tchadienne de la Santé, Madame Ngarmbatina Odjimbeye Soukate, mercredi 18 octobre 2017.
• Simultaneous attacks in the two villages of Far North region displaced some 2,000 people in Mayo Tsanaga department. While the precarious security situation has not allowed an inter-agency assessment to take place, a rapid assessment by an NGO identified the priority needs as Shelter and WASH.
La Belgique et la FAO unissent leurs efforts pour sauvegarder les moyens d’existence des communautés agricoles affectées au Cameroun et au Tchad
19 octobre 2017, Dakar – Dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad, la crise sécuritaire exacerbe les défis auxquels sont confrontés les agriculteurs et éleveurs vulnérables, déjà exposés aux effets des aléas climatiques durant la dernière décennie.
Belgium and FAO join efforts to safeguard the livelihoods of crisis-hit agricultural communities in Cameroon and Chad
19 octobre 2017, Dakar – In the Lake Chad Basin, the security crisis exacerbates the challenges faced by vulnerable farmers and herders, already affected by climate hazards over the past decade.
Herders bear a heavy burden because of the crisis, as their livelihoods are severely affected or even destroyed. Livestock have been deliberately killed, looted by insurgents or abandoned by herders fleeing violence.
The provisional results of the Zero Hunger Review were shared with key stakeholders in August. The Zero Hunger Review is a consultative process to map out the national context for food security, nutrition, social protection and resilience. It will identify gaps and propose actions for greater synergies between the Government of Senegal and its partners.
UNICEF welcomes commitments to meet the needs of Nigeria's 2.5 million malnourished children and urges further action
ABUJA, 10 October 2017 – UNICEF applauds action this week by the Wife of the President, Her Excellency Aisha Buhari as well as by parliamentarians to address the urgent need to tackle child malnutrition in Nigeria.
Global theme for International Day of the Girl is “Power of the Adolescent Girl: Vision 2030”
Abuja, 11 October 2017 – As Nigeria joins countries around the world to celebrate International Day of the Girl, Kaduna State fulfilled its commitment to launch a campaign to end violence against children. Kaduna is now the seventh Nigerian state to have launched such a campaign, following promises made by all states to put in place action plans to end violence against children.
Launch of the Nutrition and Food Security Assessments (JANSFA): The assessment covers 3,360 households of refugees, internally displaced persons and host population randomly selected from 168 villages throughout the Diffa region.
Organization of the Parliamentary Day on School Feeding as Development Vector, organized by the Parliamentary Network for Education in partnership with WFP.
A total of 723,538 people received assistance from WFP in August.
The movement of refugees and migrants across the Sahara and the central Mediterranean Sea towards Europe continues to have a devastating toll on human life. Between January and August 2017, an estimated 2,270 refugees and migrants died at sea in the central Mediterranean. It is estimated that many others died on their way across the desert and in detention centres.
Mauritania hosts over 2,000 urban refugees and asylum seekers and almost 52,000 Malian refugees in Mbera, a camp established in 2012 in the arid south-eastern region close to the Malian border.
Despite the conclusion of a peace agreement in 2015, large-scale returns of Malian refugees are not expected due to persistent violence in northern Mali. In September alone, 471 new arrivals were registered in Mbera.
This briefing has been been put together by a significant number of international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) under the leadership of Bond’s Humanitarian and Conflict Policy groups. These NGOs are either actively operational in these contexts or working to raise awareness in the UK of the challenges faced by people experiencing humanitarian disasters, conflict and upheaval.
Women refugees find safe spaces to network, learn new skills and recover from the trauma of war and sexual violence in two Women Cohesion Spaces (WCS) supported by UN Women in Cameroon and funded by the Government of Japan and the Swedish Civil Contingency Agency (MSB). Many have regained their health after spending several months as hostages.
Date: Tuesday, October 17, 2017
Saratu Andrawas finds safety at the WCS in Minawao refugee camp. Photo credit: Fajong Joseph, UN Women Cameroon