Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 18 August 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 34% funded. (OCHA, 18 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
• During the reporting period, IOM DTM Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT), recorded 7,415 new arrivals in 16 LGAs in Borno and 4 LGAs in Adamawa States. The mobility is attributed to influxes from rural villages to government protected towns due to continuing military actions, attacks by Boko Haram and people seeking better livelihood in more secured locations.
In 2018, there will be Humanitarian Response Plans in 23 countries: Afghanistan, Burundi, Chad, Cameroon, CAR, DRC, Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Syria, Ukraine and Yemen. The HRPs for Cameroon, Chad, CAR, DRC, Somalia, Haiti, Sudan, Nigeria (and potentially Niger and Afghanistan) will be multi-year Plans.
Deadline for Completion
La déclaration suivante a été communiquée aujourd’hui par le Porte-parole de M. António Guterres, Secrétaire général de l’ONU:
Le Secrétaire général condamne les attentats-suicides du 18 septembre 2017 dans l’État du Borno, au Nigéria, et les attentats qui ont eu lieu la veille à Kossa, au Cameroun. Ces attentats ont visé des populations vulnérables déjà affectées par la violence de Boko Haram.
Following are UN Secretary-General António Guterres’ remarks at the Security Council high-level open debate on “Peacekeeping Operations Regarding the Reform of United Nations Peacekeeping: Implementation and Follow-Up”, in New York today:
By Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Ladies and gentlemen,
It is an honour to be here today, and to share the floor with such distinguished colleagues - with whom UNHCR has enjoyed a strong collaboration for many years.
The New York Declaration resonated as a bold step forward for a world struggling to meet the challenges of large-scale refugee flows, and increasingly complex migratory movements.
Une violence et des déplacements récurrents
Continued violence and displacements
UNITED NATIONS, New York – “Our girls were not born to be sexual slaves. Each one of them had a dream or goal for future,” Zina Salim Hassan, a 21-year-old Yazidi advocate, told UNFPA ahead of an United Nations event focusing on the use of sexual and gender-based violence as a weapon of war.
The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General António Guterres:
The Secretary-General condemns the suicide attacks on 18 September in Borno State, Nigeria, and the attacks one day earlier in Kossa, Cameroon. These terrorist attacks targeted vulnerable people already affected by Boko Haram violence.
DTM Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) is deployed to track and provide up-to-date information on sudden displacement and other population movements
Les États Membres entre la nécessité de « réapprendre la complexité du dialogue » ou « agir par soi-même sans attendre l’appui de bureaucraties »
(New York, 19 September 2017): The Humanitarian Coordinator in Nigeria, Mr. Edward Kallon, strongly condemns the deadly attacks targeting innocent civilians in Konduga, Banki and Ngala areas of Borno State in conflict-struck north-east Nigeria.
Four attacks in recent weeks, three of which were carried out by suicide bombers, have claimed the lives of over 45 civilians and injured countless others, and are indicative of a surge in the brutal violence triggered by a regionalized conflict that is now in its eighth year.
Mauritania hosts over 2,000 urban refugees and asylum seekers and almost 52,000 Malian refugees in Mbera, a camp established in 2012, in the arid south-east region close to the Malian border.
Despite the conclusion of a peace agreement in 2015, largescale returns of Malian refugees are not expected due to persistent violence in northern Mali.
The protracted displacement situation in Mbera exercises a considerable pressure on already limited local resources in the Bassikounou region.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
16,000 IDPs FLEE FRESH CLASHES IN BASSE-KOTTO
Recent clashes between armed groups in two localities in the southern Basse-Kotto prefecture have forced around 16,000 displaced people to flee for safety in the neighbouring Ouaka prefecture. They were initially uprooted from their homes in May. The displacement has left them in desperate need of emergency assistance, especially shelter, basic household items, food, water, hygiene and protection.
16 000 PDI FUIENT DE NOUVEAUX AFFRONTEMENTS EN BASSE-KOTTO
Les affrontements récents entre groupes armés dans deux localités de la préfecture de la BasseKotto, au sud, ont obligé environ 16 000 personnes déplacées à trouver refuge dans la préfecture voisine de la Ouaka. Elles avaient déjà fui leurs foyers en mai. Ce nouveau déplacement les a laissé dans le besoin désespéré d‘une aide d'urgence, en particulier d’abris, articles ménagers de base, nourriture, eau, hygiène et protection.
Violent conflicts between nomadic herders from northern Nigeria and sedentary agrarian communities in the central and southern zones have escalated in recent years and are spreading southward, threatening the country’s security and stability.
As of 18 September, the number of suspected cholera cases has surpassed 2,000, with 44 deaths reported. The case fatality rate is more than double the emergency threshold of 1%.
The majority of cases are in three main areas in Borno state: 1,177 in the Muna corridor, 570 in Dikwa, and over 338 in Monguno. The areas affected have high levels of IDPs and their already limited health capacity will be further strained.
The Danish government has decided to strengthen its already comprehensive efforts in the West African Sahel-region, in order to address terrorism and irregular migration to Europe. With the collapse of Libya, developments in the Sahel-region affect Europe and Denmark more directly. Today the region is the primary route for migrants from West Africa to Europe. Moreover, the countries in the Sahel are faced with an increasing threat from terrorist groups such as the West African branch of the Al Qaeda.
An international alliance must create a plan for the fragile African states of the Sahel to prevent catastrophe in a region already buckling under the strain
By Tony Blair
Refugees fleeing conflict have already sent shockwaves through the political systems of Europe. But unless we take urgent action now and help the countries of the Sahel, we will face the prospect of millions more refugees in the time to come.
September 10: Gunmen abducted seven in Akoko North-East, Ondo.
September 10: Soldiers clashed with supporters of the leader of the Indigenous Peoples of Biafra (IPOB), Nnamdi Kanu, around Kanu's residence Umuahia, Abia, resulting in numerous injuries.
September 10: Nigerian troops killed "many" (est. at ten) Boko Haram militants in Bama, Borno.
September 11: Nigerian soldiers killed five suspects in the Plateau violence last week and lost one of their own in Bassa, Plateau.