Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 29 September 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 43% funded. (OCHA, 29 Sep 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
• A cholera outbreak is reported in Sila Region, eastern Chad, near the border with Sudan. 152 cases have been reported with 23 deaths by the end of August 2011
• 11 million USD have been allocated by the UFE CERF to Chad. 6.5 million USD will be used to support refugees and returnees from CAR with multipurpose cash, 3 million USD will ensure availability of basic services for CAR refugees and returnees (health, nutrition, education), and 1.5 million USD will be allocated to UNHAS to allow continued humanitarian access.
Since 22 July, an estimated 1,300 households totalling approximately 6,000 people arrived from Niger to a new site named Dar al-Kheir. These Arab nomads explained that they fled from the Diffa region out of fear of attacks following the recent withdrawal of Chadian soldiers protecting the area. As of end of July, their status (refugees, returnees or other) was still being discussed.
The 2017 nutrition SMART survey was launched with a pilot survey on 25 July, and data will be collected through smartphones, reducing errors.
ANALYSE DES BESOINS
• From 7 to 9 June, a multi-sectoral inter-agency assessment mission was carried out in five villages in the Sub-Prefecture of Kangalom, to assess the conditions of areas of return of formerly displaced persons (around 11,000) returning to the islands. The mission recommended that urgent interventions are needed in the areas of WASH and education since there are no existing facilities.
At a glance
3.7 million people of concern as of end of June 2017
An increase in attacks and incursions of armed elements is witnessed in the Lac region: 4 main incidents left almost 60 people dead, several injured, and destruction of livelihoods. Following the attacks, several displacements of people have been reported (at least 700 people seeking refuge in IDP sites)
Cameroon Health Profile combines the most recent validated data and information on populations health. The document includes an introduction, the methodological note and the following six chapters:
70 YEARS AND COUNTING
Seven decades ago, the world was recovering from a devastating world war. For millions of child survivors of that war, peace still encompassed a landscape of significant challenges and damaged futures. UNICEF was created to help those children – no matter who they were, no matter where they were from. The only thing that mattered for the nascent organization was achieving results for children in need.
DAKAR – The United Nations World Food Programme welcomes the contribution, from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, of 250 metric tonnes of dates, worth US$ 650,000, which will give a nutritional boost to more than 130,000 hungry and vulnerable people in Chad, Mauritania and Burkina Faso this Ramadan season.
Dans ce numéro
Les vaccins sauvent des vies
Une synergie nouvelle pour faire face aux vulnérabilités
Échos du terrain
Le meilleur départ dans la vie pour chaque enfant
Tous engagés pour les Objectifs de Développement Durable
The 70% funding gap is severely impacting humanitarian efforts in Cameroon, especially the CAR response, as technical and financial partners have redirected funding to target the most vulnerable.
Since the beginning of the conflict, 144 schools near the border with Nigeria in the North and Far North have closed due to high insecurity, jeopardizing the education of thousands of children.
Between January and March, the number of internally displaced people in the Far North increased by 17% to 223,642. This is striking, given that UNICEF continues to face a funding gap of 71% for its humanitarian programs in Cameroon.
Fifty-six schools in the Far North have developed safe and protective school plans, which aim at equipping teachers and children with the tools and skills to protect themselves in the event of an attack at school. 26,000 children have benefitted from this initiative.
According to the latest available data on internal displacements, there are 127,084 displaced people in the Lac Region and 8,280 Nigerian refugees. IOM, which had suspended displacement tracking at the beginning of the year, has announced that it will update its displacement tracking matrix in May.
Despite the official closure of the border with the Central African Republic, 1,209 Central African refugees, more than 80% of whom were women and children, arrived in southern Chad in April.
6.9 million people are living in areas with inadequate health services in the northeast, including more than 68% of the 1.8 million IDPs living in host communities across Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states. The lack of qualified staff and essential medicines, and the destruction of medical facilities all continue to hamper the implementation of interventions.
By Chagmion Antoine
No one should ever have to choose between starving to death and exposure to HIV, however millions of women and children struggling to survive in the drought-stricken countries of southern Africa aren’t being given a choice.
Read the full story here
179 new suspected cases of Hepatitis E have been reported in the 3 health districts of Salamat. Since September 2016, the total of cases is 1,314 of which 201 cases were tested and 96 of these confirmed positive and 13 deaths reported (0 this month).
The Far North continues unabated with displacement. An increase in the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs), returnees and out of camp refugees is of growing concern.
A security evaluation of the main axes will be undertaken in the Far North department of Logone et Chari. It is hoped that this will permit increased access to the remote areas of Fotokol, Makary and Hile Alifa, ousseri and the Mayo Sava.