Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 29 September 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 43% funded. (OCHA, 29 Sep 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
“We need peace. We are tired of conflicts. So many innocent people have died and we have to stop the violence. That is why I contribute to peace-making”, says Hadiza Adam, a 38-year-old woman from Angwan Rogo community in Jos North, located in the northern Nigerian state of Plateau.
Experimenting with Cash Transfer Models in Nigeria
A World Bank study experimented with the sum and frequency of unconditional cash transfers to assess whether receiving cash transfers monthly or quarterly has different effects on recipients
The findings revealed that less-frequent transfers proved to be just as effective as more-frequent transfers allowing implementers to lower delivery costs by reducing the frequency of transfers
10 AOÛT 2017
De retour du Nigéria et de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC), où elle s’est rendue du 19 au 27 juillet dernier, la Vice-Secrétaire générale de l’ONU, Mme Amina Mohammed, a fait, ce matin au Conseil de sécurité, le compte rendu de la mission de solidarité conjointe ONU-Union africaine (UA), « la première » à spécifiquement porter sur les liens entre femmes, paix, sécurité et développement.
As a result of the collaboration between UN Women and MSB, this stocks-taking report represents the substantial part of the Women’s Cohesion Space. The data collected, the findings of the analyses as well as the conclusions and recommendations will be used to define the package of services to be carried out in the Cohesion Spaces of Women.
This report is therefore a practical guide to better understand the reality of refugee women and men and to answer the question «Why a Women’s Cohesion Space?».
Contexte et Justification
La présente étude de base intitulée : « Enquête de base sur l’état des lieux des Espaces de Cohésion des Femmes dans le Camp de réfugiés de Minawao et les Sites de Ngam et Timangolo » s’inscrit dans le cadre de la mise en oeuvre du projet dénommé: «Support to UN Women’s Women Cohesion Spaces (Appui aux Espaces de Cohésion des Femmes d’ONU Femmes)» entre MSB et ONU Femmes Cameroun.
The effects of climate change are being felt by farmers throughout the world. Flooding, drought and weather that does not follow typical seasonal patterns have resulted in poor and unpredictable crop yields. To address these challenges Christian Aid (CA) is leading the BRACED consortia, Zaman Lebidi in Burkina Faso and CIARE in Ethiopia, which aim to make people’s livelihoods more resilient to climate shocks and stresses.
Du 22 au 27 avril 2017, UNFPA Tchad, en partenariat avec UNHCR et avec l'appui du Bureau Régional d’UNFPA, a organisé un atelier de renforcement des capacités des acteurs humanitaires en matière de violence Basée sur le Genre, à Baga Sola. Les travaux ont été dirigés par la REGA (Regional Emergency GBV Advisor) pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre,
Madame Catherine Andela.,
Vulnerable refugees, especially children and women, are exposed to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) on a daily basis. The increasingly difficult socio-economic situation, the downward trend in the resources allocated to refugee protection and assistance programmes, including reductions in food rations over the last five years, are factors that aggravate refugees' vulnerability and exposure to SGBV.
For Mariam Ngileruma, compassion towards Boko Haram fighters is the first step in peacebuilding. It’s about acceptance, she explained. “We are all human beings,” says Ngileruma, a former civil servant with the Ministry of Women Affairs. “Some of the women [in Boko Haram] fight and even kill people, but it’s because of fear. They also fear.”
The Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) is developed to facilitate joint referral pathway for women, men, boys and girls at risk in the humanitarian operation, including Reception Centers, camps and host communities where the IDPs live. Gender Based Violence (GBV) is a life threatening protection, health, and human rights issue that can have devastating impact on women and children in particular, as well as families and communities.
Au cours de l’année 2016 qui s'est achevée 476 cas de violences basées sur le genre ont été notifiés dont 85 survivantes sont des réfugiées, 355 personnes déplacées internes et 36 personnes de la population hôte dans les départements de Fouli et Kaya (Région du Lac). Et 138 cas de VBG à Sido (département de la Grande Sido).
2. Les prises en charge
Le tourment de l'accès durable au foncier rural?
STUDY BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT
International Medical Corps (IMC) has been working on nutrition in Chad, which ranks 185th on the 2014 Human Development Index , since 2004.
A SMART survey conducted in 2014 in the Abdi district (Ouaddai region) in eastern Chad determined that Abdi had some of the highest acute malnutrition rates (wasting) in the Sahel; 13.7% moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and 4% severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rates were recorded for children under 5 years old.