Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 30 October 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 46% funded. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
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ACCES HUMANITAIRE RESTAURÉ À MOBAYE
Des groupes armés rivaux dans la ville de Mobaye, au sud du pays, ont accepté de cesser le feu, de libérer les routes principales et de permettre des opérations d'aide. L'assistance alimentaire, la protection civile et l'éducation sont les besoins humanitaires urgents. Une organisation humanitaire a déjà envoyé des approvisionnements médicaux à la ville où une alerte de potentielle crise nutritionnelle a été lancée.
ATTACKS CLAIM 10 LIVES IN CRISIS-HIT REGION
At least 10 people were killed on 7 and 10 December in the South-West region, which along with the North-West, have been gripped by protests and violence against alleged Government marginalisation. More than 5,000 people have already fled to neighbouring Nigeria. There are fears that the figure could rise with the escalating tensions.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
AID ACCESS IMPROVES IN MOBAYE
(Abuja, 11 December 2017): The United Nations, through the Nigeria Humanitarian Fund, has allocated $13.4 million to help thousands of children, women and men in need of urgent humanitarian assistance in crisis-hit north-east Nigeria.
The humanitarian emergency in the northeastern Nigeria is one of the most severe in the world today, with 8.5 million people in need of life-saving aid in 2017 in the worst-affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe.
(New York, 8 December 2017): Today, the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) hosted its annual high-level pledging conference for 2018. Thirty-six donors pledged US$383 million to the Fund to ensure urgent humanitarian aid reaches people in need whenever and wherever crises hit. CERF also reached a record high income of $504 million for 2017 through additional commitments made by donors.
28 000 PERSONNES EN INSÉCURITÉ ALIMENTAIRE SUITE À LA SÉCHERESSE
DROUGHT LEAVES 28,000 FOOD INSECURE
Around 28,000 people are in “crisis” and “emergency” phases of food insecurity following poor harvest in this year due to irregular and low rainfall. The number is projected to reach 36,000 in 2018 if no adequate measures are taken. Overall food security is currently stable, with cereals available in markets. However, prices have increased. The authorities have developed a 7.7 million-euro programme to save livestock and provide employment to the affected population.
I’m really thrilled to be here today to launch the Global Humanitarian Overview for 2018 This is the world’s most comprehensive, authoritative, and sophisticated assessment of humanitarian need in the year ahead.
It is based on data gathered from hundreds of different sources, including from hundreds of thousands of face-to-face interviews with people affected by humanitarian crises across the 30 or 40 countries where we expect to need to deliver a humanitarian response in 2018.
The Global Humanitarian Overview
Is the world’s most comprehensive, authoritative and evidence-based assessment of humanitarian needs;
Is based on detailed analysis of wide-ranging data from many different sources, and face-to-face interviews with hundreds of thousands of people directly affected by humanitarian crises across the globe;
The UN-coordinated response plans for 2018 are based on the world's most comprehensive, authoritative and evidence-based assessment of humanitarian needs
At this time of the year, people and institutions take a step back to reflect on what’s been achieved and how to do things differently.
For those of us in the humanitarian sector, we look at how much money we mobilized, how many people we assisted and who was left out.
Sadly, it is often the humanitarian crises that make the headlines that attract the highest levels of funding, while others continue to fester with inadequate resources or attention.
**Fonds Central pour les Interventions d’Urgence ** La cible est passée de 3 150 personnes à 900 en raison d'une allocation budgétaire diminuée - Dans la région de Kidal où la situation sécuritaire reste très fragile, UNOPS et UNMAS ont relocalisé leurs activités. Entrainant ainsi un retard, le taux actuel de réalisation de ce projet lié à la Protection est de 25%.
Niger continues to grapple with insecurity, climatic shocks, extreme poverty and lack of basic services and infrastructure. The humanitarian crisis is worsening, with multiple crises in Diffa, Tillabery and Tahoua. In terms of severity, the humanitarian situation remains critical in the Diffa region, with the highest rate of population in need - 50 per cent. However, about 80 per cent of people requiring humanitarian assistance live in other regions of the country.
CHIFFRES CLÉS – SITUATION NATIONALE
The crisis in Nigeria’s north-east is one of the most severe in the world, with 8.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in 2017 in the worst-affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe, out of whom 6.9 million are targeted for assistance. Now in its ninth year, the crisis shows no sign of abating.
LES RAIDS ARMÉS CAUSENT LA MORT DE PLUS DE 50 PERSONNES
APPEAL FOR DROUGHT ASSISTANCE
The UN system has appealed for assistance following a drought that has affected the island nation. Some regions have seen complete crop failure and livestock survival is under threat. An assessment is underway to determine the extent of needs. The authorities have developed various assistance projects and are seeking funding.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
AID GROUP WITHDRAWS FROM TOWN AFTER ARMED ROBBERY