Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 18 August 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 34% funded. (OCHA, 18 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
Une violence et des déplacements récurrents
Continued violence and displacements
(New York, 19 September 2017): The Humanitarian Coordinator in Nigeria, Mr. Edward Kallon, strongly condemns the deadly attacks targeting innocent civilians in Konduga, Banki and Ngala areas of Borno State in conflict-struck north-east Nigeria.
Four attacks in recent weeks, three of which were carried out by suicide bombers, have claimed the lives of over 45 civilians and injured countless others, and are indicative of a surge in the brutal violence triggered by a regionalized conflict that is now in its eighth year.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
16,000 IDPs FLEE FRESH CLASHES IN BASSE-KOTTO
Recent clashes between armed groups in two localities in the southern Basse-Kotto prefecture have forced around 16,000 displaced people to flee for safety in the neighbouring Ouaka prefecture. They were initially uprooted from their homes in May. The displacement has left them in desperate need of emergency assistance, especially shelter, basic household items, food, water, hygiene and protection.
16 000 PDI FUIENT DE NOUVEAUX AFFRONTEMENTS EN BASSE-KOTTO
Les affrontements récents entre groupes armés dans deux localités de la préfecture de la BasseKotto, au sud, ont obligé environ 16 000 personnes déplacées à trouver refuge dans la préfecture voisine de la Ouaka. Elles avaient déjà fui leurs foyers en mai. Ce nouveau déplacement les a laissé dans le besoin désespéré d‘une aide d'urgence, en particulier d’abris, articles ménagers de base, nourriture, eau, hygiène et protection.
1. SITUATION OVERVIEW
Around 17 million people live in the affected areas across the four Lake Chad basin countries. More than 2.3 million people remain displaced. Most of the displaced families are sheltered by communities that count among the world’s poorest and most vulnerable. Food insecurity and malnutrition have reached critical levels.
A cholera epidemics breaks in north-east Nigeria on 16 August 2017 with, as of 13 September, 45 dead amongst 1,925 cases recorded in Borno State.
The hepatitis E epidemic declared in April in Niger is marking a decreasing trend, after recording 1,672 cases in the Diffa region.
Cameroon’s Far North is witnessing an increase in incidents and attacks as well as a geographical shift in violent incidents from Logone-and-Chari to Mayo Sava department.
(Maiduguri, 18 September 2017): The United Nations and its partners are urgently appealing for $9.9 million to respond to the current cholera outbreak in Borno State, north-east Nigeria, and prevent further outbreaks in high-risk areas. A Cholera Response and Prevention Plan has been developed to address the immediate needs of 3.7 million people that could be affected by the outbreak.
For the past eight years, conflict provoked by Boko Haram has devastated the Lake Chad region. More than 20,000 people have been killed, and a staggering 2.4 million people have fled their homes, living as internally displaced people in their home countries, or as refugees across neighbouring borders.
After one week in his new post, UN Humanitarian Chief Mark Lowcock visited the region, where he met some of the survivors of the conflict.
L’insécurité liée aux conflits intercommunautaires, à la criminalité et aux attaques asymétriques des terroristes continue d’influencer l’accès humanitaire dans la région. Le déplacement de 1 117 ménages de Kidal vers Gao suite aux affrontements a été enregistré (Ansongo, Talataye: 319, Bourem: 285, Gao: 303). En plus 210 ménages ont été sinistrés suite aux inondations à Hudbert dans le cercle de Bourem.
In 2017, CERF was one of the first responders to warning signs in North-east Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen where more than 20 million people were near famine. By end-August, CERF had released nearly US$128 million in grants and loan to support the most critical early action and life-saving activities prioritized by the humanitarian team in each country, making it one of the largest funding sources in the early stages of the response.
(Abuja, 12 September 2017): At the end of a two-day mission to Nigeria, the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock, said that the Government and humanitarians had made important progress in delivering life-saving relief to millions of people in north-east Nigeria. However, the complex Lake Chad Basin crisis will require sustained international support over the coming years.
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Poverty, demographic pressure and recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, and high food prices) are among the key causes of vulnerability amongst households and communities;
Insecurity in neighboring countries, notably Mali and Nigeria has led to displacement to Niger. In addition, the country is experiencing internal displacement of people due to armed attacks by insurgents that have been occurring in Diffa since Feb 2015
$20 BILLION TO SUPPORT CHAD’S DEVELOPMENT
VISITE DU NOUVEAU COORDONNATEUR DES SECOURS D'URGENCE DE L’ONU AU NIGER ET NIGERIA
EN TRES BREF
Les 5 crises, la modalité de réponse et les 3 objectifs stratégiques ne connaissent pas de changements.
Pour les régions de Tillabéry et de Tahoua, le contexte actuel ne nécessite pas une révision, une série d’évaluations plus poussées au niveau des secteurs prioritaires sont en train d'être planifiées.
En cas de dégradation accentuée, le plan de contingence inter secteur y relatif sera activé en vue d’une réponse initiale appropriée.
The humanitarian crisis in Nigeria’s northeast and the Lake Chad region is one of the most severe in the world today, with 8.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in 2017 in the worst-affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe. Now in its eighth year, the crisis shows no sign of abating.
(Niamey, le 11 septembre 2017): A la fin de sa mission de trois jours au Niger, le Secrétaire général adjoint aux affaires humanitaires et Coordonnateur des secours d'urgence des Nations Unies, Mark Lowcock, a félicité, aujourd’hui le Gouvernement du Niger pour avoir fait face efficacement à la crise humanitaire complexe dans le pays.