Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 29 September 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 43% funded. (OCHA, 29 Sep 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
The movement of refugees and migrants across the Sahara and the central Mediterranean Sea towards Europe continues to have a devastating toll on human life. Between January and August 2017, an estimated 2,270 refugees and migrants died at sea in the central Mediterranean. It is estimated that many others died on their way across the desert and in detention centres.
This briefing has been been put together by a significant number of international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) under the leadership of Bond’s Humanitarian and Conflict Policy groups. These NGOs are either actively operational in these contexts or working to raise awareness in the UK of the challenges faced by people experiencing humanitarian disasters, conflict and upheaval.
On Monday 16 October 2017 the Council adopted the EU Annual Report on Human Rights And Democracy in the World in 2016.
2016 was a challenging year for human rights and democracy, with a shrinking space for civil society and complex humanitarian and political crises emerging. In this context, the European Union showed leadership and remained strongly committed to promote and protect human rights and democracy across the world.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 44 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Wildlife anthrax in Namibia
Cholera in Zambia
Plague in Madagascar
Dengue fever in Burkina Faso
Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan.
This policy brief synthesises consortium learning about the processes and partnerships required to develop climate services which can best support those people whose lives and livelihoods are directly impacted by climate risks. It outlines how a collaborative workshop between Zaman Lebidi and the climate science research project AMMA2050 provided a shared learning experience for both researchers and decision makers, considering how climate information can concretely support local decision-making processes in both urban and rural contexts.
This report is a comprehensive presentation of all data on migration gathered through IOM’s DTM programme for July-August.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher (p), Similar (u), or Lower (q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 46 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
- Plague in Madagascar
- Cholera in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Cholera in Uganda
- Cholera in north--east Nigeria
- Hepatitis E in Niger
Humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia
I. EUROPE ET MONDE
L’Espagne condamnée pour avoir immédiatement renvoyé des migrants perati à Melilla
After HRP revision, the burden and target for the niger has increased to 309,175 from 247,500. The annual caseload has increased to 2,576,368 from 2,514,693. This has change the annual SAM burden as well to 3,433,979 from 3,372,306.
314.0 M required for 2017
86.7 M contributions received, representing 28% of requirements
227.3 M funding gap for West Africa
All figures are displayed in USD
89.6 M required for 2017
22.1 M contributions received, representing 25% of requirements
67.5 M funding gap for the Mali Situation
All figures are displayed in USD
Highlights in August
• Between February and July 2017, IOM recorded 27,117 refugees and migrants leaving Niger towards North Africa, compared with 221,992 during the same period in 2016. This dramatic decline is largely the result of the increased security in towns along the major route between Niger and Libya. According to IOM, migration routes are currently very diffuse, covering much of the Agadez region in the north of Niger, making identification of migrants, but also the provision of assistance to them, more difficult.
ÉPIDÉMIE DE DENGUE DÉCLARÉE
DENGUE FEVER OUTBREAK DECLARED
The Ministry of Health on 28 September declared a dengue fever outbreak with 1,055 suspected cases and four deaths registered since the start of the year. Cases have been on the rise since late July with the Central region having the highest number of infections. Surveillance has been bolstered since last year’s epidemic in which 2,526 suspected cases and 20 deaths were registered. Rapid diagnostic tests have been provided at health facilities since January 2017.