Sahel Crisis: 2011-2018Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 30 October 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 46% funded. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
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Central African Republic
As at end December 2017, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) required US$24.7 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 105.1 million crisis-affected people in 38 countries. Together the appeals were funded at $13.8 billion, or 54% of requirements. Funding for the appeals in 2017 fell 46% short of requirements, with $10.9 billion outstanding.
606,595 Persons of concern - refugees, asylum seekers, IDPs and returnees - for UNHCR operations in Chad
942 Chadian refugees voluntarily repatriated from Darfur, the Sudan to Chad
657 Supplemental Judgments rendered to deliver birth certificates to Nigerian refugees
The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017 (SOFI) has revealed that global hunger is on the rise again after declining for more than two decades. Global hunger rose from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million people in 2016.
The rise in man-made, protracted emergencies means millions are at risk of starving around the globe this year
It’s a difficult new year for the humanitarian system and those reliant on it: a near-record number of people are in need and yet a yawning funding gap will limit what assistance can be provided.
Read more on IRIN.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JULY 2018
In this issue
On the Agenda
The 30th AU summit will be an opportunity to start implementing AU reforms.
Ten new members of the PSC will be elected at the summit.
Clarifying the relationship between the AU and RECs is on the reform agenda.
Parliamentary elections are on the cards for Guinea- Bissau in 2018.
An analysis of the work of the PSC this year shows fewer meetings were held on crisis situations.
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
Moudeina / N'Djamena (HCR) – Depuis le début du rapatriement volontaire des Tchadiens du Darfour, le 18 décembre 2017, 259 ménages totalisant 942 réfugiés sont rentrés.
Le premier convoi a transporté 98 familles de 299 individus, tandis que les deuxième et troisième sont arrivés respectivement les 24 et 28 décembre avec 79 ménages de 305 personnes et 82 familles totalisant 338 individus. Les rapatriés sont des enfants et des femmes en majorité.
942 Chadians refugees return home from Darfur with UNHCR support
Moudeina/N’Djamena (UNHCR) - Since the start of the voluntary repatriation of Chadians from Darfur on 18 December 2017, 259 households of 942 refugees have returned.
The first convoy transported 98 families of 299 individuals, while the second and third respectively came with 79 households of 305 people and 82 families totaling 338 individuals. The returnees are children and women in majority.
Global Overview DECEMBER 2017
In many protracted emergencies, the prevalence rates of global acute malnutrition (GAM) regularly exceed the emergency threshold of > 15% of children with acute malnutrition (< -2 weight-for-height z-scores (WHZ) or with nutritional edema), despite ongoing humanitarian interventions. The widespread scale and long-lasting nature of “persistent GAM” means that it is a policy and programming priority.
In response to the deterioration of the nutritional situation (increase of the national global acute malnutrition prevalence from 11.9% in 2016 to 13.9% in 2017, SMART 2017) and the food insecurity threatening directly 890,000 persons in Chad, (IPC 2017) the Humanitarian Country Team, the Ministry of Public Health and ECHO are increasing their efforts on resource mobilisation and response to the crisis.
OVER 4,000 TO RETURN FROM DARFUR REFUGE
PLUS DE 4 000 RÉFUGIÉS TCHADIENS PRÊTS À RENTRER CHEZ EUX
1- Background and rationale
IOM works with national and local authorities in order to gain better understanding of population movements throughout West and Central Africa. Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) allow IOM to quantify and qualify migration flows, trends, and routes, at entry, transit or exit points (such as border crossing posts, bus stations, rest areas, police checkpoints and reception centers).
Note de synthèse des principaux résultats provisoires | Septembre 2017
1- Contexte et justifications