Sahel Crisis: 2011-2018Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 30 October 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 46% funded. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
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Chronic food insecurity and acute malnutrition, cyclical drought, locust infestations, seasonal floods, disease outbreaks, and recurrent complex emergencies presented major challenges to vulnerable populations in the West Africa region during the past decade. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S.
-La Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional (AECID) aportó, en 2017, más de 40 millones de euros de ayuda dirigida a las poblaciones más vulnerables afectadas por crisis humanitarias
-La Ayuda Humanitaria española atendió también en 2017 las crisis alimentarias en Nigeria, Somalia, Sudán del Sur y Yemen, a poblaciones refugiadas y a las afectadas por huracanes e inundaciones y por el terremoto de México.
Ceci est un résumé des déclarations du porte-parole du HCR William Spindler – à qui toute citation peut être attribuée – lors de la conférence de presse du 19 janvier 2018 au Palais des Nations à Genève.
Le nombre de personnes qui fuient les régions anglophones du Cameroun vers le Nigéria augmente de jour en jour et le HCR, l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, est vivement préoccupé par la sécurité et le bien-être des femmes et des enfants parmi elles.
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson William Spindler – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
With the number of people fleeing English-speaking areas of Cameroon for Nigeria growing, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is increasingly concerned at the plight of women and children among them.
• UN reports uptick in Boko Haram related insecurity across Lake Chad Basin during the second half of 2017
• Military operations, insecurity displace populations in northern Borno State
• Food analysis projects continued food insecurity for vulnerable populations in Cameroon
161.1 M required for 2018
12.6 M contributions received, representing 29% of requirements
148.5 M funding gap for the Nigeria Situation
248.7 M required for 2018
18.2 M contributions received, representing 29% of requirements
230.5 M funding gap for West Africa
Improved market supply of locally produced food staples from the recently completed harvest has contributed to widespread decrease in the prices of food items and brought about a reduction in the cost of the Survival Minimum Expenditure basket by 5.5% percent in the markets of Maiduguri and 14.4 percent in Damaturu.
Central African Republic
In northern Nigeria, years of conflict between the military and armed opposition groups known as Boko Haram have taken a heavy toll on the population. According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs more than 1.7 million people have been internally displaced by fighting in the northeastern states of Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe. Of these, 78 percent are in Borno.
Direct attacks by Boko Haram resulted in violence against local communities (village chiefs, civilians, including young boys and girls reported to have been attacked or abducted).
Biometric Registration, conducted by IOM Nigeria’s DTM Unit at Custom House Camp in Jere, captured 2,124 displaced households (9,235 displaced persons). The overall average family size within the location is 4.3, with 19 per cent of families comprising of 1-2 members; 39 per cent comprising of 3-4 members; 31 per cent comprising of 5-6 members; 9 per cent comprising of 7-8 members; and 2 per cent comprising of 9-10 members.
CHRONOLOGIE DES FAITS MARQUANTS - 2017
2 Mars 2017 : Le HCR et les Gouvernements de la République fédérale du Nigéria et de la République du Cameroun ont signé l'Accord Tripartite pour le retour volontaire des réfugiés nigérians vivant au Cameroun.
TIMELINE OF KEY EVENTS - 2017
2 March 2017: UNHCR and the Governments of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Republic of Cameroon signed the Tripartite Agreement for the Voluntary Return of Nigerian refugees living in Cameroon.
1. WHO ARE WE?
Humanitarian organisations – including United Nations agencies, international non-governmental organisations and national non-governmental organisations - are working in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states to help the women, children and men who have been forced to flee their homes as a result of the conflict as well as the communities that host and support them.
We are about 2,000 Nigerians and 500 international staff in the three states.
2. WHAT ARE WE DOING?
Mauritania hosts over 2,362 urban refugees and asylumseekers and about 50,000 Malian refugees in Mbera, a camp established in 2012 in the arid south-eastern region close to the Malian border.
Despite the conclusion of a peace agreement in 2015, large-scale returns of Malian refugees are not expected due to persistent violence in northern Mali. In December alone, 104 new arrivals were registered in Mbera.
As the situation in northern Mali continues to be unstable, Mauritania struggles to cope with the growing needs of new refugees and the vulnerable host communities.