Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017
A combination of factors including, the 2011 drought, high food prices, low agricultural production, as well as the inability of affected households to recover from the 2010 food and nutrition crisis, exacerbated the sub-region’s vulnerability in 2012. Moreover, the 2010-2011 crises in Cote d’Ivoire and Libya also contributed to increasing the vulnerability of hundreds of thousands of households that were deprived of the remittances of migrant workers who had fled these conflicts. Their return has also placed additional strain on their communities of return, notably in Chad, Niger and Mali. In 2012, approximately 18.7 million people were estimated to be food insecure and over one million children were at risk of dying from severe acute malnutrition. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2012)
In 2012, and for the third time in ten years, the Sahel region was hit by a major drought which further weakened vulnerable communities. The scale of the resulting food and nutrition crisis required all actors to join forces to save the lives of the 24 million people affected. A three-year regional plan was developed in 2013 aiming to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies while shaping the response to chronic needs in nine countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia. (OCHA, 30 Aug 2017)
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
As of December 31 2017, there remain over 38,000 internally displaced and 526,500 returnee in Mali.
During the last quarter of 2017, a total of 77 incidents of grave child rights violations were reported including recruitment and use of children, killing, rape, attack against schools, and denial of humanitarian access. This brings the total to 370 incidents recorded in 2017.
120,437 children were treated for severe actute malnutrition; includuing 31,255 during the last quarter.
The Protection Sector, including the Child Protection and Gender-Based Violence Sub-Sectors, enhanced its capacity to provide life-saving protection assistance particularly in most affected areas of Borno State, as well as Adamawa and Yobe States. A total of 2.47 million of the most vulnerable individuals were reached from January through December 2017 with protection interventions.
Bamako – The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Mali has significantly increased over the past weeks due to the recent resurgence of communal violence and armed conflict in Northern Mali. The number of IDPs dropped down to 38,172 individuals (7,716 households) in December 2017 from 40,743 individuals in October 2017, according to the last DTM report published in December 2017 by the National Directorate for Social Development of the Ministry of Solidarity and Humanitarian Action.
• In December WFP, both directly and through partnerships, provided food assistance to 1.23 people (98 percent of the plan of the month) through in-kind distributions (77 percent) and cash-based transfers (23 percent) in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States.
• Nutrition activities in Niger are suffering from critical funding gaps that risk to have effects not only on the implementation of activities but also on the already worrying levels of global acute malnutrition (GAM above the 10 percent serious threshold).
• Additional support for the Diffa emergency response is needed, due to instable security conditions that may lead to additional displacements and insufficient funding for emergency operations (impact on operations as early as March).
L’OIM travaille avec les autorités nationales, locales et des partenaires locaux, afin de mieux comprendre et connaître les mouvements migratoires à travers l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. Le suivi des flux de population (FMP) est une activité qui permet de quantifier et de qualifier les flux, les profils des migrants, les tendances et les routes migratoires sur un point d’entrée, de transit ou de sortie donné.
Aperçu du programme
I. Analyse de la situation de protection du mois
La situation de protection dans les régions du nord et du centre au cours de ce dernier mois de l’année est restée à l’image de celle des mois précédents dans toutes les régions du nord et du centre. Les civils font régulièrement l’objet d’attaques, de braquages ou autres actes de violations de droits de la part d’individus armés non identifiés.
▪ UNICEF supported the Ministry of Humanitarian Action and Disaster Relief for the NFI assistance to 500 displaced households in Blabrine and IRC for 5 households in Assaga, bringing UNICEF overall NFI support in 2017 in the Diffa region to 3,584 families with IRC and 1,000 with the Ministry of Humanitarian Action and Disaster Relief.
MSF amorce la nouvelle année avec beaucoup d’optimisme et d’enthousiasme. De nombreux projets s’annoncent à l’horizon, mais c’est aussi le moment de jeter un coup d’œil sur ce qui a été accompli au cours des derniers mois.
Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) meets the new year with a lot of optimism and enthusiasm. As new projects come in to focus, it’s also a moment to look back on what was achieved in the last months of 2017.
Cameroon’s Far North region paid a heavy toll in the ongoing conflict along the border with Nigeria. Thousands of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) joined a population already dependent on humanitarian assistance, with widespread malnutrition and medical resources unable to meet demand.