Sahel Crisis: 2011-2018Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 30 October 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 46% funded. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
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Thursday, June 07, 2012 • Erik Johnson, DanChurchAid
“Undi Kibaré,” I say, practicing the Moré greeting I’d learned a few minutes ago. “Lafi,” Hawa replies, breaking in to a smile as she tries to continue the conversation. I just smile with incomprehension, having exhausted my knowledge of her language. Then we both break out laughing.
La crise qui sévit dans le Nord du Mali – occupé depuis plus de deux mois par des groupes armés – sera bientôt à l’ordre du jour d’une réunion du Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies, ont décidé mercredi les chefs d’État et de gouvernement des huit pays membres de l’Union économique et monétaire ouest-africaine (Uemoa), à l’issue de leur Sommet à Lomé, au Togo, accédant ainsi à la requête du président béninois Thomas Boni Yayi, qui exerce actuellement la présidence tournante de l’Union africaine (UA).
FAITS SAILLANTS ET PERSPECTIVES
· Les prix des denrées alimentaires de grande consommation (riz, huile, sucre) ont commencé à baisser grâce à la concertation entre l’Etat et les importateurs et commerçants qui visent à réduire leur prix pour faciliter leur accès par les ménages les plus pauvres. Ainsi, le prix moyen mensuel du riz importé a légèrement reculé (-5%) par rapport à mars 2012, mais il reste en hausse par rapport à avril 2011 (+5%). Les prix n’ont cependant pas diminué autant que prévu car l’ordonnance du gouvernement n’est pas appliquée par tous.
Without immediate and continued support from the international community, the Sahel food and refugees crises are poised to claim hundreds of thousands of lives. More than 1.5 million children under five suffer from severe acute malnutrition, an extremely serious condition which frequently results in death. More than 18 million people, almost half are children under 17, are at risk from hunger; nearly 500,000 Malians are internally displaced or refugees in a region where resources were already scarce.
5 June 2012 [Lome - Togo]
The Prime Minister of Togo, His Excellency Gilbert Fossoun Houngbo, opened a high-level inter-ministerial meeting on regional food crises in Lome on Tuesday, 5th June 2012, with a strong appeal for urgent action to address the root causes of recurrent food and nutritional deficiencies in the Sahel and West Africa.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR NOVEMBER 2012
Continued poor food access in rainfed farming and agropastoral areas
Poor households in the southeastern reaches of livelihood zone 6 (rainfed farming areas) and the central and western reaches of livelihood zone 5 (agropastoral areas) will be in IPC Phase 3 (crisis) into the month of June. Assuming the rainy season gets off to a normal start in June/July, this should help stabilize household purchasing power to some extent by July, as the beginning of the growing season offers the prospect of new sources of income and improvements in pasture conditions.
Difficult food security situation in the north
Rural households in agropastoral livelihood zone 3 (Fluvial rice and transhumant livestock rearing), the Timbuktu area of agropastoral livelihood zone 6 (Niger delta/lakes – rice and livestock rearing), and livelihood zone 4 (millet and transhumant livestock rearing) are experiencing the most severe levels of acute food insecurity, which has reached crisis proportions (Phase 3 of IPC version 2.0) in these parts of the country, with no improvement expected between now and the end of the outlook period in September (see Figure 3).
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Lauretta dreams of becoming a teacher. But she hasn’t been to school since January, when she had to drop out in order to help her family at home. While her mother spends all day searching for food to feed her children, the household duties have fallen on 12-year-old Lauretta, who looks after her younger brothers, collects firewood and fetches water to cook whatever they may be able to eat.
- No security incidents have been reported in Bamako over the past two weeks.
- WFP is leading ETC activities in Mali with responsibility for coordination, implementation and overall operation support for common ICT services.
• A national nutrition / SMART survey undergoing by MoH / CLM and partners to assess and update the nutrition situation country wide.
• The scaling up of the program is in progress. The management of acutely severe malnourished children started in Diourbel region with UNICEF support in supplies to MSF and MoH (two Therapeutic Feeding centers set up in Diourbel and Bambey health centers, and 5 OTPs (Outpatient Therapeutic Program) in 5 health posts of Diourbel health District).
A total of 15,944 new cases of Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) have been treated in the month of April in the 363 Community Management of Acute Malnutrition sites.
While much has been achieved, UNICEF and the humanitarian community needs to massively scale up interventions. More resources and partners needed to meet the needs. The funding shortfall for sector beyond nutrition management places constraints on UNICEF integrated response scale up plans.
With the approaching of the most critical period of the lean season, June to September, the Government of Niger and its partners are scaling up humanitarian programmes to alleviate the impact of acute food insecurity and malnutrition on the vulnerable population, estimated at 6.4 million people.
• As a result of the nutritional crisis affecting the North and Far North regions of Cameroon, it is estimated that as many as 55,000 children Under 5 could suffer Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) in 2012.
• 18,012 (32,7%) of Children Under 5 with SAM have been already admitted to Therapeutic Feeding programs and 17.64% (7,277) have recovered.
• 1.3 million Children vaccinated against measles, 1.5 million against Polio and 1.1 million received Vitamin A supplements in both regions.
• Regional nutritional cluster launched by UNICEF in the Far North and North
In this interview, António Guterres discusses a new publication, The State of the World’s Refugees: In Search of Solidarity, from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees on internal and cross-border displacement of people throughout the world. “I think that, unfortunately, we can sum up saying we are witnessing more people being forced to flee, within the borders of their own country or crossing those borders,” he says.
- UNICEF is responding to a double emergency in Burkina Faso where the nutrition and refugee crises are affecting almost 3 million people. Out of an estimated 100,000 children under 5 with Severe Acute Malnutrition in 2012, 23,6% have been admitted to Therapeutic Feeding Programmes so far.
- Visit of the ERC USG Valerie Amos to Burkina Faso from 20-22 May 2012 focusing on the humanitarian agencies
- support of national response plans and enhancement of community resilience by Government and its partners. She launched the Government/UN Humanitarian Appeal (CAP).