Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 18 August 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 34% funded. (OCHA, 18 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
By Rodrigo Ordóñez
“If we have nothing to eat, after a while we will die.” The words of Hasta Abdelkarim, 46, are remarkably strong. A visitor asks her if she is afraid of dying. “Yes. After that, it’s over – there is nothing,” she sentences.
The food crisis in the Sahel region of West and Central Africa is affecting more than 18 million people. Hasta is one of the 3.6 million people in Chad who are finding it increasingly difficult to eat this year due to chronic poverty, erratic rains, high food prices, and regional conflict.
By Mohamed Abderrahmane
NOUAKCHOTT, Jul 10 2012 (IPS) - The sun is beating down on Nouakchott, the Mauritanian capital, and Habi Amadou Tidjane Diop is a tired and frustrated woman. Seated on an empty upturned bucket, the mother of nine is waiting in a long queue to buy food.
“I got here early because it’s Thursday and I need to buy groceries for both today and Friday – four kilogrammes of rice, two kilos of sugar, four kg of pasta and two litres of oil,” Diop told IPS.
By Sudarsan Raghavan, Tuesday, July 10, 1:53 AM
Maradi, Niger — Balki Souley lost her son during childbirth the other day. Her body was so frail, so weakened by a lack of food that she, too, nearly died. “When I return to my village, I will try to have another child,” she said shyly as she lay on the floor of a crowded maternity ward.
Married at 12, Balki is now 14 years old.
There are currently 3.6 million people suffering from a severe food and nutrition crisis in the Sahelian band. In the badly affected Batha region in Chad, some 35,000 people have been identified as food insecure, and have therefore received financial and food support to uphold their nutritional status until the next harvest.
The political unrest and widespread insecurity have made the northern regions of Mali inaccessible to major UN humanitarian organizations. However, WFP has been exploring all possible ways and transportation channels, partnering with various NGOs, to try to deliver food to vulnerable populations.
MOPTI - Working with its partners, WFP has delivered food and nutritional commodities to more than 50,000 conflict-affected people in Mali’s northern cities of Timbuktu, Gao and Kidal. Deliveries to these northern areas are ongoing through NGO partners.
By Inez Lezama and Anthea Moore
KIFFA/BOUGHADOOUM, Mauritania, 9 July 2012 – At 8 a.m., 22-year-old Tahya Mint Bowbe, her 11-month-old son Cheikh and her 3-year-old sister Aminte Mint Bowbe waited in a queue of children and women at the health centre in Kiffa. They were there to participate in a malnutrition screening for children under age 5 and a blanket feeding program providing food supplements to all children aged 6 to 24 months.
by Hedinn Halldorsson
“Being hungry is an illness in itself.”
We’re sitting in the courtyard of the Torodo family, close to Tangpooré in Kaya health district, and these are the words of Passiba Todoro. His family has lived on this land for generations.
I’ve just asked him if the children are falling sick from not having enough to eat. The white in Passiba’s beard gives him an air of grace. He’s lived through a crisis or two, and when he speaks, all those in the courtyard listen.
Food security conditions beginning to stabilize in certain areas
Approximately 2.4 million people, mostly in central agropastoral areas (Guera, Kanem, Bahr-el-Ghazal, Batha, and Sila), were in Phase 2 (stressed) of version 2.0 of the IPC food insecurity phase scale in May of this year, with the northern reaches of Mangalmé in crisis (Phase 3 of IPC 2.0).
CAMP de DAMBA, Burkina Faso, 9 juillet (HCR) – La célèbre cantatrice soprano Barbara Hendricks s'est rendue dans un camp au nord du Burkina Faso pour faire connaître le sort de dizaines de milliers de réfugiés maliens dans la région du Sahel en Afrique et pour aider à collecter des fonds pour les opérations d'aide humanitaire du HCR dans cette région.
Arusha, July 9, 2012 (FH) – Six Western African leaders have asked the International Criminal Court (ICC) to investigate war crimes in northern Mali.
The Heads of State from Benin, Cote d’Ivoire, Niger, Nigeria, Togo and Burkina Faso reportedly held a mini-Summit in Ouagadougou on Saturday to discuss, among others, the political crisis in Mali.
Over the past week, armed Islamist fighters have descended on cemeteries holding the remains of Timbuktu's Sufi saints, systematically destroying its six most famous tombs.
DAMBA CAMP, Burkina Faso, July 9 (UNHCR) – Renowned soprano Barbara Hendricks has visited a camp in northern Burkina Faso to raise awareness about the plight of tens of thousands of Malian refugees in Africa's Sahel region and to help raise funds for UNHCR's relief operations there.
The ECOWAS Contact Group on the Mali crisis has called for a government of national unity to implement the road map for a peaceful end to the crisis in the country through the restoration of the territorial integrity of Mali and the organization of fair, transparent and credible presidential election at the end of ongoing 12-month transitional period.
The Chairman of the Authority of ECOWAS Heads of State and Government and President of Cote d’Ivoire, His Excellency Alassane Dramane Ouattara has reaffirmed the region’s uncompromising resolve to return Mali to constitutional rule.
LONDON, 9 July 2012 (IRIN) - No one can say they did not see last year’s food crisis in East Africa coming; there was almost a year of increasingly strong warnings, but it was not until Somalia was formally declared to be in a state of famine that substantial funding finally started coming in.
After this, just the latest of a long series of failures to translate early warnings into timely action, researchers at London’s Chatham House embarked on a project to try to find out why.
Human Rights Council
ROUNDUP 6 July 2012
Adopts 22 Resolutions, Appoints Special Rapporteurs on Belarus and Eritrea, Extends Mandates on Côte d'Ivoire and Somalia, Decides to Establish Working Group to Negotiate a Draft Declaration on the Right to Peace
The Africa Power and Politics Programme is thought-provoking, innovative and infuriating in equal measure. ‘Religion and education reform in Africa: harnessing religious values to developmental ends’, a fascinating new APPP paper by Leonardo A.
by David Olayemi
One of the many good aspects of the EVERY ONE advocacy project in Nigeria, supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, is the opportunity it gives Save the Children to go into partnership with some worthy organisations.
Save the Children in Nigeria has a lot of experience working on some projects alone and as part of consortia. Save the Children also collaborates with a number of organisations – national and international NGOs, development partners as well as government ministries, departments and agencies.
LONDRES, 8 juillet 2012 (IRIN) - Les utilisateurs du métro de Londres qui ont levé la tête de leur journal récemment ont peut-être croisé le regard sombre et mélancolique d'un enfant africain ou asiatique. Pour seulement 50 pence par jour, soit moins d'un dollar, on peut, selon la publicité, changer la vie d'un enfant. Et on peut le faire dès maintenant, en envoyant simplement un SMS.
As the food crisis in West Africa intensifies, countless mothers across villages in Matam, Senegal, are struggling to provide their children with food and clean water
Ramata used to breastfeed her baby Mamadou, but like many mothers across West Africa, she no longer has enough food to feed herself let alone her children, and is now struggling to provide milk.
"We left our village because we were starving," said one elderly refugee from Mali. She has come to a relief camp in Mangaizé in northern Niger where Caritas Niger (CADEV) works.
“I left my village when the rebels attacked,” said another woman. “I escaped at the last moment because I could not find all of my children. I’m here with the two youngest ones, but I don’t know what’s happened to the eldest two.”