Sahel Crisis: 2011-2018Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 30 October 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 46% funded. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
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Millet, maize, and sorghum are the most important food commodities for household consumption. Millet is the staple of the most vulnerable households, while maize and sorghum also contribute to the food basket of a majority of all households. Sankaryare market is the largest and most important market in Ouagadougou and supplies other markets within the country and region. Koudougou is located in one of the most populated areas in the country, where a majority of households depend on the market for their food needs. Djibo is in the highly vulnerable Sahelian zone.
Thursday, January 17, 2013 ABUJA, Nigeria – In a ceremony at the Central Bank of Nigeria on January 17, 2013, United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah, Nigerian Central Bank Governor Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, and Nigeria’s Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, represented by Honorable Minister Dr. Akinwumi Adesinathe, launched a partnership in which the parties expect to leverage up to $100 million in commercial lending for the country’s agriculture sector.
BRUSSELS/NEW YORK, January 17, 2013—As bombings and combat continue in multiple locations in Mali, the medical humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) calls on all parties to the conflict to authorize humanitarian organizations to enter the area of Konna and to allow aid to be provided in all areas affected by fighting.
Par Jessica Mony
GUÉRA, Tchad, 18 janvier 2013 - Le village de Banda est un ensemble propret de cases d’argile, chacune bien délimitée par une clôture de piquets. À travers ceux-ci, des visages curieux d’enfants, impatients de voir les visiteurs qui viennent d’arriver, jettent des coups d’œil furtifs.
By James Phelan
An escalating conflict displaces 380,000 people and threatens wider consequences across the country
The growing conflict in northern Mali has caused widespread insecurity, displacement, and disruptions, including the suspension of vital humanitarian efforts across the region of Gao as Action Against Hunger is forced to place existing programs on hold, warning that the latest clashes were undermining already vulnerable communities across the region.
Olive Branch Post by Tobias Koepf and Jon Temin
France’s military intervention in Mali will fundamentally alter the dynamics of the Malian crisis and the role of the international community in seeking a solution. While that might sound like stating the obvious, it’s important to emphasize the dramatic effect of this military action on the potential for long-term peace and stability.
(16.01.2013) Welthungerhilfe is responding to the escalating humanitarian situation of the people in Mali. Continued fighting in the North of this African country has prompted Welthungerhilfe to send out additional helpers. In addition, it is also providing EUR 100,000 of immediate aid.
Oxfam is providing humanitarian assistance in the region of Gao, northern Mali and in refugee camps in Niger, Burkina Faso and Mauritania. We provide support to people who need basic food, clean water and healthcare.
Conflict in the north of Mali, the entrenchment of armed groups and the spread of instability has led to increased humanitarian suffering across the region.
Septième jour d'opérations militaires au Mali ce jeudi 17 janvier 2013. L'armée française a lancé une offensive terrestre contre les groupes islamistes, des combats ont opposé les militaires aux combattants jihadistes dans la région de Diabaly sur le front Est. Sur le front Ouest, la nuit dernière, un accrochage a eu lieu dans la zone de Konna entre l'armée malienne et des rebelles.
Local rice and sorghum are the most consumed food products by poor households in Mauritania followed by imported wheat which is a substitute that these households turn to the most. Local rice is grown in the river valley (in the southern regions of Trarza, Brakna, Gorgol and Guidimakha). Sorghum is produced in all areas of production (rainfed) and in flood-recession areas. However, a significant portion is imported from Mali and Senegal. Mauritania depends greatly on food imports (70% in a good agricultural year and 85% in a bad year) than on internal production.
Protection for child combatants fighting for rebel groups must be at the heart of any training given by EU troops to Malian forces, says World Vision UK.
Earlier today the EU announced a training mission in Mali (EUTM Mali) which is intended to help improve the military capacity of the Malian Armed Forces.
“Children are particularly vulnerable to recruitment into Militia groups as well as various forms of sexual violence, including forced marriage. They are therefore in urgent need of protection” said Chance Briggs, director of World Vision Mali
• Tchad : bonnes perspectives en matière de santé pour 2013 (Xinhua, 14 jan. 2013)
• In Chad, anatomy of a vaccination campaign (UNICEF, 14 Jan. 2013)
• Tchad/BAD: 2 milliards F CFA pour promouvoir la bonne gouvernance et la transparence des finances publiques (Xinhua, 14 jan. 2013)
• Will there be a global food crisis in 2013? (IRIN, 16 Jan. 2013)
• Mass displacement following North Darfur tribal clashes (UNAMID, 17 Jan. 2013)
• Les premiers soldats tchadiens ont quitté N'Djamena pour le Mali (AFP, 17 jan. 2013)
EU training mission in Mali established
Summary: 17 January 2013, Brussels - The Council of the European Union today established a Common Security and Defence Policy mission to support the training and reorganisation of the Malian Armed Forces. This decision creates the legal basis for the operation and is another step towards its deployment.
Bruxelles, le 17 janvier 2013
5428/13 (OR. en)
Le Conseil a instauré ce jour une mission relevant de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune qui vise à appuyer la formation et la réorganisation des forces armées maliennes.
Cette décision crée le cadre juridique de cette opération et constitue une étape supplémentaire en vue de son déploiement.
3217ème session du Conseil AFFAIRES ETRAGERES
Bruxelles, 17 janvier 2013
Les équipes d'Action contre la Faim (ACF) reprennent actuellement leurs activités dans la ville de Gao à la faveur d'une stabilisation du contexte. Dans la région de Gao et notamment dans les cercles d'Ansongo (vers la frontière nigérienne) et de Bourem, ces activités continuent. Avec plus de 15% des enfants de moins de 5 ans souffrant de malnutrition aigue dans la région de Gao (soit près de 20 000 enfants), il est fondamental pour ACF de rétablir au plus vite un accès plein et entier au traitement de la malnutrition pour les populations vulnérables.
Malians have welcomed France's decision to commit forces but there are fears conflict could spread in fragile Sahel region
Read the full report on the Guardian.
Les combats, qui ont repris de façon intensive au Mali ces derniers jours, ont contraint Handicap International à suspendre temporairement ses activités d'urgence au Mali. L'association, qui effectue notamment des distributions de denrées alimentaires dans le Nord du pays depuis l'été 2012, a demandé à l'ensemble de ses équipes de se mettre à l'abri et de se tenir prêtes à relancer, dès que possible, les programmes d'assistance aux populations civiles.
The president of Caritas Mali, Archbishop Jean Zerbo of Bamako, has asked for a humanitarian corridor to be opened in his war-torn country. He also appealed to the global Caritas network and the international community to help those affected by the conflict currently being fought.
French and African troops are trying to prevent Islamic rebels who have taken control of northern Mali from advancing further.