Sahel Crisis: 2011-2018Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 30 October 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 46% funded. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
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By Jeremy Konyndyk: Populations in northern Mali are facing severe food shortages since fighting has cut off vital humanitarian assistance and access to markets.
Mercy Corps team members monitoring the situation in the Gao region report that food supplies are dwindling since the military offensive against rebel extremists began in January.
Caritas Australia, the international aid and development organisation of the Catholic Church, has welcomed the government’s commitment of $10 million to help victims of the conflict in Mali, but said Australia now needed to use its influence in the UN Security Council to ensure vital food security in the land-locked West African country.
West Africa has already been ravaged by a food crisis and the recent escalation in violence in Mali has further exacerbated the food security problem.
6 février 2013 – Le Secrétaire général adjoint aux opérations de maintien de la paix, Hervé Ladsous, a annoncé mercredi en conférence de presse qu'une opération de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies au Mali paraissait de plus en plus probable.
« Tout semble indiquer que nous allons dans cette direction et nous nous tenons prêts pour cela », a déclaré M. Ladsous aux correspondants présents au Siège de l'ONU à New York.
Catherine Ashton, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice President of the Commission, hosted today a ministerial meeting of the Support and Follow Up Group on the situation in Mali.
The meeting was co-chaired by the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the United Nations. The Malian Delegation led by Minister for Foreign Affairs Tieman Coulibaly included Ministers for Territorial Administration Sinko Coulibaly and for Humanitarian Action Mamadou Sidibe.
In a Headquarters briefing today that focused on the role in 2013 of United Nations peacekeeping in Mali, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Head of the Department said there was a shared desire in the international community to do what needed to be done in Mali to end the conflict and resolve the issues that provoked it, and that a United Nations peacekeeping operation was “the way to go”.
Over 4.3 million people need humanitarian assistance in Mali. Improved access has enabled assessments in Mopti, Ségou, Gao and Kidal regions. These assessments reveal important new needs – especially among recent IDPs and their hosts – but generally do not indicate a major new crisis. Humanitarian assistance continues in the south and is resuming in the north where security permits.
En réponse à l’extrême situation d’insécurité alimentaire dans la région de Tillaberi (Niger), ACTED a mis en œuvre une distribution de coupons et des foires alimentaires pour aider les ménages les plus vulnerables à couvrir leur besoins alimentaires. Parallèlement, des sensibilisations ont été menées sur les bonnes pratiques alimentaires et nutritionnelles.
Ce document présente le projet mis en place par ACTED pour ensuite en tirer les leçons apprises et recommandations.
In 2012, aid organizations warned that about 18 million people were affected by the food and nutrition crisis across West Africa’s Sahel region. Drought, poor food production and chronic poverty left many families dependent on aid to cope with the crisis in nine countries: Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, the Gambia, Cameroon and Nigeria.
Read the full interview on OCHA
6 February 2013 – Humanitarian access is improving in Mali but the situation remains volatile, a senior United Nations relief official said today, warning that an estimated 10 million people in the wider Sahel region could be at risk of starvation this year.
“This crisis in the north [of Mali] is coming on top of a broad, chronic crisis across the Sahel in which millions of people are being affected by food insecurity,” David Gressly, Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, told reporters in Geneva.
Handicap International has sent an explosive weapons expert to Mali to identify areas contaminated with explosive weapons and prepare for clearance operations to protect the local population. The initial findings are alarming and we are mobilising an emergency weapons clearance team to begin operations within days.
KAEDI/NOUAKCHOTT/DAKAR, 6 February 2013 (IRIN) - Despite a decent harvest and pasture coverage for livestock, aid agencies say they and donors must not underestimate vulnerability in Mauritania, having admitted they seriously underestimated the extent of the crisis in 2012 due to inadequate assessment systems and insufficient alarm calls to donors to respond.
DAKAR, 6 February 2013 (IRIN) - Relief groups are considering resuming or expanding their operations in northern Mali after French and Malian troops took key towns from militant Islamists who controlled the region for nine months.
Insecurity in the north during this period disrupted and restricted aid operations and also prevented free movement of the local population.
Terre des hommes (Jérémie Henriod)
Terre des hommes (Jeremie Henriod)
WINDHOEK - Namibia has pledged undisclosed monetary support towards the funding of the International Support Mission to Mali (AFISMA) to provide support to Malian troops fighting to repel Islamist rebels in the north of the country. “The details of [the monetary pledge would] be communicated to the African Union Commission in due course,” Namibia’s Ambassador to Ethiopia and Permanent Representative to the African Union (AU) Anne Namakau Mutelo said.
With a burgeoning number of refugees from conflict in northern Mali arriving in neighbouring Mauritania, the international community steps up its response for refugees and host communities.
By Lucia Elmi and Brahim Ould Isselmou
FASSALA, Mauritania, 5 February 2013 – As conflict rages in northern Mali, thousands of people caught up in the fighting are struggling to survive, trying to escape hardship and reach more secure areas. Many remain stranded.