Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 29 September 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 43% funded. (OCHA, 29 Sep 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
Le Cluster Protection (CP) a été établi au Mali en Avril 2012 conformément aux orientations de la réforme humanitaire consacrée par le Comité Permanent Inter Agence (CPIA/IASC) et à la demande de l’Equipe Humanitaire Pays (EHP) dans le but de répondre aux besoins humanitaires de protection notamment les déplacements forcés de la population et les différentes violations de droits humains résultants des conflits au nord et au centre du Mali depuis janvier 2012. Ces termes de référence sont basés sur les génériques élaborés par l’IASC (CPIA).
The rapid arrival of very large numbers of refugees in concentrated areas tends to accentuate the impact that populations will have on the environment, due to the fact that humanitarian operators manage people and infrastructure based on short-term considerations. This leads to increased pressure on raw materials and ecosystems, and tends to create tension with the host population.
The study has two objectives:
La Représentante spéciale adjointe du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, Coordonnatrice Résidente du système des Nations Unies au Mali et Coordonnatrice Humanitaire, Mme Mbaranga Gasarabwe, s’est rendue à Tessalit, ce jour, accompagnée des représentants des pays donateurs du Fonds Fiduciaire des Nations Unies en soutien à la Paix et la Sécurité au Mali et des agences onusiennes présentes dans le pays.
La Division des Affaires Civiles de la MINUSMA a organisé, le 5 octobre dernier à Bamako, une rencontre entre les acteurs de la société civile malienne sur l’extrémisme violent, en partenariat avec l’organisation internationale Américaine DAI (Development Alternative Inc). Cette table ronde devait permettre de dégager des recommandations concrètes sur l’extrémisme violent au Mali et particulièrement dans le Centre et le Nord du pays.
Numerous countries in Africa are facing conflict, drought, food shortages and widespread displacement. The UN estimates millions of people are on the verge of starvation in Southern and Eastern Africa.
In September 2017, Australia provided $20 million to support international relief efforts in Somalia and South Sudan. This is in addition to the $19.3 million of humanitarian assistance provided to South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Nigeria and Kenya in May 2017.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher (p), Similar (u), or Lower (q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Numbers of refugees and asylum seekers in Chad
refugees students obtained the baccalaureate - 58.5% success rate - qualifying them for higher education in 2017
Trees planted by refugees in villages surrounding refugee camps to protect the environment.
Working with Partners
It is often said in the humanitarian field that the success of a response hinges on logistics. If First Responders can’t reach those in greatest need with the right supplies, we fall short on our key mission: to save lives and relieve suffering in the world’s toughest environments. International Medical Corps Roving Logistics Coordinator John Mbusa shares his experiences of working quietly, but efficiently, far from the limelight to fight famine in two conflict-torn countries—Nigeria and South Sudan.
41 additional cases were reported.
1 death reported.
Total number of suspected cases of cholera reported stands at 4788, with 61 deaths (CFR = 1.3%); 2391 cases in the Muna corridor (Jere LGA), 735 cases in Dikwa, 1618 cases in Monguno, cases in MMC and Mafa stands at 38 and 6 respectively
Out of the 144 samples taken, 119 (83%) were RDT positive and 107 (74%) were culture positive.
New study: Displaced Nigerians too scared to return home
The vast majority of the 1.8 million people displaced in northeast Nigeria are not ready to return home, according to the Norwegian Refugee Council’s new report, ‘Not Ready to Return’.
The Logistics Sector Nigeria provides support to the Government-led coordination of the humanitarian logistics response in north-eastern Nigeria. It supports the Humanitarian Community by facilitating access to common logistics services and maintainining regular bilateral and collective engagement in an open forum for discussing and addressing logistics issues as they arise. The Logistics Sector also provides guidance and promotes joint inter-agency logistical planning.
Case Management of Yellow Fever
In Epi-week 38, active case search for suspected cases of yellow fever continued in Ifelodun Local Government Area of Kwara State and parts of Kogi State. Laboratory samples have been collected for testing and confirmation.
This week’s editorial is a second part in the control of yellow fever outbreak series and the focus is on case management of the disease.
Ce document décrit les différents groupes de travail humanitaires actifs dans l’Extrême-Nord du Cameroun. Ces groupes de travail se réunissent régulièrement pour discuter des différentes activités, challenges, problèmes et contraintes auxquelles ils font face dans le cadre de la réponse humanitaire dans l’Extrême Nord du Cameroun. Chaque groupe de travail est chapeauté par un ministère en Co-lead avec une ou des agences des nations-unies. Chaque groupe de travail a une ou plusieurs thématiques définies à travers des secteurs.
En réponse à l’afflux massif des refugies nigérians vers le Cameroun, le camp de Minawao a été ouvert depuis juillet 2013 pour permettre de fournir de façon coordonnée les services de bases aux populations nigérianes victimes de la crise humanitaire au Nord Est du Nigéria. La situation étant encore instable dans les régions du Nord du Nigéria, le Cameroun continue à enregistrer des personnes au camp de Minawao.
The value of the Naira (in the parallel markets) appreciated by 26% gaining averagely N129 against the US dollar between February and July 2017. Currently, the average official exchange rate is 305 to one USD, while trading at 365-370 NGN to a USD in the parallel market.