Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017
A combination of factors including, the 2011 drought, high food prices, low agricultural production, as well as the inability of affected households to recover from the 2010 food and nutrition crisis, exacerbated the sub-region’s vulnerability in 2012. Moreover, the 2010-2011 crises in Cote d’Ivoire and Libya also contributed to increasing the vulnerability of hundreds of thousands of households that were deprived of the remittances of migrant workers who had fled these conflicts. Their return has also placed additional strain on their communities of return, notably in Chad, Niger and Mali. In 2012, approximately 18.7 million people were estimated to be food insecure and over one million children were at risk of dying from severe acute malnutrition. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2012)
In 2012, and for the third time in ten years, the Sahel region was hit by a major drought which further weakened vulnerable communities. The scale of the resulting food and nutrition crisis required all actors to join forces to save the lives of the 24 million people affected. A three-year regional plan was developed in 2013 aiming to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies while shaping the response to chronic needs in nine countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia. (OCHA, 30 Aug 2017)
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
CRITICAL ROLE OF LABORATORIES DURING OUTBREAKS
Response to disease outbreaks in recent past has highlighted evidence of weakness in integration between disease surveillance and laboratories. In this week’s editorial, we review the roles of the laboratory before and during an outbreak.
- Before an outbreak: The laboratory carries out two specific roles
• Early warning signals: This involves detecting pathogens that have the potential to spread. This will ensure early control measures are put in place.
Blog Post by John Campbell
December 26, 2017
Below is a visualization and description of some of the most significant incidents of political violence in Nigeria from December 16 to December 22, 2017. This update also represents violence related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. These incidents will be included in the Nigeria Security Tracker.
2017 was unprecedented in terms of the scale of events that affected millions of people
January: Record number of people in need
At the beginning of 2017, more than 128 million people needed humanitarian assistance in 33 countries. OCHA appealed for US$22.2 billion – the largest humanitarian appeal ever launched.
22 December 2017: There is an ongoing crisis in Cameroon. Thousands have fled the English-speaking areas of the country because of violence and unrest, and many are calling for an independent state. What has the government done to alleviate this situation, and does it go far enough?
For several decades, the minority English-speaking community in Cameroon has been expressing its disillusionment with the reunification process that brought the English and the French-speaking parts of the country together in 1961.
MINAWAO, CAMEROON — Hundreds of Nigerian refugees who have fled the Boko Haram insurgency to the Minawao camp in northern Cameroon, now have the potential to become professional models after they were trained by the United Nations to be self-reliant and useful to themselves and their communities if they accept to voluntarily return. A majority of the carpenters and seamstresses are mothers.
Après les résultats encourageants de la première phase enregistrés entre 2014 et 2016, la Croix-Rouge burkinabè et ses partenaires ont procédé le lundi 18 décembre 2017 au lancement de la seconde phase du « projet intégré de santé communautaire de Mangodara ». L’objectif visé est de contribuer à la réduction de la mortalité maternelle, néonatale et infanto-juvénile dans le district sanitaire de Mangodara d’ici à 2021 à travers une approche communautaire participative.
Maiduguri, Nigeria, 22 December 2017 - Nigeria has successfully contained a five-month cholera outbreak in conflict-affected Borno state, with support from the World Health Organization and other health partners.
The Government announced the end of the outbreak on Thursday (December 21) after two weeks had passed with no new cases.
December 21, 2017 Maiduguri, Borno State
Distinguished colleagues, the members of the media community, champions of humanitarianism, friends, ladies and gentlemen, Good morning all and a warm welcome.
I must thank you all for your time and above all for the courage to have remained steadfast during the period of this cholera outbreak.
Moki Edwin Kindzeka
YAOUNDE — Several villages are said to have been set ablaze in Cameroon's English speaking southwestern town of Mamfe after armed separatists attacked military installations and killed four soldiers. The Cameroon government says it has seized three of the armed separatists' training camps.
The Anglophone crisis in the West of Cameroon continues to deteriorate, triggering important movements of populations. It is considered that about 20 000 people are internally displaced due to this crisis.
Between 5 and 25% of children in the area are displaced and face difficulties to attend school.
Most basic social infrastructures are functional and accessible for now but should the situation further deteriorate, the capacity to respond to an emergency is limited.
Bamako, le 22 décembre 2017 – La MINUSMA accuse réception de la décision No.0649-2017/GRG-CAB en date du 27 novembre 2017, prise par le Col. Major Sidiki Samaké, Gouverneur de la région de Gao, portant règlementation de la circulation des véhicules et des engins motorisés entre les agglomérations dans la région de Gao.
Chargée d’appuyer l’Etat malien dans la mise en œuvre des processus électoraux, la Division des Affaires Electorales de la MINUSMA, apporte à ce système et ses acteurs, un soutien logistique mais également technique. Elle renforce leurs capacités et ce, sur l’ensemble du territoire. Ainsi, au cours de ce mois de décembre, à Mopti, Tombouctou et Gao, elle a tenu une série d’atelier avec les acteurs locaux du domaine sur le thème : " la prévention et la mitigation des conflits et violences liés aux élections".
Apres l’ouest de la zone agropastorale, la situation de Stress (Phase 2 de l’IPC) menace le centre et le sud du pays
• Les effets cumulés de l’échec des cultures de décrue, de la médiocrité des pâturages, du faible niveau des revenus tirés de la cueillette et de l’exode prolongent la pression sur le cheptel et accentuent la dégradation des conditions d’accès alimentaire dans l’ouest de la zone agropastorale. De nombreux ménages pauvres y sont déjà en situation de Crise (Phase 3 de l’IPC).
Le 22 décembre 2017 - New York, New York - Affaires mondiales Canada
Le Canada apporte son aide pour répondre aux besoins essentiels de millions de personnes vulnérables en Afrique subsaharienne, y compris des femmes et des enfants qui n'ont pas accès à une quantité suffisante d'aliments sains et nutritifs pour combler leurs besoins quotidiens, en raison des graves sécheresses et des conflits.
December 22, 2017 - New York City, New York - Global Affairs Canada
Canada is providing assistance to address the critical needs of millions of vulnerable people across sub-Saharan Africa, including women and children suffering from a lack of access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their daily needs —the result of severe drought and conflict.
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of CHF 2,010,476 to enable the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to complement and support the country-level emergency operations related to food crises in Africa, mainly those Emergency Appeals focusing on drought and food insecurity. This regional appeal will ensure that the response to the food crises in Africa is effectively managed and coordinated beyond the country level, focusing on five key objectives:
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of two million Swiss francs to enable the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to complement and support the country-level emergency operations related to food crises in Africa, mainly those Emergency Appeals and DREF funded operations focusing on drought and food insecurity. This regional appeal will ensure that the response to the food crises in Africa is effectively managed and coordinated beyond the country level, focusing on five key objectives: