Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017
A combination of factors including, the 2011 drought, high food prices, low agricultural production, as well as the inability of affected households to recover from the 2010 food and nutrition crisis, exacerbated the sub-region’s vulnerability in 2012. Moreover, the 2010-2011 crises in Cote d’Ivoire and Libya also contributed to increasing the vulnerability of hundreds of thousands of households that were deprived of the remittances of migrant workers who had fled these conflicts. Their return has also placed additional strain on their communities of return, notably in Chad, Niger and Mali. In 2012, approximately 18.7 million people were estimated to be food insecure and over one million children were at risk of dying from severe acute malnutrition. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2012)
In 2012, and for the third time in ten years, the Sahel region was hit by a major drought which further weakened vulnerable communities. The scale of the resulting food and nutrition crisis required all actors to join forces to save the lives of the 24 million people affected. A three-year regional plan was developed in 2013 aiming to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies while shaping the response to chronic needs in nine countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia. (OCHA, 30 Aug 2017)
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
Prolonged conflict perpetuated by Boko Haram in northeast Nigeria has spurred massive displacement and undermined food security. As of late 2017, the insurgency had displaced more than 1.6 million people within the nation and forced over 206,000 Nigerians to flee into neighboring Cameroon, Chad and Niger, according to the International Organization for Migration and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
Blinking as they stepped into the sunlight, 301 migrants were escorted from Libya’s detention centers this week to take what would be the first of a series of flights that would see them safely home in Nigeria and Guinea by day’s end. Thus ended an odyssey which began months earlier when the migrants left home full of the hope of making a fresh start in Europe.
Pris pour cible chez eux, à l’école et sur les terrains de jeux, les enfants ne disposent plus d’aucun lieu sûr
Télécharger photos et vidéos : http://uni.cf/2kfq2jU
NEW YORK, le 28 décembre 2017 – Dans les zones de conflit du monde entier, les attaques contre les enfants ont pris des proportions alarmantes tout au long de l’année, avertit l’UNICEF aujourd’hui, les parties aux conflits bafouant de façon flagrante les dispositions du droit international visant à protéger les plus vulnérables.
Le 26 décembre 2017, la MINUSMA a inauguré le projet à impact rapide intitulé « Réhabilitation des locaux de l’Institut des Jeunes Aveugles de Gao.» Une initiative du bureau régional de la Division des Droits de l’Homme et de la Protection de la MINUSMA. Les travaux ont coûté 29,4 millions de FCFA.
• For the fourth consecutive year, aggregate regional cereal production (milled rice, maize, and millet/sorghum) is projected to increase during the 2017/18 marketing year (MY). This trend is supported by favorable agro-climatic conditions, increased area planted, improved seeds, and agricultural programs and policies. Above average regional production will contribute to filling local deficits. Rice and maize production have expanded, while millet and sorghum production have stagnated.
La baisse des précipitations marque la fin de la saison agricole principale à travers l’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel.
Importants déficits de production de la biomasse au Sénégal, en Mauritanie et au Tchad pouvant entrainer une soudure pastorale précoce.
A l’exception de la Mauritanie, Liberia et Sierra Leone, la chenille légionnaire a été détectée dans l’ensemble des pays du Sahel et de l’Afrique de l’Ouest.
Rainfall deficits marks the end of the main crop season across West Africa and the Sahel.
Significant deficits in biomass production in Senegal, Mauritania and Chad may lead to early pastoral lean season.
Armyworm has been detected in all West African and Sahel countries, except Mauritania, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
Polio this week as of 27 December 2017
• During the reporting period, a total of 2,659 new arrivals were registered in 15 LGAs in Borno and 4 LGAs in Adamawa increasing the pressure on the delivery of humanitarian services in the IDP settlements.
• Cases of Hepatitis E in Borno since week 8 totalled 1,376, with 62 new cases during the reporting period. The current spread has been localized to Rann, Kala Balge.
Saving lives through SAFE cooking
WFP works to ensure that the food assistance provided can be consumed as safely and nutritiously as possible. While cooking may be thought of as a safe activity, in many circumstances, especially humanitarian settings, it poses serious health, safety and environmental risks. In Senegal, vulnerable populations are facing severe challenges related to a lack of access to cooking fuel in rural areas.
NOUAKCHOTT – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) welcomes contributions from Canada, the European Union (ECHO), Germany, Japan, Spain and the United States Food for Peace (USAID/FFP), which have sustained assistance to refugees in Mauritania in 2017. The US$11.7 million in funding has allowed the agency to provide uninterrupted support to some 52,000 Malian refugees in Mbera camp.
Wege Arrival Camp (Pulka Transit Camp) in Gwoza Local Government Area (LGA) received 1,437 new arrivals individuals between 8 and 25 December while no departures were recorded from the site during this period. Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) unit of International Organization for Migration (IOM) carried out emergency registration of 130 households or 535 individuals on 20 December and 56 households or 165 individuals on 23 December.
"We are under attack now"
Authorities on alert during Christmas period
Government allocates more funds to fight militants
Last major attack on Maiduguri was in June (Recasts with military repelling attack, adds context)
MAIDUGURI, Nigeria, Dec 25 (Reuters) - Nigeria's army said it had repelled an attack on Monday by suspected Boko Haram militants on the city at the centre of the conflict with the Islamist insurgency.
Le Gouvernement du Tchad et le PNUD lancent la formulation du projet ‘’Gestion Communautaire Des Risques Climatiques’’ d’un montant de $ 6 500 000 financé par le Fonds Mondial pour l’Environnement (FEM).
Contexte de la région
Crée par la loi N°2012-018 du 15 février 2012, la région de Taoudénit est située au nord de celle de Tombouctou. La nouvelle région a pris forme officiellement en février 2016.
La mise en place des autorités du collège transitoire date d’avril 2017. La région compte (06) cercles : Foum Elba, Taoudénit, Boujbeha, Arawane, Achourat et Al-Ourche. Les services étatiques sont basés dans la ville de Tombouctou du fait de la situation sécuritaire de la région et aussi à cause du manque d’infrastructures.