Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017
A combination of factors including, the 2011 drought, high food prices, low agricultural production, as well as the inability of affected households to recover from the 2010 food and nutrition crisis, exacerbated the sub-region’s vulnerability in 2012. Moreover, the 2010-2011 crises in Cote d’Ivoire and Libya also contributed to increasing the vulnerability of hundreds of thousands of households that were deprived of the remittances of migrant workers who had fled these conflicts. Their return has also placed additional strain on their communities of return, notably in Chad, Niger and Mali. In 2012, approximately 18.7 million people were estimated to be food insecure and over one million children were at risk of dying from severe acute malnutrition. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2012)
In 2012, and for the third time in ten years, the Sahel region was hit by a major drought which further weakened vulnerable communities. The scale of the resulting food and nutrition crisis required all actors to join forces to save the lives of the 24 million people affected. A three-year regional plan was developed in 2013 aiming to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies while shaping the response to chronic needs in nine countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia. (OCHA, 30 Aug 2017)
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) meets the new year with a lot of optimism and enthusiasm. As new projects come in to focus, it’s also a moment to look back on what was achieved in the last months of 2017.
Cameroon’s Far North region paid a heavy toll in the ongoing conflict along the border with Nigeria. Thousands of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) joined a population already dependent on humanitarian assistance, with widespread malnutrition and medical resources unable to meet demand.
En 2017, 45% des fonds requis pour l’assistance humanitaire ont été obtenus. Malgré une baisse importante par rapport aux 53% reçus en 2016, la communauté humanitaire a répondu aux besoins les plus urgents. Ce sous-financement a cependant fortement affecté les populations vulnérables. .
On 24 November, WFP Niger held a debate session on gender-based violence to launch “the 16 days of activism” campaign.
WFP nutrition activities are facing critical funding gaps and treatment activities risk to come to a halt in 2018 without immediate funding.
Le déplacement dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord du Cameroun reste complexe. La région accueille actuellement des personnes déplacées internes (PDIs), réfugiés, et retournés.
Advisory Board of the Zero Hunger Strategic review validated draft recommendations
Four-day meeting conducted with relevant stakeholders to develop a national school meals programme.
Garden materials or 86 school in the Upper River Region were handed over tot the School Agriculture and Food Monitoring unit.
The Cash Working Group coordinates the implementation of Cash Transfer Programmes in north-east Nigeria. In November 2017, 23 unique organisations (including implementing partners) reported ongoing cash activities in 37 LGAs.
Cameroon currently has 647,536 people of concern, including 247,838 Central African refugees and 87,052 Nigerian refugees.
A considerable increase of new arrivals to Gourenguel transit centre in the Far North region following an upsurge of attacks in Cameroon.
Conclusion of out of camp registration in the Mayo Sava department with a total number of 1,793 Nigerian refugees registered.
WORKING WITH PARTNERS
UNHCR coordinates protection and assistance for refugees in collaboration with:
La disponibilité et l’offre en céréales sur les marchés sont globalement satisfaisantes et s’améliorent avec l’arrivée des récoltes le riz local dans les régions de Gao, Tombouctou et Mopti. Toutefois, l’état d’approvisionnement varie de moyen à rare pour certaines denrées (Niébé, Sorgho, maïs) dans les zones du nord en raison des poches de mauvaise production (cf.annexe 2) et de l’insécurité.
The ongoing hostilities in north eastern Nigeria have unleashed a multitude of consequences on the affected population including widespread loss of life, massive population displacement, loss of livelihoods and diminished agricultural production as well as the destruction of housing, communication and market infrastructure.
En réponse à l’afflux massif des réfugiés nigérians vers le Cameroun, le camp de Minawao a été ouvert depuis juillet 2013 pour permettre de fournir de façon coordonnée les services de bases aux populations nigérianes victimes de la crise humanitaire au Nord Est du Nigéria. La situation étant encore instable dans les régions du Nord du Nigéria, le Cameroun continue à enregistrer des personnes au camp de Minawao.
Ce rapport explore les liens entre les violences basées sur le genre (VBG) qui affectent principalement les femmes et les filles, et la résilience des survivant(e) s, de leur foyer et de leur communauté. L’objectif de cette étude vise à explorer deux questions principales :
Comment les violences contre les femmes et les filles impactent-t-elles les processus de changements sociaux nécessaires au développement des capacités de résilience?