Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 30 October 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 46% funded. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
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Around 17 million people live in the affected areas across the four Lake Chad basin countries. More than 2.3 million people remain displaced. Most of the displaced families are sheltered by communities that count among the world’s poorest and most vulnerable. Food insecurity and malnutrition have reached critical levels.
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In Nigeria’s north-eastern Borno state, children displaced by ongoing conflict are being reached with essential immunization and health care services, thanks to a strong network of Volunteer Community Mobilisers established by the polio eradication programme.
Education is lifesaving. Education is crucial for both the protection and healthy development of girls and boys affected by crises. It can rebuild their lives; restore their sense of normality and safety, and provide them with important life skills. It helps children to be self-sufficient, to be heard, and to have more influence on issues that affect them. It is also one of the best tools to invest in their long-term future, and in the peace, stability and economic growth of their countries.
131 300 personnes de plus ont accès à l’eau potable :
Crise centrafricaine : 3 500 personnes ;
Crise du Nigéria : 127 800 personnes.
Faibles progrès vers l’atteinte de la cible pour la crise centrafricaine ; ceci est dû à des difficultés de mobilisation des financements du secteur.
152 850 personnes de plus ont accès aux services d’assainissement :
Crise centrafricaine : 1 180 personnes ;
This report is part IOM’s effort to provide a comprehensive statistical overview of Libya’s current migration profile.
DTM Libya’s Migrant statistical information package* includes the below report, accompanied by a comprehensive user-friendly dataset, a set of maps and a key findings one pager.
314.0 M required for 2017
87.6 M contributions received, representing 28% of requirements
226.3 M funding gap for West Africa
All figures are displayed in USD
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Timely and abundant rainfall benefited overall crop production
Depreciation of local currency contributes to high prices of imported food commodities
Humanitarian assistance still needed
Recovery in cereal production expected in 2017
- Since week 8 2017, Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection was confirmed in 8 LGA of Borno, with transmission still ongoing in Rann Kala Balge.
- A response mechanism has been activated in Rann, Kala Balge.
- The cumulative number of cholera cases and deaths are 5,336 and 61 respectively (CFR: 1.1%). Of the total reported cases, 2,682 were from Jere LGA, 1,758 were from Monguno LGA, 736 were from Dikwa LGA, 82 were from Guzamala LGA, 58 were from MMC LGA, and 20 were from Mafa LGA. Of the 431 samples tested by RDT, 354 (82%) were RDT positive and of the 381 samples cultured, 175 (46%) were culture positive.
- 1 additional case reported today.
- No death reported.
- No cases reported from Dikwa, MMC and Mafa in more than the duration of two incubation periods.
2. Contexte & Justification de l’Evaluation
We managed to get more control over the Central Mediterranean route with arrivals in August down by 81% compared to the same month last year. In doing so, we have drastically reduced the loss of life in the Mediterranean.
- European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, State of the Union Address, 13 September 2017
When ALIMA and its partners, Keoogo and SOS Médecins BF, came to Zalissa’s village in central Burkina Faso, the 37-year-old mother of four, who also cares for her 20-month-old niece, had only a vague understanding of what malnutrition is. She had no idea how to tell if her kids were properly nourished or not.
“I thought that malnutrition was due to becoming pregnant at a young age,” Zalissa said.
Augmentation des incidents limitant l’accès humanitaire
Des milliers de déplacés en raison des violences
Révision à la hausse de l’appel de fonds pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires au Mali en 2017
Personnes Déplacées Internes (PDI) (rapport CMP, octobre 2017) 58 594
Réfugiés maliens dans les pays voisins (rapport CMP, octobre 2017) 142 436
Retournés (rapport CMP, octobre 2017) 498 170
Polio this week as of 15 November 2017
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Underlining their commitment to a polio-free world for all future generations, Italy has provided €4.5 million to deliver polio vaccines in Afghanistan and Pakistan.