Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 30 October 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 46% funded. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
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Just over 200 kilometres north of the Chadian capital, N'Djamena, Lake Chad is one of the oldest lakes in Africa. It supports nearly 30 million people living along its shores in Chad, Cameroon, Nigeria and Niger but also in other neighbouring countries.
However, since the early 1970s, the lake has lost 90 percent of its original surface area to unsustainable water management and climate change. The basin itself has shrunk from 25,000 square kilometres to 2,000 square kilometres.
Total of 310, 243 Persons of Concern
(as of 27 October 2017) USD 85.7 M
Staff: 121 national, 37 international Offices: 1 Head Office Niamey; 1 Sub-Office Diffa; 4 Field Offices Abala, Tillabery, Ouallam; 1 Field Unit Agadez
Govt. of Niger, APBE, Adkoul, ACTED / REACH, Care, CISP, COOPI, Handicap International, IRC, OXFAM, Qatar Red Crescent, Search For Common Ground
Context - Background
In March 2017 the Food Security Information Network (FSIN)1 sounded the alarm globally to call the attention to a looming famine putting the lives of more than twenty million people at risk across four conflict and drought affected countries: Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and Northern Nigeria, reaching into the countries around the Lake Chad Basin. Despite consolidated efforts by humanitarian actors to avert famine, the situation in these countries is, according to FAO, still only one step below famine.
Au cours de la semaine du 02 au 09 novembre 2017, 06 motos ambulances communautaires ont été remises aux populations des villages de Séréguéssouma, Gorguel, Madoudji (communes de Tongomayel et Arbina) et celles des villages de Woulmassoutou, Ourosambo, Toukawelbé (communes de Sampelga, Bani et Dori). Ces dons sont l’une des matérialisations du projet de lutte contre la malnutrition aiguë dans les districts sanitaires de Djibo et Dori, mis en œuvre par le consortium Croix-Rouge burkinabè et Médecins du monde Espagne.
A joint initiative of the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) will boost agriculture value chains and enhance drought resilience in Nigeria, Somalia and Uganda. The initiative is part of a broad coalition to boost collaboration between the two institutions in agriculture, water and sanitation. The combined active portfolio of both institutions in these sectors in Nigeria, Somalia and Uganda is worth US$1 billion, with several projects in the pipelines to expand their support.
YOLA, Nigeria (Reuters) - A suicide bomber killed at least 50 people at a mosque in northeastern Nigeria on Tuesday, the biggest mass killing this year in a region facing an insurgency by Islamist militant group Boko Haram.
“Some of the dead were in pieces beyond recognition,” said Bayi Muhammad, a worshipper at the mosque in Mubi who said he only escaped the blast because he was late for early morning prayers.
Read the full story on Reuters - Thomson Reuters Foundation.
On 20 November, a suspected Boko Haram suicide bombing attack has killed five people and wounded 27 in Kolofata, a village in the Far North Region of Cameroon. This is the ninth bombing attack reported in the region since September.
Cameroon is the second country most affected by the Lake Chad crisis. Boko Haram violence has caused the arrival of 90 000 refugees from Nigeria in Cameroon as well as the internal displacement of 219 000 people in the Far North Region. Continued violence hampers access and the delivery of humanitarian assistance.
En Mauritanie, le CICR apporte protection et assistance aux populations civiles dans le besoin, travaille à améliorer les conditions de détention et fait également la promotion du droit international humanitaire. Enfin, il soutient les activités du Croissant-Rouge mauritanien.
Faits marquants de l'action du CICR en 2016:
Les équipes du CICR ont visité 2 200 détenus.
30 agents de santé des prisons ont reçu une formation sur la prise en charge des maladies mentales et du VIH/SIDA en milieu carcéral.
Du 1er janvier au 30 octobre 2017: 1 763 incidents de VBG ont été rapportés
Les données partagées ne sont que les cas rapportés, signalés, et ne sont pas représentatives de l'incidence totale, ni la prévalence des violences basées sur le genre dans la région.
La MINUSMA, à travers son Unité en charge de l’Environnement a inauguré, le jeudi 16 novembre 2017, son tout premier projet à impact rapide dans le domaine de l’environnement. Destiné à aider le Cercle de Gao mais également toute la région, à passer au vert, ce projet est exécuté par l’Association des Pépiniéristes-Maraîchers "LAFIAT" de Djidara avec la collaboration du Cantonnement des Eaux et Forêts du Cercle de Gao. Financé par la MINSUMA, pour un montant de 21.789.060 F CFA, il doit durer six mois.
N’Djamena, le 20 Novembre 2017
La Représentation de l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) au Tchad salue la généreuse contribution de la France à ses opérations en faveur des populations relevant de son mandat.
Cette contribution de 200,000 dollars permettra de mettre en œuvre des activités pour [davantage] protéger, assister et trouver des solutions durables pour ces populations vulnérables, composée majoritairement de réfugiées mais aussi de déplacés internes et retournés tchadiens.
Food security improves in parts of north-east Nigeria thanks to relief assistance
Forty per cent of children under five in Cameroon’s Far North region are struck by chronic malnutrition
Malnutrition worsens in Chad. Twelve regions declared to be in nutritional crisis
Attacks displace 1,700 in Cameroon’s Far North region
Concern over civilian protection after withdrawal of Chadian troops from Niger
Around 17 million people live in the affected areas across the four Lake Chad basin countries. More than 2.3 million people remain displaced. Most of the displaced families are sheltered by communities that count among the world’s poorest and most vulnerable. Food insecurity and malnutrition have reached critical levels.
On World Children’s Day we look at how the polio eradication programme contributes to ensuring children receive vital vaccines against polio and other vaccine preventable diseases.
In Nigeria’s north-eastern Borno state, children displaced by ongoing conflict are being reached with essential immunization and health care services, thanks to a strong network of Volunteer Community Mobilisers established by the polio eradication programme.
Education is lifesaving. Education is crucial for both the protection and healthy development of girls and boys affected by crises. It can rebuild their lives; restore their sense of normality and safety, and provide them with important life skills. It helps children to be self-sufficient, to be heard, and to have more influence on issues that affect them. It is also one of the best tools to invest in their long-term future, and in the peace, stability and economic growth of their countries.
131 300 personnes de plus ont accès à l’eau potable :
Crise centrafricaine : 3 500 personnes ;
Crise du Nigéria : 127 800 personnes.
Faibles progrès vers l’atteinte de la cible pour la crise centrafricaine ; ceci est dû à des difficultés de mobilisation des financements du secteur.
152 850 personnes de plus ont accès aux services d’assainissement :
Crise centrafricaine : 1 180 personnes ;
This report is part IOM’s effort to provide a comprehensive statistical overview of Libya’s current migration profile.
DTM Libya’s Migrant statistical information package* includes the below report, accompanied by a comprehensive user-friendly dataset, a set of maps and a key findings one pager.
314.0 M required for 2017
87.6 M contributions received, representing 28% of requirements
226.3 M funding gap for West Africa
All figures are displayed in USD