Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017
A combination of factors including, the 2011 drought, high food prices, low agricultural production, as well as the inability of affected households to recover from the 2010 food and nutrition crisis, exacerbated the sub-region’s vulnerability in 2012. Moreover, the 2010-2011 crises in Cote d’Ivoire and Libya also contributed to increasing the vulnerability of hundreds of thousands of households that were deprived of the remittances of migrant workers who had fled these conflicts. Their return has also placed additional strain on their communities of return, notably in Chad, Niger and Mali. In 2012, approximately 18.7 million people were estimated to be food insecure and over one million children were at risk of dying from severe acute malnutrition. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2012)
In 2012, and for the third time in ten years, the Sahel region was hit by a major drought which further weakened vulnerable communities. The scale of the resulting food and nutrition crisis required all actors to join forces to save the lives of the 24 million people affected. A three-year regional plan was developed in 2013 aiming to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies while shaping the response to chronic needs in nine countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia. (OCHA, 30 Aug 2017)
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
Appeals & Response Plans
World Humanitarian Data and Trends presents global- and country-level data-and-trend analysis about humanitarian crises and assistance. Its purpose is to consolidate this information and present it in an accessible way, providing policymakers, researchers and humanitarian practitioners with an evidence base to support humanitarian policy decisions and provide context for operational decisions.
This report outlines findings from an endline study conducted from August 21 to September 1, 2017, to explore what change, if any, in how women and girls participate in camp governance and camp life occurred as a result of these pilot strategies.
At the time of the endline study (August 2017), Malkohi Camp hosted 1,639 IDPs, of whom females made up 58 percent, and women and children comprised 81 percent of total camp population. Fufore Camp hosted 1,474 IDPs, in which just over 50 percent were female, and women and children comprised 83 percent of total camp population.
Généralités et contexte de l’étude
Since the mid-2000s, an ongoing humanitarian crisis in the three northeastern states of Nigeria has spread to the greater Lake Chad basin. The Boko Haram conflict turned into a major security problem that led to widespread displacement and a major humanitarian catastrophe. UNOCHA estimates that more than 20,0000 people have been killed, 1.6 million are internally displaces, and 200,000 are living as refugees in neighboring countries.
In 2017, EM-DAT data indicates that 318 natural disasters occurred, affecting 122 countries. The impact of which resulted in 9,503 deaths, 96 million people affected, and US$314 billion in economic damages.
The human impact of natural disasters in 2017 was much lower than the last 10 year average, where events with extremely high mortality occurred, such as the 2010 earthquake in Haiti (225,570 deaths) and the 2008 Nargis Cyclone in Myanmar (138,400 deaths).
La région de Ségou est affectée par les conflits intercommunautaires, le banditisme et les attaques (d’hommes armés non identifiés) contre les FAMas5 et les populations civiles. Cette situation d’insécurité entrave l’accès humanitaire dans les cercles de Niono et Macina.
SIPRI releases its Annual Review 2017, looking back on the institute’s highlights from the previous year.
The Annual Review 2017 covers SIPRI's work throughout the past year, including maintaining its world-renowned databases and evolving its research agenda to adjust to the global threat environment.
This baseline report outlines key findings from the assessment conducted in Malkohi Camp in Adamawa State, North East Nigeria jointly by the WRC and IOM in between May 2nd and 10th, 2016. The assessment set out to map existing governance structures in Malkohi Camp and learn how displaced men, women, and various at-risk groups, including adolescent girls and women and girls with disabilities currently participate in camp life and camp decision making processes.
En 2012, lors du déclenchement de la crise au Mali, les violences ont semblé être circonscrites au nord du pays, dans les régions de Gao, de Tombouctou et de Kidal. Trois ans plus tard, en 2015, leur intensification dans les régions du centre a progressivement mobilisé l’attention des autorités maliennes ainsi que des observateurs internationaux.
In 2012, at the start of the crisis in Mali, violence appeared to be limited to the north of the country, in the Gao, Timbuktu and Kidal regions. Three years later, in 2015, the intensification of violence in the central regions has increasingly drawn the attention of the Malian authorities and international observers.
Adequate market stocks and supplies of some staple food commodities (red beans, peanuts, imported rice and local rice) have contributed to price stability and in some cases a decrease in most of the monitored markets of Borno and Yobe States when compared to the past three months potentially favouring improved access to food by market-dependent households.
Ce rapport explore les liens entre les violences basées sur le genre (VBG) qui affectent principalement les femmes et les filles, et la résilience des survivant(e) s, de leur foyer et de leur communauté. L’objectif de cette étude vise à explorer deux questions principales :
Comment les violences contre les femmes et les filles impactent-t-elles les processus de changements sociaux nécessaires au développement des capacités de résilience?
This report presents the results of the Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) study carried out in May 2017 across the entire territory of Cameroon (10 regions).
Improved market supply of locally produced food staples from the recently completed harvest has contributed to widespread decrease in the prices of food items and brought about a reduction in the cost of the Survival Minimum Expenditure basket by 5.5% percent in the markets of Maiduguri and 14.4 percent in Damaturu.