Sahel Crisis: 2011-2018Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 30 October 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 46% funded. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
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- Nigeria Food Security Outlook Update, December 2017
1. WHO ARE WE?
Humanitarian organisations – including United Nations agencies, international non-governmental organisations and national non-governmental organisations - are working in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states to help the women, children and men who have been forced to flee their homes as a result of the conflict as well as the communities that host and support them.
We are about 2,000 Nigerians and 500 international staff in the three states.
2. WHAT ARE WE DOING?
As at end December 2017, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) required US$24.7 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 105.1 million crisis-affected people in 38 countries. Together the appeals were funded at $13.8 billion, or 54% of requirements. Funding for the appeals in 2017 fell 46% short of requirements, with $10.9 billion outstanding.
Damboa is one of 27 local government areas (LGAs) in Borno State; the capital is Damboa town. With an area of 6,200 km², the population of this LGA currently stands at 151,600 including nearly 80,000 Internally Displaced Persons in the LGA who all need humanitarian assistance.
Damboa is also one of the 16 LGAs that constitute the Borno Emirate Council under the Shehu of Borno.
In 2012, following contentious local elections, Alhaji Lawan Kabu, the former LGA Chairman was assassinated.
700 NIGÉRIANS FUIENT LES COMMUNAUTÉS HÔTES POUR LES CAMPS
Environ 700 demandeurs d'asile nigérians ont déménagé au camp de Minawao, le principal camp de réfugiés dans la région de l'Extrême-Nord, au cours des quinze derniers jours. La majorité a fui au Cameroun en 2013-2014 et vivait dans les communautés du département de Mayo Tsanaga.
HUNDREDS FLEE TO REFUGEE CAMP OVER INSECURITY
Around 700 Nigerian asylum seekers have moved to Minawao camp, the main refugee settlement in Far North region, in the past fortnight. The majority fled to Cameroon in 2013 - 2014 and had been living within communities in Mayo Tsanaga department.
Objectif du cadre de monitoring de la Réponse.
Dans le cadre de son engagement pour un suivi du Plan de Réponse Humanitaire (PRH) efficace et de qualité, l’Equipe Humanitaire Pays (EHP) supervise la mise en œuvre de ce Cadre de Suivi de la Réponse Humanitaire. Le cadre couvre la période de janvier à décembre 2018.
ARMED CLASHES DISPLACE OVER 30,000
LES AFFRONTEMENTS ENTRE AGRICULTEURS ET ÉLEVEURS DÉPLACENT PLUS DE 40 000 PERSONNES
The Bama local government area (LGA) has been severely affected by the conflict in north-east Nigeria. Bama town, the second largest in the state of Borno, was repeatedly attacked between May 2013 and September 2014 and finally seized by non-state armed groups, who turned it into their headquarters. Relatively close to the border with Cameroon, it was once a thriving commercial hub, home to 250,000 people.
While conflict continues to rage and despite numerous challenges, humanitarian aid reached more people in more places across the north-east.
UNE ANCIENNE STAR DU FOOTBALL ÉLUE PRÉSIDENT
L’ancienne star du football George Weah a remporté les élections présidentielles contre le Vice-Président Joseph Boakai. Le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Antonio Guterres, a salué le déroulement pacifique des élections qui avaient été retardées en raison de contestations judiciaires. Weah succèdera à Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, la première femme présidente d'Afrique, et marquera le premier transfert de pouvoir pacifique du pays en 73 ans.
SHARP RISE IN USE OF CHILD SUICIDE BOMBERS