Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017
A combination of factors including, the 2011 drought, high food prices, low agricultural production, as well as the inability of affected households to recover from the 2010 food and nutrition crisis, exacerbated the sub-region’s vulnerability in 2012. Moreover, the 2010-2011 crises in Cote d’Ivoire and Libya also contributed to increasing the vulnerability of hundreds of thousands of households that were deprived of the remittances of migrant workers who had fled these conflicts. Their return has also placed additional strain on their communities of return, notably in Chad, Niger and Mali. In 2012, approximately 18.7 million people were estimated to be food insecure and over one million children were at risk of dying from severe acute malnutrition. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2012)
In 2012, and for the third time in ten years, the Sahel region was hit by a major drought which further weakened vulnerable communities. The scale of the resulting food and nutrition crisis required all actors to join forces to save the lives of the 24 million people affected. A three-year regional plan was developed in 2013 aiming to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies while shaping the response to chronic needs in nine countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia. (OCHA, 30 Aug 2017)
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
World Humanitarian Data and Trends presents global- and country-level data-and-trend analysis about humanitarian crises and assistance. Its purpose is to consolidate this information and present it in an accessible way, providing policymakers, researchers and humanitarian practitioners with an evidence base to support humanitarian policy decisions and provide context for operational decisions.
CERF announces new findings in latest Results Report
Claudia Hargarten June 26, 2018
A new Results Report takes stock of how a US$439 million humanitarian investment from more than 50 donors delivered life-saving assistance to over 22 million people facing the consequences of natural disasters and conflict around the world.
Lake Chad, once one of Africa’s largest lakes, is in distress.
The lake is shared by Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria; its basin – which extends as far as Algeria, Libya, and Sudan – offers a lifeline to nearly 40 million people.
As at end December 2017, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) required US$24.7 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 105.1 million crisis-affected people in 38 countries. Together the appeals were funded at $13.8 billion, or 54% of requirements. Funding for the appeals in 2017 fell 46% short of requirements, with $10.9 billion outstanding.
A large majority of migrants are men (93%).
7% of observed migrants at flow monitoring points are minors.
73,031 migrants (11,678 incoming and 61,353 outgoing) were counted at Flow Monitoring Points, representing an average of 133 migrants per day.
The majority of surveyed migrants indicated their intention to travel to Algeria and Libya, while 41% intended to travel to Europe, in particular Italy and Spain.
In Mali, the number of individuals observed at the 10 active Flow Monitoring Points in December 2017 was 6,655 (2,673 incoming and 3,982 outgoing), bringing the total since June 2016 to 73,031 (11,678 incoming and 61,353 outgoing). The daily average of observed individuals in December 2017 was 215 per day, an increase of 3% compared to the previous month. Malian, Guinean, Ivorian, Senegalese and Gambian nationals accounted for 76% of all migrants recorded. 78% of migrants observed were men (a 6% decrease since November), and 10% of migrants were minors (an increase of 4% since November).
Context – Background
UNHCR Niger currently responds to three main situations – the Mali Situation, the Nigeria Situation and the Mixed Migration Situation. Added to that is the situation of IDPs in Niger (who number over 129,000), as well as the newly established Emergency Evacuation Transit Mechanism, evacuating vulnerable refugees trapped in Libya temporarily to Niger, in the search for longer term solutions.
Global Overview DECEMBER 2017
Blinking as they stepped into the sunlight, 301 migrants were escorted from Libya’s detention centers this week to take what would be the first of a series of flights that would see them safely home in Nigeria and Guinea by day’s end. Thus ended an odyssey which began months earlier when the migrants left home full of the hope of making a fresh start in Europe.
IOM works with national and local authorities in order to gain better understanding of population movements throughout West and Central Africa. Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) allow IOM to quantify and qualify migration flows, trends, and routes, at entry, transit or exit points (such as border crossing posts, bus stations, rest areas, police checkpoints and reception centers).
Le nombre de personnes dans le besoin est passé de 1,9 million en 2017 à 2,3 millions en 2018.
Près de 6 000 personnes dans la région de Diffa passent en phase de crise, selon les résultats du cadre harmonisé d’analyse de la vulnérabilité alimentaire.
Une moyenne hebdomadaire de 6 000 migrants sortants enregistrée en 2016 contre une moyenne mensuelle de 5 500 migrants sortants en 2017.
Près d’une trentaine d’écoles toujours fermées dans la région de Diffa où l’insécurité reste une menace
UNREST FORCES 7,000 TO FLEE TO NIGERIA
More than 7,000 people have fled Cameroon’s crisis-hit English-speaking regions to neighbouring Nigeria since October. UNHCR and Nigeria’s refugee commission have registered 5,200 in Cross River and Taraba states. Around 2,000 others are awaiting registration. Cameroonian security forces recently launched a crackdown against a separatist movement in the NorthWest and South-West regions where protests erupted last year over alleged Government marginalisation.
In Mali, the number of individuals observed at the Flow Monitoring Points in November 2017 was 6,245 (1,917 incoming and 4,328 outgoing), bringing the total since June 2016 to 66,376 (9,005 incoming and 57,371 outgoing). The daily average of observed individuals in October 2017 was 208 per day, a decrease of 5% compared to the previous month. Malian, Guinean, Ivorian, Senegalese and Gambian nationals accounted for 83% of all migrants recorded. 84% of migrants observed were men (a ratio consistent with that in October), and 6% of migrants were minors (a decrease of 1% since October).
La plupart de migrants sont des hommes (93%).
7% des migrants enregistrés sur les points de suivi des flux sont des mineurs.
66 376 migrants (dont 9 005 entrants et 57 371 sortants) ont été comptabilisés sur les points de suivi des flux, représentant une moyenne de 128 migrants par jour.
La majorité de migrants sortant du Mali indiquent vouloir se rendre en Algérie et en Libye pendant que 42% déclarent vouloir se rendre en Europe, principalement en Espagne et en Italie.
Context - Background
This monthly digest comprises threats and incidents of violence affecting the delivery of humanitarian assistance. It is prepared by Insecurity Insight from information available in open sources.
13 November 2017: Save the Children announced that it had fired 16 staff over reports of sexual violence in the past year. Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation