Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017
A combination of factors including, the 2011 drought, high food prices, low agricultural production, as well as the inability of affected households to recover from the 2010 food and nutrition crisis, exacerbated the sub-region’s vulnerability in 2012. Moreover, the 2010-2011 crises in Cote d’Ivoire and Libya also contributed to increasing the vulnerability of hundreds of thousands of households that were deprived of the remittances of migrant workers who had fled these conflicts. Their return has also placed additional strain on their communities of return, notably in Chad, Niger and Mali. In 2012, approximately 18.7 million people were estimated to be food insecure and over one million children were at risk of dying from severe acute malnutrition. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2012)
In 2012, and for the third time in ten years, the Sahel region was hit by a major drought which further weakened vulnerable communities. The scale of the resulting food and nutrition crisis required all actors to join forces to save the lives of the 24 million people affected. A three-year regional plan was developed in 2013 aiming to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies while shaping the response to chronic needs in nine countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia. (OCHA, 30 Aug 2017)
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
Appeals & Response Plans
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
In early 2017, Chad was found to have pockets of severe food insecurity with population facing serious nutritional issues.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
Field Office Maroua
Maroua, le 29 Décembre 2017
Le Bureau de Zone de Maroua couvre la région du Nord peuplée d’environ 2 652 800 habitants, et celle de l’Extrême-Nord Cameroun qui est la deuxième région la plus peuplée du pays (après le Centre) avec 4 332 500 habitants en 2017.
Le CICR mène des activités en République islamique de Mauritanie depuis 1970. Il y a ouvert une délégation en 2013. Le CICR visite les personnes détenues et s’efforce d’améliorer leurs conditions matérielles et de traitement en détention. Dans l’est du pays, il soutient les populations résidentes et réfugiées dans leurs besoins essentiels, tels que l’accès à l’eau et aux services vétérinaires.
Le Comité International de la Croix-Rouge (CICR) est une organisation humanitaire, impartiale, neutre et indépendante. Sa mission exclusivement humanitaire est de protéger la vie et la dignité des victimes de conflits armés et d’autres situations de violence, et de leur porter assistance. Il s’efforce également de prévenir la souffrance par la promotion et le renforcement du droit et les principes humanitaires universels.
In March 2017, the Cadre Harmonisé (CH) on food security situation reported that the Sahel region was facing another food insecurity crisis with a scale considered to be the fifth largest food insecurity crisis since the year 2005. Within the last 15 years, the food crisis cycle has occurred in the years 2005, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2017. These consecutive crisis, mainly caused by drought and lack of rainfall, have left local populations each time in a deeper state of vulnerability to food insecurity issues.
I. Summary of the response
In 2017, the humanitarian response for north-east Nigeria underwent a major scale-up with several notable achievements. The UN and its humanitarian partners contributed to averting famine in the region, contained a cholera outbreak, enrolled hundreds of thousands of children in school, improved coordination at all levels, and reached overall more than 5 million people with life-saving assistance.
Since the mid-2000s, an ongoing humanitarian crisis in the three northeastern states of Nigeria has spread to the greater Lake Chad basin. The Boko Haram conflict turned into a major security problem that led to widespread displacement and a major humanitarian catastrophe. UNOCHA estimates that more than 20,0000 people have been killed, 1.6 million are internally displaces, and 200,000 are living as refugees in neighboring countries.
(Sous-Préfectures de Borota et Hadjer Hadid Département du Ouara : Sous-Préfectures d’Amleyouna, Abougoudam et Abéché rural)
Le bulletin de veille de Première Urgence Internationale est un outil de suivi, de veille et d’alerte sur la situation de vulnérabilité des départements de l’Assoungha et du Ouara (Région du Ouaddaï) dans les secteurs de la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle, et des moyens d’existence.
I.1 Contexte Général
Résumé narratif des causes, du contexte et des principaux problèmes
Four years on from Chibok abduction, UNICEF continues to call for children’s release and immediate end to attacks on schools
ABUJA/NEW YORK, 13 April 2018 – Since 2013, more than 1,000 children have been abducted by Boko Haram in northeastern Nigeria, including 276 girls taken from their secondary school in the town of Chibok in 2014 – UNICEF said today. Four years on from that tragic incident, more than 100 of the ‘Chibok girls’ have yet to be returned to their families and the UN children’s agency continues to call for their release.
In 2017, EM-DAT data indicates that 318 natural disasters occurred, affecting 122 countries. The impact of which resulted in 9,503 deaths, 96 million people affected, and US$314 billion in economic damages.
The human impact of natural disasters in 2017 was much lower than the last 10 year average, where events with extremely high mortality occurred, such as the 2010 earthquake in Haiti (225,570 deaths) and the 2008 Nargis Cyclone in Myanmar (138,400 deaths).
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