Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 18 August 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 34% funded. (OCHA, 18 Aug 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
Nigeria: Le Nigeria connait une flambée de choléra qui s’est aggravée depuis la semaine 33 par l’apparition d’un foyer dans l’Etat de Borno. Au total à la semaine 34 le pays connait 7 foyers dont 3 très actifs (Borno, Kebbi et Kano) qui ont rapporté pendant les deux dernières semaines cumulativement 106 cas dont 05 décès. Ces trois foyers constituent une menace importante pour les autres pays du bassin du Lac Tchad, ainsi que pour le Golf de Guinée via le Benin.
By Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Ladies and gentlemen,
It is an honour to be here today, and to share the floor with such distinguished colleagues - with whom UNHCR has enjoyed a strong collaboration for many years.
The New York Declaration resonated as a bold step forward for a world struggling to meet the challenges of large-scale refugee flows, and increasingly complex migratory movements.
Une violence et des déplacements récurrents
Continued violence and displacements
UNITED NATIONS, New York – “Our girls were not born to be sexual slaves. Each one of them had a dream or goal for future,” Zina Salim Hassan, a 21-year-old Yazidi advocate, told UNFPA ahead of an United Nations event focusing on the use of sexual and gender-based violence as a weapon of war.
The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General António Guterres:
The Secretary-General condemns the suicide attacks on 18 September in Borno State, Nigeria, and the attacks one day earlier in Kossa, Cameroon. These terrorist attacks targeted vulnerable people already affected by Boko Haram violence.
ABUJA — The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has welcomed a significant contribution of nearly US$100 million from the United States, which guarantees continued life-saving food assistance in northeast Nigeria through early 2018.
This brings the total amount donated by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) this year to US$150.8 million for WFP operations in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa, the states hardest hit by the conflict-driven hunger crisis.
As of September 15, 2017, the cumulative number of suspected and confirmed cholera cases and deaths are 2,451 and 48 respectively (CFR 1.9%). The burden of cases has decreased in Jere and Dikwa, while it remains high in Monguno.
During this quarter, the TDRP made progress in supporting implementation for the next phase of the African Union DDR Program (DDRCP), maintains its technical and financial assistance provided at the country level in CAR, Mali, DRC, Yemen and continues to monitor events in South Sudan. This report contains brief updates of work undertaken at country level over this second quarter and covers progress made and the key partnership agreements reached with the African Union (AU).
More than 2,600 people have been infected and at least 48 have died so far in Borno state
By Kieran Guilbert
DAKAR, Sept 19 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Health workers in northeast Nigeria said on Tuesday they were striving to contain a cholera outbreak which is sweeping through camps for those uprooted by Boko Haram, amid a drive to vaccinate hundreds of thousands of people against the disease.
DTM Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) is deployed to track and provide up-to-date information on sudden displacement and other population movements
19 septembre 2017 – Intervenant mardi à l'Assemblée générale des Nations Unies, le Président du Mali, Ibrahim Boubakar Keïta est revenu sur les longues négociations qui ont mené à la signature de l'Accord pour la paix et la réconciliation au Mali, issu du processus d'Alger.
Les autorités intérimaires ont mobilisé tous les acteurs scolaires et les leaders communautaires des régions de Gao et Ménaka autour de la reprise effective des classes dans toutes les communes. Plus de 300 participants ont pris part à cette rencontre qui s’est déroulée dans la salle de conférence du gouvernorat de Gao, mercredi 13 septembre 2017.
Les États Membres entre la nécessité de « réapprendre la complexité du dialogue » ou « agir par soi-même sans attendre l’appui de bureaucraties »
165.3 M required for 2017 including special situations
29.9 M contributions received, representing 18% of requirements
135.4 M overall funding gap for Chad
All figures are displayed in USD
(New York, 19 September 2017): The Humanitarian Coordinator in Nigeria, Mr. Edward Kallon, strongly condemns the deadly attacks targeting innocent civilians in Konduga, Banki and Ngala areas of Borno State in conflict-struck north-east Nigeria.
Four attacks in recent weeks, three of which were carried out by suicide bombers, have claimed the lives of over 45 civilians and injured countless others, and are indicative of a surge in the brutal violence triggered by a regionalized conflict that is now in its eighth year.
Mauritania hosts over 2,000 urban refugees and asylum seekers and almost 52,000 Malian refugees in Mbera, a camp established in 2012, in the arid south-east region close to the Malian border.
Despite the conclusion of a peace agreement in 2015, largescale returns of Malian refugees are not expected due to persistent violence in northern Mali.
The protracted displacement situation in Mbera exercises a considerable pressure on already limited local resources in the Bassikounou region.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
16,000 IDPs FLEE FRESH CLASHES IN BASSE-KOTTO
Recent clashes between armed groups in two localities in the southern Basse-Kotto prefecture have forced around 16,000 displaced people to flee for safety in the neighbouring Ouaka prefecture. They were initially uprooted from their homes in May. The displacement has left them in desperate need of emergency assistance, especially shelter, basic household items, food, water, hygiene and protection.
16 000 PDI FUIENT DE NOUVEAUX AFFRONTEMENTS EN BASSE-KOTTO
Les affrontements récents entre groupes armés dans deux localités de la préfecture de la BasseKotto, au sud, ont obligé environ 16 000 personnes déplacées à trouver refuge dans la préfecture voisine de la Ouaka. Elles avaient déjà fui leurs foyers en mai. Ce nouveau déplacement les a laissé dans le besoin désespéré d‘une aide d'urgence, en particulier d’abris, articles ménagers de base, nourriture, eau, hygiène et protection.