Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 30 October 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 46% funded. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
- Since week 8 2017, Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection was confirmed in 8 LGA of Borno, with transmission still ongoing in Rann Kala Balge.
- A response mechanism has been activated in Rann, Kala Balge.
- The cumulative number of cholera cases and deaths are 5,336 and 61 respectively (CFR: 1.1%). Of the total reported cases, 2,682 were from Jere LGA, 1,758 were from Monguno LGA, 736 were from Dikwa LGA, 82 were from Guzamala LGA, 58 were from MMC LGA, and 20 were from Mafa LGA. Of the 431 samples tested by RDT, 354 (82%) were RDT positive and of the 381 samples cultured, 175 (46%) were culture positive.
- 1 additional case reported today.
- No death reported.
- No cases reported from Dikwa, MMC and Mafa in more than the duration of two incubation periods.
2. Contexte & Justification de l’Evaluation
We managed to get more control over the Central Mediterranean route with arrivals in August down by 81% compared to the same month last year. In doing so, we have drastically reduced the loss of life in the Mediterranean.
- European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, State of the Union Address, 13 September 2017
When ALIMA and its partners, Keoogo and SOS Médecins BF, came to Zalissa’s village in central Burkina Faso, the 37-year-old mother of four, who also cares for her 20-month-old niece, had only a vague understanding of what malnutrition is. She had no idea how to tell if her kids were properly nourished or not.
“I thought that malnutrition was due to becoming pregnant at a young age,” Zalissa said.
Augmentation des incidents limitant l’accès humanitaire
Des milliers de déplacés en raison des violences
Révision à la hausse de l’appel de fonds pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires au Mali en 2017
Personnes Déplacées Internes (PDI) (rapport CMP, octobre 2017) 58 594
Réfugiés maliens dans les pays voisins (rapport CMP, octobre 2017) 142 436
Retournés (rapport CMP, octobre 2017) 498 170
Polio this week as of 15 November 2017
New on polioeradication.org: Polio infrastructure helping to stop malaria in Nigeria, and Innovations in reverse cold-chain building resilience for disease surveillance in Sudan.
Underlining their commitment to a polio-free world for all future generations, Italy has provided €4.5 million to deliver polio vaccines in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Summary of main revisions made to the Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA):
Le 20 novembre, des célébrités et des dirigeants s’uniront aux enfants du Tchad et à l’UNICEF pour donner la parole aux plus défavorisés
Vidéo à télécharger ici
Berlin / Abuja - The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) have announced that they will join forces to promote stabilization efforts in the Lake Chad Basin. Under the proposed initiative, titled “Integrated Regional Stabilization of the Lake Chad Basin”, Germany will grant UNDP EUR 6,000,579 million for the implementation of a series of projects aimed at restoring livelihoods and stability to crisis-affected communities.
Porte-parole: Mme Myriam Dessables
Bonjour et bienvenue à toutes et à tous, chers confrères journalistes, chers auditrices et auditeurs de la radio de la Paix, MIKADO FM, qui nous suivent fidèlement pour ce point de presse bimensuel.
Fekitamoeloa Katoa ‘Utoikamanu is UN High Representative for Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States.
(N'djamena, 16 November 2017): The United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mr. Mark Lowcock, has approved the allocation of US $ 11 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for humanitarian action in Chad. The funds provided will help meet the vital needs of 147,000 people, including returnees and refugees from the Central African Republic and their host communities, in four southern regions of the country.