Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017
A combination of factors including, the 2011 drought, high food prices, low agricultural production, as well as the inability of affected households to recover from the 2010 food and nutrition crisis, exacerbated the sub-region’s vulnerability in 2012. Moreover, the 2010-2011 crises in Cote d’Ivoire and Libya also contributed to increasing the vulnerability of hundreds of thousands of households that were deprived of the remittances of migrant workers who had fled these conflicts. Their return has also placed additional strain on their communities of return, notably in Chad, Niger and Mali. In 2012, approximately 18.7 million people were estimated to be food insecure and over one million children were at risk of dying from severe acute malnutrition. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2012)
In 2012, and for the third time in ten years, the Sahel region was hit by a major drought which further weakened vulnerable communities. The scale of the resulting food and nutrition crisis required all actors to join forces to save the lives of the 24 million people affected. A three-year regional plan was developed in 2013 aiming to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies while shaping the response to chronic needs in nine countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia. (OCHA, 30 Aug 2017)
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
Appeals & Response Plans
MESSAGE DE LA REPRESENTANTE
Chers Collègues et Partenaires,
2017 a été une année éprouvante pour les enfants au Niger. Les situations d'urgence humanitaire qui persistent, la croissance démographique rapide, le changement climatique et les inégalités sociales pérennes sont de perpétuelles menaces pour leur survie, leur développement et leur bien-être.
THE REP’S NOTE
2017 was a challenging year for children in Niger. Their survival, development and well-being continued to be threatened by acute and persistent humanitarian emergencies, rapid population growth, climate change, and long-standing social inequalities.
The regional appeal, throughout its first year, has supported 15 emergency operations, including ten Appeals and five DREFs. The latter were/are aiming at meeting the needs of approximately two million
people in 14 countries, including five countries of focus: Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Somalia and South-Sudan. For this 12-month report, these operations were asked to provide a brief overview of their key achievements, successes, challenges and key lessons learned over the past year.
Country wise and regional key main achievements
Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2017, USAID/OFDA continued to respond to urgent needs resulting from disasters and support DRR programs that improve emergency preparedness and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.
CERF announces new findings in latest Results Report
Claudia Hargarten June 26, 2018
A new Results Report takes stock of how a US$439 million humanitarian investment from more than 50 donors delivered life-saving assistance to over 22 million people facing the consequences of natural disasters and conflict around the world.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
In early 2017, Chad was found to have pockets of severe food insecurity with population facing serious nutritional issues.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
Field Office Maroua
Maroua, le 29 Décembre 2017
Le Bureau de Zone de Maroua couvre la région du Nord peuplée d’environ 2 652 800 habitants, et celle de l’Extrême-Nord Cameroun qui est la deuxième région la plus peuplée du pays (après le Centre) avec 4 332 500 habitants en 2017.
Le CICR mène des activités en République islamique de Mauritanie depuis 1970. Il y a ouvert une délégation en 2013. Le CICR visite les personnes détenues et s’efforce d’améliorer leurs conditions matérielles et de traitement en détention. Dans l’est du pays, il soutient les populations résidentes et réfugiées dans leurs besoins essentiels, tels que l’accès à l’eau et aux services vétérinaires.
Le Comité International de la Croix-Rouge (CICR) est une organisation humanitaire, impartiale, neutre et indépendante. Sa mission exclusivement humanitaire est de protéger la vie et la dignité des victimes de conflits armés et d’autres situations de violence, et de leur porter assistance. Il s’efforce également de prévenir la souffrance par la promotion et le renforcement du droit et les principes humanitaires universels.
In March 2017, the Cadre Harmonisé (CH) on food security situation reported that the Sahel region was facing another food insecurity crisis with a scale considered to be the fifth largest food insecurity crisis since the year 2005. Within the last 15 years, the food crisis cycle has occurred in the years 2005, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2017. These consecutive crisis, mainly caused by drought and lack of rainfall, have left local populations each time in a deeper state of vulnerability to food insecurity issues.
I. Summary of the response
In 2017, the humanitarian response for north-east Nigeria underwent a major scale-up with several notable achievements. The UN and its humanitarian partners contributed to averting famine in the region, contained a cholera outbreak, enrolled hundreds of thousands of children in school, improved coordination at all levels, and reached overall more than 5 million people with life-saving assistance.
Since the mid-2000s, an ongoing humanitarian crisis in the three northeastern states of Nigeria has spread to the greater Lake Chad basin. The Boko Haram conflict turned into a major security problem that led to widespread displacement and a major humanitarian catastrophe. UNOCHA estimates that more than 20,0000 people have been killed, 1.6 million are internally displaces, and 200,000 are living as refugees in neighboring countries.