Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 30 October 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 46% funded. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
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• Zero Hunger technical thematic group consulations were held from 17 to 19 October 2017.
• The first monthly distribution exercise commenced for targeted and blanket supplementary feeding.
• On World Food Day 2017, WFP provided stitching machines and weighing scales to thirteen smallholder farmer associations.
• Preliminary results of the National Food and Nutrition Survey (ENSAN) 2017 indicate that one in four people are food insecure in Mali. The food security situation has particularly deteriorated in the conflict-affected regions of Kidal, Timbuktu and Mopti and remains high in Gao.
• Long-term collaboration in the field of social protection between WFP and the Ministry of Solidary and Humanitarian Action is now formalized with a memorandum of understanding signed in October 2017.
• WFP contributed to the emergency response plan (PUSA) approved by the Government of Senegal for the 2017 lean season by continuing the provision of targeted food assistance to vulnerable populations in the Matam region, northern Senegal.
• WFP strategically opened a new sub-office in the Kolda region to ensure a greater coverage of the entire southern region. The inauguration was attended by various authorities and key partners.
Initiative aims to transform livelihoods of a million people by doubling their income in three years
Paris/New York – A new United Nations initiative, aimed at building the resilience of a million women and youth in the Sahel to climate impacts through smart agriculture, was launched today at the One Planet Summit. The launch coincides with a gathering of world leaders in the French capital to mark the anniversary of the landmark Paris Climate Change Agreement.
• Results of the Harmonized Framework revealed a deterioration of the food security situation in the country.
• The Country Programme 200163 has experienced persisting shortfall throughout the year. Efforts and progress made so far among schoolchildren and malnourished antiretroviral (ARV) clients could be jeopardized.
WFP Burkina Faso requires about USD 3.5 million to cover their food and nutrition needs over the next six months.
• According to the new Emergency Food Security and Nutrition Assessment (EFSNA) carried out in Diffa region in October, 211,500 people are food insecure and 255,000 people are at risk of becoming food insecure in the region.
• Due to recent increase in population movements along the Malian border, discussions are underway with UNHCR on the adequate strategy to adopt for the assistance to the Malian refugees
• As part of celebrations of the 2017 World Food Day, WFP Chad and ECHO organized an exhibition on “the family meal: what brings us together?” Held in N’Djamena from 16 to 21 October 2017, collected photographs tell the story of a typical Chadian household and explain why it is essential to empower women at household levels and ensure that children have access to adequate nutritional support during the first 1,000 days of their lives.
ACCES HUMANITAIRE RESTAURÉ À MOBAYE
Des groupes armés rivaux dans la ville de Mobaye, au sud du pays, ont accepté de cesser le feu, de libérer les routes principales et de permettre des opérations d'aide. L'assistance alimentaire, la protection civile et l'éducation sont les besoins humanitaires urgents. Une organisation humanitaire a déjà envoyé des approvisionnements médicaux à la ville où une alerte de potentielle crise nutritionnelle a été lancée.
ATTACKS CLAIM 10 LIVES IN CRISIS-HIT REGION
At least 10 people were killed on 7 and 10 December in the South-West region, which along with the North-West, have been gripped by protests and violence against alleged Government marginalisation. More than 5,000 people have already fled to neighbouring Nigeria. There are fears that the figure could rise with the escalating tensions.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
AID ACCESS IMPROVES IN MOBAYE
An estimated seven million people across Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states of Nigeria are in need of lifesaving assistance as a result of years of ongoing violence in the North-East of the country.
With telecommunications infrastructure having been severely damaged by the conflict, provision and restoration of communications services are required to support the response community.
Recent increases in crude oil production and export prices have supported oil revenues. This recovery in oil export revenues and resulting increase in foreign exchange reserves, coupled with relatively stable inflation are helping to gradually drive Nigeria’s economy out of recession (Figures 1 and 2).
Le HCR, l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, a lancé aujourd’hui un appel urgent pour la mise à disposition de 1 300 places de réinstallation d’ici fin mars 2018 pour des réfugiés très vulnérables qui sont bloqués en Libye.
« C’est un appel désespéré à la solidarité et à l’humanité. Nous devons faire tout notre possible pour que des réfugiés extrêmement vulnérables quittent la Libye dès que possible », a déclaré Volker Türk, Haut Commissaire assistant du HCR chargé de la protection internationale.
UNHAS air transport operations are crucial in enabling the humanitarian community to reach remote and otherwise inaccessible locations in northeast Nigeria. At the beginning of 2017, the Logistics Sector and UNHAS identifed the need to coordinate and consolidate air cargo more efectively. Since February 2017, Premiere Urgence Internationale (PUI) has provided this vital service on behalf of the Logistics Sector.
↗ International prices of wheat and maize remained relatively stable in November, reflecting good supply conditions, while export quotations of rice strengthened amid increased buying interest and currency movements.
HIGHLIGHTS AND OPERATIONAL CONTEXT
(Abuja, 11 December 2017): The United Nations, through the Nigeria Humanitarian Fund, has allocated $13.4 million to help thousands of children, women and men in need of urgent humanitarian assistance in crisis-hit north-east Nigeria.
The humanitarian emergency in the northeastern Nigeria is one of the most severe in the world today, with 8.5 million people in need of life-saving aid in 2017 in the worst-affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe.
L’OIM travaille avec les autorités nationales, locales et des partenaires locaux, afin de mieux comprendre, connaître et analyser les mouvements migratoires à travers l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. Le suivi des flux de population (FMP) est une activité qui permet de quantifier et de qualifier les flux, les profils des migrants, les tendances et les routes migratoires sur un point d’entrée, de transit ou de sortie donné. En Guinée, quatre (4) points de suivi ont été installés depuis fin mars 2017 dans les localités frontalières avec Mali.