Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017
A combination of factors including, the 2011 drought, high food prices, low agricultural production, as well as the inability of affected households to recover from the 2010 food and nutrition crisis, exacerbated the sub-region’s vulnerability in 2012. Moreover, the 2010-2011 crises in Cote d’Ivoire and Libya also contributed to increasing the vulnerability of hundreds of thousands of households that were deprived of the remittances of migrant workers who had fled these conflicts. Their return has also placed additional strain on their communities of return, notably in Chad, Niger and Mali. In 2012, approximately 18.7 million people were estimated to be food insecure and over one million children were at risk of dying from severe acute malnutrition. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2012)
In 2012, and for the third time in ten years, the Sahel region was hit by a major drought which further weakened vulnerable communities. The scale of the resulting food and nutrition crisis required all actors to join forces to save the lives of the 24 million people affected. A three-year regional plan was developed in 2013 aiming to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies while shaping the response to chronic needs in nine countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia. (OCHA, 30 Aug 2017)
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
Appeals & Response Plans
Résumé narratif des causes, du contexte et des principaux problèmes
Four years on from Chibok abduction, UNICEF continues to call for children’s release and immediate end to attacks on schools
ABUJA/NEW YORK, 13 April 2018 – Since 2013, more than 1,000 children have been abducted by Boko Haram in northeastern Nigeria, including 276 girls taken from their secondary school in the town of Chibok in 2014 – UNICEF said today. Four years on from that tragic incident, more than 100 of the ‘Chibok girls’ have yet to be returned to their families and the UN children’s agency continues to call for their release.
In 2017, EM-DAT data indicates that 318 natural disasters occurred, affecting 122 countries. The impact of which resulted in 9,503 deaths, 96 million people affected, and US$314 billion in economic damages.
The human impact of natural disasters in 2017 was much lower than the last 10 year average, where events with extremely high mortality occurred, such as the 2010 earthquake in Haiti (225,570 deaths) and the 2008 Nargis Cyclone in Myanmar (138,400 deaths).
LE MOT DU DIRECTEUR PAYS
La région de Ségou est affectée par les conflits intercommunautaires, le banditisme et les attaques (d’hommes armés non identifiés) contre les FAMas5 et les populations civiles. Cette situation d’insécurité entrave l’accès humanitaire dans les cercles de Niono et Macina.
201 600 personnes de plus ont accès à l’eau potable:
Crise centrafricaine : 25 800 personnes ;
Crise du Nigéria : 175 800 personnes.
Faibles progrès vers l’atteinte de la cible pour la crise centrafricaine ; ceci est dû à des difficultés de mobilisation des financements du secteur.
226 755 personnes de plus ont accès aux services d’assainissement :
Crise centrafricaine : 1 180 personnes ;
Crise du Nigéria : 225 575 personnes.
The R4 Rural Resilience Initiative (R4) is a strategic partnership between Oxfam America (OA) and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP). R4 was initiated in 2011 to respond to the challenges faced by food insecure communities enduring increasingly frequent and intense climate disasters and other shocks.
SIPRI releases its Annual Review 2017, looking back on the institute’s highlights from the previous year.
The Annual Review 2017 covers SIPRI's work throughout the past year, including maintaining its world-renowned databases and evolving its research agenda to adjust to the global threat environment.
Malgré l’engagement militaire de quatre armées et d’une Force multinationale mixte (FMM) depuis 2016 dans les pays riverains du lac Tchad (Niger, Nigeria, Cameroun, Tchad), les attaques et l’insécurité causées par le groupe armé Boko Haram continuent d’affecter lourdement les populations de la région. On estime que 2,3 millions de personnes seraient déplacées à cause des violences dans tout le bassin, auxquelles s’ajoutent 206 000 réfugiés.
July 2014: A large number of displaced people from southern Nigeria begin arriving in Niger’s Diffa region from northern Nigeria. With local resources exhausted, host communities were unable to cope with the situation. Access to water, sanitation and primary health care was critically low, and immediate humanitarian assistance required.
FAO promotes the use and scale up of Cash+ as a tool for emergency response, strengthening resilience and reducing rural poverty. The Cash+ model supports the enhancement of vibrant and diversified livelihoods, providing an important safety net against shocks and stresses for poor and vulnerable rural households. As such, the model has great transformative potential.
Chiffres clés: P1
Carte de la zone: P1
Contexte et causes: P2
Résultats évaluation: P2
Recommandations de réponses: P2