Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017
A combination of factors including, the 2011 drought, high food prices, low agricultural production, as well as the inability of affected households to recover from the 2010 food and nutrition crisis, exacerbated the sub-region’s vulnerability in 2012. Moreover, the 2010-2011 crises in Cote d’Ivoire and Libya also contributed to increasing the vulnerability of hundreds of thousands of households that were deprived of the remittances of migrant workers who had fled these conflicts. Their return has also placed additional strain on their communities of return, notably in Chad, Niger and Mali. In 2012, approximately 18.7 million people were estimated to be food insecure and over one million children were at risk of dying from severe acute malnutrition. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2012)
In 2012, and for the third time in ten years, the Sahel region was hit by a major drought which further weakened vulnerable communities. The scale of the resulting food and nutrition crisis required all actors to join forces to save the lives of the 24 million people affected. A three-year regional plan was developed in 2013 aiming to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies while shaping the response to chronic needs in nine countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia. (OCHA, 30 Aug 2017)
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
July 2014: A large number of displaced people from southern Nigeria begin arriving in Niger’s Diffa region from northern Nigeria. With local resources exhausted, host communities were unable to cope with the situation. Access to water, sanitation and primary health care was critically low, and immediate humanitarian assistance required.
FAO promotes the use and scale up of Cash+ as a tool for emergency response, strengthening resilience and reducing rural poverty. The Cash+ model supports the enhancement of vibrant and diversified livelihoods, providing an important safety net against shocks and stresses for poor and vulnerable rural households. As such, the model has great transformative potential.
Chiffres clés: P1
Carte de la zone: P1
Contexte et causes: P2
Résultats évaluation: P2
Recommandations de réponses: P2
En 2012, lors du déclenchement de la crise au Mali, les violences ont semblé être circonscrites au nord du pays, dans les régions de Gao, de Tombouctou et de Kidal. Trois ans plus tard, en 2015, leur intensification dans les régions du centre a progressivement mobilisé l’attention des autorités maliennes ainsi que des observateurs internationaux.
In 2012, at the start of the crisis in Mali, violence appeared to be limited to the north of the country, in the Gao, Timbuktu and Kidal regions. Three years later, in 2015, the intensification of violence in the central regions has increasingly drawn the attention of the Malian authorities and international observers.
Response Highlights (2018)
761 households have received emergency shelters while 415 households received reinforced/transitional shelters solutions.
3,111 households reached through Improved, basic and complimentary NFI Kits.
67,927 individuals have been biometrically registered since January 2018.
151 households have beeen reached through Cash/Voucher for Rental while 500 have been reached through Cash/Voucher for NFI
Since 2014, humanitarian needs in Niger’s Diffa region have increased due to protracted conflict and massive displacement, with an estimated 252 305 people reported displaced in the area. In addition, the security environment remains very volatile, with several attacks by armed groups in December 2017. A baseline evaluation conducted by REACH in March-April 2017 assessed the protection needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees in the Diffa region.
INTRODUCTION POURQUOI CET ATELIER ?
WHY IS THIS WORKSHOP BEING HELD?
Since 2013, the Boko Haram insurgency in northeastern Nigeria has caused a significant humanitarian crisis resulting in massive socio-economic and human losses. A total of 1.9 million people fled their homes losing their livelihoods, and 75 percent of them are currently with host communities, putting an additional burden on already vulnerable households.
L’UNHCR poursuit ses efforts pour la lutte contre l’apatridie dans la région de Diffa en appui au gouvernement et aux autorités locales et en collaboration avec ses partenaires. On estime qu’aujourd’hui, il y a dix millions d’apatrides dans le monde, et que chaque dix minutes un enfant nait apatride. Plusieurs Etats, dont le Niger avec les autres Etats membres de la CEDEAO, se sont engagés à prendre des actions effectives pour éradiquer l’apatridie.
Le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les Réfugiés (UNHCR) avec son partenaire local SDO (Au Secours Des Oubliés) agit en appui du gouvernement et des institutions régionales et départementales pour lutter contre les risques d'apatridie au sein de la population réfugiée, retournée et des déplacés internes dans la région de Diffa.
DES MILLIONS DE PERSONNES MENACÉES PAR LA FAMINE
Le bulletin de veille de Première Urgence Internationale est un outil de suivi, de veille et d’alerte sur la situation des départements de l’Assoungha et du Ouara (Région du Ouaddaï) dans les secteurs de la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle, et des moyens d’existence.
Adequate market stocks and supplies of some staple food commodities (red beans, peanuts, imported rice and local rice) have contributed to price stability and in some cases a decrease in most of the monitored markets of Borno and Yobe States when compared to the past three months potentially favouring improved access to food by market-dependent households.
Lake Chad, once one of Africa’s largest lakes, is in distress.
The lake is shared by Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria; its basin – which extends as far as Algeria, Libya, and Sudan – offers a lifeline to nearly 40 million people.
As of December 31 2017, there remain over 38,000 internally displaced and 526,500 returnee in Mali.
During the last quarter of 2017, a total of 77 incidents of grave child rights violations were reported including recruitment and use of children, killing, rape, attack against schools, and denial of humanitarian access. This brings the total to 370 incidents recorded in 2017.
120,437 children were treated for severe actute malnutrition; includuing 31,255 during the last quarter.
The Protection Sector, including the Child Protection and Gender-Based Violence Sub-Sectors, enhanced its capacity to provide life-saving protection assistance particularly in most affected areas of Borno State, as well as Adamawa and Yobe States. A total of 2.47 million of the most vulnerable individuals were reached from January through December 2017 with protection interventions.