Sierra Leone: Mudslides - Aug 2017
Three days of heavy rains triggered flash floods and a massive landslide in and around the capital Freetown on 14 August. The most severe disaster occurred in Regent and Lumley districts with a massive 6 kilometres mudslide submerging and wiping out over 300 houses along the banks of the Juba river. Flash floods also affected at least four other communities in other parts of Freetown.(OCHA, 15 Aug 2017)
The IFRC has...released more than [CHF]270,000...from its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to bolster initial search and rescue and recovery efforts. These emergency funds will enable volunteers to assist more than 9,000 people with search and rescue, first aid, health care, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion and emergency food. (IFRC, 15 Aug 2017)
At least 500 bodies have been recovered. However, several hundreds are still missing, An estimated 5,900 or more people are believed to have lost their homes or have been directly impacted and are in immediate need of emergency assistance and shelter. Nine response pillars are coordinating their response efforts with the Office of National Security who has the overall lead. Humanitarian partners are providing emergency WASH, health, shelter and protection assistance to those in temporary holding centres and those in host families. (OCHA/UNORC, 22 Aug 2017)
On the night between...26 [and] 27 August, new flooding appeared in downtown Freetown, and has flooded a health centre, the bridge and a school at Kroo Bay. One person is reported dead and two injured. The WHO team has assessed the damage to Kroo Bay Health Facility where flooding waters destroyed health records, drugs and supplies, mosquito net stock piles and medical equipment. (OCHA/UNORC, 29 Aug 2017)
As of 31 August, the total number of confirmed deaths is slightly above 500 and the number of missing persons at 810. With 616 households (93 percent) verified, the results show that a total of 5,951 people reported being affected by the mudslide and floods, of which 969 are children under the age of five and 393 are pregnant and nursing women. (UNDAC/UNORC, 31 Aug 2017)
As of 5 September, the distributions of food and non-food items have reached over 85% of flood and landslide affected people. (UNDAC/UNORC, 5 Sep 2017)
Following emergency response to the landslide and floods in and around Freetown on 14 August 2017, the UN system in Sierra Leone is now supporting national recovery. The UN Country Team has designated UNDP and the World Bank as co-leads of the effort. The Ministry of Finance and Economic Development has underscored that a national recovery strategy should address both the needs of those directly affected, and a plan to tackle the longer-term issues including environmental; climate and disaster risks; and settlement and urban development. (UNDP/UNORC, 12 Sep 2017)
Sierra Leone’s first ever Oral Cholera Vaccination (OCV) campaign kicked off on 15 September. The emergency campaign targets communities affected by Western Area’s recent floods and landslides. WHO, UNICEF, Gavi, UKaid, MSF and other health partners are working with the Ministry of Health and Sanitation to implement the campaign, which aims to reach a total of 500,000 people. (Gov't of Sierra Leone/UNICEF/WHO, 15 Sep 2017)
As of 10 October, the UN system in Sierra Leone continues to support national recovery. In addition to addressing the urgent needs of those most affected, medium and long-term assessments and action plans have been put in place under national leadership to ensure risk mitigation and protect the people of Sierra Leone from future tragedy. (UNDP/UNORC, 10 Oct 2017)
The second phase of the response focused on supporting the recovery of victims is now underway. Following the 14 August floods and landslides, the displaced victims have been given the option to be housed in communities or be voluntary relocated to a more permanent shelter solution. Two sites have been selected for voluntary relocation: the Old Skool compound in Hill Station and Juba barracks in Lumley. Options are also being considered for humanitarian cash transfers to support the affected households that opt to remain within their communities.
On August 29th, 2017, the Chinese Ambassador to Sierra Leone WU Peng handed over USD $100,000 from the Red Cross Society of China to Sierra Leone Red Cross Society (SLRCS) as a disaster relief fund for victims of the August 14th tragic mudslide and flooding devastation.
Heavy rains cause flooding and damages in western Sahel, Uganda, and Sudan
Africa Weather Hazards
Locally heavy rainfall caused flooding in several states in Sudan last week.
Although rainfall is expected to decrease throughout the region in early September, saturated ground conditions and elevated river levels sustain the risk for additional flooding.
Central, eastern and western regions
CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT
More than 391,000 new displacements between 11 and 20 August
"The bodies in all likelihood come from Sierra Leone since there have been no alerts about boats that have capsized"
CONAKRY, Aug 30 (Reuters) - The bodies of 19 people thought to have perished in a mudslide in Sierra Leone more than a fortnight ago have washed up on Guinea's shores, the government in Conakry said on Wednesday.
Read more on Reuters
Map shows the number of vulnerable individuals affected by the landslide and flash flooding for different affected areas. Numbers are based on verified registration figures issued by ONS on 29th August 2017.
The left-hand map shows the percentage of people who have received assistance, as reported by ONS on 29 Aug 2017.
The right-hand map shows the percentage of household heads that have resumed livelihood activities across the affected areas, as reported by ONS on 29 Aug 2017.
Map shows indicators of water quality sampled by the Sierra Leone Ministry of Water Resources at hand-dug wells, GVWC, springs and spring boxes in Freetown, two weeks after the August 2017 landslide.
Action Against Hunger urges rapid, joint action to prevent disease outbreaks
by Action Against Hunger USA, August 22, 2017
Last week, flash floods killed over 490 people in Sierra Leone's capital city, Freetown. To date, a large number of people are still reported missing and an estimated 6,000 altogether have been affected by the destruction.
Following a needs assessments coordinated by the government of Sierra Leone, Action Against Hunger and key partners quickly mobilized resources and launched a response to the emergency.
At least 500 people, including 150 children, have died in the floods and landslides in Freetown, with hundreds more missing. The scale and trauma of the disaster that took place in the capital of Sierra Leone on August 14 is becoming clear.
Nearly 6,000 Freetown residents have been directly affected and more than 800 have been reported missing. With a presence in Sierra Leone for the past 21 years, Handicap International is on the ground, providing critical support.
August 30, 2017, Vienna, Austria. The OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID) has approved an emergency assistance grant to help procure essential relief supplies for mudslide victims in Sierra Leone and support emergency operations. The grant will be channeled through the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).
Map shows an overview of service provision as reported by actors, shown in the ONS incident reports dated 24th, 25th and 28th August 2017 or in the UNDAC 4W online survey forms. Information covers 23 to 28 August, 2017.
Details of the service provided are shown where available. Question marks show where activities have been identified but no provider is recorded.
Map shows Pillar presence at shelter sites as reported by ONS, and an assessment of whether needs are being met, derived from ONS and UNDAC Who-What-Where reports.
For most pillars there is not enough information on Who-What-Where to know whether needs are being met.
This update is produced by the UNDAC team in collaboration with the UN Resident Coordinator’s Office in Sierra Leone, liaising with the Office of National Security and humanitarian partners.
15 PERSONNES TUÉES ET 8 ENLEVÉES PRÈS DE KOLOFATA
Dans la nuit du 24 août, des membres présumés de Boko Haram ont attaqué le village de Gakara, juste à la sortie de la ville de Kolofata, près de la frontière nigériane, tuant 15 personnes et en kidnappant 8 autres, selon une déclaration officielle le 25 août. Les assaillants ont incendié environ 30 maisons. Kolofata accueille de nombreux déplacés et la zone est devenue la cible d'attentats suicides fréquents, limitant ainsi l'accès à l'aide humanitaire.
15 KILLED AND 8 KIDNAPPED NEAR KOLOFATA
Suspected Boko Haram militants attacked Gakara village just outside the town of Kolofata, near the Nigerian border, on the night of 24 August, killing 15 people and kidnapping 8 others, officials said on 25 August. The attackers burned down around 30 houses. Kolofata hosts a large displaced population but the area has become a frequent target of suicide bombings, thus constraining access to humanitarian aid.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
Once again, Sierra Leoneans mourn mass deaths of what is estimated to be 1000 deaths due to mudslides that happened slightly about two weeks ago. Coming shortly after the Ebola Virus Disease epidemic that hit the country along with Guinnea and Liberia in 2014 and affected over 14, 000 by January 2016, what lessons can the country draw from her Ebola crisis recovery efforts?
IOM distributed Non Food Items (NFIs) to 127 flood affected households in Dwazark. This is in addition to 40 NFI kits that had been distributed to flood affected households in Wellington.
IOM finalized the fencing for Juba Barrack displacement site and is setting up 33 tents, donated by JICA to the Government of Sierra Leone, while partners are putting up water tanks, latrines and shower facilities.