Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2017Ongoing
Deadly mudslides triggered by torrential monsoon rains in southeastern Bangladesh are estimated to have claimed at least 135 lives. This disaster occurred just two weeks after Cyclone Mora killed 9 people and caused significant damage across the region. In addition to mudslides, the rains caused severe flooding in low-lying areas, causing significant damage to road and communication infrastructure. Remote communities in Bandarban, Chittagong and Rangamati districts have been cut off and remain without water, electricity, and food supplies. Communities of Rohingya refugees in Bandarban district may also have been affected. Further mudslides are feared due to continued rainfall.
The total estimated death toll currently stands at 98 from Rangamati district, 30 from Chittagong district and 7 from Bandarban district. Many others are injured and in need of medical assistance. (UN RC, 14 Jun 2017)
Renewed mudslides in south-eastern Bangladesh have claimed additional lives and further damage to homes and infrastructure. Collapsing hillsides and heavy flooding are now estimated to have killed over 150 people across five districts. (UN RC, 15 Jun 2017)
As of 16 June, floods and landslides in the Chittagong Hill Tract region and surrounding areas have killed 156 people. According to UNICEF, 30 to 40 per cent of water points in the affected areas are flooded.(OCHA, 19 Jun 2017)
The June landslides, which started on 13 June with a few episodes, resulted in heavy loss of life (160 persons), injury (187 persons), and destruction of houses (6,000 structures) and other key infrastructures despite being localized in impact. It is the worst landslide-related disaster since 2007. It affected about 80,000 persons across five districts: Bandarban, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Khagrachari and, Rangamati. Among these people, 34, 000 were severely impacted as they lost their houses together with their belongings, basic necessities, livelihoods and food stocks.Approximately 46% of the most affected persons are from Rangamati, 25% from Bandarban, 25% from Chittagong, 2% from Cox’s Bazar and, 1% from Khagrachari. (HCTT Response Plan, 12 Jul 2017)
Monsoon rains have triggered flooding across 11 districts in northeastern Bangladesh, affecting at least 1.3 million people as of 16 July. NGO partners report that vast areas of Moulvibazar and Sylhet remain under water affecting agricultural livelihoods. The Government has released cash grants and distributed food to the affected districts. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2017)
On 22 and 23 July, new landslides affected the district of Bandarban in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, with preliminary reports indicating that 6 people have died and 4 people are still missing. Currently, 1,500 people in eight shelter camps are still receiving emergency shelter assistance and food assistance from national authorities. Complementing the government’s efforts, several humanitarian partners are providing shelter assistance, psychosocial support, NFIs and cash for food to 4,300 households. Other agencies are providing shelter, WASH and Sexual and Reproductive Health assistance to 1,500 households. (OCHA, 24 Jul 2017)
As of the end of July 2017, national authorities are sheltering roughly 1,500 persons, who receive three cooked meals per day. National authorities are also supporting landslide victims (the families of dead or injured people) through the provision of cash and food packages...According to the government, some 39,164 persons remain severely affected in Bandarban and Rangamati districts. (UN RC Bangladesh, 31 Jul 2017)
Flooding has affected the eastern, southern and northern regions of Bangladesh. As of 14 August, 12 deaths have been confirmed, including six children. An estimated 586,000 people in 356 unions of 20 upazilas have been affected. The Government has opened 973 emergency flood shelters, hosting an estimated 68,500 people. The waters of 23 rivers have risen beyond the danger line and further heavy rain and an increased risk of landslides is forecast for coming days. The Government has allocated 31 million BDT and 10,630 MT of rice to flood-affected districts. (OCHA, 15 Aug 2017)
As of 20 August, 5.7 million people in 27 districts have been affected by floods with 300,000 people in emergency shelters, and 98 people known to have died. Access to affected areas is restricted with roads and bridges damaged. The Government allocated US$820,000 as well as rice and dry food parcels, and 1,945 local medical teams have deployed to prevent outbreaks of disease. (OCHA, 21 Aug 2017)
As of 27 August, the Government of Bangladesh reports that the floods have affected 32 districts in the northern, north eastern and central parts of the country due to the overflowing of the Brahmaputra-Jamuna river, affecting a total of more than 8 million people. The Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) informs that 335 shelters in flood-affected areas are sheltering more than 106,000 people. (UN RC Bangladesh, 28 Aug 2017)
On 1 September 2017, the HCTT launched an Emergency Response Plan to complement the timely and effective response by the Government of Bangladesh. The plan is seeking US$12 million to provide immediate humanitarian assistance to 330,000 people (45 per cent men, 55 per cent women, 51 per cent children) (66,000 HH) for the next 6 months (August 2017 – January 2018), primarily in the six most affected districts: Gaibhandha, Dinajpur, Kurigram, Amalpur, Nilphamari and Sirajganj. (UN RC Bangladesh, 4 Sep 2017)
As of 18 September, floodwaters had begun to recede in 30 of the 32 affected districts, according to the MoDMR. An estimated total of 103,855 houses are reported to have been destroyed and 633,792 have been partially damaged; 145 persons are known to have lost their lives due to the floods. According to an assessment conducted by the Shelter Cluster on 6-9 September 2017, vulnerable, marginalized and poorer communities were the worst affected by the floods, especially communities building with mud-houses or living on chars and embankments. While many are recovering, there remain specific groups that still have urgent needs for emergency shelter support. (UN RC Bangladesh, 18 Sep 2017)
As of 28 September, widespread flooding has killed 145 people, affected 8 million people across 32 districts, destroyed 103,855 houses, and damaged 4,636 education infrastructure. According to the needs analysis report issued on 20 September, the priority concerns of flood-affected communities are food security, livelihood and shelter. In the flood-affected areas, most of the crop lands has been submerged for at least 5-7 days causing damage to crops, houses, infrastructures. Most of the houses are made of mud and straw and they have been fully damaged. Many people are still living in makeshifts shelters, in relatives’ home or under the open sky. (UN RC Bangladesh, 28 Sep 2017)
Appeals & Funding
by Diana Quick
ChildFund Alliance is responding to the unfolding humanitarian crisis in Bangladesh, where more than 500,000 Rohingya refugees have crossed the border to escape civil conflict in Myanmar.
During the flooding in Bangladesh, Bibha’s house was washed away. With her family she managed to take shelter in a neighbouring house.
Both she and her eldest daughter fell sick with a fever. With the roads destroyed around Kurigram she had no way to get to the health centre to get help.
Bibha’s husband is a labourer, but during monsoon season he doesn’t have any work and the whole family has to survive on only one meal a day. Now their circumstances had just got much worse.
On 22 September, WFP activated a Level 3 Emergency Response as 422,000 people had crossed the border into Bangladesh since violence broke out in Myanmar’s northern Rakhine State on 25 August 2017.
WFP is providing ongoing assistance to the increasing influx of 509,000 people in the form of rice and micronutrient fortified biscuits, as well as SuperCereal for pregnant and nursing women and children under 5 years.
NHQ, BDRCS/Oct 17: To support the flood-affected population in the Kurigram District, Bangladesh, BDRCS and ShelterBox has signed a MoU today. BMM Mozharul Huq, ndc, Secretary General, Bangladesh Red Crescent Society, Nazmul Azam Khan, Director, Response and representatives from shelterBox Trust was present on the occasion.
A global network of aid agencies has launched four new “innovation labs” in Bangladesh, Jordan, Kenya and the Philippines, aimed at finding fresh ways to help local communities prepare for disasters.
The move by Start Network and CDAC Network is the first of its kind by humanitarian non-governmental organisations (NGOs), as the labs will facilitate locally-created innovations that are driven by client needs, making the labs more locally driven than many other investments into innovation in the sector. The £10 million programme, funded by UK Aid, will end in March 2019.
Bangladesh, a densely populated country of 165 million, is among the world’s “potential impact hotspots” threatened by “extreme river floods” due to the global rise in temperatures. Since the beginning of August, monsoon rains across the entire country and upstream areas in India and Nepal gradually led to severe flooding.
The recent monsoon floods hitting South Asia have been among the most severe in years, leaving some 1,400 people dead, millions displaced and worsening the plight of hundreds of thousands fleeing violence in Myanmar to seek safety in Bangladesh. But what role does climate change play in these developments and how is the Red Cross Red Crescent helping people to adapt? Media IFRC spoke to Donna Lagdameo, Technical Adviser for Asia Pacific with the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Center:
13 October 2017 – Research findings released today on International Day for Disaster Reduction forecast a continued rise in homelessness among people in the world’s most disaster prone countries unless significant progress is made in managing disaster risk.
An unique modelling exercise based on the latest data covering 204 countries and territories calculates that sudden onset disasters such as floods and cyclones, are displacing on average 13.9 million people each year, excluding those involved in pre-emptive evacuations.
13 octobre 2017 – Les résultats d’une nouvelle étude publiés à l’occasion de La journée internationale pour la prévention des catastrophes prévoient une augmentation continue du nombre de déplacés parmi les populations des pays les plus vulnérables aux aléas naturels, à moins que des progrès importants ne soient réalisés en faveur d’une meilleure gestion des risques.
UN report says natural disasters to become more destructive in Asia-Pacific without action on disaster resilience
Natural disasters are becoming more frequent and intense and disaster risk is outpacing resilience in Asia-Pacific, the most disaster-prone region in the world, according to the latest report by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
Monsoon season in South Asia has become a mixed blessing of late as heavy rains are needed for crop production, but also trigger floods and landslides that often negate the gains made through agriculture. August 2017 proved to be an especially challenging month as rain, floods, and landslides incited considerable havoc in many South Asian communities.
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
FAIRFIELD, Conn. (October 5, 2017) — Save the Children is warning of a malnutrition crisis in the Bangladeshi district of Cox's Bazar, where more than half a million Rohingya have arrived in the past six weeks after fleeing horrific violence and bloodshed over the border in Myanmar.
An estimated 281,000 newly arrived Rohingya are in need of urgent nutrition support to prevent or treat malnutrition, according to new data from the Inter-Sector Coordination Group, including 145,000 children under the age of five and more than 50,000 pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Violence in Rakhine State in Myanmar has led to the displacement of over 515,000 people since August 2017, including over the border to Bangladesh. There are significant humanitarian needs for these people, including a lack of food, poor access to health care or clean water, and risk of sexual and gender based violence.
Australia is working closely with humanitarian partners to provide assistance to affected communities, both in Bangladesh and Myanmar.
Australia's humanitarian assistance
This brief documents the impact of the August and September 2017 monsoon floods in Bangladesh on children's access to quality education and safety. It describes emergency action taken by Save the Children, which focused its initial response in the two worst-affected districts of Kurigram and Sirajganj, with hygiene facilities and cash grants. It is now planning early recovery responses in education in emergencies, WASH, and food security and livelihoods.
Over half a million Rohingya people face new perils in the makeshift camps in Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh as the coming cyclone season threatens to wash away the flimsy plastic shelters.
Imagine the entire population of a city the size of Bristol crammed into a little over three square miles. This is the result of over half a million Rohingya people – more than half of them children, thousands separated from their parents – arriving in Bangladesh by foot or by river crossing.
South Asia experienced the worst monsoon in decades with record high rainfall recorded in parts of Northern India, Bangladesh and Nepal over the last two weeks of August, 2017. Over 41 million [i] people were affected throughout the region and 1200 deaths reported. In Nepal, severe flooding affected 35 out of the 75 districts, with the six worst hit districts — Saptari, Siraha, Mahottari, Rautahat, Banke and Bardiya- all lying in the Southern plains of Terai, while almost a third of Bangladesh, a total of 35 districts in the north, were submerged by the floods.
Severe floods in 2017 have affected at least 8 million people, causing deaths and injuries, loss of livestock and food supplies, and damage to housing and infrastructure.
The floods caused severe damage to the agriculture sector, including crop losses of the main food staple rice, with most of the damage concentrated in the northern districts.
OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
Violence in Rakhine State, Myanmar, which began on 25 August 2017 has driven an estimated 509,000 Rohingya across the border into Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. That day, insurgents attacked army and police posts in Rakhine, resulting in widespread violence, mass displacement of civilians and the suspension of most aid activities. In the following days, people began to flee across the border into Bangladesh.
The first Finnish Red Cross aid workers will be flying to Bangladesh tomorrow at the earliest. The Disaster Relief Fund has granted 500,000 euros to managing the refugee crisis.
The refugees’ situation in the Cox’s Bazar area in Bangladesh is very serious. Since the end of August, more than 420,000 refugees have fled from Myanmar to Bangladesh, mostly women and children.
They are in desperate need of food, clean water, shelter, basic supplies and health services.