Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - Sep 2015
Continuous heavy rain since mid-September 2015 in the southern regions resulted in floods and landslides, causing eight deaths and nine injuries. Over 7,300 people are affected by adverse weather conditions in 4 districts and 450 houses were partially damaged and 151 houses were fully damaged. A total of 344 people remain displaced in welfare centres due to flood and landslide situation. (OCHA, 5 Oct 2015)
As of 30 Nov, over 52,500 people are affected by flooding in Jaffna District, Northern Province. Over 320 people are displaced due to high risks of landslides in Badulla District. While conditions in flood-affected districts are improving, the Department of Irrigation reports 18 out of a total 72 major reservoirs are overflowing. With the onset of the Northeast monsoonal rains, floods are expected to trigger continued reservoir overflowing and spill gates will be released to manage water levels. Local disaster management authorities remain on high-alert. (OCHA, 30 Nov 2015)
The Sri Lanka Red Cross Society (SLRCS) is responding to various emergencies as a result of adverse weather conditions in most parts of Sri Lanka. 138,676 people living in 14 districts, mostly in the north are affected by floods, landslides and heavy rains...In Jaffna, the most affected district, the SLRCS branch volunteers has been assisting in evacuation and coordination with Government Authorities to ensure people affected are brought to safety. Over 86,000 people living in 9 divisional secretariats are affected from this emergency...In Kilinochchi the SLRCS branch has provided non food relief items. There are over 1,500 families housed in temporary camps within the district limits... Meanwhile in Mullativu, over 2,700 families were affected from flash floods and have been moved to temporary camps (Sri Lanka Red Cross Society, 19 Nov 2015)
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Author(s): Nayana Godamunne
Type: Working Paper
Country: Sri Lanka
This study explores the state-society relationship in relation to two systemic shocks in Sri Lanka: the drought of 2014 and flood of 2015. It looks at how the state responded, the ways citizens engaged with it to cope and recover, and if this engagement has changed their perceptions of it.
Houses built for families displaced as a result of a landslide in the Livingston Estate Division of the Wedamulla Estate in Kotmale have been vested in the public. The opening of these houses took place under the patronage of Minister Palani Digambram.
The Housing Scheme launched under the “Haritha Ran” Housing Programme has 20 houses.
17 families living in the Livingston Estate Division lost their houses due to the landslide experienced on the 25th of September last year.
In the Eastern and Northern Regions of Sri Lanka, recurrent floods displace residents
As Sri Lanka enters the North East Monsoon period this month, ACTED is preparing to respond to the needs of displaced communities. Although Sri Lanka experiences flooding every year at this time, this year, due to the El Niño effect, rainfalls are expected to be more intense and to cause more flooding. Reservoirs are rapidly filling and rivers like Malwathu Oya and Yaan Ganga are expected to overflow repeatedly during the monsoon season.
Flood waters are receding in the six flood affected districts of Tamil Nadu, including Chennai, where public transportation service has resumed. The floods affected about 3 million people including 1 million children, damaged over 116,000 houses and 92,000 hectares of farmland, with over 400 fatalities. The government plans to construct 50,000 – 70,000 temporary houses for people rendered homeless. The estimated cost to India’s economy is $3 billion.
1 3 million people affected
116,000 houses damaged