DPR Korea: Heat Wave - Aug 2018
According to the DPRK state media, Korean Workers' Party newspaper Rodong Sinmun, an emergency response was declared on 2 August 2018 because of unusually hot weather. On the same day, DPRK RCS officially informed IFRC of a developing slow onset emergency in both South Pyongan and South Hamgyong provinces due to a heat wave affecting the Korean Peninsula that has also severely affected the routine of people, agricultural activities and crops. The heat wave, starting as early as 11 July 2018, has brought on record temperatures as high as 40℃ across the country, and deaths from the heat wave have been reported. The heat wave has also seriously affected the main agricultural producers in the southern provinces of the country. (IFRC, 9 Aug 2018)
[B]elow‑average rains from mid-July until mid-August, normally the wettest months, coupled with high temperatures, resulted in moisture stress during critical crop development stages in localized areas of the main crop producing provinces, including South and North Hwanghae, and South and North Hamgyong...Provisional estimates provided by the National Coordinating Committee (NCC) indicate that, as of early August, 98 892 hectares of cropland had been affected by the dry weather conditions...This covers 24 664 hectares of paddy and 74 228 hectares of other food crops, including maize and potatoes. The estimated total area affected represents 8 percent of the average area cultivated during the main season. Any drop in production could further aggravate food insecurity. (FAO GIEWS, 5 Sep 2018)
Most read reports
- DPRK: Deadly heatwave threatening lives of children and elderly
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- Democratic People's Republic of Korea: Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) DREF Operation n° MDRKP010
- Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Heat Wave: Disaster Emergency Relief Fund (3 August 2018)
- Democratic People's Republic of Korea: Heat Wave - Information Bulletin
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
• Below-average rains, coupled with high temperatures from mid-July until mid-August, a critical period for crops, affected 8 percent of the average area cultivated in the main season.
The main agricultural season starts in April, with the arrival of the spring rains, and the harvest normally takes place between September and October (see Figure 1).
During the first half of 2018, the humanitarian situation in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea remained critical. According to the inter-agency 2018 DPRK Needs and Priorities document, up to 10.3 million people (41 per cent of total population) continue to suffer from food insecurity and undernutrition, as well as a lack of access to basic services.
Millions of people are being put at risk as droughts across the world affect food production, and livestock this summer.
Australia is experiencing its worst drought in living memory, with the Red Cross launching an emergency appeal for farmers who have been hit hard in recent weeks. The extreme dry spell has seen rural communities lose cattle and crops, putting livelihoods in jeopardy.
Beijing/Geneva, 10 August 2018 – A heatwave in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) will have serious health consequences for children and elderly people unless urgent action is taken.
Description of the disaster
This bulletin is being issued for information only and reflects the current situation and details available at this time. The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea Red Cross Society (DPRK RCS), with the support of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), has determined that available information points toward significant humanitarian needs that may require support from the IFRC Disaster Relief Emergency Fund.
Citizens urged to wage all-out battle to preserve food stocks amid ‘unprecedented’ drought
The North Korean government has called on its people to wage an “all-out battle” against a record heatwave as the country’s already fragile crops face drought and the authorities struggle to respond.