Indonesia: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2019Ongoing
Heavy rain in west Sumatra and central Sulawesi have caused floods, resulting in fatalities and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), 2 people died, 60 families have been displaced, 707 people affected and 57 houses damaged following flash floods in Sigi Regency (Central Sulawesi Province). 5,000 people have been displaced and 1,000 homes flooded in South Solok Regency (West Sumatra). More heavy rain is forecast across the affected provinces over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 16 Dec 2019)
Multiple provinces (North Sumatera, West Java, Bengkulu and Jakarta) in Indonesia has been experiencing flooding starting from 28 December 2019. The floods are affecting the provinces at different scales. The total numbers of people affected have not been confirmed as assessments are ongoing.
In North Sumatera province, flash flooding affected four villages (Pematang, Hatapang, Batu Tunggal and Merbau Selatan) in Labuhanbatu Utara districts. Approximately 229 households (857 people) have been affected. There are four evacuation points in the area, currently occupied by 861 people.
In West Java Province, a river embankment collapsed in Cimareme village, Ngamprah sub-district. Approximately 131 households and 15 houses have been affected according to the Indonesian Disaster Management Agency Provincial Level / Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD). Evacuation efforts are ongoing in the area. Most of the affected families are being evacuated to two mosques.
In Bengkulu Province, 138 houses located in the five sub-districts have been affected by floods due to heavy and persistent rainfall on 31 December 2019.
Heavy and persistent rainfall on 31 December 2019 in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi caused flooding in the areas with Bekasi being the worst affected area. (IFRC, 1 Jan 2020)
As of 2 January 2020, at least 21 people have died. In Jakarta, over 62,000 people have been evacuated to temporary shelters. Indonesia’s government meteorology agency (BMKG) forecasts a further high intensity of rainfall between 11 and 15 January 2020. Indonesia’s National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) is working alongside the army, police, the National Search and Rescue Agency (Basarnas), other ministries and the Indonesian Red Cross to provide emergency response alongside community-based organizations. (ECHO, 2 Jan 2020)
As of 5 January 2020, the authorities reported 60 people have died. At least 495,000 people have been affected by the massive floods, with approximately 100,000 people being displaced in greater Jakarta area. (AHA Centre, 5 Jan 2020)
As of 6 January, disaster management authorities (BNPB) reported that a total of 67 persons have died and 36,000 people remain displaced in at least 127 sites (down from over 100,000 people displaced on 5 January). While flooding has receded in several areas, high rainfall is forecast to continue for the next week. As of 4 January, BNPB had recorded 1,317 heavily damaged houses, 5 severely damaged public facilities, and 24 severely damaged bridges. BNPB has been leading national coordination with other national agencies to support local governments which have mobilized support to affected people by dispatching relief items, deploying personnel, disseminating information, and establishing evacuation centres (OCHA, 7 Jan 2020).
As of 9 January, the Indonesian National Board for Disaster management (BNPB) reported the number of displaced in Bogor Regency (West Java Province) has increased from 12,961 to 14,000 as well as in East Jakarta from 64 to 65 people, while in West Jakarta, has decreased from 602 to 484. The total number of displaced is now 18,870 people. The death toll has been revised to 61. National authorities together with NGOs continue to provide support to those affected. For the next 24 hours, more rain is forecast across the affected provinces and further floods and landslides are expected (ECHO, 9 Jan 2020).
Since the morning of 14 January, floods triggered by heavy rain have submerged Samarinda City (East Kalimantan Province, Borneo Island), 3 districts and 6 subdistricts, affecting at least 7,213 residents. Media reported various districts of the city remained flooded, and several schools, health centers and other public facilities have been damaged. There were no reports of fatalities or injuries. As of 15 January, floodwaters still inundated several areas in Samarinda, with the worst flood recorded in East Bengkuring Sempaja district where the water level reached as high as an adult's waist. Samarinda Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD) reported no casualties. Some affected residents had been relocated to a shelter set up by the BPBD, while the rest were taken to the nearest mosque. Several public facilities such as a health center, a district administration office and schools were also affected by the flood. For the next 24 hours, moderate rain is forecast across the affected area (ECHO, 16 Jan 2020).
As of 21 January, media report at least nine fatalities in Kaur Regency (western Bengkulu Province) following the collapse of a bridge. In addition, one person is reported missing, while 30 more were rescued after the collapse. Moderate rain is forecast over southwestern Sumatra Islands for the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 21 Jan 2020).
According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management, as of 26 January, 2 people died and 2 have been injured following a landslide in Sumedang Regency (West Java), more than 350 people have been displaced and 20,000 affected in Bandung District (West Java), with almost 260 houses flooded in Bojonegoro Regency (East Java). The national authorities are providing emergency assistance to those affected. (ECHO, 27 Jan 2020).
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- ACT Alliance: Flood in Indonesia: It will get worse. 28 Jan 2020
- OCHA: Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (21 - 27 January 2020). 28 Jan 2020
- ECHO: Indonesia - Flood update (BNPB, BMKG) (ECHO Daily Flash of 28 January 2020). 28 Jan 2020
- Le Soir: Les catastrophes climatiques ont affecté près de 98 millions de personnes. 28 Jan 2020
- AHA Centre: Flash Update No. 01 – Flooding in Jakarta Metropolitan Area, Indonesia – 02 January 2020. 2 Jan 2020
Flood waters continue to submerge six districts in Bandung Regency (West Java) since 23 January.
The Indonesian authorities for disaster management report that as of 28 January, approximately 60,000 people are affected by floods, and more than 3,880 were forced to evacuate in several districts across Western Java.
Material losses and damage caused by floods include 13,881 houses, 23 schools, 79 places of worship, 18 public facilities and 278 hectares of rice fields.
A flood has disastrous consequences. When it hits a megacity like Jakarta and its surrounding towns in Indonesia, the number of people affected is huge. The flood during this New Year affected more than 400,000 people. This climate emergency proves that governments and rescue organisations should massively invest in climate adaptation projects or the consequences for the most vulnerable will get worse.
- Heavy rain has been affecting West and East Java causing floods, triggering landslides. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management, as of 26 January, 2 people died and 2 have been injured following a landslide in Sumedang Regency (West Java), more than 350 people have been displaced and 20,000 affected in Bandung District (West Java) and 257 houses are flooded in Bojonegoro Regency (East Java).
Direct economic losses and damage from natural disasters in 2019 were estimated at USD232 billion. This was reduced from recent elevated levels in 2016, 2017 and 2018. The USD232 billion was 3 percent lower than the average (USD239 billion) and 5 percent lower than the median (USD243 billion) during the 21st Century. The economic losses were a further 20 percent lower than the average and 12 percent lower than the median of the past decade (2009-2018).
Heavy rain has been affecting southern Sumatra Island since 19 January, triggering flash floods and causing casualties and damage.
As of 21 January, media report at least nine fatalities in Kaur Regency (western Bengkulu Province) following the collapse of a bridge. In addition, one person is reported missing, while 30 more were rescued after the collapse.
Over the next 24 hours, moderate rain is forecast over southwestern Sumatra Islands.
Dedek Hendry and Kharishar Kahfi
Nine people have been confirmed dead in seven villages across Kaur regency in Bengkulu after a suspension bridge in Bungin Tambun III village in the regency collapsed on Sunday afternoon on account of a flash flood hitting the area.
Apart from the casualties, the local search and rescue team also recorded that a local identified as Ipan was still unaccounted for.
The northeast monsoon brought continuous heavy rain in the greater Jakarta area that caused flooding at the start of the new year. Recorded rainfall on 1 January reached 377 mm. The weather agency, Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika (BMKG) reported that rain may still continue for the next week. Extreme heavy rainfall may still continue until February.
A Northeast monsoon which brought heavy rains to Indonesia in early January, has resulted in severe flooding in the greater Jakarta area.
The provinces of West Java, Banten, and Jakarta were hardest hit, with 74 districts and 293 sub-districts affected by flash flooding and landslides, affecting more than 500,000 people and resulting in 67 deaths.
As of 16 January, 19,000 people remain displaced across 60 emergency shelters...
- Floods triggered by heavy rain have submerged Samarinda City (East Kalimantan Province, Borneo Island), 3 districts and 6 subdistricts since Tuesday morning, affecting at least 7,213 residents.
- Media report that various districts of the city remain flooded, and several schools, health centers and other public facilities have been damaged. There are no reports of fatalities or injuries.
Floods triggered by heavy rainfall in Samarinda, East Kalimantan, have submerged three districts and six subdistricts since Tuesday morning, affecting at least 7,213 residents.
Aside from causing flooding, the downpour also caused landslides in Samarinda. However, Samarinda Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD) head Hendra A.H said there had been no casualties because of the flooding and landslides.
He added that the relocation of landslide and flood victims has started.
"All of them can be relocated," Hendra said as quoted by kompas.com on Tuesday.
Entering the second week after the big flood, floods have receded significantly in some areas of Jakarta but some location in the upstream area. Monitoring of rainfall conditions and potential flooding from upstream and downstream is carried out jointly between the regional government (city/district) and the central government.
Management of shelter: Many temporary shelters and logistical posts have been set up, but they still need to be managed that ensures inclusion, health and safety aspects.
Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency (BMKG) recorded moderate to high intensity of rain in West Java, particularly in Bogor City from 31 December 2019 to 1 January 2020 which caused increasing water level at the Katulampa sluice gate in Bogor.
- Heavy rain has been affecting Sulawesi Island over the past 72 hours, triggering flash floods that have resulted in casualties and damage.
- Media report, as of 14 January, 1 death in Barru Regency (South Sulawesi Province). 120 households have been isolated and houses, roads and bridges damaged.
- According to the South Sulawesi Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD), houses, public facilities and government offices were inundated. Roads connecting to several villages in the regency have been cut.
Heavy rains that began last week in Indonesia caused major floods and landslides. IHH Humanitarian Relief Foundation initially delivered emergency aid to 3 thousand Indonesian victims.
Crisis Impact Overview
• Between 31 December 2019 and 1 January 2020, the Northeast monsoon brought rainfall to Indonesia, leading to heavy flooding across the Greater Jakarta area including parts of West Java, Banten, and DKI Jakarta provinces. 74 districts and 293 sub-districts in the provinces were hit by flooding and the mayors of 12 affected cities and regencies declared emergency status. (ECHO 08/01/2020) (AHA 06/01/2020) (AHA 07/01/2020)
According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), as of 10 January, the death toll stands at 61 (25 in West Java, 20 in Banten and 16 in Jakarta). The total number of displaced people has increased to 27,971, particularly in Bogor Regency (West Java Province) with 22,504 displaced. 2,000 households are affected and 500 houses flooded in Indramayu Regency (West Java Province). On 9 January, floods and landslides occurred in one district in South Sumatra province, and 3 districts in Central Java province.
a. Due to the monsoon season and heavy rainfall since 31 December 2019, the Greater Jakarta area and Lebak Regency were affected by massive floods and localised landslides reported.
As of 09 January 2020 evening, a total of 13 cities or regencies of 3 provinces, i.e. Jakarta, West Java, and Banten, are flooded as from 1 January 2020.