Uganda: Floods and Landslides - Oct 2019Ongoing
Hundreds of people have been left homeless in Butaleja and Bulambuli districts in eastern Uganda following ongoing heavy rains. According to the Uganda Red cross Society, an assessment conducted by the humanitarian movement shows that many houses are submerged in water and Lelesi Bridge almost washed away as many roads are cut off. Over 1,000 people have been affected with some of the most affected sub counties being Bulambuli Town Council, Nabongo, Siimu, Great Bukhalu, Bunalwire and Bwanyanga (Monitor, 19 Oct 2019.)
In Uganda, 3 deaths were reported in Kasese District (Western Region). Around 950 households were affected, approximately 100 homes destroyed and several others damaged in eastern and western regions due to the Manafwa River overflow (ECHO, 23 Oct 2019.)
Since mid-October, continuous heavy rainfall in Bulambuli and Butaleja districts near Mount Elgon, Eastern Uganda, have caused severe flooding and triggered some mudslides. At least 950 houses have been flooded, leaving more than 4,500 people in need of shelter. Critical infrastructure, including roads, bridges and schools has been damaged and/or destroyed. Some schools have been temporarily closed. (ACAPS, 4 Nov 2019)
According to media reports, as of 6 November, one person died and 2 people are missing following flooding in Mukono District. In Bulambuli and Butaleja districts, 4,500 people have been displaced, 950 houses flooded and schools, roads and bridges damaged or destroyed. (ECHO, 6 Nov 2019.)
More than 900 houses to resettle about 7,200 out of the 100,000 landslide victims will be constructed on 2,800 acres. In the first phase, 101 houses were constructed and about 720 people were relocated from the landslide affected districts (Monitor, 11 Nov 2019.)
The Uganda Red Cross Society (URCS) has developed a three (3) months integrated emergency preparedness and response plan to respond and mitigate impacts of anticipated adverse weather events; including flooding and landslides arising from torrential rainfall that has affected over 10 districts; as well as response to confirmed cholera outbreaks in the four districts of Busia, Bududa, Kyegegwa and Isingiro. (Uganda Red Cross, 29 Nov 2019)
[F]looding and landslides have impacted at least 12 districts, including Bundibugyo District, where more than 4,000 people were affected. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2019)
Several landslides, triggered by heavy rains occurred across eastern Uganda, leading to fatalities and damage. A landslide occurred on 4 December in Bubuda District (Eastern Region of Uganda), where at least five people died, 48 are still missing, and over 200 families are affected, as reported by the Government of Uganda. Most of the roads and bridges in the districts are reportedly flooded, while search and rescue operations are hindered by shortage of personnel and equipment. Several landslides and floods were reported in Sironko District (Eastern Region of Uganda), where the Sironko river broke its banks. According to the Uganda Red Cross Society, at least five people are dead and over 200 are displaced in Zesui and Masaba sub-counties. Moderate to locally heavy rains will persist over southern areas of the Country on 7-8 December. (ECHO, 6 Dec 2019)
Heavy rain has affected western, eastern and northern regions causing floods and landslides. 36 people died, 22 in Bundibugyo District. Up to 6,000 people are displaced in Bududa District alone. The refugees’ transit centre in Bundibugyo District will host up to 700 internally displaced Ugandan nationals. Facilities are already overstretched and a new refugee influx from the DRC, linked to recent clashes in Ituri, may further exacerbate the situation.(ECHO, 10 Dec 2019)
Torrential rains are being experienced across Uganda. According to the Uganda National Meteorological Department (UNMA), abovenormal rains will continue until the end of the year. At least 38 people have died due to floods and landslides in Bundibugyo, Bududa and Sironko districts, and over 150 people have been injured. At least 300,000 have been affected and an estimated 65,000 people are displaced, according to Government sources. The floods and landslides have left a trail of destruction, including damaged homes, infrastructure, agriculture and livelihoods (OCHA, 19 Dec 2019.)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- FEWS NET: East Africa Key Message Update, December 2019. 18 Jan 2020
- FAO: GIEWS Country Brief: Uganda 16-January-2020. 16 Jan 2020
- OCHA: Greater Horn of Africa: Humanitarian Key Messages. 20 Dec 2019
- The Conversation: How music helps us understand displaced communities in Uganda. 14 Jan 2020
- OCHA: Eastern Africa Region: Regional Flood Snapshot (November 2019). 4 Dec 2019
High food prices and flood-induced crop losses constrain food availability and access in late 2019
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Above-average 2019 second season harvest expected in bi-modal rainfall areas due to abundant precipitation
Torrential rains since October triggered floods in some eastern and western districts, affecting about 300 000 people
Reduced crop production in uni-modal Karamoja Region due to below-average planted area
Abundant seasonal rains benefitted pastoral livelihoods
Author: Dominic D.B. Makwa - Lecturer, Makerere University
By Wilson Asiimwe
Several residents who camped at Bubukwanga refugee transit camp and Semuliki high in Bundibugyo are still waiting for assistance to rebuild their homes after floods destroyed their houses.
BUNDIBUJO - Over 1500 residents in Bundibugyo district, were last year displaced by the floods and are still enduring cold nights in the two camps that were established.
More than 90,000 new refugees have arrived in Uganda as of 2019 (UNHCR). Despite this, there has been a decline refugee crisis funding. This has significantly affected child protection sector, where World Vision developed an appeal. In November, 1,387 people of concern were received from South Sudan (of whom 511 are children) and 3,877 Congolese refugees from DRC.
The START consortium concludes a successful 45-day emergency response in Butaleja and Bulambuli districts reaching 999 households (8,010 individuals) with food, household commodities, emergency shelter kits, and WASH materials using a marketbased and in-kind distribution response to recent flooding.
Community sensitization, hygiene and child protection training for newly created and existing committees and cash-for-work activities to reinforce river embankments ensure sustainability and increased capacity of local structures to boost community resilience.
By Leonard Mukooli
Landslide victims in Bududa District are struggling to cope with life after they lost all they had in the calamity.
The victims are now living in churches, schools, hospitals and host families, who are finding it hard to feed and cater for all their needs.
Mr George Nambale, the Shikhururwe Village chairperson, said most victims lost all their properties. Mr Nambale said due to the overwhelming burden that victims put onto the host families, others have sought to return to their homes, putting their lives in more danger.
START partners finished in kind distributions and market fairs in Butaleja and Bulambuli districts supporting 1,000 households (512 female headed) with their most immediate needs, while injecting UGX 484 million (US$ 131,000) into the local economy.
CRS, Caritas, World Vision and Plan International worked together to complete two weeks of distributions and market days in Butaleja and Bulambuli districts. Cash-for-work programming and DRR activities kicked off to plant trees to support weakened river banks.
REGISTRATION & VERIFICATION
Flooding and landslides due to heavy rainfall result in atypical food insecurity
• In bimodal areas, well above-average second season rainfall from October to December has led to favorable crop production overall, with most areas in Minimal (IPC Phase 1). However, torrential rainfall has also led to localized flooding and landslides in mountainous areas of eastern and western Uganda.
“After 6 days of not knowing where my son was, I thought he was dead.” A tale of a mother who has been reunited with her son after deadly floods displaced thousands in Bundibugyo.
Uganda remains Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) free as of November 2019, although the risk of EVD importation remains very high given the porous border shared with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
Over 1.2 million of the refugee and asylum seeker population are children and women that require humanitarian assistance.
By YAHUDU KITUNZI & VINIKHET MANANA
Mbale-The poor state of roads has hampered the delivery of relief food to landslide survivors in Zesui and Masaba sub-counties in Sironko District.
The disaster situation report issued by the chief administrative officer, Mr Moses Bukenya Seguya, indicates that the leaders are finding it hard to deliver relief to landslide victims in the camps.
“The rains and floods have destroyed bridges, cutting off roads’ connectivity, especially in the areas where the landslides occurred,” the report reads in part.
By Rael Ombuor
TRANS NZOIA, KENYA - As the Earth heats up, weather and climate patterns are changing dramatically around the globe. Africa felt the effects of those changes in 2019, experiencing cyclones, droughts and unstoppable rains that jeopardized livelihoods.
Sixty-two-year-old David Kemboi sorts out dry maize stalks on his 21-hectare farm in Kenya's Trans Nzoia County.
He turns the stalks of what could have been a bountiful harvest into silage — for feeding his 15 herd of cattle.
The Greater Horn of Africa is experiencing first-hand the complex interplay between the global climate crisis, conflict and violence, with the most vulnerable people across the region suffering the effects.
Rising food and nutrition insecurity may force families to adopt negative coping mechanisms, including school drop-outs and early marriage.
Flooding risks persist across eastern Africa, while South Africa remains drier-than-average
Africa Weather Hazards
Continued above-average rainfall has triggered flooding across eastern Africa. Rain is forecast to continue next week maintaining high flood risk.
Locust swarms continue to affect parts of Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, and Yemen. The chance of a lotus outbreak has increased in north and eastern areas.
• Torrential rains are being experienced across Uganda. According to the Uganda National Meteorological Department (UNMA), abovenormal rains will continue until the end of the year.
• At least 38 people have died due to floods and landslides in Bundibugyo, Bududa and Sironko districts, and over 150 people have been injured. At least 300,000 have been affected and an estimated 65,000 people are displaced, according to Government sources.
- Widespread flooding and landslides have severely affected 13 districts in Uganda.
- 65 people have died, mainly in Rwenzori sub-region in western Uganda and Mount-Elgon sub-region in eastern Uganda.
- 65,250 are displaced, 7,590 of which are sheltered in Bubukwanga transit centre, which is hosting asylum seekers from The Democratic Republic of the Congo.
By RONALD SEEBE
Floods have submerged springs in Bugweri District exposing the residents to risks of waterborne diseases such as typhoid, diarrhoea and cholera.
Mr Farouk Mukama, a resident of Ibako Village, Busesa Town Council, attributed the water crisis to weak leadership.
“Issues of drilling and allocating boreholes are the work of the district council, however, the interim [district] council is divided. There is no way people will have borehole water when we lack serious leadership,” he said on Monday.