Djibouti: Floods - Nov 2019Ongoing
Since 21 November, Djibouti has experienced heavy rains which triggered flash floods across the country. In Djibouti city alone, initial estimates indicate that over 30,000-40,000 families (150,000-250,000 people) have been somewhat affected by the floods, and 9 people (7 children) have reportedly been killed. Reports indicate that between 21 and 24 November, almost 300mm of rain were recorded in Djibouti city alone, or over three times the annual average. Dwellings, shops, schools and infrastructure have been damaged. In some neighborhoods, access to electricity was also interrupted. In other areas of the country, damages to roads and flash floods have affected access to several communities, and information available to date indicate that at least 300 families are now in need of urgent humanitarian assistance in Tadjourah region alone. The recently inaugurated Tadjourah-Balho road, and road between Djibouti and Tadjourah suffered severe damages. A bridge in Arta area (PK53) is in danger of collapsing. (UNCT Djibouti/Gov't of Djibouti, 24 Nov 2019)
Some 250,000 people have been affected countrywide (26% of the population), and 150,000 (including migrants and refugees) are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance. In Djibouti city alone, 200,000 were affected (21% of the total population) and 120,000 require immediate relief support. Some 10 people (7 children) have reportedly been killed. Floods also caused widespread destruction of infrastructure, homes and livelihoods. (UNCT Djibouti/Gov't of Djibouti, 24 Nov 2019)
Most read reports
- Govt. Djibouti: 2019 Flash Floods Humanitarian Needs Rapid Assessment. 5 Dec 2019
- OCHA: Eastern Africa Region: Regional Flood Snapshot (November 2019). 4 Dec 2019
- Govt. Djibouti: Djibouti Flash Update #2 - Humanitarian impact of flooding | 28 November 2019. 28 Nov 2019
- Govt. Djibouti: Djibouti Flash Update #1 - Humanitarian impact of flooding | 24 November 2019. 25 Nov 2019
- IFRC: Djibouti: Flash Floods Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) Operation n° MDRDJ003. 7 Dec 2019
Two MapAction volunteers are travelling to Djibouti, East Africa, tomorrow at the request of the UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) to assist the response to devastating floods that have affected up to 250,000 people.
Flash floods occurred when two years’ worth of rainfall fell in a single day on top of several days of heavy downpours. Nine people are believed to have died, including seven children, and more rain is forecast. Most of those affected are in Djibouti city, the country’s capital.
Description of the disaster
As per UNICEF-Djibouti Humanitarian Situation Report No. 1 on Flood response, dated 25 November 2019, Djibouti suffered three days of heavy rains and floods affecting the entire country to varying degrees. Initial estimates indicate that over 30,000 to 40,000 families (150,000-250,000 people) have been somewhat affected by the floods. These numbers were echoed in a second report issued on 28 November by the Government of Djibouti-Ministry of Interior and UN Djibouti .
• Djibouti suffered three days of heavy rains and floods affecting the entire country to varying degrees.
• Djibouti city and its suburbs have been heavily impacted. Initial estimates indicate that 250,000 people have been affected by the floods, with 150,000 in humanitarian need. Unconfirmed reports put the death toll at 9, including 6 children.
• Families accommodated in schools and community development centres during the first days were moved back to their homes on 25th November.
Between 21 and 28 November, Djibouti has experienced heavy rains, with a peak on 22 and 23 November, which triggered flash floods countrywide. In some places, the equivalent of 2 years of rainfall occurred in one day. Current forecast indicates the possibility for more rains to occur, something that will further compound the already serious humanitarian situation.
Flooding continues in parts of East and West Africa while Southern Africa and Lesotho remain dry
Africa Weather Hazards
Elevated river levels in the Congo River Basin have caused flooding along the Congo and DRC border.
Several weeks of heavy rainfall have raised river levels in central and western Uganda, triggering floods.
Above-average rainfall over the past couple of months has raised water levels in the Nile River and its tributaries, causing floods in Sudan and South Sudan.
- Following the widespread floods and flash floods which hit several parts of the country, the Government of Djibouti requested assistance through the European Union Civil Protection Mechanism (EUCPM) on 25 November.
- Offers of in-kind assistance from Austria and France made through the EUCPM have been accepted by the Government of Djibouti.
- DG ECHO released EUR 150,000 to assist in the response efforts.
The number of affected people has risen to 250,000 after widespread floods and flash floods hit several parts of the country, Djibouti City in particular. Up to 5,000 people that were evacuated are now returning to their homes, but 100,000 are still in need of assistance. The Government of Djibouti requested assistance through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism on 25 November. Following the identification of needs together with the Djiboutian authorities, the EU is coordinating the mobilisation and delivery of emergency relief items offered by France through the Mechanism.
Today, November 26, upon the request of the Government of the Republic of Djibouti, the Government of Japan decided to implement International Disaster Relief Operation by a part of Self-Defense-Forces unit originally deployed for anti-piracy operation in the waters off the coast of Somalia and in the Gulf of Aden, in response to the damage caused by the recent heavy rain and flood, in light of the humanitarian needs and the friendly relationship between the two countries.
November 26, 2019
Yesterday, November 25, upon the request of the Government of the Republic of Djibouti, the Government of Japan has decided to provide emergency relief goods (sleeping pads, blankets, etc.) through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to Djibouti in response to the damages caused by the recent heavy rain and flood.
• Massive rains triggered flash floods in Djibouti: the equivalent of 2 years of rainfall occurred in in one day. Houses, infrastructure, schools and community buildings were damaged.
• Some 150-250,000 people were somewhat affected, countrywide. Over 5,000 people hosted for several days in collective centres.
• The government is leading relief operations and activated the emergency plan (ORSEC).
Humanitarian partners, civil society and armed forces stationed in Djibouti are supporting the response.
Djibouti suffered three days of heavy rains and floods affecting the entire country to varying degrees.
Djibouti city and its suburbs have been heavily impacted. Initial estimates indicate that over 30,000-40,000 families (150,000-250,000 people) have been somewhat affected by the floods. Unconfirmed reports put the death toll at 9, including 6 children.
Families accommodated in schools and community development centres during the first days were moved back to their homes on 25th November.
1. Situation Overview
Since 21 November, Djibouti has experienced heavy rains which triggered flash floods across the country.
- Days of very heavy rain resulted in major flooding across Djibouti, killing 9 people in Djibouti City. Over 30,000 families are affected and houses, shops, schools and infrastructure are damaged. Roads and bridges has been damaged in other parts of the country.
- The Government of Djibouti has declared a state of emergency, activated its emergency plan, opened support centres for flood victims and has requested international support. Civil protection agencies and line ministries have been deployed to pump out floodwater.