Kenya: Floods and Landslides - Oct 2019Ongoing
Heavy rain has been affecting several counties since last week, causing flash flooding and landslides. According to media reports, as of 24 October, 9 people have died as a result, 4 in Elgeyo-Marakwet County, 4 in Wajir county and 1 in Turkana County. Thousands of people have been displaced and roads and houses have been damaged. (ECHO, 24 Oct 2019)
[H]eavy rain has affected large areas over the last week, causing flash flooding and landslides. The northern and north-eastern counties are most affected; as of 24 October, at least 21 people have died, thousands have been displaced, and houses, roads and other infrastructure have been damaged. The Kenya Meteorological Department has warned of continued, countrywide heavy rain and strong winds over the coming days. Further severe flooding is predicted, particularly along the Tana River. (ECHO, 26 Oct 2019)
Based on data from Kenya Red Cross staff and volunteers a total of 14,083HHs (approx. 84,367 people) have been affected, 21 deaths reported with 2 others injured. The number of displaced households is currently estimated at 6,000HHs. In addition, 531 acres of farmland have been destroyed and 21,675 livestock have been washed away. Assessments are continuously ongoing with a possibility of a significant increase in the number of affected populations. (IFRC, 29 Oct 2019)
Heavy rainfall in many regions of Kenya since the start of the short rains season in early October has led to riverine and flash floods, rock falls, mudslides and landslides. More than 101,000 people have been affected, mainly in the north-eastern, central, and coastal regions, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). The KRCS has confirmed that at least 14,000 people have been displaced who were living in low-lying areas where rivers have burst their banks. At least 29 flood-related deaths have been reported and the death toll and number of people displaced is expected to rise in the days ahead as further information is received and verified from affected areas.(OCHA, 30 Oct 2019)
43,000 people have been affected in Wajir County (north-east Kenya) and the number of flood-related deaths has increased to 29. Approximately 36,000 people have been displaced, more than 101,000 affected, 52 schools and 14 facilities are inaccessible. Roads are flooded and two bridges damaged, including the main bridge linking Tanzania and Kenya. (ECHO, 31 Oct 2019.)
More than 144,000 people in 25 counties across the country are estimated to be affected by riverine and flash floods, rock falls, mudslides and landslides, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). The Government’s National Disaster Operation Centre (NDOC) also confirmed that at least 17,000 people have been displaced and 48 died due to the floods. With the current weather forecasts, which predicts heavy rains until the end of November, the NDOC expects these numbers to rise, including affecting 200,000 refugees living in settlements in Dadaab. (OCHA, 5 Nov 2019)
Kenya Red Cross teams in various parts of the country are supporting the evacuation of families to safer areas. Working alongside the Government of Kenya, Red Cross teams are delivering emergency relief items and essential supplies like household and sanitation items in evacuation centres hosting those who have been displaced by the flooding. Areas affected by flooding so far include Marsabit, Wajir, Mandera, Tana River, Turkana, Elgeiyo Marakwet, Kitui, Meru, Kajiado, Nandi, Kwale, Garissa, Muranga and Busia. (IFRC, 25 Nov 2019)
Heavy rain has been affecting western Kenya, triggering landslides that have resulted in casualties and widespread damage. As of 26 November, at least 52 fatalities after major landslides occurred on 24 November in Tapach, Weiwei and Batei Wards Villages (West Pokot County). Around 45 people are reportedly still missing (ECHO, 26 Nov 2019.)
More than 160,000 people, including nearly 18,000 who are displaced countrywide, have been affected by floods or landslides since the onset of the short rains in October, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). At least 120 people have reportedly died, including 72 people who lost their lives after a landslide buried their houses in West Pokot County in northwestern Kenya, according to the Government. Infrastructure of undetermined value, including roads and bridges, have been damaged, hampering effective humanitarian response efforts in affected areas (OCHA, 27 Nov 2019.)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- OCHA: Kenya Flash Update No. 3: Floods | 27 November 2019. 27 Nov 2019
- Save the Children: 2019: Natural disasters claim more than 1200 lives across East and Southern Africa. 2 Dec 2019
- EastAf: Kenya sets up $60m floods kitty to resettle displaced victims. 11 Dec 2019
- OCHA: Eastern Africa Region: Regional Flood Snapshot (November 2019). 4 Dec 2019
- Daily Nation: Met issues flood alert around Ndakaini Dam. 8 Dec 2019
NAIROBI – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) began on Saturday airlifting Government of Kenya relief food and supplies to areas cut off by widespread flooding.
In response to a formal request by the Government, WFP deployed a Mi-8 helicopter to deliver life-saving assistance to families in parts of Mandera, Wajir, Garissa and Tana River counties.
- Ongoing heavy rain triggered floods and landslides across several parts of Kenya, resulting in 48 fatalities, following the UN OCHA's latest report.
- More than 144,000 people across 25 counties have been affected by severe weather events, including landslides and flash floods, while at least 17,000 people have been displaced. Severe damage to key infrastructure has isolated several areas, hampering humanitarian assistance.
- Shortages of food, drinking water, and medical supplies have resulted in an outbreak of water-borne diseases in several areas.
Southern Africa observes a poor start to the rainy season, while high flood risk persists across East Africa
Heavy rainfall triggered flooding in Accra, Ghana last week.
Rising water levels in the Ubangui River triggered flooding along the river basin into northern and western DRC 3. Heavy rainfall during the past couple of months has significantly raised water levels in the Nile River and its tributaries in Sudan and South Sudan triggering floods.
Severe flooding caused large displacement in the Central African Republic. On 25 October, the government declared a state of emergency and appealed for external support. Needs assessments are still ongoing.
The government stated that over 20,000 people have been displaced across the country and an additional 8,000 people have been displaced in the capital Bangui. According to media reports, over 45,000 people could be displaced...
Millions displaced; women, girls hit hardest; crises compounded by conflicts, poverty and inequality; $700m average climate-related losses; urgent action needed now
More than 52 million people in 18 countries across southern, eastern and central Africa are facing up to crisis levels of hunger as a result of weather extremes, compounded by poverty and conflict.
Some areas are facing a second extreme drought in four years and worse than that sparked by El Nino in 1981.
On 30 October, the European Commission provided €3 million in humanitarian assistance, allocated as follows: €1.5 million for South Sudan, €850,000 for Somalia, €500,000 for Ethiopia, €150,000 for Kenya
STATUS: LIMITED TO NO SATELLITE-DETECTED WATERS IDENTIFIED IN CITIES
FURTHER ACTION(S): CONTINUE MONITORING
STATUS: LIMITED TO NO SATELLITE-DETECTED WATERS IDENTIFIED IN CITIES
FURTHER ACTION(S): CONTINUE MONITORING
Satellite-detected water extents, as of 28 October 2019 over Garsen Sub County, Tana River County of Kenya
This map illustrates satellite-detected surface water in Garsen Sub County, Tana River County of Kenya as observed from Sentinel-2 imagery acquired on 28 October 2019. Within the analysed extent of about 150 km2, a total about 12 km2 of land appear to be flooded. This is a preliminary analysis and has not yet been validated in the field. Please send ground feedback to UNITAR - UNOSAT.
Heavy rainfall and flooding have impacted swathes of eastern Africa since July and intensified in October, affecting at least 2.5 million people and causing displacement and loss of property, crops and livestock. The unusually heavy rains have primarily been driven by the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), which is in its strongest positive state since 2006, according to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Climate Centre.
A strong positive Indian Ocean Dipole weather phenomenon in the western Indian Ocean has resulted in increased rainfall across Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. It is already leading to heavy rainfall, flash floods and landslides, causing loss of life, displacement, and damage to property and livelihoods. This situation is predicted to intensify through November and December according to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) forecasts.
Satellite-detected water extents, as of 2 November 2019 over Wajir East Sub County, Wajir County of Kenya This map illustrates satellite-detected surface water in Wajir East Sub County, Wajir County of Kenya as observed from Sentinel-2 imagery acquired on 2 November 2019. Within the analysed extent of about 200 km2. a total of about 7 km2 of land appear to be flooded.
This is a preliminary analysis and has not yet been validated in the field. Please send ground feedback to UNITAR - UNOSAT
Tropical storm expected to bring strong winds and light rains to Puntland and Somaliland
Nairobi, 2019: A tropical storm named KYARR has been developing in the northern Indian Ocean and is expected to reach Puntland and Somaliland in 4 to 5 days. The affected areas will experience strong winds and light rains.
Background and the Red Cross and Red Crescent action
While some countries in Africa are experiencing drought, others are facing devastating floods. The scale and scope of disaster risk, underlying vulnerabilities and complex socio-political and economic factors are unparalleled. Climate change and environmental degradation are exacerbating risk many times over. Recent forecasts suggest the flooding will continue to worsen over the coming weeks, likely to impact over one million people before this crisis is over.
This map illustrates satellite-detected surface water in Wajir East Sub County, Wajir County of Kenya as observed from Sentinel-2 imagery acquired on 28 October 2019. Within the analysed extent of about 450 km2, a total of about 25 km2 of land appear to be flooded. This is a preliminary analysis and has not yet been validated in the field. Please send ground feedback to UNITAR - UNOSAT.
Heavy rainfall since early October in Kenya has affected more than 100,000 people, displaced 14,000 and caused at least 29 deaths.
The rains have caused flash floods, mudslides and landslides in various counties, with Wajir County in the north-east among the hardest-hit.
Read the full story on United Nations OCHA.
The IRC is assessing the damage and launching immediate responses to help those most impacted by the storms in Kenya, South Sudan and Somalia. IRC teams in Somalia are on alert and preparing for disaster as Kyarr makes its way towards Puntland
Heavy rainfall triggers flooding in parts of Central and East Africa
Heavy rainfall was reported in northern Ghana and bordering areas of Burkina Faso.
The Ubangui River has triggered flooding along the river basin into northern and western Democratic Republic of Congo last week.
Flooding will continue this week due to saturated ground conditions and continued rainfall in the Afar region of Ethiopia, eastern South Sudan, and the border of Ethiopia and Sudan.