Somalia: Floods - Oct 2019Ongoing
Moderate to heavy rains continued in many parts of Somalia and within the Ethiopian highlands over the last one week. River levels at Belet Weyne (Shabelle) are currently very high and the trend is expected to continue reaching over bank in the coming few days. Along Juba, the river levels are also high. The cumulative rainfall forecast for the coming week is calling for moderate to heavy rains across the country as well as the Ethiopian highlands. The river levels will therefore continue to rise with a high risk of flooding along the entire two channels. Flash floods are expected in built-up and low lying areas of Bay, Bakool and central regions given the forecast. (FAO, 18 Oct 2019)
Latest reports received in the evening of 21 October indicate that nearly 40 per cent of Belet Weyne town has been affected by flooding with an estimated 72,000 people having moved to Ceel Jaale highlands and surrounding areas. All villages in the north of Belet Weyne town have been affected and humanitarian partners are yet to establish the number of people displaced in these areas. The situation is further compounded by flooding from an outburst of minor tributaries in Belet Weyne, which has caused damage to farmland in villages such as Hawo Taako. Significant portions of crop land were also flooded in Bardheere in Gedo region, (where the river is already at bank full) and Bualle. Riverine communities have been asked to vacate their homes to higher ground with immediate effect. The rains will continue in the next seven days and river levels will continue to rise, further worsening the flood situation. (OCHA, 21 Oct 2019)
Riverine and flash flooding has affected populations in middle and lower Juba, Bay, lower and middle Shabelle, and Hiraan states. The number of people affected is expected to be high; an initial 76,000 people have been displaced so far in the worst affected areas. The impact of the rains will have on food security is not yet clear. (ACAPS, 24 Oct 2019)
An estimated 182,000 people have been displaced thus far due to flooding, according to UNHCR-Protection Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). Farmland, infrastructure and roads have been destroyed, and livelihoods disrupted in some of the worst-hit areas.(OCHA, 28 Oct 2019)
As of 5 November, 547,000 people have been impacted of whom 370,000 are displaced. In Belet Weyne district, an estimated 45,500 households (273,000 people) have fled their homes. Farmland, infrastructure, and roads have been destroyed in some of the worst-hit areas in Hirshabelle, Jubaland and South West States. At least 17 deaths have been reported. (OCHA, 06 Nov 2019)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- NRC: Seven things you should know about the crisis in Somalia. 11 Nov 2019
- FEWS NET: East Africa Seasonal Monitor: November 8, 2019. 11 Nov 2019
- QFFD: The State of Qatar sends the second batch of humanitarian aid to the brothers in Somalia. 11 Nov 2019
- OCHA: OCHA Somalia Flash Update #2 Humanitarian impact of flooding | 28 October 2019 [EN/SO]. 28 Oct 2019
- UNICEF: Somalia WASH Cluster Dashboard (Updated: 31st October 2019). 11 Nov 2019
Mogadishu/Beledweyne, Somalia — As flood rescue and recovery efforts continue in Somalia, the Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS) fears the floods could trigger deadly outbreaks of malaria, diarrhea, and other infectious diseases.
“These floods have already cost lives and our concern is that another fatal disaster is on its way,” said Abdi Abdullahi who leads SRCS operations in Beledweyne. “Thousands are living in the open and outbreaks of disease can easily take hold. The main hospital in the area is flooded and many are cut-off from our clinic.”
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Andrej Mahecic – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
An airplane – a Fokker 50 cargo freighter - carrying six metric tons of aid items from UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, landed on Monday in Belet Weyne in Somalia’s Hiirshabelle state to assist people displaced by the country’s worst flooding in years.
The last 24 hours saw moderate to heavy rains in parts of Juba and Shabelle basins. Belet Weyne in Hiraan recorded 39mm, which has only made it worse for the town currently under water. Wanle Weyne in Lower Shabelle recorded 38mm. A few places in Nugaal and Mudug areas also received light rains.
The Deyr rainy season has brought moderate to heavy rainfall to Somalia, causing both flash floods and river overflow in the southern regions of the country. Areas in Gedo and Hiraan regions have received from 100 to 220 millimetres of rain in October. Localised rainfall coupled with heavy rains in the Ethiopian highlands have led to increasing water levels in the Shabelle and Juba rivers in southern Somalia, raising the risk of widespread flooding in low-lying riverine communities. International organisations are coordinating with local authorities.
The Deyr 2019 rains have so far been average to above average in many parts of the country apart from Bari, Nuugal and Mudug regions that have experienced below-average rains. The seasonal rains are expected to continue during November with moderate to heavy intensity.
Heavy rainfall and flooding have impacted swathes of eastern Africa since July and intensified in October, affecting at least 2.5 million people and causing displacement and loss of property, crops and livestock. The unusually heavy rains have primarily been driven by the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), which is in its strongest positive state since 2006, according to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Climate Centre.
Belet Weyne, 4 November 2019 – The United Nations has joined the national efforts to provide immediate assistance to tens of thousands of people affected by floods that have devastated parts of Somalia, especially Belet Weyne district in Hirshabelle State.
1. Background and Humanitarian needs
Press Release - 11
(a) Severe Cyclonic Storm “MAHA” over eastcentral Arabian Sea
Yesterday’s severe cyclonic storm “MAHA” (Pronounced as M’maha) over eastcentral Arabian Sea moved west-northwestwards in past 24 hrs and lay centered at 0830 hrs IST of today, the 3 rd November, 2019 over the same region near latitude 17.6°N and longitude 66.4°E, about 550 km westsouthwest of Veraval (Gujarat) and 580 km west-southwest of Diu.
Tropical storm expected to bring strong winds and light rains to Puntland and Somaliland
Nairobi, 2019: A tropical storm named KYARR has been developing in the northern Indian Ocean and is expected to reach Puntland and Somaliland in 4 to 5 days. The affected areas will experience strong winds and light rains.
PRESS RELEASE- 10
(a) Severe Cyclonic Storm “MAHA” over eastcentral Arabian Sea
Yesterday’s severe cyclonic storm “MAHA” (Pronounced as M’maha) over eastcentral Arabian Sea moved west-northwestwards in past 24 hrs and lay centered at 0830 hrs IST of today, the 02nd November, 2019 over the same region near latitude 16.4°N and longitude 68.3°E, about 540 km southsouthwest of Veraval (Gujarat) and 550 km south-southwest of Diu.
The IRC is assessing the damage and launching immediate responses to help those most impacted by the storms in Kenya, South Sudan and Somalia. IRC teams in Somalia are on alert and preparing for disaster as Kyarr makes its way towards Puntland
Mogadishu - The International Organization for Migration is appealing for urgent humanitarian support to thousands of flood-affected people in Somalia. Flash floods following heavy rains in parts of Somalia have displaced thousands of vulnerable people. In some of the worst hit areas, farms, infrastructure and roads have been destroyed, and livelihoods disrupted. An estimated 182,000 people have so far been displaced, according to humanitarian partners.
Several thousand people in the worst-affected area of Baladweeyne are sheltering under trees or in emergency tents after their makeshift homes were washed away by floods caused by torrential rain. The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is calling for an urgent humanitarian response to ensure aid can be provided safely to people in desperate need.
There has been a reduction in rainfall across most parts of Somalia as well as in the Ethiopian highlands compared to the previous three weeks, according to FAO-Managed Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM).
Flooding and slow recovery from drought drive Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse in late 2019