Somalia: Floods - Oct 2019Ongoing
Moderate to heavy rains continued in many parts of Somalia and within the Ethiopian highlands over the last one week. River levels at Belet Weyne (Shabelle) are currently very high and the trend is expected to continue reaching over bank in the coming few days. Along Juba, the river levels are also high. The cumulative rainfall forecast for the coming week is calling for moderate to heavy rains across the country as well as the Ethiopian highlands. The river levels will therefore continue to rise with a high risk of flooding along the entire two channels. Flash floods are expected in built-up and low lying areas of Bay, Bakool and central regions given the forecast. (FAO, 18 Oct 2019)
Latest reports received in the evening of 21 October indicate that nearly 40 per cent of Belet Weyne town has been affected by flooding with an estimated 72,000 people having moved to Ceel Jaale highlands and surrounding areas. All villages in the north of Belet Weyne town have been affected and humanitarian partners are yet to establish the number of people displaced in these areas. The situation is further compounded by flooding from an outburst of minor tributaries in Belet Weyne, which has caused damage to farmland in villages such as Hawo Taako. Significant portions of crop land were also flooded in Bardheere in Gedo region, (where the river is already at bank full) and Bualle. Riverine communities have been asked to vacate their homes to higher ground with immediate effect. The rains will continue in the next seven days and river levels will continue to rise, further worsening the flood situation. (OCHA, 21 Oct 2019)
Riverine and flash flooding has affected populations in middle and lower Juba, Bay, lower and middle Shabelle, and Hiraan states. The number of people affected is expected to be high; an initial 76,000 people have been displaced so far in the worst affected areas. The impact of the rains will have on food security is not yet clear. (ACAPS, 24 Oct 2019)
An estimated 182,000 people have been displaced thus far due to flooding, according to UNHCR-Protection Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). Farmland, infrastructure and roads have been destroyed, and livelihoods disrupted in some of the worst-hit areas.(OCHA, 28 Oct 2019)
As of 5 November, 547,000 people have been impacted of whom 370,000 are displaced. In Belet Weyne district, an estimated 45,500 households (273,000 people) have fled their homes. Farmland, infrastructure, and roads have been destroyed in some of the worst-hit areas in Hirshabelle, Jubaland and South West States. At least 17 deaths have been reported. (OCHA, 06 Nov 2019)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- OCHA: Humanitarian funds release US$18.7 million for life-saving floods response in Somalia [EN/SO]. 14 Nov 2019
- WHO: WHO requests US$1.38 million to continue emergency and life-saving health interventions in flood-affected districts. 19 Nov 2019
- OCHA: OCHA Somalia Flash Update #2 Humanitarian impact of flooding | 28 October 2019 [EN/SO]. 28 Oct 2019
- Islamic Relief: Malaria and malnutrition stalk central Somalia as more families flee floods. 13 Nov 2019
- FEWS NET: Somalia Seasonal Monitor: November 15, 2019. 17 Nov 2019
The last two weeks saw a significant decrease in rainfall activities in Somalia as well as the Ethiopian highlands. Consequently, there was a gradual reduction of river levels along the Juba and Shabelle Rivers. Flood waters also have been receding in Belet Weyne,Bulo Burti and Jalalaqsi in Hiraan Region, this has left the local communities and authorities with concern following damage of properties and livelihoods and possible spread of diseases. Currently, the Shabelle River remains at moderate risk of flooding while the Juba River is at no risk of flooding this week.
18 November 2019 – Recent flooding has plunged Somalia further into a deep humanitarian crisis. Heavy rains in Somalia and Ethiopian highlands led to increased water levels in the rivers Shabelle and Juba, which has affected an estimated 539,888 people and led to the displacement of over 370,000 people, leaving 25 dead and 47 injured.
Rainfall intensity eases in the South, leading to a reduction in flood risk
Flooding in Somalia has affected 547,000 people; 370,000 people are displaced and 17 killed. Livelihoods have been disrupted in the worst-affected areas.
Humanitarian agencies and their partners have reached at least 105,000 flood-affected people in Somalia but significant gaps remain in the provision of assistance.
The year 2019 has been another tumultuous period for Somali farmers after the last 2019 Gu’ season produced southern Somalia’s lowest cereal harvest in decades.
Floods Situational Update
Widespread flooding in low‐lying riverine communities of the Shabelle and Juba rivers in southern Somalia have displaced of more than 230,000 people, with 111 settlements underwater according to the Somalia Water and Land Information Management system (FAO), (Somalia Flash Update No. 3, 1 Nov 2019, OCHA).
River flooding is likely to worsen over the coming weeks, and there is a high risk of flash flooding in low‐lying areas in Hiraan, Gedo, and Juba regions.
In the month of October, the operational context was mainly characterized by Deyr rains, which has caused riverine and flash floods in many areas.
In October, around 334,000 persons have been displaced as a result of flooding, out of whom 234,000 were displaced in Belet Weyne.
Food insecurity is expected to persist until the end of 2019 due to riverine flooding and flash floods, as reported monitoring agencies.
In October, 363,000 new internal displacements were monitored by the UNHCR-led Protection and Returns Monitoring Network (PRMN). Of the 665,000 new displacements monitored year-todate, drivers include conflict and insecurity (176,000), drought-related (136,000), floods (340,000) and other reasons (13,000).
During October, the main driver for new displacement was floods(333,000) affecting mainly Hiraan region. Ongoing military operations continue to lead to new displacement within and from Lower Shabelle (18,000).
Delayed rainfall sustains dryness in Southern Africa, while flooding is likely to continue across East Africa
Heavy rainfall triggered flooding in Accra, Ghana last week.
Rising water levels in the Ubangui River triggered flooding along the river basin into northern and western DRC 3. Heavy rainfall during the past couple of months has significantly raised water levels in the Nile River and its tributaries in Sudan and South Sudan triggering floods.
Millions in Somalia need humanitarian aid because of extreme weather conditions and conflict. However, relief work is difficult and dangerous in a country that has been ravaged by armed conflict for almost 30 years.
The UN warns that more than 1.2 million people will experience crisis levels of hunger by the end of the year unless humanitarian aid is dramatically increased. Over six million people, almost half of Somalia's population, may be faced with food shortages.
Mogadishu, 14 November 2019: A combined $18.7 million has been released from the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and the Somalia Humanitarian Fund (SHF) to scale up life-saving assistance to just over half a million people affected by floods in Somalia. “These funds come at a critical time, enabling humanitarian partners to scale up the delivery of life-saving aid to the most vulnerable flood-affected people,” said Adam Abdelmoula, the Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia.
Weeks of heavy rain in Somalia spark fears of malaria and malnutrition as more than a quarter of a million people displaced in a few days.
Thousands more families are at risk of being displaced as heavy rains continue to pummel many parts of Somalia, with bad weather forecast to last throughout much of November, Islamic Relief has warned.
Satellite-detected water extents, as of 6 November 2019 over Hiraan, Middle Shabelle and Lower Shabelle Region of Somalia
Somalia and UNDP launch new US$10 million project for pastoralist communities to access scarce water resources and adapt to climate-related droughts and floods
Somalia caught the world’s attention in 2011 when a famine killed over a quarter of a million people. The country has been struggling with extreme weather changes, violence and disease for nearly 30 years and is increasingly subject to severe climate shocks that are worsening a prolonged humanitarian crisis. Here are seven things you should know about the crisis in Somalia:
#1 It’s a complex crisis
Overview (as of 31st October 2019)