India: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2019Ongoing
On 10 June 2019, Tropical Cyclone VAYU formed over the eastern Arabian Sea (Indian Ocean) and started moving north. On 11 June at 0.00 UTC, its centre was located approximately 310 km west of Malvan (Maharashtra State, western India) with maximum sustained winds of 93 km/h (ECHO, 11 Jun 2019). In anticipation for the tropical cyclone, Indian National Disaster Response Forces (NDRF) evacuated over 270,000 people from coastal areas in Gujarat on 12 June (OCHA, 17 Jun 2019). On 17 June, the Depression...was weaken into a well marked low pressure area. (Govt. of India, 17 Jun 2019)
Over 700 people have been moved to relief camps in the state of Assam...after flooding caused by the overflowing Brahmaputra, Barak and Jia Bhoreli rivers. According to the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA), as of 26 June, 2019, flooding has affected around 5,000 people in 12 villages of Chirang and Jorhat districts. Around 550 people had moved from their homes to stay in relief centres set up in Bijni, Chirang district, and a further 183 were staying in camps in Jorhat West, Jorhat district. (Floodlist, 28 Jun 2019)
Media report 21 fatalities and more than 60 injured in Mumbai, 21 dead in Pune and 10 more across Maharashtra State. Heavy rainfall caused the breach of the Tiware Dam (Chiplun Municipality, Ratnagiri District), triggering floods that resulted in 18 deaths. (ECHO, 5 Jul 2019)
Heavy rain and floods have been affecting eight districts of the Assam State...According to [ASDMA], as of 9 July, at least 62,000 people have been affected and 145 villages flooded...Local authorities have deployed four distribution camps in Golaghat District and one relief camp in Jorhat District where 200 people have been sheltered. (ECHO, 10 Jul 2019)
According to ASDMA, as of 10 July, three people have died, two due to floods in the Districts of Golaghat and Dhemaji and one in Kamrup District after a landslide. At least 200,000 people have been affected and 530 villages flooded. The authorities have deployed three relief camps (two in Titabar and one in Jorhat) with 249 people sheltered, and ten relief distribution centres are in operation. (ECHO, 11 Jul 2019)
The number of flood-affected people in Assam State significantly increased to 423,386 during the past 24 hours. According to the daily flood report of [ASDMA], the second wave of flooding has so far affected 749 villages in 17 districts of the State[.] (ECHO, 12 Jul 2019)
Six people have died due the floods in Assam and two in Mizoram State. In Assam, monsoon flood has inundated at least 21 of the 27 districts affecting over 800,000 people...Officials said over 27,000 hectares of farmland are under floodwater and over 7,000 people have been evacuated to 68 relief camps across the state. (ECHO, 13 Jul 2019)
A red alert was issued in Assam on 15 July as 4,300,000 people across 30 of the state's 33 districts are affected by floods. 15 have died and 80,000 are shetering in 494 camps. Another 24 have died from flooding in Bihar and up to 2.5 million people have been affected. 1,000 families were evacuated in Mizoram after the Khawthlangtuipui river flooded 32 villages in Lunglei district and five were killed. Two more deaths were reported in Tripura and 18,000 people are sheltering in 61 camps. . (ECHO, 16 Jul 2019)
As of 17 July, 33 are reported dead in Bihar State, 17 in Assam State and 14 in Utar Pradesh. Over 25,000 people have been affected in nine flood-affected districts in Bihar and more than 140,000 people are sheltering across 695 camps in Assam. (ECHO, 17 Jul 2019)
As of 18 July, the number dead in Assam has increased from 17 to 30, 33 have died in Bihar, 14 in Uttar Pradesh and 2 in Tripura. 14 people died when a building collapsed after heavy rainfall in Mumbai. (ECHO, 18 Jul 2019)
As of 22 July, floods in Assam and Bihar have claimed 116 lives and are affecting 11 million people, 3,837,000 in Assam and 7,278,000 in Bihar. Large-scale relief operations are underway in flood-hit areas of lower Assam. Over 130,000 displaced are sheltering in 689 relief camps and 240 relief distribution centres set up by district administrations. The flood level is receding in both states and health authorities are concerned that there is the risk of a vector-borne disease outbreak, like dengue and Encephalitis. The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has issued a red alert in northern Kerala for Idukki, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Kannur and Kasargod Districts[.] (ECHO, 22 Jul 2019)
As of 23 July, 102 people died in Bihar, 66 in Assam, 20 in Kerala and 5 in Tripura. In addition, media report 46 deaths in Uttar Pradesh, of which 32 due to lightning on 21 July. National authorities provided approximately 1,500 relief camps and deployed 123 teams of the [NDRF] to help the affected people. (ECHO, 24 Jul 2019)
As of 25 July, tens of thousands have been displaced in the state of Assam. 147,000 people are seeking temporary shelters at camps set up by the Government of India. The flooding and landslides caused by Brahmaputra River bursting its riverbanks has affected 4.6 million people in the state. Twelve districts in Bihar are badly affected by floods. A total of 2,000,000 people have been affected, and 1,100,000 people displaced by the flood waters in 55 blocks in nine out of the 12 affected districts (Sheohar, Sitamarhi, East Champaran, Madhubani, Araria, Kishanganj, Supaul, Darbhanga and Muzaffarpur). (IFRC, 25 Jul 2019)
As of 31 July, national authorities report 166 fatalities in Maharashtra, 127 in Bihar, 89 in Assam, 26 in Kerala, and 13 in Rajasthan following ongoing Monsoon flooding. More than 1.2 million people have been affected in Assam and Bihar and at least 651,000 people displaced in 1,552 relief camps. Approximately 33,800 houses have been reportedly destroyed in Assam, Kerala and Rajasthan. National authorities deployed 50 [NDRF] teams to assist those affected. (ECHO, 31 Jul 2019)
As of 2 August, national authorities report 5 fatalities in Vadodara City (Gujarat State), and over 5,700 evacuated. Most parts of Vadodara remain inundated and many houses have been damaged, as Vishwamitri river breached its banks and flooded the area. Several crocodiles from Vishwamitri river have ventured in waterlogged residential areas of Vadodara City. Heavy to very heavy rainfall and strong winds will continue to affect Gujarat State on 2-3 August. (ECHO, 02 Aug 2019)
Additional intense monsoon rains since 2 August have resulted in flooding across Maharashtra state, killing 4 and leading to the evacuation of hundreds. All major rivers are at danger level. Flooding has been reported in Pune, Nashik, Thane and Plaghar and Mumbai. Heavy to very heavy rains are predicted until 9 August. The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is leading the response. (ECHO, 05 Aug 2019)
Ongoing Monsoon flooding has brought the death toll to 182 in Maharashtra State, 130 in Bihar, 93 in Assam, 53 in Gujarat, 34 in Karnataka, 26 in Kerala, and 13 in Rajasthan. More than 655,000 people are displaced across 1,402 relief camps in Assam, Bihar, Karnataka and Kerala States. According to initial assessments, approximately 36,000 houses have been destroyed in the affected states. National authorities deployed 147 National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) teams to the affected areas. Flood alerts have been issued for several districts in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Kerala States and Dadra Nagar Haveli, Daman Territories. (ECHO, 06 Aug 2019)
Incessant rains have affected different parts of Maharashtra. According to media reports 132,360 people (28,397) families have been shifted to safer places from all five districts of Pune Division - Solapur, Sangli, Satara, Kolhapur and Pune in western Maharashtra. The districts of Sangli and Kolhapur are the worst affected with over 53,000 and 51,000 people were evacuated respectively from the two districts. Media also reports of 16 deaths have been reported in rain and flood related incidents from the affected areas over the last seven days. Several teams of the army, navy, air force and the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) are conducting rescue operations in both the districts. (ECHO, 08 Aug 2019)
Incessant rains coupled with the strong wind in Kerala, Karnataka and Maharashtra led to 76 deaths and millions affected in the last three days. Localised flooding also reported from Andra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh. In Kerala, 40 people are feared trapped under debris after a major landslide occurred in Malappuram district. A red alert for heavy rain and landslides has been issued by the state authority in nine of the 14 districts in the state. (ECHO, 10 Aug 2019)
Widespread Monsoon flooding in southern and western states has left 85 dead in Kerala, 48 in Karnataka, 43 in Maharashtra, and 31 in Gujarat. Over 1.2 million people are displaced across 2,093 relief camps in Kerala, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Reduced rainfall has led to some improvement to the situation. River levels are expected to rise in Odisha State, the River Krishna and its tributaries have reached severe levels. Most dam reservoirs are full in Maharashtra State. Heavy rain is forecast in central-eastern states over the next 24 hours and widespread rain is expected in Kerala over the next 48 hours. (ECHO, 13 Aug 2019)
Most read reports
- Govt. India: Situation report on Flood/Heavy Rain fall in Maharashtra, Kerala, Karnataka, Gujarat, Assam, Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh as on 15th August 2019 at 1800 Hrs. 17 Aug 2019
- Caritas: The floods in India: How Caritas India is responding. 17 Aug 2019
- Caritas: Timely Co-ordinated response reduces agony of flood affected in Nilgiris. 17 Aug 2019
- Govt. India: Situation report on Flood/Heavy Rain fall in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Assam, Bihar, Karnataka and Kerala as on 07th August 2019 at 1800 Hrs. 9 Aug 2019
- Sphere India: Humanitarian Snapshot Report 20: Heavy rainfall, landslide and flood situation in India (10 August 2019). 9 Aug 2019
Erratic monsoon with heavy rains has lashed thousands of people marooned in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamilnadu, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and Bihar. So far, the country has lost 370 lives, and the death toll continues to rise, with more than 47,21,349 people displaced across thousands of relief camps in Assam, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Kerala.
People of drought-stricken Southern States of India were praying for good monsoon rains. Unfortunately, they received continuous downpour that took away the lives of hundreds of people. The States of Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhrapradesh, and Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu were worst affected.
- 15 Aug (Day 1): Heavy rainfall at a few places with very heavy and extremely heavy falls at isolated places very likely over East Rajasthan;
Heavy to very heavy rainfall with extremely heavy falls at isolated places over north Gujarat Region and West Madhya Pradesh;
• 16 Aug (Day 2): Heavy to very heavy rainfall with extremely heavy falls at isolated places very likely over East Rajasthan; Heavy to very heavy rainfall at isolated places over Jammu & Kashmir;.
• ORANGE WARNING:
In July, DG ECHO allocated €1.5 million in emergency aid for the victims of ongoing monsoons in India and Bangladesh.
- The ongoing monsoon in India has lead to 32 fatalities (13 in West Bengal, 11 in Kerala, 4 in Odisha, 4 in Maharashtra) between 12-15 August, according to national authorities.
- On 12-13 August, more than 265,000 people were evacuated to 7,657 evacuation camps spread across various states.
Extremely heavy rains in mid-July have caused severe flooding in the Indian states of Assam and Bihar.
The floods affected more than 14 million people, displaced over a million and destroyed a vast amount of farmland. Whole houses were submerged and entire villages cut off.
Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) volunteers have supported communities in both states since the flooding began, warning people about the incoming floods, moving families to safety and providing first aid.
Since early August, southern and southwestern India have been affected by renewed flooding and landslides caused by heavy monsoon rainfall.
Across Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Gujarat at least 244 people have been killed and more than 1.2 million people have been forced to flee to camps established by the government.
Though floodwaters have begun to subside in some areas, humanitarian needs remain high...
By K. Rajendran
In Kerala state, authorities and mental health experts are providing community-based care for those struggling to deal with the trauma of flash floods and landslides
IDUKKI, India, Aug 15 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - P. Divakaran, 65, stood beside the road where his sister and three other family members were killed when a landslide caused by heavy rains demolished their house almost a year ago.
• 12 Aug (Day 1): No Warning of Extremely Heavy Rainfall (Red Alert) to the States.
• 13 Aug (Day 2): No Warning of Extremely Heavy Rainfall (Red Alert) to the States.
Situation improves in flood affected areas of Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat, Maharashtra to conduct disease-wise survey of flood-hit areas for effective response; Efforts on to restore Mumbai-Pune rail link by August 16.
After days of incessant rains, the situation improved in many parts of Kerala and Karnataka with water receding in affected areas.
In Kerala, as the toll in floods and landslips rose to 88, authorities are on a high alert with weathermen forecasting isolated extremely heavy rainfall in the next 48 hours.
This year again, devastating floods have struck several states leading to heavy losses of lives and property – over 17 million lives have been impacted.
SEEDS is promptly reaching out to the affected communities in key states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Assam and Bihar, with safe drinking water, hygiene kits, medical camps, school education materials and homes that can help families bounce back from their state of despair.
BALANGIR/BHUBANESWAR: Just a few days back Balangir district was staring at a drought-like situation. On Tuesday, more than 15,000 people were shifted to temporary shelters as heavy rain disrupted normal life in Balangir town and several blocks of the district.
Water has been flowing over roads and into the homes of people leaving in low lying areas. Incessant rainfall over the past 24 hours has forced people to stay indoors.
• 14 Aug (Day 1): Heavy to very heavy rainfall with extremely heavy falls very likely at isolated places over East Rajasthan, Kerala and Madhya Pradesh.
• 15 Aug (Day 2): Heavy to very heavy rainfall at a few places with extremely heavy falls very likely at isolated places over East Rajasthan.
• ORANGE WARNING:
- Widespread Monsoon flooding in southern and western states has left 85 dead in Kerala, 48 in Karnataka, 43 in Maharashtra, and 31 in Gujarat. Over 1.2 million people are displaced across 2,093 relief camps in Kerala, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Reduced rainfall has led to some improvement to the situation.
- River levels are expected to rise in Odisha State, the River Krishna and its tributaries have reached severe levels.
Bhopal: While monsoon has been quite generous with places like Bhopal, there are seven districts in MP which are rain deficient by 48% and are staring at drought-like condition. It includes two districts in Bundelkhand and Mahakaushal regions. Meanwhile, the weather office said that another spell of rainfall is likely in the state from August 14 with some parts of the state, including Bhopal, likely to receive heavy rainfall.
With the rains relenting after battering the Southern states over the past few days, rescue and relief works are on in full swing in flood-ravaged districts of Kerala and Karnataka.
In Kerala, authorities are scouring landslide-hit Kavalappara and Puthumala in Malappuram and Wayanad districts, the worst hit, to trace over 50 people missing since August 8.
The Indian Army has intensified its relief and rescue operations in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. 13 X Engineer Teams of the Indian Army have been airlifted from Rajasthan to provide a surge to its ongoing relief and rescue operations in Kerala. Additional Engineer teams have also been put on standby to move at short notice to the flood affected regions.
Current Meteorological conditions
- A Low Pressure Area lies over Northwest Bay of Bengal and adjoining West BengalBangladesh coasts. It is likely to move west-northwestwards and become more marked during next 48 hours.
Forecast & Warnings
• 13 Aug (Day 1): Heavy to very heavy rainfall with extremely heavy falls very likely at isolated places over East Madhya Pradesh, Vidarbha, Odisha, Kerala and Chhattisgarh; Heavy to very heavy rainfall at isolated places over East Rajasthan, West Madhya Pradesh, Telangana and Coastal Karnataka .