Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2019Ongoing
The Monsoon Season in Bangladesh officially started on 17 June. However, monsoon-related incidents have been recorded in the Rohingya refugee camps since April. During the reporting period, from 14 to 20 June, some 290 refugees in total were affected by landslides/erosions, wind, storm, rain and fires. The most commonly reported events were wind, rain and storms, affecting over 180 Rohingya refugees.(ISCG, 20 Jun 2019)
During the reporting period, from 20 to 27 June 2019, some 182 refugees were affected by monsoon-related events. The heaviest monsoon impact this week was recorded on the 21st of June, with windstorms and landslides affecting almost 100 people...Cumulatively, since 21st April, at least 22,000 refugees have been affected by landslides/erosions, wind, storm and rain. (ISCG, 27 Jun 2019)
Three days of continuous rain in Bangladesh have destroyed 273 shelters and injured 11 people in the Cox’s Bazar settlements where more than 900,000 Rohingya refugees live. An estimated 350mm of rain fell in 72 hours from Monday and more heavy downpours are expected throughout next week, with four months of the monsoon season to go. According to preliminary reports, there have been 26 landslides. (UNHCR, 5 Jul 2019)
From 1 to 7 July, 136 natural disaster related incidents were reported affecting nearly 18,000 people in the Cox’s Bazar refugee camps as a result of the monsoon. 3,230 people were displaced, 16 injured and 2 were killed, including one child. The incidents also caused damage to infrastructure within the camps, with nearly 3,800 shelters and facilities reported to have been damaged or destroyed. The humanitarian community have responded to these needs either from resources available in the camp, or for 10 incidents, through sectoral/emergency programmes. Since the beginning of the rainy season in late April, nearly 38,500 people have been affected, 4,500 displaced, 61 people injured, and eight killed. (OCHA, 8 Jul 2019)
According to the [ISCG] daily incident report, 5 landslide, 10 storm and 1 flooding incidents were reported on 11 July, affecting 1,232 people in the camps including 195 individuals temporarily displaced, and 39 shelter and 22 WASH facilities were damaged. Since 2 July, a total of 46,685 people have been affected, and 5,835 displaced within refugee camps in Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas of Cox’s Bazar. Two deaths have been reported. (ECHO, 12 Jul 2019)
As of 16 July 2019, 21 low-lying districts in Bangladesh are flooded and 3 districts are affected by river bank erosion. Over 20 million people have been affected and 30 people have died since 13 July 2019. People have been marooned in their homes, schools have been closed and, in some cases, eroded to rivers, crops have been damaged, and livelihoods disrupted. Over 20 river stations are flowing over the warning level. Forecasts show that the situation may deteriorate in the northern most districts whilst improving in the north-western districts. (CARE, 16 Jul 2019)
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Save the Children: South Asia Floods: More than three million children affected by severe flooding across India, Bangladesh and Nepal. 17 Jul 2019
- IFRC: Rising flood waters threatening millions across South Asia. 16 Jul 2019
- UNICEF: Monsoon rains bring severe flooding and landslides across South Asia, affecting more than five million children. 18 Jul 2019
- Oxfam: Oxfam warns of risks to Rohingya refugees as further monsoon rain forecast. 12 Jul 2019
- IOM: Bangladesh’s Rohingya Camps Hit by 7th Day of Wind, Rain - IOM Scales Up Distribution of Emergency Shelter. 11 Jul 2019
UNICEF scaling up emergency response to support children and families affected
KATHMANDU/NEW YORK, 18 July 2019 – Heavy rainfall, flooding and landslides across three countries in South Asia – Nepal, India, and Bangladesh – have killed at least 93 children, and put the lives of millions more at risk. UNICEF estimates that more than 12 million people, including about five million children, have been affected.
Heavy monsoon rain and water from upstream sources have triggered river levels to rise and cause slow-onset flooding in low lying areas of Northern Bangladesh. Major river systems, except the Surma river, are showing an increasing trend and, as of 16 July 2019, 23 stations are measured as flowing above danger level. As of 14 July, an additional 20 stations were measured over the warning level.
Heavy monsoon rain has swelled the Sangu and Matamuhuri rivers, triggering flooding in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) region of Bangladesh. As of 14 July 2019, both rivers were flowing above danger level. According to the Bandarban’s DC office control room, Lama, Bandarban Sadar, Alikadam, Rowangchhari, Thanchi, and Ruma have been declared as affected by flooding (SAPLING 14/07/2019). Though, according to FFWC (16/07/2019), the water levels of Sangu and Matamuhuri rivers have decreased back to normal level and the flood waters have begun to recede.
1. Situation Overview:
A. Monsoon Response Plan (Moderate)
Landslides, damaged roads and bridges are making access to remote communities difficult with thousands of villages cut off from outside world
Fears that water-borne diseases could lead to a health emergency
Frequency and intensity of flooding as a result of climate change is putting the lives of millions of children at risk
JULY 17, New Delhi, Dhaka & Kathmandu - More than a week of heavy monsoon rains in South Asia has led to major flooding in three countries affecting 3.2 million children.
This plan summarizes the immediate response plan to an extreme weather event in the refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar district. It is built from the preparedness and response plans from the various Sectors and from the individual plans of UN and (I)NGO agencies with the largest operational capacities. This document aims to:
Highlight coordination, information sharing and decision-making processes of the response
Low Lying areas of 21 districts are flooded and 3 districts are affected by river bank erosion
Bangladesh is facing inundation in low lying areas of 21 districts associated with the river bank erosion and landslide. The major river systems are showing increasing trend since 11 July and currently at 25 points of different rivers in north and north-western part of the country are flowing over danger level.
15 JULY 2019
The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General António Guterres:
The Secretary-General is saddened by the loss of life, displacement of people and destruction of property due to the heavy monsoonal rains and associated flooding across South and South-East Asia, most notably in India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Myanmar. He extends his condolences and solidarity to the families of the victims, to the Governments and people of the affected countries and wishes those injured a speedy recovery.
- Monsoon rains continue to affect most of the country (particularly central-northern regions and the Chittagong Division in the south-east) causing severe flooding and leading to casualties and widespread damage.
- According to the Pacific Disaster Centre (PDC) weekly report, as of 16 July at 0.00 UTC, 37 fatalities were reported across the country (18 from lightening), more than 14,000 people displaced and around 960,000 people affected.
- Roads, communications networks, schools and livelihoods have been disrupted in remote areas.
- Over the next 24 hours, …
Millions of people have been displaced, as monsoon rains cause extreme flooding and devastation in India, Bangladesh and Nepal. The most vulnerable have been hit the hardest. Children are particularly affected, with widespread damage and closure to primary schools.
Kuala Lumpur/Geneva, 16 July 2019 --Nearly 6 million people across South Asia are under threat from rising flood waters following heavy monsoon rains, with more than one million displaced in one Indian state alone.
Red Cross and Red Crescent volunteers across Bangladesh, India, and Nepal are racing to deliver emergency supplies to communities and prepare them as the situation in many areas is likely to worsen in the coming days. The numbers of people affected is likely to rise and there are growing concerns about potential food shortages and disease outbreaks.
Cox’s Bazar — When last year’s rains killed two small boys in her village, Bangladeshi villager Liba Akter decided that she had to do something.
A storm had blown in off the Bay of Bengal, bringing flood waters three feet deep in some places. A seven-year old boy had been walking home and was swept away and died. In a separate incident, a 10-year-old drowned in his house.
World Vision has conducted extensive disaster risk reduction work to help make the refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh safer during the annual June-October rainy season.
- 23,000 m2 slopes stabilized to prevent landslides
- 393 metres pathways/ground levelled
- 13 bridges and culverts built
- 4.1 km drains constructed
- 3.7 km canals cleaned
- 1.6 km roads constructed
I - SITUATION OVERVIEW
During the reporting period, from 04 July 18:00 to 11 July 18:00, monsoon-related events affected over 13,738 refugees. Rainfall peaked1 in the 72 hours between 5 to 7 July, resulting in incidents in all 34 camps.
Several facilities were damaged, including more than 2,000 shelters. Response activities were hampered by heavy rainfall.
- Situation Overview:
15 districts of northern, north-eastern and south-eastern Bangladesh are most affected where continuation of 5 days or more flooding is predicted based on upstream flow and continuous rainfall throughout the country. A greater impact in the northern districts may be visible by 18th or 19th instant. Several other districts may also be affected due to the rainfall.
The IFRC said late last week that heavy monsoon rain had triggered landslides in camps in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh that house more than 900,000 people from Rakhine state, Myanmar.
Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) response operations were underway in seven camps where at least 1,800 shelters have been damaged or destroyed and some 8,500 people affected.