South Sudan: Floods - Jun 2019Ongoing
Considerable flooding from 5th - 7th June 2019 triggered population movement and displacement in three (3) counties. The raging floods resulted to substantial destruction of houses, road networks and destroyed the livelihoods of 10,892 households according to the results of the Rapid Needs Assessment (RNA) conducted by South Sudan Red Cross (SSRC) in collaboration with the State department for Relief and Rehabilitation Commission (RRC). As an in-depth needs’ assessment is being carried out to determine the level of the damages, according to the state Ministry of Agriculture, an estimated 100 fedans of crops have been destroyed with further hundreds of heads of cattle reportedly dead. (IFRC, 22 Jun 2019)
An estimated 46,000 people were displaced in Maiwut (33,000) and Tonj South (13,000). During August, seasonal floods have affected more than 364,600 people in different locations including more than 31,600 people in Akobo, Pibor and Uror counties in Jonglei, about 29,000 people in Aweil Centre County in Northern Bahr el Ghazal, about 4,000 people in Mayendit County in Unity and some 300,000 people in Gogrial West, Gogrial East and Tonj North counties in Warrap. The heavy rains have destroyed shelters, crops, water sources, public infrastructure like schools and health facilities, increased the risk of water-borne diseases among communities, and rendered many roads impassable, constraining access to affected areas. (OCHA, 27 Sep 2019)
Floods caused by torrential rains have worsened the living conditions of South Sudanese people in many parts of the country in the past few months. Some of the areas affected include Lafon, Torit and Kapoeta South counties in Eastern Equatoria; Ayod, Akobo, Bor South, Duk, Twic East, Pibor, Pochalla and Uror counties in Jonglei; Aweil Center and Aweil North in Northern Bahr el Ghazal; Abiemnhom, Mayom, Mayendit and Panyijiar in Unity; Maban in Upper Nile; and Gogrial East, Gogrial West and Tonj North in Warrap. (OCHA, 11 Oct 2019)
Unprecedented heavy flooding in South Sudan’s Maban County has affected nearly 200,000 people, including refugees and host population. (UNHCR, 18 Oct 2019)
Several days of torrential rains have left wide swaths of Greater Jonglei devastated and its inhabitants both flabbergasted and displaced. With more precipitation on the forecasted horizon, there are fears that the situation may deteriorate further. Nearly one million people in South Sudan have been affected, while the UN Children’s Fund, Unicef, say that some 490,000 of the victims are children (UNMISS, 29 Oct 2019.)
Response activities have been scaled-up across the affected locations where floods devastated the lives and livelihoods of some 908,000 people. As of 29 November, about 7,000 metric tons of food commodities have been distributed, reaching some 704,000 people with emergency food assistance. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2019.)
Floods that hit Torit and Lofan in Eastern Equatoria in early November destroyed 440 houses and affected 10,000 households. Humanitarian organizations continued assessing immediate needs in the flood-affected locations across South Sudan. In areas where flood waters remained high, particularly Maban County in Upper Nile and Pibor, Twic East and Duk counties in Jonglei, people faced challenges in accessing basic services. Most of the schools in Pibor and surrounding areas were either submerged or hosting displaced people. An estimated 74,000 hectares of cultivated land has been damaged by flooding in 2019, with a loss of some 72,600 metric tons of cereals.(OCHA, 18 Dec 2019.)
Response activities have been further scaled-up across the affected locations where floods devastated the lives and livelihoods of some 908,000 people. By the end of 2019, humanitarians had reached more than 789,000 people with over 10,300 metric tons of emergency food supplies and US$2.9 million in cash assistance. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2020)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- ECHO: ECHO Factsheet – South Sudan (Last updated 27/01/2020). 28 Jan 2020
- IOM: South Sudan: Shelter Cluster Factsheet, Q4 - 2019. 29 Jan 2020
- IOM: IOM South Sudan External Update - December 2019. 28 Jan 2020
- OCHA: Eastern Africa Region: Regional Floods and Locust Outbreak Snapshot January 2020. 20 Jan 2020
- WFP: WFP South Sudan Situation Report #262, 27 January 2020. 27 Jan 2020
Heavy flooding cause by intense seasonal rains has been impacting large areas of South Sudan. An estimated 900,000 people have been affected and an estimated 420,000 people have been displaced, as floods have destroyed shelters and infrastructure and disrupted people’s access to services. Major access constraints hamper humanitarian assistance. The floods are compounding pre-existing humanitarian needs, including food insecurity and malnutrition, related to the complex crisis in South Sudan.
Anticipated scope and scale
Heavy rainfall and flooding have impacted swathes of eastern Africa since July and intensified in October, affecting at least 2.5 million people and causing displacement and loss of property, crops and livestock. The unusually heavy rains have primarily been driven by the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), which is in its strongest positive state since 2006, according to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Climate Centre.
Juba, 1 November 2019: “Timely risk communication and community engagement results in preventing the spread of diseases and better management of hazards at household and community level,” said Dr Atem Nathan, the Director General for Primary Health Care, Ministry of Health.
Risk communication and community engagement (RCCE) are critical to health emergency preparedness and response as key strategies for International Health Regulations (2005) and Pandemic Influenza Preparedness (PIP) Framework.
Tropical storm expected to bring strong winds and light rains to Puntland and Somaliland
Nairobi, 2019: A tropical storm named KYARR has been developing in the northern Indian Ocean and is expected to reach Puntland and Somaliland in 4 to 5 days. The affected areas will experience strong winds and light rains.
Background and the Red Cross and Red Crescent action
While some countries in Africa are experiencing drought, others are facing devastating floods. The scale and scope of disaster risk, underlying vulnerabilities and complex socio-political and economic factors are unparalleled. Climate change and environmental degradation are exacerbating risk many times over. Recent forecasts suggest the flooding will continue to worsen over the coming weeks, likely to impact over one million people before this crisis is over.
The IRC is assessing the damage and launching immediate responses to help those most impacted by the storms in Kenya, South Sudan and Somalia. IRC teams in Somalia are on alert and preparing for disaster as Kyarr makes its way towards Puntland
The humanitarian situation for people in South Sudan is dire. According to the UN, 7.2 million people are in need of humanitarian aid. ‘The humanitarian crisis has now been exacerbated by heavy rains and floods. Norway is therefore increasing its humanitarian assistance by NOK 30 million to help save lives and meet basic needs,’ said Minister of Foreign Affairs Ine Eriksen Søreide.
Heavy rainfall triggers flooding in parts of Central and East Africa
Heavy rainfall was reported in northern Ghana and bordering areas of Burkina Faso.
The Ubangui River has triggered flooding along the river basin into northern and western Democratic Republic of Congo last week.
Flooding will continue this week due to saturated ground conditions and continued rainfall in the Afar region of Ethiopia, eastern South Sudan, and the border of Ethiopia and Sudan.
“Water devastated our homes and our crop farms here in Motti. We evacuated to an area near the main road,” said Theresa Dominic Amuna, a representative of the Ifwotu community in Eastern Equatoria.
Water, they say, is life. Somewhat counter-intuitively, it can, however, also spell despair, disease and displacement.
October 30, 2019 (JUBA) - South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir on Wednesday declared a state of emergency in the flood-affected areas of the young nation.
The state of emergency, the presidential order noted, covers 30 counties in Greater Bahr El Ghazal, Upper Nile and Equatoria regions.
Although the order made no mention of what measures would be taken to assist people affected by floods, the presidency urged government and humanitarian organizations to help people in need.
As heavy flooding in the Horn of Africa region continues to put the lives of many vulnerable communities at risk, the European Commission today is providing an additional €3 million in emergency aid. The funding will be provided through humanitarian organisations in Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya and South Sudan.
GIDEON ASARE SACKITEY
Several days of torrential rains have left wide swaths of Greater Jonglei devastated and its inhabitants both flabbergasted and displaced. With more precipitation on the forecasted horizon, there are fears that the situation may deteriorate further.
Approximately eight hundred thousand people are at risk of disease and extreme hunger as a result of devastating floods that have hit South Sudan, Oxfam warned today.
MSF medical team leader Benedetta Capelli is just back from Pibor, in South Sudan, where rising floodwaters have engulfed MSF’s hospital and much of the surrounding area. She describes what she saw on the ground.
Our hospital in Pibor is on the outskirts of town, about 100 metres from the River Gumuruk, with the river creating a loop around it.
JUBA, South Sudan, 25 October 2019 — An estimated 490,000 children are affected by heavy flooding in South Sudan, UNICEF warned today. Exceptional heavy rain since July, have affected some 908,000 people in 32 counties. While heavy rain and flooding is normal this time of year, the current scope and scale of the flooding is severe especially in the former states of Jonglei, Upper Nile, Warrap and Northern Bahr El Ghazal. The rain is expected to continue for another four to six weeks.
Abnormally heavy seasonal flooding has been devastating large areas of South Sudan since July 2019, with an estimated 908,000 people affected.
The rains are likely to continue at least until the end of November and put more people at risk. The heavy rains have hit areas that were already facing high humanitarian needs. Across the 32 flooded counties in Jonglei, Upper Nile, Warrap, Eastern Equatoria, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity and Lakes, more than 3 million people were in need of assistance even before the rains.