South Sudan: Floods - Jun 2019Ongoing
Considerable flooding from 5th - 7th June 2019 triggered population movement and displacement in three (3) counties. The raging floods resulted to substantial destruction of houses, road networks and destroyed the livelihoods of 10,892 households according to the results of the Rapid Needs Assessment (RNA) conducted by South Sudan Red Cross (SSRC) in collaboration with the State department for Relief and Rehabilitation Commission (RRC). As an in-depth needs’ assessment is being carried out to determine the level of the damages, according to the state Ministry of Agriculture, an estimated 100 fedans of crops have been destroyed with further hundreds of heads of cattle reportedly dead. (IFRC, 22 Jun 2019)
An estimated 46,000 people were displaced in Maiwut (33,000) and Tonj South (13,000). During August, seasonal floods have affected more than 364,600 people in different locations including more than 31,600 people in Akobo, Pibor and Uror counties in Jonglei, about 29,000 people in Aweil Centre County in Northern Bahr el Ghazal, about 4,000 people in Mayendit County in Unity and some 300,000 people in Gogrial West, Gogrial East and Tonj North counties in Warrap. The heavy rains have destroyed shelters, crops, water sources, public infrastructure like schools and health facilities, increased the risk of water-borne diseases among communities, and rendered many roads impassable, constraining access to affected areas. (OCHA, 27 Sep 2019)
Floods caused by torrential rains have worsened the living conditions of South Sudanese people in many parts of the country in the past few months. Some of the areas affected include Lafon, Torit and Kapoeta South counties in Eastern Equatoria; Ayod, Akobo, Bor South, Duk, Twic East, Pibor, Pochalla and Uror counties in Jonglei; Aweil Center and Aweil North in Northern Bahr el Ghazal; Abiemnhom, Mayom, Mayendit and Panyijiar in Unity; Maban in Upper Nile; and Gogrial East, Gogrial West and Tonj North in Warrap. (OCHA, 11 Oct 2019)
Unprecedented heavy flooding in South Sudan’s Maban County has affected nearly 200,000 people, including refugees and host population. (UNHCR, 18 Oct 2019)
Several days of torrential rains have left wide swaths of Greater Jonglei devastated and its inhabitants both flabbergasted and displaced. With more precipitation on the forecasted horizon, there are fears that the situation may deteriorate further. Nearly one million people in South Sudan have been affected, while the UN Children’s Fund, Unicef, say that some 490,000 of the victims are children (UNMISS, 29 Oct 2019.)
Response activities have been scaled-up across the affected locations where floods devastated the lives and livelihoods of some 908,000 people. As of 29 November, about 7,000 metric tons of food commodities have been distributed, reaching some 704,000 people with emergency food assistance. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2019.)
Floods that hit Torit and Lofan in Eastern Equatoria in early November destroyed 440 houses and affected 10,000 households. Humanitarian organizations continued assessing immediate needs in the flood-affected locations across South Sudan. In areas where flood waters remained high, particularly Maban County in Upper Nile and Pibor, Twic East and Duk counties in Jonglei, people faced challenges in accessing basic services. Most of the schools in Pibor and surrounding areas were either submerged or hosting displaced people. An estimated 74,000 hectares of cultivated land has been damaged by flooding in 2019, with a loss of some 72,600 metric tons of cereals.(OCHA, 18 Dec 2019.)
Response activities have been further scaled-up across the affected locations where floods devastated the lives and livelihoods of some 908,000 people. By the end of 2019, humanitarians had reached more than 789,000 people with over 10,300 metric tons of emergency food supplies and US$2.9 million in cash assistance. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2020)
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- ECHO: ECHO Factsheet – South Sudan (Last updated 27/01/2020). 28 Jan 2020
- IOM: South Sudan: Shelter Cluster Factsheet, Q4 - 2019. 29 Jan 2020
- IOM: IOM South Sudan External Update - December 2019. 28 Jan 2020
- OCHA: Eastern Africa Region: Regional Floods and Locust Outbreak Snapshot January 2020. 20 Jan 2020
- WFP: WFP South Sudan Situation Report #262, 27 January 2020. 27 Jan 2020
Near verbatim transcript
Good afternoon and thank you for being here.
Thank you also to our Radio Miraya listeners who are tuning in live to this press conference.
I’ll make some opening remarks about the peace process and then I’ll be happy to take your questions.
As we all know, the parties to the peace agreement recently decided to extend the pretransitional period for a further 100 days.
POPULATIONS OF CONCERN
297,135 Number of refugees in South Sudan. 92% come from Sudan, 5% from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2% from Ethiopia, and 1% from the Central African Republic.
1.46 million Number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in South Sudan, 12% of which are staying inside six UNMISS Protection of Civilians sites.
219,720 Number of South Sudanese refugees who have returned in a self-organized manner (November 2017-October 2019) 2.2 million remain in neighboring countries
In this issue
Summary of Humanitarian Needs
- TOTAL POPULATION: 11.7M
- PEOPLE IN NEED: 7.5M
Context and impact of the crisis
JUBA - Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has launched emergency assessments in the east and northeast of South Sudan where severe flooding has left thousands of people stranded in inaccessible areas, threatening to make worse an already catastrophic humanitarian crisis. We are urging all organisations to mobilise resources to mitigate the impact of rising flood levels in affected locations, and to ensure adequate attention is given to Pibor, in the east of the country.
• An estimated 4.5 million people were projected to face Crisis (IPC 3) or worse levels of acute food insecurity from October through January, according to the August IPC analysis. Large-scale humanitarian food assistance continues to mitigate more severe food insecurity outcomes in several areas of concern, according to FEWS NET. In September, more than two million South Sudanese were reached with food assistance; however, this remains well below the estimated total population in need.
November 17, 2019 (TONJ) - The commissioner of Man-lor County in South Sudan’s Tonj State has appealed for assistance for people displaced by floods in the area.
Paul Mangong was quoted saying all the five payams in the county are heavy flooded by rains that started in August.
Cases of deaths from water borne disease, he said, have also been reported among the flood-affected population.
Over 3,000 households have been displaced, the official said, amidst appeals for the state government and aid agencies to urgently help provide food, water and shelter.
4.54 million people facing acute food insecurity from September to December 2019 (IPC)
2.1 million acutely malnourished women and children (HRP)
2.69 million people assisted by WFP in September 2019
1.47 million internally displaced people (OCHA)
2.24 million South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR)
180,478 seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS)
• Since July 2019, South Sudan has experienced unusually heavy rainfall and flooding, affecting an estimated 908,000 people. On 27 October, the Government of South Sudan declared a state of emergency in the areas affected by flooding.
• At least 620,000 people need immediate humanitarian assistance. A coordinated response scale-up is ongoing in priority locations, including most recently flooded counties in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile.
The present Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) was prepared on the basis of financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2019/01000 (Worldwide Decision) and the related General Guidelines for Operational Priorities on Humanitarian Aid (Operational Priorities). The purpose of the HIP and its annexe is to serve as a communication tool for DG ECHO's partners and to assist in the preparation of their proposals. The provisions of the Worldwide Decision and the General Conditions of the Agreement with the European Commission shall take precedence over the provisions in this document.
Families already facing extreme malnutrition now taking refuge in displaced to temporary shelters.
Hundreds of thousands of children and their families – many of whom were already facing extreme malnutrition - have been displaced by heavy rainfall and are now living in temporary, makeshift settlements across South Sudan.
Thank you Mr. President and members of the Peace and Security Council.
I welcome this opportunity to brief you on the situation in South Sudan following the decision by the Parties extend for a further 100 days.
I would like to thank President Yoweri Museveni and President Abdalfatah Alburhan for bringing the political leaders together to reach this decision.
Between July and October, severe flooding affected more than 908,000 people across parts of Jonglei, Upper Nile, Warrap, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, Lakes, and Central and Eastern Equatoria, where over 3 million people neede assistance even before the torrential rains. An estimated 620,000 people were in need of immediate assistance. The flooding submerged entire communities and rendered basic services and markets destroyed or inaccessible. An estimated 42 nutrition centres suspended their services, making children and women more vulnerable.
The South Sudan States of Upper Nile, Jonglei, Unity, Northern Bahr el Gazal and Eastern Equatoria have been seriously affected by flooding, caused by heavy continuous rains.
On October 27, 2019, the government of South Sudan declared the flooding situation a state of emergency in most affected areas. The floods have affected over 900,000 people with estimated 420,000 people displaced and in need of immediate emergency assistance.
Satellite-detected cumulative water extents, as of 06 November 2019 over Luakpiny/Nasir, Pibor and neighbouring counties in South Sudan
This map illustrates the 5-day cumulative, day-time surface water extent detected over Luakpiny/Nasir, Pibor and neighbouring counties in South Sudan. The extent was derived from VIIRS-NOAA satellite imagery between 2 and 6 November 2019 and includes all pixels with 0-100% open water.
While armed conflict has declined in South Sudan since the warring parties signed a peace agreement in September 2018, implementation of the deal is lagging, the political situation remains fragile, and millions remain displaced both inside and outside of the country. Meanwhile, instability in neighboring countries has driven nearly 300,000 refugees into South Sudan. Poor rule of law and easy access to arms has resulted in an increase in inter– and intra-communal violence that continues to force people from their homes. Still, the South Sudanese remain hopeful.
Severe flooding caused by atypical rainfall across South Sudan has caused temporary displacement and disruption in service provision to more than 900,000 individuals. Through a network of DTM focal points in the field and in coordination with other humanitarian partners and authorities the team has mapped more than 250 locations (villages and neighbourhoods) affected by flooding in the country.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 66 events in the region. This week’s main articles cover key new and ongoing events, including:
Well above-average seasonal rains result in widespread flooding across East Africa