Iraq: Floods - Mar 2019Ongoing
Heavy storms continually recurred throughout the country during the period from 24-March to 2-April when severe weather finally eased. The effects of the storms were recorded in multiple governorates, including Anbar, Basra, Dahuk, Diyala, Kirkuk, Missan, Muthanna, Ninewa, Salah al-Din, Sulaymaniyah, and Wassit; however, the harshest impacts appeared to be in central and northern governorates, primarily regions through which the Tigris River runs, and those areas adjacent to Iran...While flooding in Mosul (Ninewa governorate), caused the closure of five main bridges (Alnasr, Alhurriyya, Qanatir, Suwais and Qayyarah), municipal authorities gave assurances on 2-April that Mosul Dam—Iraq’s largest, which supplies hydroelectric power to Mosul city—was functioning normally. Other dams throughout Iraq, particularly in Diyala governorate, were operating at or near capacity; however, provincial leadership expressed confidence that standard discharge and overflow functions would suffice to meet any surplus. No fatalities have been recorded due to the recent period of severe weather in Iraq[.] (OCHA, 3 Apr 2019)
The Iraqi Red Crescent Society (IRCS) has announced the displacement of more than (270) families from their homes due to the floods that swept through the villages of (Baiji, Ashtayh, Srin, Arbazia) belonging to the districts of Salah governorate. The IRCS has reported in a statement that its teams have rushed to provide assistance and supplies to families which their houses have been swept by torrents, the continuing heavy rain led to the displacement of (154) families from the Karamat area and east of the village of Baaiji to their families and relatives in the village of Mazra’a and the modern neighborhood, the floods caused the sinking of most of their farms, which are estimated at 30 dunums, also 60 houses besieged by water, 75 families have been displaced from the village of Arbazia to their relatives, In addition, 49 families have also been displaced from Al Sreen village to the mountain area, also five families from Al-Ashitah village were displaced due to floods that surrounded their homes. (IRCS, 7 Apr 2019)
About 328 726 populations are at risk. Cities and villages affected are: Ali al-Gharbi, al-Msharrah, Hay al-Mua’alemeen al-Jadeed, al-Salam, al-Faka, al-Btaira, al-Teeb, al-Adil, al-Maymouna, al-Uzair and al-Kahlaa. Areas seriously threatened are villages west of the Tigris River (Hor Al-Musandak) along Ali al-Gharbi, Ali al-Sharqi and Qamit. 545 families are displaced with another 2000 families threatened with displacement. (WHO, 8 Apr 2019)
Recent flooding along the Tigris River has resulted in the displacement of 545 families in Maysan Governorate, with a further 2 000 families at risk following reported damage to a small number of IDP camps.. [IRCS] reports that heavy rain caused damage to more than 60 families after the villages of Huweder, Dawai, and Shafta (Diyala Governorate) were flooded. Food parcels have been distributed to at least 270 families affected in Salah al-Din Governorate. For the next five days, moderate to heavy rainfall is forecast over the south-eastern governorates of Iraq. (ECHO, 9 Apr 2019)
Elevated water levels in the Tigris River and its tributaries continue to cause flooding and displacement in several governorates. Salah al-Din in central Iraq and Missan in the south are currently those reporting the heaviest impact, with more limited effects reported in Basra, Diyala, Thi-Qar and Wassit. The Government of Iraq and Kurdistan Regional Government continue to act as first responders; however official requests for additional assistance have been received from Missan and Salah al-Din provinces. Due to flooding, multiple water treatment plants are offline throughout the country; a lack of access to clean water for drinking, bathing and other household use is an evolving problem in some governorates. Relevant UN agencies undertook an assessment mission to Basra after emerging reports of intensifying flooding in the south of the country. Response efforts in the south are constrained by a small UN presence, lack of humanitarian partners, and shortage of pre-positioned relief supplies. (OCHA, 18 Apr 2019)
Most read reports
- WHO: WHO sends new shipment of emergency equipment and medical supplies to Missan [EN/AR]. 23 Apr 2019
- Int'l Charter: Flooding in the Republic of Iraq - (KOMPSAT-5 satellite detected water as of 19 April 2019). 23 Apr 2019
- UNAMI: Op-Ed by Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert on International Mother Earth Day, 22 April 2019 [EN/AR/KU]. 22 Apr 2019
- OCHA: Iraq: Flood-affected areas in Missan and Basra Governorates as of 18 April 2019. 23 Apr 2019
- OCHA: Iraq: Flood-affected areas in Salah al-Din as of 9 April 2019. 23 Apr 2019
Baghdad, 23 April 2019 – To respond to the needs of the Directorate of Health in Missan following recent flooding affecting the area, WHO with the support of donors, arranged delivery of a second consignment of emergency supplies to support the Directorate. The shipment was transported on 17 April 2019 to Missan governorate, 304 kilometers south east of Baghdad. The shipment included emergency and medical supplies, inflatable boats and life jackets.
Elevated water levels in the Tigris River and its tributaries from heavy seasonal rains in late March/early April continue to cause displacement and damage in certain provinces
The Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government continue to lead the response, but requests for additional humanitarian assistance in some governorates have been received
Relevant UN agencies undertook an assessment mission to Basra after emerging reports of intensifying flooding in the south of the country
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8.0 billion Anticipated global cost of flooding events in March 2019 in USD
The Iraqi Red Crescent Society (IRCS) has announced the increase in the numbers of the affected families due to the torrents that swept a number of south and middle governorates.
The IRCS has reported in a statement that the recent floods that hit many areas and villages of (Salahuddin, Diyala, Wasit, Maysan, Theqar and Basrah governorates have created a critical humanitarian situation and the collapse of tens of houses and more than 4713 families have been damaged, also a vast spaces of agriculture lands have been sunk.
The rising in water levels in Diyala river has led to the damage of many families who are living adjacent to it and the displacement of a lot of them to safe areas after thier agriculture lands and houses have been sunk by the floods which caused significant material losses without human casualties.
Iraq has recorded during the current winter the highest rainfall compared to the last ten years which resulted in floods and torrents that led to the sinking of a number of villages in the governorates, especially Maysan and Wasit had the largest share of the damage as the floods caused the flooding of many villages and the collapse of dozens of homes which forced the families to displace.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Floods and economic constraints to affect cereal production
Above-average cereal import requirements forecasted
Some 2.5 million food insecure mostly among IDPs and returnees
Floods and economic constraints to affect cereal production
- Recent flooding along the Tigris River and its effluent overflow have caused displacement of people and damage across several areas of Iraq.
- As of 11 April at 8.00, UN OCHA reports that 950 families (400 in Diyala, and 550 Salah ad Din) have been evacuated, while 596 families have been displaced (25 in Kirkuk, 545 in Maysan and 26 in Wasit).
- In Maysan Governorate, the World health Organisation (WHO) is monitoring cases of acute diarrhea and supporting with Interagency Emergency Health Kits.
Throughout the Middle East region last week, there was a drop in battles, explosions/remote violence, and demonstration events. This trend can partially be attributed to the recent conclusion of major military operations against the Islamic State (IS) in Syria, natural disasters in Iran and Iraq, and a ceasefire between Israel and Gazan armed groups. As a result, reported fatalities have also decreased for the first time since the beginning of March 2019.
This report is produced by OCHA Iraq in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 4-10 April 2019
• Impacts of heavy seasonal rains in late March/early April now evident in several governorates
• Effects of rising water levels include temporary evacuation of affected persons, damaged infrastructure, and flooded agricultural areas
• Governmental crisis cells continue to meet in both federal Iraq and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq where necessary, to manage the humanitarian response
Recent flooding along the Tigris River has resulted in the displacement of 545 families in Maysan Governorate, with a further 2 000 families at risk following reported damage to a small number of IDP camps.
The Iraqi Red Crescent Society (IRCS) reports that heavy rain caused damage to more than 60 families after the villages of Huweder, Dawai, and Shafta (Diyala Governorate) were flooded. Food parcels have been distributed to at least 270 families affected in Salah al-Din Governorate.
Baghdad 8 April 2019 – Responding to the needs of the Directorate of Health in Missan following the recent floods that hit the area, WHO, with the generous support of donors, sent a large consignment of emergency kits and medical supplies on 4 April to support the Directorate, 304 kilometers south east of Baghdad.
During the last two days, water levels have been raised in Diyala governorate because of heavy rain wave that hit the country of Iraq, where the teams of the Iraqi Red Crescent Society (IRCS) have recorded the damage of more than 60 families who are living in Abara township in Baquba district after the villages of( Huweder, Dawai, and shafta) have been swept by rain torrents that located on the sides of Diyala river.
The teams of the Iraqi Red Crescent Society (IRCS) have distributed more than 270 food parcels to families affected by the rain torrents in Salah al-Din governorate, where the distribution was carried out after conducting a field survey in various areas of the governorate to identify the numbers of the affected families and their necessary needs.
The recent floods along the Tigris River and its effluent overflow have caused displacement of people and damage across several areas of Iraq, with Salah governorate being the worst hit.
As of 8 April, according to Iraqi Red Crescent, at least 270 families have been displaced in Salah, while 60 houses have been flooded.
For the next 24 hours, moderate rainfall is forecast over central-western regions of the country.