Nigeria: Floods - Jul 2018Ongoing
Since mid-July, torrential rains in western Nigeria have triggered floods, damages to infrastructure and fatalities in the Ogun and Katsina states of the country. (FEWS NET, 26 Jul 2018)
622 individuals were displaced from their homes in Song Gari ward of Song LGA in Adamawa state due to heavy rains and flooding in the region between 15 and 18 August 2018. Majority of the affected persons were displaced to neighbouring wards in Song LGA, including Song Waje (438 individuals) and Zumo (165 individuals) wards, while 19 individuals were displaced to Manjekin ward of Maiha LGA. Urgent needs include shelter, food and NFIs. (IOM, 27 Aug 2018)
Heavy rain has resulted in flash flooding and casualties over the past week. 70 mm of rain was recorded over 24 hours in Enugu city (southeast Nigeria) on 1-2 September. According to media reports, as of 3 September, 21 people have died, 15 in Niger State, three in Kano State and three more in Nasarawa State. (ECHO, 3 Sep 2018)
On 17 September 2018, a National Disaster was declared in the worst four affected States: Anambra, Delta, Kogi and Niger. As of reporting period, there are 327,052 people affected in the flooded States. National and Territorial Emergency Operating Centers (EOCs) are activated to facilitate the response in the States and collect information on critical gaps and needs. (Gov't, 21 Sep 2018)
The authorities in the southern Anambra state on 18 September ordered the closure of all primary and secondary schools in Ogbaru locality as part of safety measures following heavy floods that have displaced more than 1,100 people in the state. The National Emergency Management Agency on 17 September declared national disaster in Anambra and three other states due to extensive floods. Following the declaration of disaster, UN agencies are supporting Government relief response. (OCHA, 24 Sep 2018)
Flooding since late August has affected some 826,000 people in 12 states, the National Emergency Management Agency reported on 26 September. The deluge has displaced 176,000 people and claimed 199 lives. More than 150,000 hectares of farmland have been inundated and 321 roads and bridges destroyed. A state of national disaster has been declared in four states severely affected by flooding. Humanitarian organizations continue to scale up support to Government emergency response. (OCHA, 01 Oct 2018)
The Government of Nigeria announced that to date, some 200 people have died, a further 1,310 injured, and some two million people have been directly affected. Humanitarian partners continue to step up their response efforts to provide life-saving assistance, especially basic medical care, which is critical to prevent disastrous epidemics. The floods have also left more than 561,000 people internally displaced - and over 350,000 of them are critically in need of temporary shelter, food, safe drinking water, household items and health care. In the most affected areas, children have not been able to go to school for weeks. (OCHA, 11 Oct 2018)
The National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) on 11 October extended the state of national disaster to five more states: Adamawa, Taraba, Bayelsa, Kebbi and Rivers. Heavy floods since August have claimed around 200 lives and displaced more than 600,000 people (210,000 living in camps and 391,000 in host communities). NEMA on 17 September declared a state of national disaster in f Niger, Delta, Kogi and Anambra states and placed eight others on alert. Humanitarian organizations are supporting the authorities in assisting the flood victims. (OCHA, 22 Oct 2018)
Most read reports
- EU Civil Protection Mechanism - Requests for Assistance in 2018 - ECHO Daily Map | 18/12/2018
- Start fund: Highest number of awarded responses in a single month
- Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 4, December 2018
- 80% of Nigeria affected by floods disaster
- Cadre Harmonisé for Identification of Risk Areas and Vulnerable Populations in Sixteen (16) States and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) of Nigeria - November 2018
The month of October saw the highest number of Start Fund awarded responses in one single month. From awarding responses to cross-border displacement in Ecuador and Peru to anticipating a volcanic eruption in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) it was the highest alerting and activated month in the history of the Start Fund, where 13 alerts from 15 were activated. In comparison, the previous highest alerting month which was August 2016 had 11 alerts, of which 7 were activated.
Results of the Analysis of Current (October – December, 2018) and Projected (June – August 2019)
For proper profiling of displaced persons, the National Emergency Management Agency has concluded arrangement to deploy automated bio-metric identification system to the camps of the IDPs affected by the recent flood in the country.
In preparation for the deployment, the agency commenced special training for the staff to use the bio-metric systems.
Director Search and Rescue Air Commodore Akugbe Iyamu who represented the DG at the opening of the training said the system aimed ensuring accountability, probity and transparency in the management of the flood intervention.
• The total number of IDPs in the three northeast states has increased to 1.81 million people, with an increase of 2 per cent and 8 per cent recorded in Borno and Adamawa, respectively.
• UNICEF has participated actively in the Humanitarian Planning Cycle, and has finalized its planning figures, including budgets, for UNICEF’s child protection, education, health, nutrition and WASH activities. Planning figures and budgets were also finalized for the education, nutrition and WASH sectors, and for the child protection sub-sector.
Conflict and violence in the middle-belt and northeast region continues
Two attacks by Boko Haram on Nigerian troops
Upcoming elections see competition for presidential power between two Fulanis
Boko Haram militants continue to threaten the security of the northeast region, with reported attacks on civilians and troops
Conflict intensifies in northeast of Nigeria as over 2.0 million people remain displaced
Highlights October 2018
West African migrants rescued by the IOM in northern Niger: according to IOM, seventy-four West African migrants were rescued on 4 October in northern Niger, in the middle of the desert bordering Algeria.
While the onset of the harvest helped to improve food consumption and reduce prices, the ongoing conflicts and flooding continue to impinge on livelihoods, hamper accesstoland, and drive food insecurity in parts of the northeast.
2018 Response Highlights
30,660 households have received emergency shelters solution while 10,513 households received reinforced/transitional shelters solutions.
47,551 households reached through improved, basic and complimentary NFI Kits including core relief items.
459,202 individuals have been biometrically registered since January 2018
3,516 households have been reached through Cash/Voucher for Shelter /Rental support while 8,552 households with Cash/Voucher for NFI
UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, responds to emergencies in some of the world’s poorest countries, delivering lifesaving sexual and reproductive health supplies and services to protect the rights, safety and dignity of women and young people affected by crises. In 2017, UNFPA reached 16 million people in 58 countries with humanitarian assistance, including 10.8 million people reached with sexual and reproductive health services and 3.9 million people reached with gender-based violence (GBV) services. In the last decade, UNFPA’s humanitarian activities have grown exponentially.
• Out of 806 children screened for malnutrition amongst new arrivals, 131 of 146 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were from inaccessible areas.
• With the declaration of cholera in Yobe on 19 September, all the three northeast states are now experiencing cholera outbreaks. Yobe has reported 1,147 cases (with a case fatality rate (CFR) of 5.4 per cent), while Borno has reported 3,537 cumulative cases (CFR 1.8 per cent), and Adamawa has reported 2,332 (CFR 1.5 per cent).
Torrential rains have been falling in Nigeria since July—causing two major bodies of water, the Niger River and Benue River, to overflow. The flooding has taken lives, damaged infrastructure, and affected nearly 2 million people. The Nigerian Red Cross and the global Red Cross and Red Crescent network have been providing relief and lifesaving aid since day one—including first aid, search-and-rescue, food, and drinking water. Water levels have started to subside, but the urgent and long-term needs of families displaced by the disaster continue to grow.
Elevated food security outcomes persist again in 2018 in the northeast during the harvest season
In September and October 2018 Saifura Hussaini Ahmed Khorsa and Hauwa Mohammed Liman, midwives and aid workers with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), were executed by their captors. The humanitarian workers had been abducted in Rann town, Borno State, on 1 March 2018 following a deadly attack by a Non-State Armed Group in which three aid workers were killed. A nurse with UNICEF, also abducted from Rann on 1 March 2018, is still being held by the Non-State Armed Group.
Colombia- Deslave- 21/10/18
Las autoridades informaron que seis personas murieron y varias casas quedaron sepultadas debido a un deslizamiento de tierra originado por fuertes lluvias en el municipio santandereano de Barrancabermeja.
La Secretaría de Gobierno de Barrancabermeja no descartó que la cifra de fallecidos pueda aumentar; 50 familias viven en la zona.
Acciones de Respuesta:
DES ORGANISATIONS HUMANITAIRES SUSPENDENT LEURS ACTIVITÉS À CAUSE DE L’INSÉCURITÉ