Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018Ongoing
Pre-monsoon rains started on 18 April 2018 near Cox’s Bazar on Bangladesh’s southern coast. A risk analysis released in the beginning of this year estimated that at least 86,000 people were living in areas at particularly high risk of floods while more than 23,000 were on steep, unstable hillsides that could crumble with continuous heavy rainfall. The camp population has risen by some 200,000 people since. (Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre, 22 Apr 2018)
Over 40,000 Rohingya families in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar refugee camps have now been trained in shelter upgrade techniques ahead of the fast approaching monsoon and cyclone season...In total 100,000 families will be reached through the trainings, while IOM is overseeing the roll out of a similar number of upgrade kits containing ropes, bamboo, tarpaulin and tools. (IOM, 24 Apr 2018)
In case of flooding, the number of people suffering acute watery diarrhea is likely to increase. UNICEF and partners are readying to support an estimated 10,000 people, more than half of which (55 per cent) are children, with treatment for Acute Watery Diarrhea over the next three months. UNICEF is constructing 5 additional Diarrhea treatment centers. One has already opened, two other will open later this week and the two last ones end of May...At least 3 out of 24 health facilities supported by UNICEF in the camps and makeshift settlements are at risk of flooding. This could affect between 25,000 and 30,000 people, more than half of which are children. (UNICEF, 1 May 2018))
UNHCR...is rushing additional aid to Bangladesh where the first monsoon rains have been affecting Cox’s Bazar district and the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees there. The first of three scheduled humanitarian airlifts carrying additional shelter materials arrived in Bangladesh on Tuesday (1 May). Its load, 1,400 tents, is the first batch of 10,000 tents that UNHCR will airlift by the end of May. The aim is for the tents to provide emergency shelter for an estimated 60,000 refugees currently residing in areas at high risk of landslides and flooding. Aid is also being moved by sea; this includes additional tents, 170,000 tarpaulins sheets, and other basic items. Humanitarian partners estimate that between 150,000 and 200,000 Rohingya refugees will be at risk this monsoon season...Of this number, 24,000 people are at critical risk due to severe instability of the land on which their shelters have been constructed. (UNHCR, 4 May 2018)
The newly prepared 12-acre plot is now ready to receive shelters and other key services. It will provide new homes for nearly 500 families currently living in some of the most high-risk parts of the refugee site. (IOM, UNHCR and WFP, 8 May 2018)
In the Rohingya refugee camps, during the period of 14-21 May, over 50 households and more than 150 individuals were affected by landslides and windstorms. To date, more than 21,300 refugees have been relocated from high risk locations with an additional 8,400 planned...Of the 24,000 latrines to be de-sludged, over 17,500 are completed. There is still a need for new de-sludging and solid waste management sites, and there remains a high risk of disease outbreaks including water borne diseases (Acute Watery Diarrhoea, Hep A, Hep E) and vector borne diseases (Dengue, Malaria), due to the poor sanitary conditions in the camps. (OCHA, 21 May 2018)
Between 22-30 May 2018, 503 refugees living in camps in Cox’s Bazar and at risk of landslides or floods, were relocated to safer areas. More than 660 people were affected by weather-related incidents including landslides during the same period. To date, over 25,000 people have been relocated within the camps either to safer areas, or to facilitate construction and improvement works. (OCHA, 4 Jun 2018)
The first heavy rains of the year swept through Rohingya refugee settlements in Cox’s Bazar district this weekend, marking the start of the monsoon season...Torrential rains and winds up to 70 kilometres per hour caused at least 89 reported incidents, including 37 landslide incidents, causing several injuries and one confirmed fatality – a child. Nearly 2,500 refugee families, some 11,000 people in all, are affected. As of 10 June the rain has become nearly continuous. According to the Bangladesh Meteorological Department nearly 400 millimetres of rain have fallen in Cox’s Bazar area since Sunday. This is equivalent to two thirds of the average June rainfall for this part of the country. (UNHCR, 12 Jun 2018).
From 11 to 18 June, heavy monsoon rains in Cox’s Bazar again triggered flooding and landslides in the Rohingya refugee camps, affecting 9,000 individuals and displacing more than 2,000 people. Small-scale landslides, floods and high winds damaged structures, bridges, culverts, drainage channels and access roads as well as water points, latrines and other facilities in Ukhia and Teknaf. Weather conditions continue to pose serious protection, health and other risks to refugees, especially to women and children who represent over 80 per cent of the Rohingya refugee population. (OCHA, 18 Jun 2018)
Most read (last 30 days)
- Two Days of Heavy Rain Hit Bangladesh’s Rohingya Refugee Camps – Over 31,000 at High Risk from Flooding, Landslides
- IOM Bangladesh: Rohingya Humanitarian Crisis Response - External Update, 8 - 14 June 2018
- Powerful monsoon rains hit Rohingya refugee camps, raising risks for thousands of children
- Preventive, contingency measures reinforced as monsoon sets in Cox’s Bazar
- Rohingya refugee volunteers trained to help others in distress
Floods by nature are complex events caused by climate variability and a range of human activities, including inappropriate development planning. There are different ways of classifying and categorising floods according to geographic and geophysical characteristics. In Bangladesh, floods are most commonly classified as:
The Brahmaputra river is in falling trend, while the Jamuna and Ganges-Padma rivers are in rising trend.
The Surma-Kushiyara and Khowai rivers are in falling trend, while the Manu and Dhalai rivers of North-Eastern region are in rising trend.
There is chance of medium to heavy rainfall in North-Eastern part of the country in Sylhet, Moulvibazr and Habiganj districts and adjacent Indian parts in next 48 hours.
Cox’s Bazar – Over two million vetiver grass plants have been distributed by IOM, the UN Migration Agency, in the past two weeks to reduce soil erosion and the risk of landslides in southern Bangladesh’s Rohingya refugee camps, where hundreds of thousands of people are at risk from impending monsoon rains.
A further two million plants will be given to local and international NGOs for distribution before the end of May, following the initial success of the project, which has local vetiver suppliers struggling to keep up with demand.
On the 4th May, Doctors Worldwide UK launched its Emergency Response Kit training providing life-saving first aid skills to local Rohingya community leaders [majis] in anticipation of the cyclone and floods. Working with local majis is essential in ensuring the training reaches as many people as possible, particularly as the first responders are usually the local people who are affected. Majis are the main connectors of information and reach, for example one head maji will oversee 10 sub-majis who oversee thousands of families.
The Brahmaputra- Jamuna and Ganges-Padma rivers are in rising trend.
The major rivers of South-Eastern hilly region and Upper Meghna region including the Surma-Kushiyara rivers are in falling trend.
There is chance of medium to heavy rainfall in North-Eastern and South Eastern parts of the country along with the adjacent Indian parts in next 48 hours .
En raison de la mousson, la situation ne cesse d’empirer dans les camps de réfugiés du sud du Bangladesh. Les inondations et les épidémies menacent les centaines de milliers de personnes qui ont fui le Myanmar. La CRS fournit une aide d’urgence et soutiendra à long terme des projets pour un montant d’au moins 3,5 millions de CHF.
From 8 November 2017, a total 6 887 suspected cases of diphtheria have been reported. A total of 42 deaths were reported in EWARS during this time.
The Oral Cholera Vaccination (OCV) campaign was successfully completed on 13 May, 2018. A total of 901 810 beneficiaries were vaccinated.
To date a total of 92 223 Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) case-patients have been notified through Indicator Based Surveillance in EWARS bringing. WHO and partners continue to prepare for likely outbreak.
• In refugee camps and settlements, preparation activities for the monsoon and cyclone season preparedness are ongoing to mitigate the risks of the monsoon season. As of 14 May, 21 237 of the 200 000 people at risk of landslides and floods have been relocated to safer places.
An additional 3 167 safer plots are ready for relocation – the process is ongoing.
• Over 17-24 May, cloudy conditions with local showers and thunderstorms are forecast.
New Rohingya arrivals since 25 August 2017 in Cox’s Bazar
Rohingya Population in Cox’s Bazar
People in Need in Cox’s Bazar
To coincide with the distribution of shelter tie-down kits, BBC Media Action has developed a series of multimedia products to assist in communicating the importance of shelter strengthening and preparedness in advance of the monsoon. The materials also provide detailed practical guidance about key shelter strengthening techniques.