Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018Ongoing
Pre-monsoon rains started on 18 April 2018 near Cox’s Bazar on Bangladesh’s southern coast. A risk analysis released in the beginning of this year estimated that at least 86,000 people were living in areas at particularly high risk of floods while more than 23,000 were on steep, unstable hillsides that could crumble with continuous heavy rainfall. The camp population has risen by some 200,000 people since. (Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre, 22 Apr 2018)
Over 40,000 Rohingya families in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar refugee camps have now been trained in shelter upgrade techniques ahead of the fast approaching monsoon and cyclone season...In total 100,000 families will be reached through the trainings, while IOM is overseeing the roll out of a similar number of upgrade kits containing ropes, bamboo, tarpaulin and tools. (IOM, 24 Apr 2018)
In case of flooding, the number of people suffering acute watery diarrhea is likely to increase. UNICEF and partners are readying to support an estimated 10,000 people, more than half of which (55 per cent) are children, with treatment for Acute Watery Diarrhea over the next three months. UNICEF is constructing 5 additional Diarrhea treatment centers. One has already opened, two other will open later this week and the two last ones end of May...At least 3 out of 24 health facilities supported by UNICEF in the camps and makeshift settlements are at risk of flooding. This could affect between 25,000 and 30,000 people, more than half of which are children. (UNICEF, 1 May 2018))
UNHCR...is rushing additional aid to Bangladesh where the first monsoon rains have been affecting Cox’s Bazar district and the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees there. The first of three scheduled humanitarian airlifts carrying additional shelter materials arrived in Bangladesh on Tuesday (1 May). Its load, 1,400 tents, is the first batch of 10,000 tents that UNHCR will airlift by the end of May. The aim is for the tents to provide emergency shelter for an estimated 60,000 refugees currently residing in areas at high risk of landslides and flooding. Aid is also being moved by sea; this includes additional tents, 170,000 tarpaulins sheets, and other basic items. Humanitarian partners estimate that between 150,000 and 200,000 Rohingya refugees will be at risk this monsoon season...Of this number, 24,000 people are at critical risk due to severe instability of the land on which their shelters have been constructed. (UNHCR, 4 May 2018)
The newly prepared 12-acre plot is now ready to receive shelters and other key services. It will provide new homes for nearly 500 families currently living in some of the most high-risk parts of the refugee site. (IOM, UNHCR and WFP, 8 May 2018)
In the Rohingya refugee camps, during the period of 14-21 May, over 50 households and more than 150 individuals were affected by landslides and windstorms. To date, more than 21,300 refugees have been relocated from high risk locations with an additional 8,400 planned...Of the 24,000 latrines to be de-sludged, over 17,500 are completed. There is still a need for new de-sludging and solid waste management sites, and there remains a high risk of disease outbreaks including water borne diseases (Acute Watery Diarrhoea, Hep A, Hep E) and vector borne diseases (Dengue, Malaria), due to the poor sanitary conditions in the camps. (OCHA, 21 May 2018)
Between 22-30 May 2018, 503 refugees living in camps in Cox’s Bazar and at risk of landslides or floods, were relocated to safer areas. More than 660 people were affected by weather-related incidents including landslides during the same period. To date, over 25,000 people have been relocated within the camps either to safer areas, or to facilitate construction and improvement works. (OCHA, 4 Jun 2018)
The first heavy rains of the year swept through Rohingya refugee settlements in Cox’s Bazar district this weekend, marking the start of the monsoon season...Torrential rains and winds up to 70 kilometres per hour caused at least 89 reported incidents, including 37 landslide incidents, causing several injuries and one confirmed fatality – a child. Nearly 2,500 refugee families, some 11,000 people in all, are affected. As of 10 June the rain has become nearly continuous. According to the Bangladesh Meteorological Department nearly 400 millimetres of rain have fallen in Cox’s Bazar area since Sunday. This is equivalent to two thirds of the average June rainfall for this part of the country. (UNHCR, 12 Jun 2018).
From 11 to 18 June, heavy monsoon rains in Cox’s Bazar again triggered flooding and landslides in the Rohingya refugee camps, affecting 9,000 individuals and displacing more than 2,000 people. Small-scale landslides, floods and high winds damaged structures, bridges, culverts, drainage channels and access roads as well as water points, latrines and other facilities in Ukhia and Teknaf. Weather conditions continue to pose serious protection, health and other risks to refugees, especially to women and children who represent over 80 per cent of the Rohingya refugee population. (OCHA, 18 Jun 2018)
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GENEVA, 1 May 2018 - This is a summary of what was said by Christophe Boulierac, UNICEF spokesperson in Geneva – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
The pre-monsoon rains have started in Cox’s Bazar, which is one of the most flood prone areas of Bangladesh. On the night of the 26th April, a storm damaged shelters and affected several families in refugee camps.
April 27, 2018, Bangladesh: As the pre-monsoon downpours hit Bangladesh, the lives of the Myanmar refugees in Cox’s Bazar are becoming increasingly vulnerable. On 18 April Wednesday, the Cox's Bazar Met office recorded 43 millimeters of rain in the area.
The first downpours indicate a major disaster waiting to happen. Field reports tell the brief rainfall last week is already creating accessibility problems in the muddy hills, while overflowing small puddles into sizes of pools.
The coastal areas of Bangladesh are hit by cyclones almost every year, with the highest wind speed reaching up to 220 km/hr and a tidal range of 3m high that may increase up to 7m further west at the entrance of the Meghna Estuary, to the East of Bhola (UNDP 2010). Cyclone season in the Bay of Bengal, mainly occurs pre and post monsoon season, between April-May and October-November. The most cyclone affected Districts are; Khulna, Patuakhali, Barisal, Noakhali and Chittagong.
The Government and people of Bangladesh have displayed extraordinary generosity towards Rohingya refugees. They have opened their homes to tens of thousands of Rohingya refugees over the past decades. Most recently, they have welcomed over 671,000 Rohingya refugees, who have fled violence in Myanmar since 25 August 2017 to seek safety in Cox’s Bazar. Their robust response – with the support of the international community – has saved countless lives. The Government and the people of Bangladesh are the biggest donors to this crisis.
COX’S BARAR, Bangladesh – Early monsoon rains have arrived in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, where hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees are living in flimsy tents of bamboo and tarpaulin, renewing fears of flooding, mudslides, water-borne diseases and further displacement among an already beleaguered population.
Note: This map highlights the gap of upgrade shelter kit distribution at camp level based on NPM R9 pouplation data.
Note: This map highlights the coverage of upgrade shelter kit distribution at camp level.
Christian Aid is working around the clock to help those who have fled Myanmar to the camps in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, to prepare for the coming cyclone and monsoon season.
Flooding, landslides and cyclones are expected which will destroy many of the temporary shelters set up since the mass movement of people started when violence escalated in Myanmar last August. Since then, about 687,000 people have crossed the border into Bangladesh.
• UNICEF has finalized its monsoon preparedness/operational plan to mitigate the risk of floods and landslides, and to respond during the monsoon with a budget of US$10million.
• A Diarrhoea Treatment Centre (DTC) is now operational in Leda, Teknaf Upazila treating up to 20 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) per day from both host and refugee communities. Four more DTCs will be operational in the next few weeks.
UNFPA and partners are working around the clock to ensure the safety of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees in the sprawling camps of southern Bangladesh, as they brace for monsoon cyclones, wind and rains that tear across the country for around four months each year.
Over 700,000 Rohingya refugees, more than half women and girls, have arrived in Bangladesh from neighbouring Myanmar’s Rakhine State since August 2017, swelling the population of the makeshift camps to well over 1.3 million.
Cox’s Bazar – Over 40,000 Rohingya families in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar refugee camps have now been trained in shelter upgrade techniques ahead of the fast approaching monsoon and cyclone season. Women are playing a key role as part of a major project being rolled out by IOM, the UN Migration Agency.
With the first rains already affecting the camps, IOM now has completed its shelter upgrade trainings, but will continue to support workshops run by partner agencies. These show refugees how to best secure their shelters ahead of the strong winds and heavy rains expected in May.
Damage and fear caused by the first rains of the monsoon season in the Rohingya refugee camps are an ominous warning of what is to come Oxfam said today. Oxfam’s Rohingya Response Advocacy Manager Dorothy Sang said the worst is still to come when the monsoon seasons hits Bangladesh with full ferocity from late May to September.