Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018Ongoing
Pre-monsoon rains started on 18 April 2018 near Cox’s Bazar on Bangladesh’s southern coast. A risk analysis released in the beginning of this year estimated that at least 86,000 people were living in areas at particularly high risk of floods while more than 23,000 were on steep, unstable hillsides that could crumble with continuous heavy rainfall. The camp population has risen by some 200,000 people since. (Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre, 22 Apr 2018)
Over 40,000 Rohingya families in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar refugee camps have now been trained in shelter upgrade techniques ahead of the fast approaching monsoon and cyclone season...In total 100,000 families will be reached through the trainings, while IOM is overseeing the roll out of a similar number of upgrade kits containing ropes, bamboo, tarpaulin and tools. (IOM, 24 Apr 2018)
In case of flooding, the number of people suffering acute watery diarrhea is likely to increase. UNICEF and partners are readying to support an estimated 10,000 people, more than half of which (55 per cent) are children, with treatment for Acute Watery Diarrhea over the next three months. UNICEF is constructing 5 additional Diarrhea treatment centers. One has already opened, two other will open later this week and the two last ones end of May...At least 3 out of 24 health facilities supported by UNICEF in the camps and makeshift settlements are at risk of flooding. This could affect between 25,000 and 30,000 people, more than half of which are children. (UNICEF, 1 May 2018))
UNHCR...is rushing additional aid to Bangladesh where the first monsoon rains have been affecting Cox’s Bazar district and the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees there. The first of three scheduled humanitarian airlifts carrying additional shelter materials arrived in Bangladesh on Tuesday (1 May). Its load, 1,400 tents, is the first batch of 10,000 tents that UNHCR will airlift by the end of May. The aim is for the tents to provide emergency shelter for an estimated 60,000 refugees currently residing in areas at high risk of landslides and flooding. Aid is also being moved by sea; this includes additional tents, 170,000 tarpaulins sheets, and other basic items. Humanitarian partners estimate that between 150,000 and 200,000 Rohingya refugees will be at risk this monsoon season...Of this number, 24,000 people are at critical risk due to severe instability of the land on which their shelters have been constructed. (UNHCR, 4 May 2018)
The newly prepared 12-acre plot is now ready to receive shelters and other key services. It will provide new homes for nearly 500 families currently living in some of the most high-risk parts of the refugee site. (IOM, UNHCR and WFP, 8 May 2018)
In the Rohingya refugee camps, during the period of 14-21 May, over 50 households and more than 150 individuals were affected by landslides and windstorms. To date, more than 21,300 refugees have been relocated from high risk locations with an additional 8,400 planned...Of the 24,000 latrines to be de-sludged, over 17,500 are completed. There is still a need for new de-sludging and solid waste management sites, and there remains a high risk of disease outbreaks including water borne diseases (Acute Watery Diarrhoea, Hep A, Hep E) and vector borne diseases (Dengue, Malaria), due to the poor sanitary conditions in the camps. (OCHA, 21 May 2018)
Between 22-30 May 2018, 503 refugees living in camps in Cox’s Bazar and at risk of landslides or floods, were relocated to safer areas. More than 660 people were affected by weather-related incidents including landslides during the same period. To date, over 25,000 people have been relocated within the camps either to safer areas, or to facilitate construction and improvement works. (OCHA, 4 Jun 2018)
The first heavy rains of the year swept through Rohingya refugee settlements in Cox’s Bazar district this weekend, marking the start of the monsoon season...Torrential rains and winds up to 70 kilometres per hour caused at least 89 reported incidents, including 37 landslide incidents, causing several injuries and one confirmed fatality – a child. Nearly 2,500 refugee families, some 11,000 people in all, are affected. As of 10 June the rain has become nearly continuous. According to the Bangladesh Meteorological Department nearly 400 millimetres of rain have fallen in Cox’s Bazar area since Sunday. This is equivalent to two thirds of the average June rainfall for this part of the country. (UNHCR, 12 Jun 2018).
From 11 to 18 June, heavy monsoon rains in Cox’s Bazar again triggered flooding and landslides in the Rohingya refugee camps, affecting 9,000 individuals and displacing more than 2,000 people. Small-scale landslides, floods and high winds damaged structures, bridges, culverts, drainage channels and access roads as well as water points, latrines and other facilities in Ukhia and Teknaf. Weather conditions continue to pose serious protection, health and other risks to refugees, especially to women and children who represent over 80 per cent of the Rohingya refugee population. (OCHA, 18 Jun 2018)
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4 soil stabilisation activities totalling about 150m and 6 interventions in different locations took place this week with 400 CFW.
2 bamboo bridges totalling about 70m were built as part of Repair and Recovery activities.
10 MSUs in use and 6 to be handed over to the Log Sector at Madhu Chara Logistics Hub.
Internews project opens up communication with Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh
This map illustrates satellite-detected surface water extent in the northeastern part of Bangladesh using a Sentinel-1 satellite image acquired on the 15 June 2018. In the analysed area; about 500,000 ha of lands are likely affected. The population exposure analysis using WorldPop data shows that 3,500,000 people are potentially affected by floods in this analysed zone: ~1,500,000 are located in Sylhet Division and ~1,000,000 in Sumanganj Division and about 35% of the population is leaving within or close to inundated areas.
Colombia- Sismo- 12/06/18
Un sismo de 4,5 grados con epicentro en el volcán Galeras sacudió el extremo suroccidental. El movimiento telúrico se registró a las 04:35 hora local con una profundidad superficial, señaló el Servicio Geológico Nacional.
The monsoon rains falling on the Rohingya refugee camps near Cox’s Bazar, southern Bangladesh, have caused over 130 landslides, damaged 3,300 shelters and affected 28,000 refugees, Oxfam said today.
A survey of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh carried out by Oxfam before the start of the monsoon season found that more than half were almost completely unprepared for the floods, landslides and disease that accompany the monsoon weather, with women most at risk.
Despite challenges brought on by the arrival of the monsoon season this month, United Nations agencies in Bangladesh continue to support nearly one million Rohingya refugees, including thousands of victims of sexual violence.
Members of the mainly-Muslim minority community began fleeing Myanmar’s Rakhine state last August following a military crackdown targeting extremists, during which homes were destroyed, men and boys killed, and countless women and girls raped.
This statement is attributable to Pramila Patten, United Nations Under-Secretary General and Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, and Natalia Kanem, United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director of UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund New York, 18 June 2018
Based on observations from our recent visits to the refugee camps in the Cox’s Bazar District of Bangladesh, we call on the international community to urgently step up its efforts to help all Rohingya refugees in confronting their ordeal.
The following document includes 12 thematic maps with information on the following topics:
– Population density
– Cooking fuel source
– Education barriers for girls
– Access to health facilities
– Income source
– Most severe needs
– NFI distribution
– Primary safety concern
– Shelter types
– Community areas cleanliness
– Source of drinking water
– Access to drinking water
Description of the disaster
Since 12 August 2017, heavy monsoon rains above the seasonal average severely impacted the riverine region of India,
Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. This resulted in intense flooding in almost two-thirds of Bangladesh, affecting over 8 million people. Bangladesh experienced floods for the fourth time in 2017 and the latest flood had inundated the country.
As of 12 September, the Government of Bangladesh reported that the floodwaters had receded in 28 of the 322 floodaffected districts.
• 24 735 people have been affected by the Monsoon rains as .
• Several infrastructures in the camps have been damaged including 18 water points, 252 latrines and one health facility.
• The health sector Monsoon and cyclone contingency and response plan is activated.
• According to the Needs and Population Monitoring (NPM) exercise, there are an estimated 915 000 Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar as of 25 May 2018. Of these, 702 000 are new arrivals since 25 August 2017.
Monsoon Rains Bring New Challenges for Expectant Mothers
This map illustrates satellite-detected surface water extent in Teknaf Upazila, District of Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Division, located in the southeastern part of Bangladesh as detected using a Sentinel-1 satellite image acquired on the 13 June 2018 compared to a Sentinel-1 satelllite image acquired on 22 May 2018. The total analysed area is about 5,000 ha, and about 1600 ha of surface waters could be observed the 13th of June 2018 whereas 1,050 ha were observed on 22 May 2018. The increase of observed surface waters in this area is about 50 %.
702,000 New Rohingya arrivals since 25 August 2017 in Cox’s Bazar*
915,00 Total Rohingya Population in Cox’s Bazar*
1.3 Million People in Need in Cox’s Bazar
* Needs and Population Monitoring Round 10
This week, 343 individuals at highest risk of landslides were relocated to Camp 20 Extension.
IOM protection team has been working in close collaboration with the Site Management team to support the most vulnerable individuals during relocations.
COX’S BAZAR, Bangladesh, 14 June 2018 – Torrential rain and strong winds hit Rohingya refugee camps and makeshift settlements in the past week threatening the health and safety of thousands of children as the first major storm of the monsoon season arrived in south-eastern Bangladesh.
The heavy rain brought flooding and landslides – with reports of one young child killed in a landslide – whilst strong winds damaged or destroyed hundreds of shelters, leaving vulnerable families defenseless against the elements.