Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018Alert
Pre-monsoon rains started on 18 April 2018 near Cox’s Bazar on Bangladesh’s southern coast. A risk analysis released in the beginning of this year estimated that at least 86,000 people were living in areas at particularly high risk of floods while more than 23,000 were on steep, unstable hillsides that could crumble with continuous heavy rainfall. The camp population has risen by some 200,000 people since. (Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre, 22 Apr 2018)
Over 40,000 Rohingya families in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar refugee camps have now been trained in shelter upgrade techniques ahead of the fast approaching monsoon and cyclone season...In total 100,000 families will be reached through the trainings, while IOM is overseeing the roll out of a similar number of upgrade kits containing ropes, bamboo, tarpaulin and tools. (IOM, 24 Apr 2018)
In case of flooding, the number of people suffering acute watery diarrhea is likely to increase. UNICEF and partners are readying to support an estimated 10,000 people, more than half of which (55 per cent) are children, with treatment for Acute Watery Diarrhea over the next three months. UNICEF is constructing 5 additional Diarrhea treatment centers. One has already opened, two other will open later this week and the two last ones end of May...At least 3 out of 24 health facilities supported by UNICEF in the camps and makeshift settlements are at risk of flooding. This could affect between 25,000 and 30,000 people, more than half of which are children. (UNICEF, 1 May 2018))
UNHCR...is rushing additional aid to Bangladesh where the first monsoon rains have been affecting Cox’s Bazar district and the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees there. The first of three scheduled humanitarian airlifts carrying additional shelter materials arrived in Bangladesh on Tuesday (1 May). Its load, 1,400 tents, is the first batch of 10,000 tents that UNHCR will airlift by the end of May. The aim is for the tents to provide emergency shelter for an estimated 60,000 refugees currently residing in areas at high risk of landslides and flooding. Aid is also being moved by sea; this includes additional tents, 170,000 tarpaulins sheets, and other basic items. Humanitarian partners estimate that between 150,000 and 200,000 Rohingya refugees will be at risk this monsoon season. They are living on land prone to landslides and flooding and are in urgent need of relocation. Of this number, 24,000 people are at critical risk due to severe instability of the land on which their shelters have been constructed. (UNHCR, 4 May 2018)
According to media, as of 7 May at 7:30 UTC, one person was reported dead and two people injured due to a landslide in the Kutupalong Rohingya refugee camp (Cox's Bazar District) (ECHO, 7 May 2018.)
Humanitarian agencies working in Bangladesh’s Rohingya refugee camps marked the completion of the first new plot of land prepared to relocate families most at risk of landslides during the upcoming monsoon season. The newly prepared 12-acre plot is now ready to receive shelters and other key services. It will provide new homes for nearly 500 families currently living in some of the most high-risk parts of the refugee site. (IOM, UNHCR and WFP, 8 May 2018)
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The Brahmaputra-Jamuna and the Surma-Kushiyara including the rivers in the Upper Meghna region are in rising trend, while the Ganges-Padma rivers are in steady state.
According to information of Bangladesh & Indian Metrological Departments there is chance of medium to heavy rainfall in Assam-Meghalaya parts of India in next 24 hours.
The major rivers of districts of the North-Eastern region may continue rising in next 24 hours.
The Brahmaputra-Jamuna rivers may continue rising in next 48 hours.
The Brahmaputra-Jamuna, Ganges and Surma-Kushiyara rivers including Upper Meghna rivers are in rising trend; while the Padma river is in steady state.
According to information of Bangladesh & Indian Metrological Departments there is chance of medium to heavy rainfall in Assam-Meghaloya parts of India in next 48 hours.
In next 24 hours, major rivers of districts in the North-Eastern region may continue to rise.
In Next 48 hours, the Brahmaputra-Jamuna rivers may continue to rise.
About 200 000 Rohingya people are at risk of landslides and floods in camps, of which 25 000 are at very high-risk
The Oral Cholera Vaccination (OCV) campaign was successfully completed on 16 May, 2018. A total of 879 273 (89% of the people targeted) beneficiaries including 103 605 people from host community were vaccinated during the Oral Rehydration Campaign.
Since August 25, 2017, more than 693,000 Rohingya refugees have crossed the border from Myanmar into Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar district, fleeing a campaign of targeted violence by Myanmar’s military in Rakhine state. Combined with the Rohingya refugees already living in Bangladesh after fleeing previous outbreaks of violence, there are now more than 905,000 refugees in the sprawling Cox’s Bazar camps.
Bangladesh is working with UNHCR and partners to stave off consequences of possible extreme weather for hundreds of thousands.
KUTUPALONG REFUGEE SETTLEMENT, Bangladesh – As a Bangladeshi instructor raises a red flag with a black centre, another instructor starts sounding a storm siren, then waves a second flag.
“When all the flags are raised and the signal is the loudest... it is the most intense of warnings,” explained a trainer with the Bangladesh government’s Cyclone Prevention Programme to a class of Rohingya refugee volunteers.
With monsoon rains and the onset of the cyclone season expected during the next few weeks, fears are intensifying for the safety of Rohingya people living in makeshift shelters in Bangladesh refugee camps.
Many of the 1.1 million Rohingya Muslims who have fled military persecution in Myanmar are living on bare earth floors under tarpaulins, with almost no protection from the elements.
The majority suffered greatly even before arriving in the squalid conditions of the camps.
687,000 New Rohingya arrivals since 25 August 2017 in Cox’s Bazar
905,418 Rohingya Population in Cox’s Bazar
1.3 Million People in Need in Cox’s Bazar
In Shamlapur, back-filling is ongoing in two areas needing flood mitigation works in Hatkhulapara and Purbo Asarbonia. The works are almost completed and would benefit 256 households who were deemed at risk from flooding/water-logging.
Since 25 August 2017, extreme violence in Rakhine State, Myanmar, has driven an estimated 702,160 Rohingya refugees across the border into Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. Generations of statelessness imposed vulnerabilities on these people even before the severe traumas of this most recent crisis. The people and Government of Bangladesh welcomed them with resounding generosity and open borders. The speed and scale of the influx was nonetheless a challenge, and the humanitarian community stepped up its support to help mitigate a critical humanitarian emergency.
As monsoon season approaches, Rohingya volunteers are being trained by UNHCR to become first responders in an emergency.
KUTUPALONG REFUGEE SETTLEMENT, Bangladesh – Seventy-year-old Hanibi says she cannot eat or sleep. The memory of two family members who were shot still haunts her and she worries about the coming monsoon season, when the bamboo houses of Kutupalong refugee settlement, where she and around 600,000 other people live, will be at the mercy of the elements.
Formin, a volunteer counsellor, squeezes her hand.
Disaster Looms in Refugee Camps; Safer Ground Needed
By Penny Sims, British Red Cross
“My son is trapped!”
“We need a doctor!”
“My family left me behind!”
In a community centre in Tansimorkhola, at the southern end of the giant camp that is home to almost 800,000 people who fled Myanmar for Bangladesh, some impressive acting is going on. Staff and volunteers from a Bangladesh Red Crescent Society and Danish Red Cross psychosocial programme are putting local community volunteers through a series of likely scenarios for both monsoon and cyclone season.
By Ida Sem Fossvik
More than 655,000 Rohingya fled violence in Myanmar’s Rakhine state and sought safety in neighbouring Bangladesh between late August and early November 2017. Despite concerted humanitarian efforts and a recent repatriation deal, their future is highly uncertain.
The Brahmaputra-Jamuna, Padma and Surma-Kushiyara rivers including Upper Meghna rivers are in falling trend, while the Ganges river is in steady state.
There is chance of medium to heavy rainfall at some places of Sylhet, Sunamganj, Moulvibazr, Habiganj, Netrokona, Mymensingh and Sherpur districts in North-Eastern part of the country and adjacent Indian parts in next 48 hours.
In next 24 hours major rivers of Sylhet, Sunamganj, Netrokona and Sherpur districts in the North-Eastern region may rapidly rise.
Cox’s Bazar – A major canal dredging and renovation project is underway to protect local residents and refugees in southern Bangladesh from impending monsoon floods. The project is one of several initiated by IOM, the UN Migration Agency, to safeguard hundreds of thousands of people in Cox’s Bazar ahead of heavy monsoon rains and the cyclone season.