Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018Ongoing
Pre-monsoon rains started on 18 April 2018 near Cox’s Bazar on Bangladesh’s southern coast. A risk analysis released in the beginning of this year estimated that at least 86,000 people were living in areas at particularly high risk of floods while more than 23,000 were on steep, unstable hillsides that could crumble with continuous heavy rainfall. The camp population has risen by some 200,000 people since. (Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre, 22 Apr 2018)
Over 40,000 Rohingya families in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar refugee camps have now been trained in shelter upgrade techniques ahead of the fast approaching monsoon and cyclone season...In total 100,000 families will be reached through the trainings, while IOM is overseeing the roll out of a similar number of upgrade kits containing ropes, bamboo, tarpaulin and tools. (IOM, 24 Apr 2018)
In case of flooding, the number of people suffering acute watery diarrhea is likely to increase. UNICEF and partners are readying to support an estimated 10,000 people, more than half of which (55 per cent) are children, with treatment for Acute Watery Diarrhea over the next three months. UNICEF is constructing 5 additional Diarrhea treatment centers. One has already opened, two other will open later this week and the two last ones end of May...At least 3 out of 24 health facilities supported by UNICEF in the camps and makeshift settlements are at risk of flooding. This could affect between 25,000 and 30,000 people, more than half of which are children. (UNICEF, 1 May 2018))
UNHCR...is rushing additional aid to Bangladesh where the first monsoon rains have been affecting Cox’s Bazar district and the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees there. The first of three scheduled humanitarian airlifts carrying additional shelter materials arrived in Bangladesh on Tuesday (1 May). Its load, 1,400 tents, is the first batch of 10,000 tents that UNHCR will airlift by the end of May. The aim is for the tents to provide emergency shelter for an estimated 60,000 refugees currently residing in areas at high risk of landslides and flooding. Aid is also being moved by sea; this includes additional tents, 170,000 tarpaulins sheets, and other basic items. Humanitarian partners estimate that between 150,000 and 200,000 Rohingya refugees will be at risk this monsoon season...Of this number, 24,000 people are at critical risk due to severe instability of the land on which their shelters have been constructed. (UNHCR, 4 May 2018)
The newly prepared 12-acre plot is now ready to receive shelters and other key services. It will provide new homes for nearly 500 families currently living in some of the most high-risk parts of the refugee site. (IOM, UNHCR and WFP, 8 May 2018)
In the Rohingya refugee camps, during the period of 14-21 May, over 50 households and more than 150 individuals were affected by landslides and windstorms. To date, more than 21,300 refugees have been relocated from high risk locations with an additional 8,400 planned...Of the 24,000 latrines to be de-sludged, over 17,500 are completed. There is still a need for new de-sludging and solid waste management sites, and there remains a high risk of disease outbreaks including water borne diseases (Acute Watery Diarrhoea, Hep A, Hep E) and vector borne diseases (Dengue, Malaria), due to the poor sanitary conditions in the camps. (OCHA, 21 May 2018)
Between 22-30 May 2018, 503 refugees living in camps in Cox’s Bazar and at risk of landslides or floods, were relocated to safer areas. More than 660 people were affected by weather-related incidents including landslides during the same period. To date, over 25,000 people have been relocated within the camps either to safer areas, or to facilitate construction and improvement works. (OCHA, 4 Jun 2018)
The first heavy rains of the year swept through Rohingya refugee settlements in Cox’s Bazar district this weekend, marking the start of the monsoon season...Torrential rains and winds up to 70 kilometres per hour caused at least 89 reported incidents, including 37 landslide incidents, causing several injuries and one confirmed fatality – a child. Nearly 2,500 refugee families, some 11,000 people in all, are affected. As of 10 June the rain has become nearly continuous. According to the Bangladesh Meteorological Department nearly 400 millimetres of rain have fallen in Cox’s Bazar area since Sunday. This is equivalent to two thirds of the average June rainfall for this part of the country. (UNHCR, 12 Jun 2018).
From 11 to 18 June, heavy monsoon rains in Cox’s Bazar again triggered flooding and landslides in the Rohingya refugee camps, affecting 9,000 individuals and displacing more than 2,000 people. Small-scale landslides, floods and high winds damaged structures, bridges, culverts, drainage channels and access roads as well as water points, latrines and other facilities in Ukhia and Teknaf. Weather conditions continue to pose serious protection, health and other risks to refugees, especially to women and children who represent over 80 per cent of the Rohingya refugee population. (OCHA, 18 Jun 2018)
Between June 14 - 21, the monsoon rains brought 95mm of rainfall compared to 537mm during the previous week. The weather was marked by a four-day lull in the rains providing humanitarian workers an opportunity to repair damages from recent landslides, floods and gusts of wind. Repairs focused on bridges, culverts and access roads to ensure reestablishment of any services disrupted. Emergency life-saving response remains an urgent priority. (ISCG, 21 Jun 2018)
Between 25 June and 1 July, more than 900 people living in refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar were affected by heavy rain, landslides and strong winds, with 26 households displaced. More than 90 educational facilities were damaged, and 35 have been decommissioned, affecting almost 10,000 children. Repair of access roads, culverts, bridges and infrastructure is ongoing to mitigate against the impacts of further heavy rain. (OCHA, 2 July 2018)
Between 2 and 7 July, monsoon rains continued to affect the Rohingya refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar. 4,830 people were affected by landslides, flooding and wind damage with 1,370 people displaced. Among other impacts, the heavy monsoon rains since 28 June have severely damaged child protection facilities. 28 were affected and recommended for closure, 5 were decommissioned, and 9 provide temporary shelter to newly affected families pending relocation to safer sites. As of 4 July, 16 of the affected facilities remain closed, while services are provided from other facilities. (OCHA, 9 Jul 2018)
Between 11 and 17 July, Cox’s Bazar recorded 115 mm of rain compared to the 140 mm received in the previous week. Respite from heavy rains provided an opportunity for further progress on monsoon mitigation measures, construction and repair of infrastructure, including access roads in the camps. Heavy rains are anticipated from 21 to 23 July specifically with over 70 mm on 22 July alone. High winds, including gusts of up to 90 km/h are also expected. ISCG has issued an alert to all sectors, Agencies, NGOs and competent Authorities to ensure adequate response mechanisms at the field level. (ISCG, 17 Jul 2018](https://reliefweb.int/node/2703709))
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A total of 9,756 individuals in 2,125 families have been verified through the Government of Bangladesh and UNHCR joint verification exercise as of 18 July. All individuals above the age of 12 have received an ID card and all households received a family certificate, which will be use for the provision of protection and assistance in Bangladesh. The exercise aims at consolidating a unified database for identity management, documentation, provision of protection and assistance, population statistics and ultimately solutions.
706,364 New Rohingya Arrivals since 25 August 2017 to Cox’s Bazar*
919,000 Total Rohingya Population in Cox’s Bazar*
1.3 Million People in Need in Cox’s Bazar
The 30-year average for total rainfall in Cox’s Bazar in July stands at 931mm. As of 10 July, Cox’s Bazar has seen 222mm of rain. The forecast for this week includes approximately 30mm of rain per day and wind speeds of below 35 kilometres/hour.
IN THIS UPDATE:
Refugees continue to arrive from Myanmar
Refugee verification exercise
Inauguration of camp leaders
Refugees relocated to new Camp 4 Extension
Emergency relocations in Chakmarkul for monsoon
UNHCR’s chief visits Rohingya settlements
706,360 refugee arrivals since August 2017
839,650 refugees received food assistance
• 138,940 families received in-kind food
• 46,495 families received food assistance through e-vouchers
• WFP is planning a life skills activity for Rohingya refugees, a self-reliance pilot targeting the most vulnerable women and adolescent girls.
The United Nations Secretary General and the President of the World Bank visiting Cox’s Bazar last week, as well as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and the Executive Director of UNFPA, marked significant progress for the humanitarian and development nexus in the response. The World Bank’s announcement of a USD 50 million grant to a health project—the first in a series that could total as much as USD 480 million—invited new mechanisms for financing and coordination.
- The Brahmaputra-Jamuna rivers are in falling trend. The Brahmaputra river may become steady while the Jamuna river may continue falling in next 48 hours.
- The Ganges-Padma rivers are in rising trend. The Brahmaputra river may become steady while the Jamuna river may continue falling in next 48 hours.
- The Water level of Surma river in the Upper Meghna basin is rising while the Kushiyara river is in falling trend. The Surma Kushiyara rivers may fall in next 48 hours.
RAINFALL AND RIVER SITUATION SUMMARY AS ON JULY 13, 2018.
The Brahmaputra-Jamuna rivers are in falling trend may continue in next 48 hours.
The Water level of the Upper Meghna basin the Surma-Kushiyara and the Ganges-Padma rivers are in rising trend, which may continue rise in next 48 hours.
• On 2 July, UN Secretary-General António Guterres and President of the World Bank President Jim Yong Kim visited Cox’s Bazar. The World Bank announced it would provide Bangladesh with US$480 million for the Rohingya response, including health, education, water, sanitation and social protection.
The Early Warning Early Action initiative has been developed with the understanding that disaster losses and emergency response costs can be drastically reduced by using early warning analysis to act before a crisis escalates into an emergency.
Early actions strengthen the resilience of at-risk populations, mitigate the impact of disasters and help communities, governments and national and international humanitarian agencies to respond more effectively and efficiently.
José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General
HI launched an emergency response in August 2017 to assist hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees who have fled Myanmar. Since June 2018, these already vulnerable people have had to face torrential rain. Floods and landslides make it difficult for HI’s teams to reach the most vulnerable people and to deliver humanitarian supplies.
706,364 New Rohingya arrivals since 25 August 2017 to Cox’s Bazar
919,000 Total Rohingya Population in Cox’s Bazar
1.3 Million People in Need in Cox’s Bazar