Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
Floods affected more than 53,000 people in Gambella and Oromia regions during the months of August and September. The Emergency Shelter/Non-Food Items (NFI) cluster reports a gap in NFIs to respond to the emergency. More than 300,000 people are at risk of flooding in the next few weeks as heavy rains are expected to continue. (UNICEF, 20 Sep 2017)
Flash floods following heavy rains since 28 August have displaced more than 13,400 people in four districts of Gambella region. The National Flood Task Force has prepared a response plan for at least 100,000 people risking displacement by flash floods along the Awash river basin this month. (OCHA, 22 Sep 2017)
Flood task force – The cluster remains very engaged in the Flood Task Force to monitor the needs induced by the 2017 kiremt season and plan a response accordingly. (Shelter cluster, 31 Aug 2017)
In Ethiopia, rainfall attributed to the Kiremt rains, which began on 8 September 2017 has led to extensive flooding. The Ambeira zone in Afar region, and special zones surrounding Addis Ababa (the capital), Jima, South-east Shewa, and South-west Shewa in the Oromia region have been worst affected by the rains and flooding. It is estimated that a total of 18,628 households (HHs) (93,140 people) have been affected from their homes, of which 7,270 HHs (36,350 people) have been displaced. (IFRC, 22 Sep 2017)
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
On 8 September 2017, rainfall attributed to the Kiremt rains began falling in Ethiopia, leading to extensive flooding. The Ambeira zone in Afar region, as well as special zones surrounding Addis Ababa (the capital), Jima, South-east Shewa, and South-west Shewa in the Oromia region were worst affected by the rains and flooding. It was estimated that a total of 18,628 households (HHs) or (93,140 people) where affected, of which 7,270 HHs (36,350 people) had been displaced.
This Strategy draws extensively from the Inter Agency Standing Committee Principles on Durable Solutions, the IOM Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations framework and Migration Crisis Operational Framework, the IGAD Regional Strategy on Forced Displacement and Mixed Migration, and the interagency Strategy on Protection, Return and Recovery for North East Nigeria.
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 20 December 2017 to 31 January 201 . (All sector requirements will be revised based on the 2018 Humanitarian requirements document, expected to be released mid February).
OROMIA REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 21,570 displaced individuals comprising 4,314 households in 21 displacement sites were identified in Gambella region. These figures represent an increase of 1,578 in the total individuals (8%), 490 in the number of households (13%) but a decrease of 2 (9%) in numbers of sites since round 7 (September/ October 2017). 57% of sites opened in 2017. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 71% of the displaced population.
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 806,913 displaced individuals comprising 118,719 households in 331 displacement sites were identified in Somali region*.
These figures represent an increase of 123,692 in the total individuals (18%), households (11%) and sites (4%) since round 7 (August/September 2017). 68% sites opened in 2017. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 57% of the displaced population.
TIGRAY REGION - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 20,752 displaced individuals comprising 7,621 households in 61 displacement sites were identified in Tigray region. These figures represent an increase of 1,317 in the total individuals (4%), households (4.8%) and sites (3%) since round 7 (September/October 2017). Only 7 of the 61 sites opened in 2017. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 93% of the displaced population.
CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS AND DRIVERS OF DISPLACEMENT
The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 553 sites reportedly opened in 2017 (DTM Rounds 3-8). In terms of overall cause of displacement, conflict was reported as the primary driver (1,078,429 IDPs), followed by displacement due to climate induced factors (528,658 IDPs). This trend is consistent over time, with conflict constantly being the primary cause of displacement across the country
Summary of the op:
Through this operation update the Ethiopia Red Cross Society requests 3 months’ timeframe extension of the operation to allow the NS to revise the operation i.e. areas of intervention, downward revision of the operational budget as well as rationalize the regions targeted by the revision. The revision is informed by the results of the meher assessment by government, joint movement secondary data review, IFRC Donor Advisory Group (DAG) recommendations following the field visit as well as lessons learnt workshop recommendations.
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 to 30 November 2017.
Multi-agency needs assessment kicked off to identify the scope of humanitarian needs for 2018.
*Despite improvement in early season rainfall, Southern Africa continues to report moisture deficit *
Africa Weather Hazards
Above-average seasonal rainfall during early November has helped to alleviate early season moisture deficits across Somalia and eastern Kenya.
However, dryness remains in parts of the northern Somali region of eastern Ethiopia. Moisture recovery is unlikely in the northern region, as seasonal rains are expected to be concentrated towards the south through November.
• Food security in Somalia deteriorated between August and October due to ongoing conflict and drought conditions
• USAID partners in Kenya remain prepared to respond to civil unrest following the country’s repeat election in October
• Nearly 40 percent of the approximately 578,000 IDPs in Ethiopia’s Oromiya Region lack adequate shelter
Continued heavy rains in November bring relief to dryness in East Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
- Since late October, above-average rainfall has mitigated moisture deficits across Somalia and eastern Kenya. However, dryness remains in parts of the northern Somali region of eastern Ethiopia.
- Below-average rainfall since mid-October have resulted in considerable moisture deficits across parts of the Free State, Gauteng, and Mpumalanga regions of South Africa and in Lesotho and Swaziland.
Funding update - Of the 43 MUSD required for the shelter/NFI humanitarian response as per update of the Mid-Year Review, 17.6 MUSD have been mobilized (41%), leaving a gap of 25.4 MUSD.
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 to 31 October 2017.
The Government, with support from humanitarian partners, continue to address the triple challenge of drought, flood and inter-communal conflict, but resources are stretched.
Deyr rains performed poorly in October in southern Somalia, with increases in early November
The onset of the Deyr (October to December) season was significantly delayed over parts of southern and central Somalia by 20-30 days. Rainfall totals in October were less than 50 percent of average, following by increases in rainfall during the first 10 days of November. Seasonal performance has been better in neighboring areas Ethiopia, where rainfall has been average to above average.
Despite a recent improvement in seasonal rainfall, dryness remains in Somalia, Kenya, and Ethiopia
Africa Weather Hazards
Increased seasonal rainfall was recorded in Somalia and northeastern Kenya, helping to mitigate early-season moisture deficits, although dryness remains. Average to above-average rainfall forecast in mid- November is expected to continue to provide relief to the region.
Heavy rainfall continues to sustain the risk for flooding in southeastern Kenya and northeastern Tanzania.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 44 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
Marburg virus disease in Uganda
Plague in Madagascar
Malaria in Cabo Verde
Dengue fever in Côte d’Ivoire
Cholera in Zambia
Cholera in north-east Nigeria.