Nepal: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2017
Since 1 June, 37 of the 75 districts in Nepal have been impacted by floods and landslides triggered by heavy monsoon rains. Solukhumbu and Palpa districts were particularly affected by the combined effects of flooding, landslides and heavy monsoon rains. To date, authorities confirmed at least 34 deaths. The Government has provided cash grants to families in Saptari District whose houses were destroyed by the floods. A rapid needs assessment is ongoing in Saptari. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2017)
Red Cross volunteers and emergency teams are searching for survivors as flash floods and landslides have submerged thousands of homes in several parts of Nepal, mostly in the south of the country. The floods and landslides have claimed at least 53 lives over the past three days, in the Terai region bordering India and other areas of Nepal, according to the Government of Nepal. Dozens more are missing or injured. “Monsoon rains and floods in the past two weeks have affected more than 100,000 people. First aid and relief supplies have been provided around the clock by hundreds of volunteers from the Nepal Red Cross Society,” said Dev Ratna Dhakhwa, Secretary General, Nepal Red Cross Society. (IFRC, 13 Aug 2017)
Due to continuous rainfall in different parts of the country, approximately 100,000 people in 31 districts have been affected by the floods and landslides in the last two weeks. According to the Nepal Red Cross Initial Rapid Assessment (IRA) reports received from the affected districts as of 13 August 2017, a total of 27,861 families (139,300 people) have been affected, of which 6,247 families (47,350 people) are displaced. Some 2,964 houses are completed destroyed and 8,344 are partially damaged. The report indicates that 64 people are confirmed dead; 16 people are still missing; and 44 people have been injured. The numbers have been increasing day by day; this is likely to continue as some of the affected areas are challenging to access. NRCS has already deployed 448 Red Cross volunteers including District Disaster Response Team (DDRT) members, trained First Aid and National Disaster Response Team (NDRT) members on the ground for immediate response. (IFRC, 14 Aug 2017)
As of 16 August, 18,320 families are confirmed to have been displaced, and 75,000 families are affected by the flooding. More than 100,000 people have been rescued by formal and informal search and rescue. There have been 123 recorded deaths, according to Nepal's Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA). Water levels in flood-affected areas have been gradually receding as the rainfall has significantly decreased or stopped in most parts of the country. However, the number of affected districts has increased to 35 (out of 75 districts nationwide); Morang, Sunsari, Siraha, Rautahat, Mahottari, Dhanusa, Sindhuli, Bara, Parsa, Dang, Banke and Bardiya are among the worst hit districts. The Ministry of Home Affairs says that more than 80 percent of land in the Tarai has been inundated. Hydro-meteorological stations in Banke, Chitwan and Makwanpur recorded the heaviest rainfall in 60 years. Moderate to heavy rains have been forecast across Nepal for the coming days. Significant access challenges remain: Biratnagar airport remains closed, and other basic services such as transport routes, electric power and drinking water supplies, and communications are reportedly still disrupted. (UN RC, 16 Aug 2017)
As of 18 August, the districts with the highest numbers of people affected by the floods are: Saptari, Rautahat, Mahottari, Siraha, Baridya, Sunsari, Banke, Chitwan, Morang, Sarlahi, Kailali and Jhapa. Across all affected districts, 44,683 families have been displaced; at least 383 schools and learning centres are being used as temporary shelters. Flood waters are receding; however, with access improving and a better understanding of the impact and damage caused by the floods, the overall number of affected people continues to rise. There are significant concerns about the possibility of disease outbreaks after the floods, with affected people facing difficulties in accessing adequate health care. (UN RC, 18 Aug 2017)
As of 21 August, Initial Rapid Assessments (IRA) have been completed in 24 districts. A total of 1.7 million people are reported to be affected, of whom nearly 461,000 people, or 91,400 families, have been displaced from their homes. While many roads have reopened and Biratnagar airport is now operational during daylight, according to data from the Nepal Food Security Monitoring System, more than 50 villages remain inaccessible by road. (UN RC, 21 Aug 2017)
On 25 August, Humanitarian Country Team launched Joint Response Plan, seeking US$41.4 million to provide immediate humanitarian assistance to 1.7 million people comprising health, water sanitation and hygiene (WASH), food security, nutrition, shelter, livelihood, protection, education and early recovery support for the coming six months. (UN RC, 25 Aug 2017)
As of 20 September, there were 160 reported deaths, along with 43,400 destroyed homes and 191,700 others partially damaged. Nearly 21,000 households were still displaced. Flooding has exacerbated pre-crisis vulnerabilities. (UN RC, 20 Sep 2017)
According to the Assessment of disaster effects and recovery needs conducted by National Planning Commission (NCP) during August 2017, total damage caused by 2017 floods was USD 584.7 million. Over 1.7 millions people in 35 districts were affected. NCP has estimated recovery needs to be over USD 700 million. (Govt. of Nepal, 1 Dec 2017)
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Major highlight of the operation update:
• The number of families to be supported with shelter cash grants has been increased to 2,501 upon request from the government to support additional families from its grievance list.
Description of the disaster
Quarterly updates supporting growth in innovative policy, practice and partnerships in humanitarian action to better engage with disaster-affected communities across Asia and the Pacific. Readers are encouraged to share this update through their own networks.
UNDP, with funding support from the Government of the People’s Republic of China, has provided recovery support to over 31,800 families affected by the 2017 floods over the last three months.
UNDP announced the final achievements of the recovery project at a closing ceremony organized in Kathmandu in the presence of representatives from the Government of Nepal, Chinese Embassy to Nepal, local governments of the project’s target districts and the media.
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 2,962,956 Swiss francs (decreased from 3,531,719 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) to deliver assistance and support to some 80,282 people for 16 months, with a focus on the following areas of focus and strategies of implementation: shelter, livelihoods, health, water sanitation and hygiene promotion (WASH), protection, gender and inclusion (PGI), disaster risk reduction (DRR) as well as strategies for implementation (SFI) 1, 2 and …
Summary of major changes (from initial Emergency Plan of Action):
Appeal timeframe has been extended for four months until 31 December 2018
Number of targeted families for the relief phase has been reduced from 16,200 families (81,000 people) to 15,000 families (75,000 people) in 31 districts.
Number of targeted families for the recovery phase is 7,000 families (35,000 people)1 from 7 districts.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Current prospects for 2018 wheat output positive
Above-average cereal harvest gathered in 2017
Cereal import requirements in 2017/18 similar to previous year
Pockets of severe food insecurity persist
Current prospects for 2018 wheat output generally positive
1. Situation during the reporting period: mid-July to mid-November 2017
Survey Methodology and Demographics
To carry out the Flood Perception Survey, 30 trained enumerators are deployed throughout the ten most heavily flood affected districts to collect data over the course of 10 days from a total of 1800 respondents using a probability proportionate to size (PPS) methodology. All data collection is completed with mobile tablets using KoBo Toolbox.
This Newsletter highlights on various events from January to February 2018:
This Newsletter highlights on various events from September to October 2017:
Message from Resident Coordinator
High waters: Chinese assistance aiding post-flood recovery in Nepal
Chinese ambassador visits flood-affected areas to observe recovery works
Poor people are more exposed to floods
Unaffordable and inaccessible health services create barriers for Nepali returnee migrants from going for medical examination
In 2017, millions of people across Asia were once again affected by devastating natural disasters including floods, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions. Over the course of the last year, 54 million people were affected by flooding alone, leaving many without homes, possessions and livelihoods. In addition, many parts of the region suffered from drought, resulting in severe food and water shortages.
Feb 6, 2018-An Integrated settlement built by Dhurmus-Suntali Foundation has been handed over to the flood survivors in Chandpurpur-8 on Tuesday. The victims had been living in the makeshift houses on the bank of Santapur-based Bagmati River.
The houses were constructed by the Foundation with a cost of Rs 59.48 million.
President Bidya Devi Bhandari handed over the key of the integrated settlement to Settlement Management Committee Chairman Jaya Narayan Yadav amid a function in Rautahat today.
- WFP's mandate is one that reflects a world with zero hunger with the pursuit of gender equality and women’s empowerment being prerequisites to fulfilling this. WFP strongly believes that a world with zero hunger can be achieved only when everyone has equal opportunities, equal access to resources, and equal voice in the decisions that shape their households, communities and societies.
In 2017, South Asia was impacted by large-scale natural and human-caused disasters.
Nepal is at high risk from several natural hazards such as floods, landslides, earthquakes, fires, thunder/hailstorms, and drought. An inventory of past disasters (from 1971-2008) highlights landslides, floods, flash floods and urban and rural fires as the principle hazards in terms of extent and frequency. The 25 April and 12 May 2015 events have proven that earthquakes remain a large-scale hazard with the country located on an active seismic belt combined with haphazard urbanization creating new risks each day.
Jan 14, 2018-Some three hundred families displaced by floods in Biratnagar-19 have received relief materials on Sunday. The relief was distributed to protect the victims from harsh winter conditions.
Koshi-victim Society Rajbiraj with assistance from Oxfam UK and District Natural Disaster Relief Committee distributed the relief. Each family received Rs 5000 cash, tarpaulin, blanket, mattress and mat, said programme coordinator Sharad Parajuli.
China partners with UNDP to provide post-flood recovery assistance to over 31,800 households in affected areas of Terai
The Government of the People’s Republic of China has partnered with UNDP Nepal to provide US$ four million to support recovery efforts in Nepal’s Terai region affected by one of the worst floods in recent history. The assistance provided under the framework of the Chinese South South Cooperation Assistance Fund, will reach 31,800 households in Sunsari, Saptari, Sarlahi, Dhanusha, Mahottari, Rautahat and Parsa districts of Provinces 1 and 2.
by Saleem Shaikh and Sughra Tunio | @saleemzeal | Thomson Reuters Foundation
Asia's mountain nations face similar climate risks but political and logistical problems stop information sharing, officials say
KATHMANDU, Jan 8 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When heavy monsoon rains triggered unprecedented flooding last August in the area around western Nepal's Babai and West Rapti rivers, the swollen waters crossed the border into India within a few hours.
Nepal is experiencing its coldest weather in many years. Households are still affected by the August 2017 floods. Children and the elderly are suffering the most from the cold wave that has claimed at least 24 lives. Cold and respiratory related diseases have increased throughout the country. The most affected districts are Saptari, Rautahat and Siraha.