Nepal: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2017Ongoing
Since 1 June, 37 of the 75 districts in Nepal have been impacted by floods and landslides triggered by heavy monsoon rains. Solukhumbu and Palpa districts were particularly affected by the combined effects of flooding, landslides and heavy monsoon rains. To date, authorities confirmed at least 34 deaths. The Government has provided cash grants to families in Saptari District whose houses were destroyed by the floods. A rapid needs assessment is ongoing in Saptari. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2017)
Red Cross volunteers and emergency teams are searching for survivors as flash floods and landslides have submerged thousands of homes in several parts of Nepal, mostly in the south of the country. The floods and landslides have claimed at least 53 lives over the past three days, in the Terai region bordering India and other areas of Nepal, according to the Government of Nepal. Dozens more are missing or injured. “Monsoon rains and floods in the past two weeks have affected more than 100,000 people. First aid and relief supplies have been provided around the clock by hundreds of volunteers from the Nepal Red Cross Society,” said Dev Ratna Dhakhwa, Secretary General, Nepal Red Cross Society. (IFRC, 13 Aug 2017)
Due to continuous rainfall in different parts of the country, approximately 100,000 people in 31 districts have been affected by the floods and landslides in the last two weeks. According to the Nepal Red Cross Initial Rapid Assessment (IRA) reports received from the affected districts as of 13 August 2017, a total of 27,861 families (139,300 people) have been affected, of which 6,247 families (47,350 people) are displaced. Some 2,964 houses are completed destroyed and 8,344 are partially damaged. The report indicates that 64 people are confirmed dead; 16 people are still missing; and 44 people have been injured. The numbers have been increasing day by day; this is likely to continue as some of the affected areas are challenging to access. NRCS has already deployed 448 Red Cross volunteers including District Disaster Response Team (DDRT) members, trained First Aid and National Disaster Response Team (NDRT) members on the ground for immediate response. (IFRC, 14 Aug 2017)
As of 16 August, 18,320 families are confirmed to have been displaced, and 75,000 families are affected by the flooding. More than 100,000 people have been rescued by formal and informal search and rescue. There have been 123 recorded deaths, according to Nepal's Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA). Water levels in flood-affected areas have been gradually receding as the rainfall has significantly decreased or stopped in most parts of the country. However, the number of affected districts has increased to 35 (out of 75 districts nationwide); Morang, Sunsari, Siraha, Rautahat, Mahottari, Dhanusa, Sindhuli, Bara, Parsa, Dang, Banke and Bardiya are among the worst hit districts. The Ministry of Home Affairs says that more than 80 percent of land in the Tarai has been inundated. Hydro-meteorological stations in Banke, Chitwan and Makwanpur recorded the heaviest rainfall in 60 years. Moderate to heavy rains have been forecast across Nepal for the coming days. Significant access challenges remain: Biratnagar airport remains closed, and other basic services such as transport routes, electric power and drinking water supplies, and communications are reportedly still disrupted. (UN RC, 16 Aug 2017)
As of 18 August, the districts with the highest numbers of people affected by the floods are: Saptari, Rautahat, Mahottari, Siraha, Baridya, Sunsari, Banke, Chitwan, Morang, Sarlahi, Kailali and Jhapa. Across all affected districts, 44,683 families have been displaced; at least 383 schools and learning centres are being used as temporary shelters. Flood waters are receding; however, with access improving and a better understanding of the impact and damage caused by the floods, the overall number of affected people continues to rise. There are significant concerns about the possibility of disease outbreaks after the floods, with affected people facing difficulties in accessing adequate health care. (UN RC, 18 Aug 2017)
As of 21 August, Initial Rapid Assessments (IRA) have been completed in 24 districts. A total of 1.7 million people are reported to be affected, of whom nearly 461,000 people, or 91,400 families, have been displaced from their homes. While many roads have reopened and Biratnagar airport is now operational during daylight, according to data from the Nepal Food Security Monitoring System, more than 50 villages remain inaccessible by road. (UN RC, 21 Aug 2017)
On 25 August, Humanitarian Country Team launched Joint Response Plan, seeking US$41.4 million to provide immediate humanitarian assistance to 1.7 million people comprising health, water sanitation and hygiene (WASH), food security, nutrition, shelter, livelihood, protection, education and early recovery support for the coming six months. (UN RC, 25 Aug 2017)
As of 20 September, there were 160 reported deaths, along with 43,400 destroyed homes and 191,700 others partially damaged. Nearly 21,000 households were still displaced. Flooding has exacerbated pre-crisis vulnerabilities. (UN RC, 20 Sep 2017)
According to the Assessment of disaster effects and recovery needs conducted by National Planning Commission (NCP) during August 2017, total damage caused by 2017 floods was USD 584.7 million. Over 1.7 millions people in 35 districts were affected. NCP has estimated recovery needs to be over USD 700 million. (Govt. of Nepal, 1 Dec 2017)
Nepal is at high risk from several natural hazards such as floods, landslides, earthquakes, fires, thunder/hailstorms, and drought. An inventory of past disasters (from 1971-2008) highlights landslides, floods, flash floods and urban and rural fires as the principle hazards in terms of extent and frequency. The 25 April and 12 May 2015 events have proven that earthquakes remain a large-scale hazard with the country located on an active seismic belt combined with haphazard urbanization creating new risks each day.
Jan 14, 2018-Some three hundred families displaced by floods in Biratnagar-19 have received relief materials on Sunday. The relief was distributed to protect the victims from harsh winter conditions.
Koshi-victim Society Rajbiraj with assistance from Oxfam UK and District Natural Disaster Relief Committee distributed the relief. Each family received Rs 5000 cash, tarpaulin, blanket, mattress and mat, said programme coordinator Sharad Parajuli.
China partners with UNDP to provide post-flood recovery assistance to over 31,800 households in affected areas of Terai
The Government of the People’s Republic of China has partnered with UNDP Nepal to provide US$ four million to support recovery efforts in Nepal’s Terai region affected by one of the worst floods in recent history. The assistance provided under the framework of the Chinese South South Cooperation Assistance Fund, will reach 31,800 households in Sunsari, Saptari, Sarlahi, Dhanusha, Mahottari, Rautahat and Parsa districts of Provinces 1 and 2.
by Saleem Shaikh and Sughra Tunio | @saleemzeal | Thomson Reuters Foundation
Asia's mountain nations face similar climate risks but political and logistical problems stop information sharing, officials say
KATHMANDU, Jan 8 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When heavy monsoon rains triggered unprecedented flooding last August in the area around western Nepal's Babai and West Rapti rivers, the swollen waters crossed the border into India within a few hours.
Nepal is experiencing its coldest weather in many years. Households are still affected by the August 2017 floods. Children and the elderly are suffering the most from the cold wave that has claimed at least 24 lives. Cold and respiratory related diseases have increased throughout the country. The most affected districts are Saptari, Rautahat and Siraha.
The education and development of so many children was disrupted this year by humanitarian emergencies - we look at some of the stories of despair and dreams.
One in four of the world’s school-age children - nearly 500 million - live in countries affected by humanitarian crises such as conflicts, natural disasters and disease outbreaks.
About 75 million children are either already missing out on their education, receiving poor quality schooling or at risk of dropping out of school altogether.
Highlights of the operations update
• Relief distributions supported by this appeal have been completed. Reconciliation process is underway for validating the number of people reached. So far, not all distribution data has been received from the districts.
• Post distribution monitoring (PDM) field exercise for the response phase of the floods operation has been completed and data analysis is underway.
To assist South Asia with post disaster response due to the recent flooding and population displacements in the region, the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) of the People’s Republic of China has partnered with the United Nations Development programme (UNDP), to provide US $12 million to support early recovery efforts in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nepal.
Bimala Pariya, 60, would never have suspected that she would lose everything she owned to the recent flooding in Nepal. The floods not only destroyed her house in the Sunsari District of Nepal, but swept away her toilet, pig shed, household items, and damaged the fresh water well behind her home.
“The last time I saw flooding this severe was 30 years ago,” she said. “The floodwater was so powerful, it rose as high as three feet and broke the embankment that was supposed to protect us.”
Nepal experienced incessant rainfall from August 11 to 14, 2017, resulting in widespread floods across 35 of the country’s 77 districts.1 Several districts experienced the heaviest rainfall in over 60 years. This led to the inundation of about 80 percent of the land in substantial parts of the Terai region.
by Umesh Pokharel, Document Manager, LWF Nepal
The night of August 14th, 2017 was a night to remember for Sundari Chaudhari (35) from the Bhitaria village of the Joshipur Rural Municipality, Kailali, Nepal. Woken up by a slap in her sleep, Sundari recalls the flood that inundated her house, “I squirmed and saw my mother-in-law warning me against rising water level.” The flood swept away her cattle and destroyed her paddy crops. The flood was triggered by an inadequate drainage system in the plains and heavy rain, which caused the river to overflow.
WFP successfully completed all of its immediate food and cash distribution in response to the August floods in the Terai region of the country. This immediate response emergency operation (IR-EMOP) reached 218,260 people, of which 58,260 were pregnant and nursing women and children aged 6–23 months.
Nov 20, 2017-The landslide victims in Dundephant of Kaski say they shall vote for the candidate who would help them resettle and take initiative to control water-induced disasters in the area.
On 29 July 2015, a devastating landslide in the area had killed eleven people and injured 18 others.
Many landslide-displaced families are yet to receive government aid for resettlement.
The United Nations World Food Program (WFP) and the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) recently launched a new online Food Security Information System to map and visualize patterns of food security, poverty and malnutrition in Nepal. This latest online system includes easy-to-read data regarding regular food security indicators, monthly food market prices, and interactive graphics that indicate levels of food security to the sub-district level.
In September 2017, retail prices of most monitored food commodities showed an upward trend as compared to last month and 3 months earlier. This increase is mainly due to the lean season effect for most monitored crops, and the partial obstruction of road access and transportation services caused by monsoon-induced floods and landslides.
Rural and remote markets reported relatively higher increase in food prices, and more limited or insufficient food stocks than main markets.
WMO report highlights impacts on human safety, well-being and environment
6 November 2017 (WMO) - It is very likely that 2017 will be one of the three hottest years on record, with many high-impact events including catastrophic hurricanes and floods, debilitating heatwaves and drought. Long-term indicators of climate change such as increasing carbon dioxide concentrations, sea level rise and ocean acidification continue unabated. Arctic sea ice coverage remains below average and previously stable Antarctic sea ice extent was at or near a record low.
Climate-related disasters are a major driver for global hunger. This factsheet provides an overview of how the major 2017 disasters have impacted people's food insecurity and what WFP has been doing to help.