Nepal: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2017Ongoing
Since 1 June, 37 of the 75 districts in Nepal have been impacted by floods and landslides triggered by heavy monsoon rains. Solukhumbu and Palpa districts were particularly affected by the combined effects of flooding, landslides and heavy monsoon rains. To date, authorities confirmed at least 34 deaths. The Government has provided cash grants to families in Saptari District whose houses were destroyed by the floods. A rapid needs assessment is ongoing in Saptari. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2017)
Red Cross volunteers and emergency teams are searching for survivors as flash floods and landslides have submerged thousands of homes in several parts of Nepal, mostly in the south of the country. The floods and landslides have claimed at least 53 lives over the past three days, in the Terai region bordering India and other areas of Nepal, according to the Government of Nepal. Dozens more are missing or injured. “Monsoon rains and floods in the past two weeks have affected more than 100,000 people. First aid and relief supplies have been provided around the clock by hundreds of volunteers from the Nepal Red Cross Society,” said Dev Ratna Dhakhwa, Secretary General, Nepal Red Cross Society. (IFRC, 13 Aug 2017)
Due to continuous rainfall in different parts of the country, approximately 100,000 people in 31 districts have been affected by the floods and landslides in the last two weeks. According to the Nepal Red Cross Initial Rapid Assessment (IRA) reports received from the affected districts as of 13 August 2017, a total of 27,861 families (139,300 people) have been affected, of which 6,247 families (47,350 people) are displaced. Some 2,964 houses are completed destroyed and 8,344 are partially damaged. The report indicates that 64 people are confirmed dead; 16 people are still missing; and 44 people have been injured. The numbers have been increasing day by day; this is likely to continue as some of the affected areas are challenging to access. NRCS has already deployed 448 Red Cross volunteers including District Disaster Response Team (DDRT) members, trained First Aid and National Disaster Response Team (NDRT) members on the ground for immediate response. (IFRC, 14 Aug 2017)
As of 16 August, 18,320 families are confirmed to have been displaced, and 75,000 families are affected by the flooding. More than 100,000 people have been rescued by formal and informal search and rescue. There have been 123 recorded deaths, according to Nepal's Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA). Water levels in flood-affected areas have been gradually receding as the rainfall has significantly decreased or stopped in most parts of the country. However, the number of affected districts has increased to 35 (out of 75 districts nationwide); Morang, Sunsari, Siraha, Rautahat, Mahottari, Dhanusa, Sindhuli, Bara, Parsa, Dang, Banke and Bardiya are among the worst hit districts. The Ministry of Home Affairs says that more than 80 percent of land in the Tarai has been inundated. Hydro-meteorological stations in Banke, Chitwan and Makwanpur recorded the heaviest rainfall in 60 years. Moderate to heavy rains have been forecast across Nepal for the coming days. Significant access challenges remain: Biratnagar airport remains closed, and other basic services such as transport routes, electric power and drinking water supplies, and communications are reportedly still disrupted. (UN RC, 16 Aug 2017)
As of 18 August, the districts with the highest numbers of people affected by the floods are: Saptari, Rautahat, Mahottari, Siraha, Baridya, Sunsari, Banke, Chitwan, Morang, Sarlahi, Kailali and Jhapa. Across all affected districts, 44,683 families have been displaced; at least 383 schools and learning centres are being used as temporary shelters. Flood waters are receding; however, with access improving and a better understanding of the impact and damage caused by the floods, the overall number of affected people continues to rise. There are significant concerns about the possibility of disease outbreaks after the floods, with affected people facing difficulties in accessing adequate health care. (UN RC, 18 Aug 2017)
As of 21 August, Initial Rapid Assessments (IRA) have been completed in 24 districts. A total of 1.7 million people are reported to be affected, of whom nearly 461,000 people, or 91,400 families, have been displaced from their homes. While many roads have reopened and Biratnagar airport is now operational during daylight, according to data from the Nepal Food Security Monitoring System, more than 50 villages remain inaccessible by road. (UN RC, 21 Aug 2017)
On 25 August, Humanitarian Country Team launched Joint Response Plan, seeking US$41.4 million to provide immediate humanitarian assistance to 1.7 million people comprising health, water sanitation and hygiene (WASH), food security, nutrition, shelter, livelihood, protection, education and early recovery support for the coming six months. (UN RC, 25 Aug 2017)
As of 13 September, there were 160 reported deaths, along with 43,000 destroyed homes and 192,000 others partially damaged. Nearly 21,000 households were still displaced. Flooding has exacerbated pre-crisis vulnerabilities. (UN RC, 13 Sep 2017)
One month after widespread floods ravaged southern Nepal, Mercy Corps is responding with urgent support to help Nepalis meet their immediate needs, focusing on sanitation and infrastructure.
In total, the disaster has affected nearly 2 million people. The flooding in August has displaced more than 460,000 people, impacting nearly half the country’s 75 districts. Some parts of Nepal have seen the heaviest rainfall in 60 years, and damage to farmland could have devastating impacts on long-term food security.
Affected areas: Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Mymensingh, Rajshahi, Rangpur, Sylhet divisions
Cause of displacement Disaster:
Figures More than 427,000 new disaster displacements between 12 August and 4 September
- The UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has announced USD 4.8 million towards the Joint Response Plan to provide live-saving assistance to flood-affected communities. WFP has received USD 1.5 million of this to address urgent food and nutrition needs amongst the flood -affected communities in the Terai. A recovery operation with needs totalling USD 5.4 million has been approved by WFP headquarters; WFP is urgently seeking assistance from donors and governments to cover funding shortfalls.
Gayatri Devi Ram, a 35 years old woman residing in Banjahara-8, Isnath Municipality ward no 1 of Rautahat district of Nepal with her family of five members, is one of the most affected individual from latest havoc caused by flood on 13th August 2017. Bakaiya River, boat is only mode of transportation to connect Gaur district headquarter and Banjahara village and accordingly, sailing boat is their main source of family income.
• The UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund has allocated US$4.8 million to flood response efforts in Nepal.
• To-date, over 1 million flood affected people have benefited from humanitarian assistance from 9 Clusters.
• Preparations for next week’s elections in Province 2 have contributed to a slow-down of relief activies.
• Cluster specific detailed assessments are still ongoing.
• Repairs to damaged roads has eased access constraints.
"Every time there’s a flood or the water level starts to rise, I’m afraid that I will lose my child again."
Ishwori Rana lives in the village of Rampur Tapu in the Bardiya district of Nepal. Bardiya is in the Terai, the agricultural belt that stretches across the country’s southern plains, and an area prone to flooding.
“We struggle every year during the monsoon,” says Ishwori. “During the flood in 2014, our whole village was swept away.”
Sep 14, 2017- The government has decided to build flood-resistant houses in flood-prone districts within next six months.
The government’s decision comes a month after floods triggered by the heavy monsoon rains wreaked havoc in various Tarai districts.
At least 159 people were killed in one of the worst water-induced disasters, which struck the southern plains in the second week of August, in many years.
87 agencies, working in
29 districts, have completed or are engaged in nearly
1583 humanitarian activities
The government of the Republic of Korea will provide humanitarian aid worth US$200,000 through the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to Bangladesh, where heavy rains that started on August 12 inflicted severe damage in the country’s central and northern regions.
The floods, considered the worst in 40 years, caused massive casualties and property damage, leaving one third of Bangladesh’s territory under water, killing 173 people, displacing 6.9 million, and destroying 77,272 houses.
In India, flood waters have receded in the states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. However, 49 335 people continue to be affected in seven districts of Assam State. Altogether, 20.77 million people remain affected in 52 districts of the three states. Media report that affected families have returned to their villages. DG ECHO’s assessment in Bihar indicates that Dalits were the worst affected in these floods. Critical gaps are around WASH, shelter and food security.
Heavy monsoon rainfall during 10-13 August 2017 triggered severe flash floods and landslides in 32 out of 75 districts in Nepal (see Figures 1 and 2). An Initial Rapid Assessment conducted in 28 districts revealed that floods and landslides claimed 141 lives, injured 117 persons, displaced 460,900 people, and left 24 missing. Damage to houses, infrastructures, and productive resources was severe; roughly 65,000 houses were completely destroyed and 120,100 houses were partially damaged (Nepal Red Cross Society, IRA Compilation Report, 20 August 2017).
UN’s Global Emergency Response Fund provides US$4.8 million for flood affected communities in Nepal.
Nepal 11 September 2017: The UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has announced US$4.8 million new humanitarian funding to help address urgent needs amongst flood affected communities in the Terai.
This Newsletter highlights on various events from July to August 2017:
Message from Resident Coordinator
UN responds to Terai floods
UNHCR’s Response for Nepal Flood Victims
Research Workshop on Migration, Remittances and Development
Building backbone for financial sector in Nepal
Parliament goes live
“Separate Body needed for Safeguarding Intangible Heritage” say South Asian delegates
Restoring dignity of Nepal flood survivors
- DIPENDRA BADUWAL, PAWAN YADAV, Kathmandu
Sep 12, 2017-The flood-displaced families in Rautahat are pinning their hope on the candidates of the upcoming local level elections to take the initiative to rehabilitate them.
With the third phase of local elections taking place on September 18, many flood-affected people in the district are actively engaged in election activities these days. They hope that the elected candidates would help them rebuild their lives.
- KAMAL PANTHI, GULARIYA
Sep 12, 2017-Flood survivors from Gulariya-9 of Bardiya district have alleged that the local activists of CPN (Maoist Centre) are threatening them for registering a complaint at District Police Office against discrimination in relief distribution.
The flood-affected people said the Maoist Centre cadres were resorting to hostility for reporting unfair distribution of relief.
NeKSAP undertook a detailed assessment of the flood impacts on food security through ad hoc DFSN meetings in 10 flood affected districts (Banke, Bardiya, Rautahat, Sarlahi, Mahottari, Dhanusa, Siraha, Saptari, Sunsari, and Morang) during 23-29 August 2017.
*as per Initial Rapid Assessment by NRS
*as per Initial Rapid Assessment by NRCS
Families temporarily displaced
*as per Initial Rapid Assessment by NRCS
*as per MoHA
*as per MoHA
*as per MoHA
1.7 million people affected
35 districts affected
21,000* families displaced
1.2 million people are food insecure
* Figures are from the Nepali Ministry of Home Affairs. Any difference in the figures from the Initial Rapid Assessment and the Ministry of Home Affairs is likely a result of improved information flow from local Government to Kathmandu.