India: Floods and Landslides - May 2017
According to local media, as of 7 May at 7.00 UTC, six people died, of which two by floods in Phek district (Nagaland State) and four more in Giridih district (Jharkhand State) due to lightening strikes. According to Assam State Disaster Management Authority, as of 7 June at 7.00 UTC, over 100 000 people are affected by floods in Assam. (ECHO, 7 Jun 2017)
Severe weather, including thunderstorms, heavy rain and strong winds, continues to affect the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland, causing floods. According to local media, as of 16 June at 7.00 UTC, at least 14 people died in Assam and Mizoram States. Assam National authorities mentioned that over 18 000 people were affected in four districts. (ECHO, 16 Jun 2017)
Flooding worsened in Assam on 2 July, when new areas were submerged by the rising waters of the Brahmaputra River and its tributaries. As of 5 July, official figures show over 390,000 people have been affected in over 850 villages across 15 out of 32 districts. At least one person has died. Just under 45,000 people are reported to be sheltering in 160 temporary relief centres. 31,000 more than on 2 July. More than 16,000 hectares of agricultural land have been flooded Heavy rainfall has occurred across much of India since June, as is typical during the June–September monsoon. Rainfall across the state, however, is still at normal regional levels for the season. Heavier rain is expected in the coming days and weeks. (ACAPS, 6 Jul 2017)
Since early July, heavy rains and floods were reported across India (Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Uttarkand, Uttar Pradesh and Orissa states). In Assam State alone, state disaster management authorities reported that over 1.7 million people have been affected as of 12 July. Media sources reported that at least 150 people have died nationwide due to the floods. About 1,300 National Disaster Response Force personnel have been deployed for the relief operations along with the Indian Armed Forces. The response continues to be led by national authorities. International assistance has not been requested. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2017)
Since 19 July, two major floods affected 29 districts in Assam causing severe damage to houses and agricultural land. Over 165,000 people have been affected, with 76 deaths reported. In Gujarat, 94 people have reportedly been killed. As of 28 July, Gujarat State authorities are providing assistance to 18,000 people inside relief camps, while 58 relief camps in Assam are serving 11,600 people. The Indian Armed Forces and civil society organizations are supporting the Government-led response. No international assistance has been requested. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2017)
Since 15 July, the state of Odisha has witnessed heavy rainfall, triggering flash floods in the rivers Nagabali and Kalyani of Rayagada district. More than 28,000 people in 50 villages under Rayagada Block and 20 villages under Kalyansinghpur Block have been affected. (ACT Alliance, 8 Aug 2017)
Flooding in Assam and neighbouring north-eastern states has affected over one million people. As of 20 August, at least 303 people in Assam, Bihar and West Bengal have died. In Assam, 304 relief camps have been set up where 138,648 people have taken shelter. In Bihar, 1,289 relief camps are operational in 17 districts. With access restricted, rescue operations are ongoing using helicopters. The Prime Minister announced INR 20 billion for relief, rehabilitation, reconstruction and flood mitigation. (OCHA, 21 Aug 2017)
As of 24 August, 32.1 million people have been affected by flooding across Assam, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. More than 600 people are known to have died. Those affected by the floods have been evacuated to safer places by the army, police and navy with boats and helicopters. Almost 2,000 relief camps have been established where authorities are providing food and shelter. (OCHA, 28 Aug 2017)
In Manipur, many low-lying areas in and around Imphal, the capital of Manipur, were inundated by flood waters. The road network was cut off at many places due to landslides. Flood waters still remain at many low-lying areas, increasing vulnerability for water borne diseases. Four districts – Imphal West, Imphal East, Thoubal and Bishnupur were the most affected districts. As per the estimates reported by Manipur State Department of Relief and Disaster Management, approximately 3,000 families, 27,000 livestock were affected. (IFRC, 9 Oct 2017)
As of 17 October, Bangalore has recorded around 1615mm of rainfall this year, crossing the previous record of 1606mm in 2005. The rain has claimed the lives more than 10 residents. Besides Bangalore, rains continue to lash several other districts in Karnataka. Mysore, Gulbarga, Gadag and Kolar also witnessed heavy rainfall in the last two days. The government has announced that the southwest monsoon is intensifying with no signs of relief in the days to come. (Govt. India, 17 Oct 2017)
Maps & Infographics
“My family had struggled a lot to get drinking water post flood but i am grateful to you for building a handicapped friendly hand pump platform in the village,” says Kmenlang Tongper, a specially abled beneficiary from Kalamura I village.
This issue of Southasiadisasters.net is titled "School Safety and Security: Reflections" and deals with this important theme in extensive detail. This issue highlights how different stakeholders including the government, teachers, students and various civil society organizations (CSOs) are coming up with various innovations to protect India's large school going citizens. This issue contains articles from reputed academics, practitioners and experts who have worked on the theme of School Safety and Security.
Description of the disaster
Heavy and intense monsoon rains created havoc across the north and north-eastern part of India between June and August 2017. While Assam and Manipur in north-east received floods for the third time during this year; rains in the north, Himalayan region especially Nepal, resulted in flooding across Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal. This flooding has been described as the worst to affect the state since 2008.
The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has accepted the advice of the Disaster Relief Fund Advisory Committee and approved from the Disaster Relief Fund a grant of $3.376 million to Habitat for Humanity Hong Kong for providing relief to flood victims in Assam, India.
“We are not used to open defecation, but this year’s floods did force us, as the drains got choked and flow of water was blocked, but thanks to Red Cross to have provided us latrines, which not only saved us from many diseases but also helped us maintain our dignity.” Soibam Sony Devi, a 42 year old female resident of Bashikhong, Imphal East District shared.
UNITED NATIONS, Nov 2 2017 (IPS) - This year in the Caribbean and on the American mainland, hurricanes have left millions of people in need of assistance.
The Secretary General recently travelled to Antigua and Barbuda and Dominica to show solidarity and see for himself the damage. In Puerto Rico, 3.4 million people have been scrambling for basic necessities, including food and water. Barbuda was rendered uninhabitable and Dominica was hit hard for the second year in a row.
Floods as an Opportunity
In 2017 South Asia was ravaged by unprecedented flooding that affected close to 41 million people across India, Bangladesh and Nepal. While the death and destruction unleashed by these floods is tragic, it also represents an opportunity to learn the necessary lessons to set South Asia firmly onto a safer and greener development trajectory.
The Indian Red Cross has today announced plans to scale up its recovery efforts following the devastating floods that have affected some 30 million people across India, devastating communities, and destroying homes and livelihoods.
The Indian Red Cross, Joint Secretary in-charge Manish Choudhary says, “Red Cross has been on the ground since the beginning, working tirelessly to help those who need it most, but with millions of Indians still in need, there is so much more to do”.
India faces floods every year and Assam has always been at the receiving end. Hence, Assam state branch has developed ability to respond during any disasters. “Floods – 2017” were not different. As soon as the floods hit Assam, this state branch set out to respond with rescue and first aid services immediately in six of the most affected districts. Further, the state branch has trained volunteers to not only carry out rescue but also look in to the needs of the affected people within the affected districts.
By Huizhong Wu
MADHURPATTI, India, Oct 24 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When heavy rains swept through this village in northern Bihar in August and September, so much floodwater covered farmers' fields that it was difficult to tell one plot of land from another.
"After the flood, when we went out to see the land there was nothing there," said Babu Ram Rai, one Madhurpatti farmer.
Rai and his neighbors - who farm a floodplain crisscrossed by rivers - are no strangers to flooding.
The garden city of Bangalore has received its highest rainfall this monsoon, breaking all the previous records, according to the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD).
The city recorded around 1615mm of rainfall this year, crossing the previous record of 1606mm rain in 2005. This caused misery to the residents to Bangalore as the rains claimed over 10 lives .
However on Monday Bangaloreans had some respite from rain as the showers stopped till evening following which the municipal corporation undertook the pothole filling process.
The recent monsoon floods hitting South Asia have been among the most severe in years, leaving some 1,400 people dead, millions displaced and worsening the plight of hundreds of thousands fleeing violence in Myanmar to seek safety in Bangladesh. But what role does climate change play in these developments and how is the Red Cross Red Crescent helping people to adapt? Media IFRC spoke to Donna Lagdameo, Technical Adviser for Asia Pacific with the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Center:
13 octobre 2017 – Les résultats d’une nouvelle étude publiés à l’occasion de La journée internationale pour la prévention des catastrophes prévoient une augmentation continue du nombre de déplacés parmi les populations des pays les plus vulnérables aux aléas naturels, à moins que des progrès importants ne soient réalisés en faveur d’une meilleure gestion des risques.
13 October 2017 – Research findings released today on International Day for Disaster Reduction forecast a continued rise in homelessness among people in the world’s most disaster prone countries unless significant progress is made in managing disaster risk.
An unique modelling exercise based on the latest data covering 204 countries and territories calculates that sudden onset disasters such as floods and cyclones, are displacing on average 13.9 million people each year, excluding those involved in pre-emptive evacuations.
UN report says natural disasters to become more destructive in Asia-Pacific without action on disaster resilience
Natural disasters are becoming more frequent and intense and disaster risk is outpacing resilience in Asia-Pacific, the most disaster-prone region in the world, according to the latest report by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
Monsoon season in South Asia has become a mixed blessing of late as heavy rains are needed for crop production, but also trigger floods and landslides that often negate the gains made through agriculture. August 2017 proved to be an especially challenging month as rain, floods, and landslides incited considerable havoc in many South Asian communities.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The states of Assam and Manipur experienced flooding for the third time after the DREF allocation was approved.
Although there is no change in the geographical coverage of floods or in the total number of deaths reported during the third round of floods, most of the operational areas were cut off until the last week of August. Currently, sporadic rainfall is still reported in the operational area in Assam and flood water levels were raised once again in early September.