Niger: Floods - Jul 2016
On 2 August, the Niger Basin Authority reported that by the end of July, levels of the Gorouol River at Alcongui were the highest in over 50 years. Local authorities and the UN have been delivering food aid for the displaced people, and non-food aid is on its way. The rains are unlikely to ease the pressure on the country's food supply given the damage the flooding has wrought on crops. (OCHA, 22 Aug 2016)
MSF declared that the risks of malnutrition and communicable diseases such as malaria, diarrhoea, and respiratory ailments were real and needed to be addressed. (MSF, 26 Aug 2016)
As of 27 August, heavy rains in Niger left 92,000 affected, 38 dead and 27 injured people. About 75 percent of those affected by the flooding are located in the regions of Maradi, Tahoua and Agadez. According to the Government of Niger, 9,000 homes have been damaged by floods in the country since June. Local authorities recorded significant material damage and the loss of 26,000 heads of cattle (cows, goats, sheep and camel). (OCHA, 31 Aug 2016)
As of 23 Sep, the floods have affected 123 239 people (16 370 households). (OCHA, 20 Oct 2016)
Maps & Infographics
Food situation remains good in the region with new harvests. The off season crop campaign in the region is ongoing.
Niger recorded a forage production deficit.
Locust infestation decreased in December in the areas affected by recent resurgences in Mauritania.
The FAO food price index dropped for the fifth consecutive year.
La situation alimentaire reste globalement bonne à la faveur des nouvelles récoltes. La campagne de cultures de contre saison se poursuit dans la région.
Le Niger a enregistré un déficit fourrager global.
Les infestations du criquet pèlerin ont diminué en décembre dans les zones affectées par les récentes résurgences en Mauritanie.
Cinquième année consécutive de recul de l’incide FAO des prix des aliments.
La réduction des précipitations marque la fin de la saison agricole principale à travers l’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel.
Les inondations affectent 123 000 personnes au Niger.
Au Niger, l’épidémie de la fièvre de la Vallée du Rift a touché 132 personnes dans la région de Tahoua.
Poursuite d’une résurgence du criquet pèlerin en Mauritanie.
11 security incidents were registered in Diffa in October, including an attack on the health centers of N’Garwa and of Gueskerou, where people displaced from Niger and Nigeria receive care. No casualties were reported, but medical supplies, essential medicines and RUTF were looted.
The Diffa region continues to be affected by the ongoing crisis in northeast Nigeria. A significant resumption of attacks from Boko Haram was observed in September, including armed attacks and lootings of villages, roadside IEDs and armed ambushes against national and multinational forces. As a result of a major attack on Toumour, hosting over 5,000 displaced households, massive displacement of populations was reported towards the towns of Kitchendi (more than 500 households) and Nguigmi (more than 400 households).
Harvests are in progress throughout the region and an above-average production is expected
From early July until early October, the West Africa region has mostly received average to above-average rains that are well-distributed (Figures 1 and 2); the resulting adequate moisture conditions have met the various crops’ water requirements throughout the growing period.
Epidémie de Fièvre de la Vallée du Rift pour la première fois au Niger.
Deux sites de réfugiés maliens attaqués entre le 10 septembre et le 6 octobre.
Plus de 123 000 personnes affectées par les inondations.
Plus de 300 000 personnes déplacées dans la région de Diffa.
Epidémie de fièvre de la Vallée du Rift dans la région de Tahoua
The Diffa region continues to be affected by the ongoing crisis in northeast Nigeria, but in the month of August there was a decrease in attacks. An attack on villages near Nguigmi has caused new displacements towards Toumour. According to recently released official figures, the Diffa region is currently hosting an estimated 302,000 displaced people, including Nigerian refugees and returnees, and internally displaced persons.
Africa Weather Hazards
Boko Haram attacks in Yebi and Bosso, two towns in the east of Niger’s Diffa region, have displaced an estimated 50,000–75,000 people since 19 May. Most of the displaced population first sought safety in the town of Toumour, 25–30km west of Bosso town, but have since moved westwards and northwards, fearing further BH attacks.
Urgence alimentaire (Phase 4 de l’IPC) persistante au nord-est Nigeria
Des productions agricoles et pastorales bonnes à très bonnes attendues pour la campagne 2016/2017.
Epidémie de fièvre de la vallée du Rift dans la région de Tahoua au Niger.
La situation alimentaire est globalement satisfaisante dans la région exception faite des zones de conflits dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad et au nord du Mali.
Participants in the regional technical consultation on agricultural and food prospects in the Sahel and West Africa, held from 19 to 21 September 2016, in Lomé, Togo, draw the following conclusions:
1. As part of preparations for the agro-pastoral season, States and their partners provided support to farmers with inputs (seeds, fertilizers, pesticides) and agricultural equipment, even if these efforts have not met the expressed needs.
Relatively well-distributed rainfall in most of the region with above normal in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal.
Normal availability of pastures in the pastoral areas of the region.
Increase in the number of food and nutrition insecure people in North East Nigeria, including 65,095 people in phase 5 (famine)
Following a brief period of suppressed rainfall, Guatemala registers heavy precipitation during the last week
Africa Weather Hazards
Prolonged heavy rainfall during the season throughout the Niger River basin has triggered flooding and inundation along the Niger River in Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. Inundation is also expected to be greater than it has been for many years through the inner Niger delta.
Continued adequate moisture conditions raise hopes for average to above-average harvest
The Intertropical Front (ITF) started its southward retreat in early September but it remains either at or north of its average position, which could mean a normal to longer growing period.
From early July until mid-September, mostly average to above-average rainfall that has been well-distributed over time has fallen throughout most of the region (Figures 1 and 2), which is ensuring good growing conditions.
Des pluies relativement satisfaisantes sur la majeure partie de la région, avec des excédents au Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria et Sénégal.
Bonne disponibilité des pâturages dans les zones pastorales de la région.
Augmentation du nombre de personnes en insécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle au nord-est du Nigeria, dont 65 096 personnes en phase 5 (situation de famine).
Flooding risks remain in East and West Africa, while rainfall deficits increase in Ethiopia and Uganda
About Weather Hazards
The Global Weather Hazards report anticipates severe weather or climate events in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Central Asia. This product provides maps with current weather and climate information; short and medium range weather forecasts (up to one week); and the potential impact on crop and pasture conditions. It does not reflect long range forecasts or food security conditions.