Senegal: Floods - Jul 2016
On 24 July, high amounts of rainfall (between 100-200mm at various locations) caused heavy flooding in some parts of Senegal. The districts Kaffrine and Kolda have reportedly been the heaviest affected, with Kaolack and Matam also receiving above average rainfall. Throughout Kaffrine district some 1,500 houses have been destroyed and 7,500 people affected. (ACAPS, 18 Aug 2016)
A total of 12,180 people have so far been directly affected by floods in Senegal. The Kaffrine area on 24 July received an unprecedented amount of over 175 mm of rainfall in less than a day. According to local authorities, 10,313 people were directly affected by the floods inundating their fields and sweeping away stocks of millet or other crops. Kaolack and Saint Louis also saw localised flooding earlier in July. (OCHA, 22 Aug 2016)
Early green harvests mark the end of the agricultural lean season
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
The lean season, as well as low and late funding, continue to increase the overall chronic vulnerability and erode communities' resilience, many of which resort to negative coping strategies.
The nutritional situation is critical, with two several regions and departments exceeding the WHO threshold of 15%. The north east of the country is particularly affected by the nutritional crisis, requiring an urgent intervention.
Africa Weather Hazards
- Persistent, above average rainfall since July has led to excessively rainfall surpluses and floods that have damaged infrastructure, displaced populations, and caused fatalities in parts of Sudan, South Sudan, and Ethiopia.
- Below-average seasonal rainfall and persistent moisture deficits in the region have negatively impacted developing crops across parts of eastern Oromia and SNNPR in Ethiopia.
- There is a potential for increased number of locusts migrating from the Arabian Peninsula which may negatively impact cropping …
SUICIDE ATTACK KILLS THREE IN MORA
On 21 August, a suicide bombing in Mora, in the Far North region, killed three people and left 27 seriously injured. The town hosts more than 20,000 IDPs and serves as a hub for humanitarian activities in the Far North. Mora also is central for cross border operations to Banki, in Nigeria. Following the attack, humanitarian activities in and around Mora were temporarily suspended.
MULTIPLE ATTACKS IN LAC REGION
UNE ATTAQUE SUICIDE TUE TROIS PERSONNES À MORA
Le 21 août, un attentat suicide à Mora, dans la région de l'Extrême-Nord a tué trois personnes et blessé gravement 27 personnes. La ville accueille plus de 20 000 personnes déplacées et sert de plaque tournante pour les activités humanitaires dans l'Extrême-Nord. Mora est également au centre des opérations transfrontalières vers Banki, au Nigeria. Après l'attaque, les activités humanitaires dans et autour de Mora ont été temporairement suspendus.
Most West African countries are now in the middle or second half of the rainy season. The seasonal forecast of the African Centre of Meteorological Applications for Development (ACMAD), indicating the likelihood of above-average rains in parts of the central Sahel, has so far proven accurate. Mali, Burkina Faso and western Niger have received abundant rainfalls. The overall impact of flooding due to these rains can be described as average by annual comparison over the last 5-10 years. Western Niger so far has been most affected area.
"We were completely powerless - so much so that all we could do was abandon our homes and gather on the village square"
By Momar Niang
KAFFRINE, Senegal, Aug 15 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Little is left in the house where Fati Camara lived with her four children, after it was hit by heavy rains last month.
Read the full story on the [Thomson Reuters Foundation]](http://news.trust.org/item/20160815070145-fndqq/).
Key Drivers of the Crisis
- The approaching lean season, as well as low and late funding, continue to increase the overall chronic vulnerability and erode communities' resilience, many of which resort to negative coping strategies.
- The nutritional situation is critical, with two several regions and departments exceeding the WHO threshold of 15%. The north east of the country is particularly affected by the nutritional crisis, requiring an urgent intervention in the coming months.
- Recurring floods during the rainy season could affect over 210.000 persons.