Mali: Floods - Jul 2016
In Mali, heavy rainfall, which started on 11 July 2016-23 July 2016 led to extensive flooding. The Gao, Mopti Ségou, and Sikasso regions have been worst affected by the rains and flooding. According to rapid assessments, an estimated 3,098 families have been affected, of which 500 have been made homeless and have sought refuge with neighbouring families or in public buildings (schools). (IFRC, 05 August 2016)
According to Mali's authorities, at least 12 people were killed and almost 10,000 left temporarily homeless. Over 27,000 people have received support through the national relief coordination committee (CONASUR), principally in the Centre-Nord and eastern regions. A preparedness plan to cover over 50,000 people has been prepared. (OCHA, 22 August 2016)
In September the National Red Cross distributed food and non-food items to 435 people in Bankass, Mopti region. (Croix-Rouge Malienne, 13 Oct 2016)
The waters of the Niger River reached their highest level in October with a rise in the water level of 657 cm observed in Mopti, according to the OPIDIN, the tool for flood forecasting in the Inner Niger Delta. The water level has begun to decrease. However, the OPIDIN indicates that the flood will continue downstream of Mopti, with a peak of 517 cm expected in Diré, region of Timbuktu, between 3 and 11 December. This year, heavy rains in the country have killed fifteen people, affected at least 18,000 people and flooded 200 hectares of cultivated farms. (OCHA, 10 Dec 2016)
2017 in brief
This report examines three examples of crisis modifiers, a set of innovative risk financing options, in the Sahel and examines their use as a potential solution for a more flexible aid system. This could address the gap created by the traditional division between humanitarian aid and long-term development, in which pre-planned development programmes do not have the flexibility to quickly reallocate funding to address spikes in need, and humanitarian organisations are largely confined to funding instruments that prevent longer-term engagement in vulnerability reduction.
A. Situation analysis Description of the disaster
WFP continued to provide seasonal assistance and emergency support to 150,000 food-insecure people and to displaced households and host communities affected by conflict.
Augmentation des écoles fermées dans le centre et le nord du pays par rapport à l’année dernière
Aggravation de l’insécurité alimentaire au niveau national
Légère baisse du taux de malnutrition aiguë globale
Fin de l’alerte sur les inondations liée à la crue du fleuve Niger
Plus d’écoles fermées en lien avec l’insécurité
More schools are closed in the north and centre of the country compared with last year
Food security deterioration at the national level
Slight decline in the prevalence of global acute malnutrition
End of the Niger River flood alert
More schools closed in relation to insecurity
La réduction des précipitations marque la fin de la saison agricole principale à travers l’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel.
Les inondations affectent 123 000 personnes au Niger.
Au Niger, l’épidémie de la fièvre de la Vallée du Rift a touché 132 personnes dans la région de Tahoua.
Poursuite d’une résurgence du criquet pèlerin en Mauritanie.
Les plus graves niveaux d’insécurité alimentaire persisteront dans le nord-est du Nigeria
WFP continued to provide seasonal assistance and emergency support to 150,000 food insecure people and to displaced households and host communities affected by conflict.
A national assessment on food and nutrition security carried out in September 2016 assesses that 25 percent of the Malian population is food insecure, while 11.5 percent of children suffer from acute malnutrition according to the Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transitions (SMART) survey.
Nouveau record en vue: 2016 devrait être encore plus chaude que 2015
Tout semble indiquer que 2016 sera l’année la plus chaude qui ait été observée depuis le début des relevés et que la température moyenne sera même supérieure au record établi en 2015. Selon les données provisoires dont dispose l’Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM), la température moyenne en 2016 devrait être supérieure d’environ 1,2 °Celsius à ce qu’elle était à l’époque préindustrielle.
2016 is set to break even the temperature records of 2015.
It is very likely that 2016 will be the hottest year on record, with global temperatures even higher than the record-breaking temperatures in 2015. Preliminary data shows that 2016’s global temperatures are approximately 1.2° Celsius above pre-industrial levels, according to an assessment by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
Evolution des prix favorable à un accès moyen des ménages aux denrées alimentaires
WFP assisted 231,000 vulnerable people with food, cash and vouchers to alleviate food insecurity brought by the lean season (June-September).
WFP Mali urgently needs resources to continue its school meals program. If funding is not urgently secured, school children in 965 schools throughout the country, including Kidal, are at risk and will not receive school meals during the new school year.
Harvests are in progress throughout the region and an above-average production is expected
From early July until early October, the West Africa region has mostly received average to above-average rains that are well-distributed (Figures 1 and 2); the resulting adequate moisture conditions have met the various crops’ water requirements throughout the growing period.
Inondations : plus de18 000 sinistrés p.1 Taux moyen de malnutrition à 30 % depuis 2010 p.2 Rentrée des classes et risque de suspension des repas scolaires p.3 Sensibilisation aux risques de mines p.3 Migrations irrégulières au Mali p.4 Niveau de financement du plan de réponse humanitaire p.6
Assistance aux sinistrés des inondations et risques liés à la cure du fleuve
Risque de suspension des repas scolaires pour faute de financement
In this issue
More than 18 000 people affected by floods p.1 Average rate of malnutrition to 30% since 2010 p.2 Back to school and risk of suspension of school meals p.3 Awareness of the risks of mines p.3 Irregular migration to Mali p.4 Level of funding of the humanitarian response plan p.6
Assistance to flood victims and flood forecasts
School meals at risk of suspension due to lack of funding
Urban refugee children received financial assistance to access primary school education.
Returned refugees, IDPs, IDP returnees and host community members received vouchers to support their agricultural activities in Mopti region.
Classrooms located in zones of return were restored in the districts of Timbuktu and Goundam to help children return to school.
USD 49.2 million
requested for the operation