Sudan: Floods - Jun 2016
The mid-June 2016 seasonal heavy rain caused flash floods affecting over 177,035 people across sixteen states of Sudan. The affected people had houses and latrines destroyed in addition to destruction of schools, health facilities, roads, bridges among other infrastructure.
As of 11 October 2016, more than 35,407 families are reported to have been affected in the states of Khartoum, Northern State, Sennar, North Kordofan, South Kordofan, Kassala, Gezira, Gedarif, Central Darfur, White Nile and North Darfur according to the rapid assessment reports of the Sudanese Red Crescent Society branches, Civil Defence and HAC.
At least 36 people are reported to have died (according to the Sudan National Council of civil defence) and 147 injured across Sudan since the start of heavy rains. Over 35,407 houses are reported to have been destroyed, with over 15,574 houses partially damaged, over 2,161 latrines damaged and 416 public institutions, mostly schools, have been affected.
Based on forecasts from the Sudanese Meteorological Authority and the Ministry of Water Resources, more rains are expected. The water levels in the Nile River have increased, surpassing the water level recorded during the 1988 flooding. While the humanitarian actors in Sudan continue to provide emergency assistance in the affected states, critical needs remain in emergency water sanitation, basic health, safe water, and environmental sanitation. IFRC, 11 October 2016
UNICEF and partners provided lifesaving water supplies to 269,605 people in 13 flood affected locations in Kassala State. (UNICEF, 31 Oct 2016.)
The flood level of the Nile has reduced due to the end of the main rainy season in the upper catchment but the extensive damage of water supply and distribution systems in several locations has forced communities to utilize unprotected and unsafe water source. SRCS volunteers have extended their response in hygiene awareness, cleaning campaigns, draining of accumulated water and household water treatment. Access to remote areas by road and on foot is improved to conduct more health-related awareness creation activities and to monitor and assess the damaged water systems. (IFRC, 10 Feb 2017.)
The humanitarian context in Sudan in 2016, especially during the first half of the year, saw a major increase in the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance. Significant new internal displacement occurred from Darfur’s Jebel Marra area due to conflict, there was an increase in the number of food insecure people as a result of poor harvests related to the El Niño phenomenon and a refugee influx from South Sudan continued throughout 2016.
Description of the disaster
June 2016: Rainy season prompts flash floods affecting over 96,960 people across thirteen states. SRCS participates in a damage and needs assessment, conducting distributions of relief items to 1,600 affected households.
Period covered by this update: September 2, 2016 to March 2,2017
Situation Analysis Description of the disaster
June 2016: Rainy season prompted flash floods affecting over 96,960 people across 13 states. SRCS participated in needs assessment and distributions of relief items to 1,600 affected households.
According to the 2016 Humanitarian Needs Overview, some 3.3 million people were estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance in Darfur, including protracted IDPs displaced since the outbreak of the Darfur conflict in 2003.
Fighting between government forces and armed movements and inter-tribal conflicts continued in various parts of Sudan during the year triggering displacement of civilians. The situation was exacerbated by strong winds and flooding in various parts of the county, destroying shelters.
Period covered by this update: September 2, 2016 to December 31, 2016
Date of disaster: 17 June 2016
This Operations Update is requesting an extension to the timeframe of the Appeal by 3 months (New end date: 31 May 2017) to allow the National Society (NS) complete the outstanding activities as articulated in the original EPoA and undertake a final evaluation.
The impact of the 2015‒2016 El Niño weather phenomenon has been one of the most intense and widespread in the past one hundred years. The agriculture, food security and nutritional status of 60 million people around the globe is affected by El Niño-related droughts, floods and **extreme hot** and **cold weather**.
La FAO appelle à intervenir immédiatement afin d’empêcher que la grave sécheresse qui sévit n’entraîne une catastrophe
29 janvier 2017, Addis Abeba - Alors que seul un quart des pluies attendues sont finalement tombées et que les précipitations prévues pour la période allant d'octobre à décembre se sont avérées insuffisantes, la sécheresse généralisée qui affecte actuellement la Corne de l'Afrique s'est aggravée, a déclaré aujourd'hui la FAO.
USG announces easing of sanctions against Sudan; AU, UN welcome move
GoS publishes revised humanitarian objectives in late December 2016
Relief agencies monitor effects of economic austerity policies on humanitarian conditions and aid operations across Sudan
Welcome to our up-to-date IGAD-ICPAC live map for the Greater Horn of Africa. This web map displays seasonal climate outlooks, satellite-based rainfall estimation and anomalies, flood hazards, flood forecast, changes in vegetation condition, UNOSAT observed satellite imagery derived flood extents and photos from collaborating partners and volunteers. The platform is a result from collaboration between IGAD, ICPAC and UNITAR-UNOSAT working together to improve disaster risk reduction in the Horn of Africa. This activity is funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Humanitarian needs & key figures
An Action Plan for the protection of children from recruitment and use in armed conflict was signed between the UN and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N). This paves the way to a tangible commitment from SPLM-N to seek real solutions to protecting the children of Sudan from recruitment in armed conflict.
Of 21 children earlier released from detainment for association with armed movements, 20 have been reunified with their families and one placed in an alternative care arrangement.
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 1,840,403 Swiss francs (reduced from 3,258,282 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Sudan Red Crescent Society (SRCS) to deliver assistance and support to some 64,500 people for six months, with a focus on health; water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), shelter and National Society capacity building.
Conflict displaces up to 195,000 individuals from areas of Jebel Marra since January
FEWS NET projects above-average harvests, reduced food insecurity in most areas of Sudan
Health actors record nearly 4,600 cases of AWD since late August
For the first time in six years, UNICEF secured access to Golo, Jebel Marra (Central Darfur) to undertake an education assess-ment from 19-22 October 2016. The initial report indicates ur-gent assistance is needed for 3,739 children in five schools and 9,000 out of school children. This area has been inaccessible to humanitarian interventions since 2010.
Harvests to improve food security in most areas, but conflict likely to drive continued high needs
During the reporting period, 6,190 households in North, South, and Central Darfur were provided with ES/ NFI items from the NFI Common Pipeline through implementing partners. A breakdown of distributions can be seen in the table below.
October 23rd, 2016 ― Doha: Qatar Red Crescent Society (QRCS) has completed a relief intervention for the victims of flash floods in Hameshkorieb, Kassala Province, eastern Sudan, by providing nonfood aid worth $50,000 for 500 worsthit families.
From August through October 2016, QRCS's mission in Sudan distributed diverse aid including 1,500 straw sheets, 1000 blankets, 1000, water containers, 1000 mosquito nets, 1000 mats, 500 tarpaulins, and 500 sets of kitchenware.
This Humanitarian Snapshot provides an overview of the humanitarian situation in Sudan, as of 30 September 2016, using information obtained from UN agencies and partners, including the Government of Sudan. People living in protracted displacement in Darfur since 2003 and those displaced or affected by conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile States since 2011 account for most people in need of humanitarian aid.
• Since mid-September, Uganda, eastern DRC, and southeastern South Sudan received above normal rainfall amounts, which helped ease prolonged dryness.
• In central and southern Ethiopia, particularly in SNNPR and central and eastern Oromia, below-average seasonal rains have persisted.
This has resulted in poor cropping conditions in these areas.
Between 159,000 and 194,000 people are estimated to be displaced by Jebel Marra Conflict which erupted in early 2016, civilians have been displaced.
Nevertheless, some 119,000 people returned to their homes in Jebel Mara, and the Government submitted a request to the humanitarian community for assistance to the returnees to stabilize the returns.