Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - May 2016
On 15 May 2016 Sri Lanka was hit by a severe tropical storm that caused widespread flooding and landslides in 22 districts out 25 districts in the country, destroying homes and submerging entire villages. At least 104 people are known to have died following this disaster; 99 people are still missing, the majority due to a landslide in Aranayake, Kegalle District, which devastated three villages. An estimated 301,602 people have been affected by this disaster, including at least 21,484 people who remain displaced from their homes. As a result of the floods and landslides, 623 houses have been completely destroyed and 4,414 homes have been damaged; however, given that many affected locations remain underwater and others too dangerous to access due to the possibility of further landslides, it is likely that this number will rise once further assessments have been completed. On 25 May the Government of Sri Lanka estimated that a total of 128,000 houses could have been impacted by the disaster, with 30,000 in need of reconstruction or rehabilitation. (OCHA, 26 May 2016)
2017 in brief
Summary of major changes (from initial emergency plan of action):
• The appeal budget has been reduced from CHF 3,622,689 to CHF 1,604,185, to match the total income.
• Permanent shelter components which was 40 per cent of the initial budget was removed due to lack of funding and proposed Government plan to provide housing to landslide affected people. • Livelihood assistance for households to restart/diversify income sources has been increased from 600 to 690 families.
This Revised Emergency Appeal seeks 1,604,185 Swiss francs (decreased from 3,622,689 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Sri Lanka Red Cross Society (SLRCS) to deliver assistance and support to 67,500 people (increased from 40,000 people) for 22 months. The budget has been revised to match the total income and hence there is no funding gap for the revised operation.
CERF enables fast, flexible and needs-based support for people affected by humanitarian emergencies. The UN General Assembly established the fund in 2005 to provide timely assistance in crises. Since its operational launch in 2006, CERF has developed a reputation for its ability to kick-start humanitarian action, scale up the response to emergencies and serve as a lifeline for people struggling to survive in the world’s most underfunded crises.
After the change of government in 2015, which has paved the way for a more conducive environment for rule of law and human rights, ACTED worked with media, lawyers and civil society organisations (CSOs) to enhance effective governance and respect of fundamental rights and freedoms. ACTED also continues to strengthen civil society organisations to ensure that they effectively participate in development processes and advocate for the needs of their communities.
On 15 May 2016 Cyclone Roanu struck Sri Lanka, causing severe flooding and numerous landslides, the destruction of houses and loss of productive assets. This report reflects the views and voices of children affected by the disaster, collected by means of a consultation conducted in December 2016 with 878 children in 16 divisions of the country.
Operation summary Sri Lanka was hit by a severe Tropical Cyclone Roanu, that affected 22 districts out 25 districts in the country, destroying homes and submerging entire villages, triggering floods and a series of landslides that affected thousands of lives and livelihoods, and caused widespread property damage. Initial reports indicated 22 out of Sri Lanka’s 25 districts were reported to be affected, among them Colombo, Gampaha, Kegalle, Kurunegala and Puttalam and Ratnapura.
Ministry of Hill Country New Villages, Infrastructure and Community Development Palani Thigamparam yesterday (28th May) vested 25 houses built at Brunswick Estate in Maskeliya.
The houses were given to 25 families affected by the landslide last year.
In May 2016, severe floods hit Sri Lanka, causing spilling of toilet waste in the streets of urban areas, especially in Colombo and Gampaha districts, on the west side of the island, which were particularly affected owing to the overflowing of the Kelani river that goes through these areas. In response, ACTED, with support from UNICEF, installed septic tanks in over 400 affected households to enable safe excreta disposal.
Septic tanks for improved sanitation
23/01/2017 – Colombo, Sri Lanka: The Sri Lanka Red Cross Society’s Colombo Branch today took steps to distribute cash grants to flood affected people (2016) within the Homagama Divisional Secretariat area. These cash grants are aimed at providing livelihood support to these people. SLRCS has provided these cash grants with the support from Oxfam Sri Lanka. 15,000 rupees were provided to 200 families in the initial stage.
Due to heavy rainfall causing floods and affecting the Sri Lankan people in May, 2016. Upon dispatching 20 tents, 100 blankets and 100 mobile phone chargers worth 14.680.66 USD, Turkish Red Crescent staff were designated to the region on 21.05.2016, working in close coordination with the Sri Lanka Red Cross. With requests from the Sri Lankan Red Cross, various clothing and hygiene materials amounting to 4,500.00 USD for 500 persons were supplied locally and distributed to the region.
- Emergency response to the victims of cyclone Roanu, using the Government’s social safety net ‘Divineguma’ for cash-based transfers for the first time, successfully concluded.
- Lessons learnt workshop was conducted to pave the way forward for a joint potential agreement between the Government of Sri Lanka and WFP on implementing strengthened emergency response, using cash-based transfers through the Government’s safety net programme.
The Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) and WFP signed a three-year agreement to roll out activities that improves food security, nutrition and resilience to climate-related shocks in nine disaster-prone districts of Sri Lanka.
WFP is monitoring the ongoing drought in Sri Lanka that has affected 216,000 families. The Meteorological Department has expressed its concern that there will be 50 percent less rainfall than expected.
The severe floods that hit Sri Lanka in May 2016 caused toilet-waste to overflow in the streets of urban areas in Colombo and Gampaha districts. In response, ACTED is implementing a four-month project, funded by UNICEF and entitled “Safe Excreta Disposal for Flood-Affected Households with Improved Septic Tanks”, consisting of the installation of waterproof septic tanks, along with soakage pits, in 350 affected households.
Nouveau record en vue: 2016 devrait être encore plus chaude que 2015
Tout semble indiquer que 2016 sera l’année la plus chaude qui ait été observée depuis le début des relevés et que la température moyenne sera même supérieure au record établi en 2015. Selon les données provisoires dont dispose l’Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM), la température moyenne en 2016 devrait être supérieure d’environ 1,2 °Celsius à ce qu’elle était à l’époque préindustrielle.