Somalia: Floods - May 2016
Heavy rains in parts of Somalia and Ethiopian highlands led to flooding in southern and central Somalia. Belet Weyne town is the most affected with over 70,000 people displaced. Of these, 36,000 people are in Ceel Jaale settlement alone, while others moved to other neighbouring villages. (OCHA, 7 June 2016)
Nearly 70 per cent of the 70,000 people affected by flooding along theShabelle River in Belet Weyne, Hiraan region have begun to return to their homes according to latest reports from humanitarian partners. (OCHA, 23 June 2016)
Maps & Infographics
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- Can addressing Climate Change alleviate the Pressures of Forced Migration in East Africa?
- Somalia Education Cluster Annual Report 2016 (January 2017)
- Somalia: 2016 - 2018 Humanitarian Strategy
- Report of the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea pursuant to Security Council resolution 2244 (2015): Somalia (S/2016/919)
- Somalia: will its refugee and displacement crises ever be solved?
*by Sini Maria Heikkila, Humanitarian Policy Officer Tearfund and *
Denis Kongere, Regional Drought Policy and Campaigns Manager, Oxfam
In 2016, we increased our humanitarian efforts in some of the world’s most challenging environments. As the war in Syria entered its sixth year, our £26.6 million emergency response programme supported over three million vulnerable people living in Syria as well as refugees in three neighbouring countries. In Iraq and Yemen, as the crises continued to shatter lives, we provided life-saving aid, often in areas that other organisations are unable to access.
For UNICEF Somalia, 2016 was a year where we succeeded in making important progress for children’s rights despite significant challenges.
During the year, the Federal Government of Somalia adopted the country’s first National Development Plan in 30 years. UNICEF ensured that it included child-focused data and a multi-sectoral nutritional approach coherent with the Scaling Up Nutrition Movement. Additionally, we emphasized social protection and resilience as key elements supporting improved access to basic services.
In this issue
A Study on Prosopis Invaded Areas in Somaliland.......................Page 2-3
DOCC in Mogadishu......................................................................Page 3
River Breakages Monitoring...........................................................Page 4
Charcoal Production in South Central Somalia .............................Page 5
Somalia Remains in Drought Conditions Following Another Field Rainy Season....................................Page 6
UNICEF projects that the number of children who are or will be acutely malnourished has gone up by 50 per cent since the beginning of the year to 1.4 million, including over 275,000 who have or will suffer life-threatening severe acute malnutrition in 2017.
An estimated 680,000 people have been displaced due to drought since November 2016. Approximately 7,000 people have crossed into neighbouring Ethiopia and Kenya.
In 2016, Somalia has experienced a number of emergencies. In addition to the protracted IDP crisis, severe drought, floods, and internal conflicts have occurred. These emergencies have put extra pressure on the government and partners to provide protection and basic services to citizens including education services which are already extremely constrained. Country wide an estimated 5 million Somalis are in need of humanitarian assistance incl. 1.1 million IDPs1
The 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon has been one of the strongest on record, affecting deeply the lives and livelihoods of more than 60 million people across 40 countries. It has devastated crops and killed livestock, in some cases dried up water-sources in others caused massive flooding, driven up malnutrition rates, increased disease outbreaks and caused significant migration.
1. GENERAL SITUATION
Disasters due to climate change and rising armed conflicts in different regions led Somalia to its worst humanitarian crises in history. Natural disasters such as drought and floods have affected half of the total population. Increase in epidemic diseases, malnutrition and loss of income has made families desperate in the fight against poverty. Communities were left internally displaced due to both disasters and the insecure environment.
2. TURKISH RED CRESCENT ACTIVITIES
Asha Ali* lives next to the Shabelle river in Beletweyne, a location that can be both a blessing and a curse. Easy access to water is a blessing. But five months ago the river poured over its banks, flooding the region. Asha lost almost all her crops and her four goats were washed away. Her traditional mud house made from tree branches and a mixture of clay soil still shows the signs of flood damage.
The May flood was so big that it displaced 70,000 people from their homes. Farmers living near the river’s shores were hit the hardest.
Letter dated 7 October 2016 from the Chair of the Security Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and 1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea addressed to the President of the Security Council
On behalf of the Security Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and 1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea, and in accordance with paragraph 32 of Security Council resolution 2244 (2015), I have the honour to transmit herewith the report on Somalia of the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea.
Food security expected to deteriorate following forecast below-average Deyr rains
As of 30th September, 13,643 Acute Watery Diarrhoea/Cholera cases and 497 deaths had been reported. Of these 6,471 (47.4%) were women while 7,918 (58.0%) were children below 5 years.
In September 2016, Health Cluster (HC) partners reached 383 498 people with primary and secondary health services through humanitarian and development health programs.
Key Achievements toward Strategic Objectives
The Somalia Humanitarian Country Team set three strategic objectives for the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan. These are:
Letter dated 29 September 2016 from the Chair of the Security Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and 1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea addressed to the President of the Security Council
The rainfall forecast for the next three days points towards light rains of up to 30mm cumulatively in the inland parts of Somaliland and Puntland. The Upper parts of the Ethiopian highlands may experience moderate rains while rest of the country is expected to remain dry during the same period.
The rainfall forecast for the next three days points towards light to moderate of up to 30mm in parts of Bari, Nuugal, Sool aand Sanaag regions all in the north eastern parts and Bakool region in the south as well in the upper parts of the Ethiopian highlands. The rest of the country is expected to remain dry during the same period.
Some parts of the Somalia have recorded moderate rains within the last one week which marking a possible start of the Deyr rainy season.
The rainfall forecast for the next three days points towards light to moderate in parts of Puntland and Bakool region in the south as well in the upper parts of the Ethiopian highlands. The rest of the country is expected tocremain dry during the same period.
Some parts of the Somalia have recorded moderate rains within the last one week which could be a possible start of the Deyr rainy season.
The rainfall forecast for the next three days points towards light to moderate in parts of Puntland Somaliland as well in the upper parts of the Ethiopian highlands. The rest of the country is expected to remain dry during the same period.